Please email your comments & questions to geovisual at Thank you.

Monuments for Edith Cavell

Edith Cavell [1865-1915] was "quite the most famous woman to be killed in World War I." As a British nurse, she "treated friend and foe alike and helped allied soldiers to escape, for which she was executed by the Germans" in Brussels (Belgium) on October 12, 1915.

According to one website, memorials for Edith Cvell include: * A stone memorial, including a statue of Cavell, adjacent to Trafalgar Square in London. * An inscription on a war memorial, naming the 35 people executed by the German Army outside the gaol in which they were killed. * Mount Edith Cavell, a peak in the Canadian Rockies, named in 1916. * Rue Edith Cavell, a street in Brussels, Belgium. * Edith Cavell Boulevard, a road in Port Stanley, Ontario. * Cavell Corona, a geological feature on Venus. * Hospitals in Peterborough and the Brussel's borough of Uccle (Ukkel), a wing of the Toronto Western Hospital, schools in Vancouver, British Columbia (Edith Cavell Elementary School), St. Catharines, Ontario, Moncton, New Brunswick and Bedford, England, a building at the University of Queensland,a street in Hillbrow, Johannesburg, South Africa and a bridge in New Zealand. * The Edith Cavell Trust was established by the New South Wales Nurses' Association which provides scholarships to nurses in NSW. * The Edith Cavell Nursing Scholarship Fund is a philanthropy of the Dallas County Medical Society Alliance Foundation and provides scholarships to exceptional nursing students in Dallas, Texas and the surrounding area. * A street in Port Louis, Mauritius. * A car park in Peterborough.

Edith became a popular French and Belgian girls' name after her execution. The French chanteuse Édith Piaf [1915-1963], born two months after she was executed, was the best known. Click here for the Edith Cavell website.

Right click image to enlarge.

Before 1865 - Birthplace of Edith Cavell & St. Mary the Virgin Church, Swardeston, Norfolk (England). Her father was rector of the church.

Since 1907 - École Edith Cavell, Uccle / Ukkel, Brussels (Belgium). "In Brussels the nurses' training school is called École Edith Cavell." A memorial for Edith Cavell & Marie Depage -- depicting two alegorical figures (one winged) -- was erected just after World War I and still stands in front the successor institution. (Third image is postcard labeled "HOPITAL ECOLE EDITH CAVELL, Pavillon Jeannie Meynadier.")

Since 1907 - Clinique Edith Cavell / Kliniek Edith Cavell, Edith Cavell Inter-regional Hospital Centre (CHIREC), rue Edith Cavell 32, Brussels (Belgium). "Began in 1907 when a nursing college was established in a row of four houses in Rue de la Culture (now Rue Franz Merjay). The first director was Edith Cavell, a British nurse who had studied at the London Hospital. In 1914, a new clinic with 22 rooms was built at the corner of Rue Edith Cavell & Rue Marie Depage, along with a school and a home for nurses...."

1915 - "Edith Cavell Heroine et Martyre" and "Remember!" Two images published soon after Cavell's execution by firing squad at the Tir National in Brussels (Belgium) on October 12, 1915. Click here for more contemporary images.

1915 [sic] - Commemorative medal (France). Nickel galvano of Edith Cavell by Georges-Henri Prud’homme, 200 mm. "One can picture Prud’homme’s confident, almost smiling Cavell voicing her famous pre-execution words of forgiveness ('I realize that patriotism is not enough. I must have no hatred or bitterness towards anyone.')."
1916 - Mount Edith Cavell, Jasper National Park, Alberta (Canada).
1930 - $1.00 Canadian postage stamp showing Mount Edith Cavell, Jasper National Park, Alberta (Canada).
1916? - Cavell Glacier, Jasper National Park, Alberta (Canada). "Angel Glacier is a hanging glacier that forms in a cirque on the mountain above. Down below, formed by snow falling off the mountain (and in truth, some ice falling off Angel), is the Cavell Glacier. It sits in the bottom of the valley, tucked up against the cliffs, and calves directly into a small lake called Cavell Pond." ("In the U.S. Rocky Mountains, there is Cavell Glacier.")
1918 - "The Murder of Edith Cavell," Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, New Jersey (USA). Black chalk and black crayon over charcoal on cream wove paper by Anerican artist George Bellows [1882-1925]. Drawn for a series of 12 lithographs he produced depicting atrocities committed by the German armies in Belgium.

