Story of New Harmony & the "Boatload of Knowledge"
Names in Black: Robert Owen, His Descendants & All Others
Names Highlighted in Blue: Passengers on the Boatload of Knowledge
Names Highlighted in Red: Frances Wright, Her Family & Associates
Names Highlighted in Green: Marquis de Lafayette
This web page is a timeline which outlines and interweaves the lives of Robert Owen [1771-1858] and Frances Wright [1795-1852]. Much has already been written about both of them, & this page contains nothing new, but it integrates as never before their lives & works (and those of their key associates). And it provides links to dozens of other sources of immediably accessible on-line information.
It would probably take an entire day to read all parts of this web page & its associated links. But there are many less time consuming ways to use this timeline selectively, e.g. to look up specific people, to compare events in Europe and America, & to assess successive periods of time.
Owen & Wright so admired the "political independence" achieved by the American Revolution that they deliberately moved from Scotland to America to plant their own ideas for the "mental independence" of the human race in soil which they perceived to be more fertile than any in the Old World. Owen even celebrated July 4, 1826 -- the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of US Independence -- with his own "Declaration of Mental Independence."
Neither Owen nor Wright achieved their specific goals -- the abolition of private property & religion -- survival of the New Harmony cooperative in the case of Owen -- & self-sufficiency for former slaves in the case of Wright. But Owen & Wright each played leading roles in the cutting edge debates of their day, and both helped set in motion economic & social reforms which, over time, have led to vast improvements in education, in labor, in race relations, & in the role which rationalism & science have come to play in our modern society.
The story began in 18th century Europe with the births of key players & has no end since biographies of Owen, Wright, Owen's four sons & one daughter (all of whom remained in America), & their associates are still being written. Many books & scholarly articles are linked below, as are five modern museums & at least ten physical monuments (including a few graves).
The most dramatic part of the story lasted only six weeks in mid-winter 1825-1826. This is when Robert Owen & William Maclure put 2 reformers (Owen & one son), 3 scientists (Maclure & 2 others), 2 Pestalozzian educators, 3 artists, one musician, an architect, a doctor & about 25 wives, children & deckhands (representing at least eight nationalities) aboard a single keelboat & floated them on the icy Ohio River from Cincinnati, OH, to New Harmony, IN. Owen called this the "Boatload of Knowledge." Its story is highlighted in BLUE on the following pages.
Frances (Fanny) Wright did not sail on the Boatload of Knowledge but preceeded & followed it to New Harmony and devoted even more time & attention to her vain attempt to provide for a group of freed slaves at her Nashoba Plantation near Memphis, TN, & to audiences in New York City. The story of Fanny, her sister Camilla, her husband William Phiquepal d'Arusmont, her daughter Sylvia, & her grandson William Norman Guthrie is highlighted below in RED.
A direct link to the American Revolution was provided by the Marquis de Lafayette, the revolution's only surviving general. The story of his liaison with Fanny Wright -- both in France & in the USA -- and of his triumphal visit to the USA in 1824-1825 is highlighted in GREEN.
Robert Owen has -- among others -- been called the "Father of Socialism." But some of his associates have received similar titles: William Maclure [1763-1840] is the "Father of American geology,"Thomas Say [1787-1834] is "Father of descriptive entomology," Charles Alexandre Lesueur [1778-1846] the "The Raphael of Zoological Painters," & Josiah Warren [1798-1874] has been called the "First American anarchist." Frances Wright [1795-1852] & Robert Dale Owen [1801-1877] are equally deserving, but (at least so far as I know) history has somehow failed to give them superlatives of their own.
This is a story of many nations: England | France | Germany | Haiti | India | Italy | Mexico | Netherlands | Russia | Scotland | Spain | Switzerland | United States | Wales
1739 Jan 6 - Birth of David Dale in Stewarton, Ayrshire, Scotland
1778 July 4 - George Rogers Clark captures Kaskaskia, IL, on Mississippi River
1788 - Cincinnati, OH, is settled & named "Losantiville."
1777 June 13 - Marquis de Lafayette lands on North Island, SC
1777 July 31 - Marquis de Lafayette (age 19) meets George Washington (age 45) in Philadelphia, PA
1777 Sep 11 - Marquis de Lafayette is wounded in Battle of Brandywine, PA
1770 - Birth of Francois Andre Michaux in France
1771 May 14 - Birth of Robert Owen in Newtown, Montgomeryshire, Wales
1772 Apr 7 - Birth of Charles Fourier in Besançon, France
1774 Apr 11 - Wedding of Marquis de Lafayette (age 16) & Marie Adrienne Françoise de Noailles (age 14)
1776 - Birth of Gerard Troost in 's-Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands
1777 Apr 20 - Marquis de Lafayette sails from Bordeaux to South Carolina
1778 - Birth of Charles Alexandre Lesueur in Le Havre, France
1779 - Birth of Frances Trollope in Bristol, England
1790 - Name of "Losantville" is changed to Cincinnati to honor war veterans in the Society of the Cincinnati
1798 - Site of Mount Vernon, IN, is discovered at highest point on Ohio River below Cincinnati, OH
1801 Oct 14 - Birth of Lucy Way Sistare in New London, CT
1804 - George Rapp founds Harmonie, PA, on Ohio River
1804-05 - Lewis & Clark expedition
1806 - Francis Joseph Nicholas Näef moves from France to America & changes his last name to Neef
1807 Dec 14 - Comet over Weston, CT. Its study by Benjamin Silliman [1779-1864] starts science at Yale University.
1809 - Under contract to William Maclure, Francis Joseph Nicholas Neef opens a school for boys at the village, Falls of Schuylkill, near Philadelphia, PA
1809 Feb 12 - Birth of Abraham Lincoln in Hodgenville, KY
1809 - Birth of Albert Brisbane in Batavia, NY
1787 Jun 27 - Birth of Thomas Say in Philadelphia, PA
1789 Sep 25 - Bill of Rights
1796 - William Maclure has taken up residence in Philadelphia & become a US citizen
1798 - Birth of Josiah Warren in Boston, MA
1799 Dec 14 - Death of George Washington at Mount Vernon, VA
|1800 Jan 1 - Robert Owen becomes manager of the textile mills at New Lanark, Scotland. Among other improvements, he will build the "Institute for the Formation of Character" & the world's first infant school.|
1814 Aug - Weber Cabin, West Street (reconstructed)
1814 Nov 11 - Posey County is formed from Gibson & Warrick counties
|c.1815 - Harmonist labyrinth. Reconstructed in 1939. MONUMENT|
1816 Nov 7 - Indiana is admitted as 19th state
|1818 - Rapp Granary is completed (= David Dale Owen's laboratory 1843-59, restored & survives today)|
1819 - Eigner Cabin, West Street (reconstructed)
1819 - Harmony has vineyards, a distillery, a brewery, a winery & a steam powered wool carding & spinning factory
|1815 - First geological map of England & Wales by William Smith [1769-1839] MAP|
|1817 - Architect Stedman Whitwell makes a model of Owen's ideal community. MODEL|
1822 - Fauntleroy & Scholle houses (survive today)
|1824 - Harmonist Dormitory (now called Thrall's Opera House), 615 East Church Street (survives today). "The Owen community used it for multi-family dwelling, warehouse, dance hall & lecture hall. In 1859, the building was turned it into a theatre... In 1911 it became a movie theatre. In 1913 a garage & gas station. Restored after 1964 by the State of Indiana. Now used as a conference & wedding venue."|
1824 - Rappites decide to sell New Harmony. One reason is that it's so close to slavery.