1918? - Memorial Window, St. Mary the Virgin Church, Swardeston, Norfolk (England). "Fragile Martyr" Edith Cavell [1865-1915] was "quite the most famous woman to be killed in World War I." "In Swardeston, where she was born [and her father was rector], the window over the altar of the church is dedicated to her." "Completed before the end of the War by Ernest Heasman. Edith Cavell kneels in her nurse's uniform at the foot of the cross, accompanied by smaller, appropriate figures, including St. Agnes, St. Margaret and Florence Nightingale." Image shows a detail from the window.

October 22, 1918 - Edith Cavell Memorial, Brussels (Belgium). Inscribed "A Miss Edith Cavell. Hommage a Angleterre." Where is this memorial in Brussels? Does it still exist?

May 1919 - Grave of Edith Cavell, Life’s Green, South Wall, Norwich Cathedral, Norwich, Norfolk (England). Buried after a memorial service at Westminster Abbey on May 15, 1919. Right image shows ceremony on October 9, 2004. Left image copyright © Martin Edwards 2003.

1919 - Edith Cavell Memorial, outside the Erpingham Gate, Norwich Cathedral, Norwich, Norfolk (England).

1919 - Bronze medal, Fonson and Sons (Belgium). "The Commission de l’Ecole belge d’infirmières diplômées commissioned the sculptor Armand Bonnetain to produce a medal commemorating its former director and treasurer, the Englishwoman Edith Cavell and Belgian Marie Depage, respectively. Bonnetain’s jugate busts of the two nurses remains one of his most accomplished works, balancing portrait realism with idealism and evoking through their taut faces an elevated sense of emotion that finds its expression in a simple imperative on the reverse: '1915/ Remember!'"

Date? - Bronze medal (France). "Edith Cavell, with quotation "Je suis heureuse de mourir pour ma patrie" / "I'm happy to die for my country." Reverse a small cross, symbol of her nursing with the word "Remember," and "Bruxelles 12 Octobre 1915," the date of her execution; a small gilt medallet, 26 mm.

June 13, 1920 - Monument de Miss Edith Cavell, Tuileries, Paris (France). "In Paris' Tuileries there is a beautiful sculpture of her." Click here to see four proposed monuments. Date from New York Times.

1920 - Edith Cavell Memorial, opposite National Portrait Gallery, Trafalgar Square, St. Martin's Place, London SW1 (England). Originally inscribed "Humanity," "Edith Cavell Brussels Dawn October 12 1915" and "For King and Country." Inscription added in 1924: "Patriotism is not enough. I must have no hatred or bitterness for anyone." One of 21 peace monuments named by the PPU website.

1922 - Edith Cavell Memorial, Toronto General Hospital, University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario (Canada). By Florence Wyle. Inscribed, "Edith Kavell [sic] and the Canadian nurses who gave their lives for humanity in the Great War. In the midst of darkness they saw light. Lest we forget."

1926 - Nurse Edith Cavell Memorial, Shrine of Remembrance, The Domain, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia). Carved marble with cast bronze relief panels by Margaret Baskerville.

Date? - Blue Plaque for Edith Cavell, Cavell House, 1 Elton Road, Clevedon, North Somerset BS21 7RA (England). House is now a Bed & Breakfast.
Date? - Edith Cavell Memorial Plaque, St. Kilda Road, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia). Depicts German firing squad executing Nurse Edith Cavell.

Date? - Edith Cavell War Memorial, Peterborough Cathedral, Cambridgeshire (England). "Placed here by the Teachers Pupils and Friends of her old school in Laurel Court."
May 20, 1988 - Edith Cavell Hospital in the United Kingdom (ECH), Peterborough, Cambridgeshire (England). Opened on a green field site by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second.

Please email your comments & questions to geovisual at Thank you.

Return to Peace Monuments main page.