1824 Dec 16 - Robert Owen arrives in New Harmony
1821 - Madame Marie Duclos Fretageot organizes a Pestalozzian school in Philadelphia, PA
1821 - Pestalozzian educator Francis Joseph Nicholas Neef leaves Philadelphia & turns to farming near Floydsburg, KY
1824 - George Rapp founds Old Economy Village, PA
1824 - Pestalozzian educator William de Phiquepal d'Arusmont arrives from France to teach in Philadelphia
1824 Aug 15 - Marquis de Lafayette arrives in Staten Island, NY
1824 Nov 4-8 - Lafayette visits Jefferson at Monticello, VA
1824 Nov - Frances Wright joins Lafayette at Monticello, VA. (With him she meets Thomas Jefferson, Henry Clay, James Madison, James Monroe & Andrew Jackson.)
1824 - William Maclure returns to Philadelphia from Spain
1824 Nov - Robert Owen, William Owen (age 22) & Captain Donald McDonald arrive in USA
1824 Nov - Robert Owen visits Madame Fretageot's Pestalozzian school in Philadelphia
|1821 - Frances Wright (26) begins liaison with Lafayette (64) in Paris. (His estate La Grange "dazzles her with its park, 5 towers, moat, menagerie, aviary & cider presses.")|
1925 Mar 5 - Robert Owen addresses Congress a second time. ADDRESS
1825 Feb 23 - Lafayette begins his tour of southern & western states.
1825 Apr 11-15 - Lafayette visits New Orleans, LA. Fanny Frances Wright catches up with LaFayette in New Orleans.
1825 May 4 - Lafayette visits Andrew Jackson at the Hermitage near Nashville, TN. .
1825 May 8-9 - Lafayette's steamboat sinks at the Falls of the Ohio near Louisville, KY.
1825 Spring - Robert Owen visits Thomas Jefferson at Monticello, VA
|1825 Dec 8 - Sailing under a flag in French ("Philanthrope"), the "Philanthropist" (an 85x14 foot keelboat) departs Pittsburgh, PA. Image shows a keelboat passing a flatboat.|
|1825 Sept 6 - Frances & Camilla Wright are present when Lafayettte sets sail (on his 68th birthday) from Washington, DC, to return to France on the brand new US frigate "Brandywine"|
|1825 Late Oct - Frances Wright visits Memphis, TN, & buys 2,000 acres on Wolf River which she names Nashoba (the Chickasaw word for wolf). Lafayette offers $8,000, but Frances turns him down, & no one else is willing to invest.|
|1826 May - Both Churches in New Harmony. Sketch by Charles Alexandre Lesueur. From Album de vues des Etats-Unis dessins exécutés entre 1816 à 1827. Localisation: Blérancourt, musée national de la Coopération franco-américaine.|
|1826 - "In abolitionist newspapers Frances pleads for stonemasons, carpenters, teachers & investors, but her pleas go unanswered."|
1826 July 4 - Death of Thomas Jefferson (age 83) at Monticello, VA
1826 Dec - Wright deeds Nashoba to 10 trustees: General Lafayette, William Maclure, Robert Owen, Robert Dale Owen, C.D. Golden, Richeson Whitby (a shy Quaker from New Harmony), Robert Jennings, George Flowers (an emancipator & the only one with farming skills), Camilla Wright & James Richardson (who would "later destroy the reputations of Nashoba & Frances Wright").
|1826 Apr - Orbiston Community, near Motherwell, Scotland. A short-lived venture (also called "Babylon") founded by Abram Combe [1785-1827] upon the socialist principles of Robert Owen (like the more successful New Lanark) on the 290-acre estate of Archibald James Hamilton. Consisted of a single stone building large enough to accommodate 1000 people. Active until December 1827. Members were given notice to quit in the autumn of 1827 by William Combe, who had assumed management of the fractious community following the death of his brother Abram on Aug. 11, 1827." /// Images show pillars on the site of Orbiston Community. MONUMENTS|
1827 - Frances Wright & Robert Dale Owen leave Nashoba & go to Europe (so she can recover from malaria)
1827 - Wedding of Camilla Wright & Richeson Whitby.
1827 - Gerard Troost goes to Nashville, TN, to be professor of mineralogy & and chemistry, then State Geologist (1831-50)
1827 - Nashoba fails (as Wright is returning to USA)
1827 Late - Fanny leaves England and returns to USA
1828 June - Frances Wright settles in New Harmony & becomes co-owner & co-editor of the New Harmony Gazette. PERIODICAL
1828 July 4 - Fanny's Independence Day Speech - "first major speech by a woman in the USA." EXCERPTS ON-LINE
1828 - Wedding of lawyer William Augustus Twigg & Virginia DuPalais (neice of Charles Alexandre LeSueur)
|1828 - William Maclure starts publishing the "Disseminator of Useful Knowledge" -- "full of trivia about everything from home remedies to geometry." PERIODICAL|
|1829 - John Beal house at 613 Church Street is constructed of existing materials from a Harmonist horse barn|
|1829 - "A DOWNWRIGHT GABBLER, or a goose that deserves to be hissed" - a hostile view of Wright's public lectures. CARICATURE|
|1829 - Frances Wright completes a "Course of Popular Lectures" during which she "proposes the creation in every town of a Hall of Science or Temple of Reason, where citizens could see for themselves the fruits of science & of the republic." She decides to remain in NY City. LECTURES|
1829 May 29 - Death of scientist James Smithson in Genoa, Italy (leaves his fortune to the USA since his nephew has no heir)
|1830 - "American Conchology" by Thomas Say (in 7 sections until 1838). BOOK||1831 - Sketch of New Harmony by Charles Alexandre Lesueur|
|1832 Oct 19 - Visit of Swiss artist Karl Bodmer & German naturalist Prinz Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied (until March 16, 1833). Image shows one of Bodmer's paintings of New Harmony. PAINTING|
1930 - Wright returns to Europe fearing "Fanny Wright ticket" will hurt the US election. Realizing she was doing more harm than good by having become synonymous with the struggle for workers rights Frances left for Europe with D'Arusmont & Camilla. To the chagrin of her friends there when she arrived she disappeared into an almost complete isolation. No one was to know of her pregnancy. She knew a baby out of wedlock was just the sort of scandal her enemies in America were hoping for. She had her daughter Sylva [sic] in secret."
1831 May - Alexis de Tocqueville & Gustave de Beaumont visit America (until February 1832).
1931 - "Moral Physiology" by Robert Dale Owen. BOOK
1836 Jan 15 - Constance Fauntleroy is born in Indianapolis, IN.
1837 Mar 23 - Triple wedding in New Harmony: William Dale Owen (35) & Mary Bolton. David Dale Owen (30) & Caroline Charlotte Neef. Richard Dale Owen (27) & Anne Eliza Neef. The 3 Owenes are sons of Robert Owen & Caroline Dale. The 2 Neefs are daughters of Francis Joseph Neef & Eloisa Buss.
1837 - Mar 4 - Martin Van Buren becomes president
1837 - Panic of 1837 touches off a major recession that lasts until the mid-1840's
|1838 - "In a sermon Rev. Moses Parks claims that Fanny Wright has abandoned her principles for the Whig Party. Fanny responds claiming that she has not been 'bought' by the Whig Party, nor has she abandoned her abolitionist politics."|
1838 - Wright begins to have health problems
|1838 - "A Bird's Eye View of a Community,"engraved by F.Bate, published by the Association of all Classes of all Nations, proposed by Robert Owen Esq. [&] respectfully dedicated to the Landowners, Capitalists, Clergy, Instructors of Mankind, Wealth Producers, and Government of the British Empire... N.B. for further details consult the Works of Owen, Thompson, Combe, Morgan &c." ENGRAVING|
|1840 - "...Shells of North America" by Thomas Say. BOOK||1841 - "The North American Silva" by Francois Andre Michaux (3 volumes). BOOK|
|1842 Apr 20 - Death of William Dale Owen (age 40) - buried in Maple Hill Cemetery, New Harmony. MONUMENT|
|1844 - Rapp-Maclure-Owen house, Main & Church Streets ("Father George Rapp original owner, William Maclure later owner, Kenneth Dale Owen present owner. George Beal & John R. Hugo master carpenters.")|
1849 - David Dale Owen laboratory
1849 Summer - Geologists David Dale & Richard Dale Owen conduct a geological survey of northern Minnesota
1849 - Death of Robert Henry Fauntleroy - "a loss from which his wife Jane Dale Owen never fully recovered." Civil engineer Fauntleroy had become an officer in the US Coast Survey.
|1847 Feb 24 - Robert Dale Owen, MC, designs the Seal of the Smithsonian Institution.|
1844 - "Biography, Notes, and Political Letters of Frances Wright D'Arusmont by Frances Wright, Dundee, Scotland FULL TEXT ON-LINE
1846 Mar - Charles Lesueur is named curator of newly reestablished Museum d'Histoire Naturelle in Le Havre, France (which preserves more than 1,200 of his historic American sketches). MUSEUM
1846 Dec 12 - Death of Charles Lesueur - buried in Le Havre, France
1848 Feb - Initial publication of Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx & Frederick Engels. Last paragraph of Chapter III says, "The Owenites in England, and the Fourierists in France, respectively, oppose the Chartists and Reformists." BOOK
1849 - "Revolution in the Mind and Practice of the Human Race" by Robert Owen. "Emphasizes that the human character is formed by a combination of Nature & God & the circumstances of the individual's experience. A response to the European political upheavals of 1848 when the Paris Commune started & Marx & Engels published their Communist Manifesto, but it is also a recapitulation of his ideas on social reform. He is against the use of violence in the revolutionary process, because it mimicks the errors of their enemies instead of resorting to reason & kindness. BOOK
1854 - David Dale Owen is State Geologist of Kentucky (to 1857)
1857 - David Dale Owen is State Geologist of Arkansas (to 1859)
|1859 - David Dale Owen draws the Natural Steps in Pulaski County, Arkansas|
1859 - David Dale Owen is State Geologist of Indiana (to 1860)
1859 - First women’s club in America is started in New Harmony by Jane Dale Owen Fauntleroy’s daughter Constance Fauntlerou Runcie [1836-1911].
|1852 Dec 13 - Death of Frances Wright (age 57) in Cincinnati, OH (falls on ice) - buried in Spring Grove Cemetery. MONUMENT|
|1855 - "Memoir of Fanny Wright, the Pioneer Woman in the Cause of Women's Rights" by Amos Gilbert is published in Cincinnati. Image is the frontispiece. MEMOIR|
1856 - James Dwight Dana [1813-1895] speaks to Yale alumni lamenting those "who still look with distrustful eyes on science." They seem, he said, "to see a monster swelling up before them which they cannot define, and hope may yet fade away as a dissolving mist." That specter was twofold: the shadow cast by geology on the Genesis account of the Earth’s history & the idea of evolution, which was already in the air."
1859 - "Footfalls on the Boundary of Another World" by Robert Dale Owen. BOOK
|1858 Nov 17 - Death of Robert Owen (age 87) in the Bear Hotel (next door to the house in which he was born), Newtown, Montgomeryshire, Wales. His tomb & its wrought iron fence are restored in 1993. MONUMENT|
|1860 Nov 13 - Death of David Dale Owen (age 53) - buried in Maple Hill Cemetery, New Harmony. MONUMENT|
|1861 Jan 10 - Death of Jane Dale Owen Fauntleroy (age 55) - buried in Maple Hill Cemetery, New Harmony. MONUMENT|
1865 - Wedding of Sylvia Phiquepal d'Arusmont & Dr. William Eugene Guthrie in New Jersey
|Date? - Robert Dale Owen is reburied in Maple Hill Cemetery, New Harmony. MONUMENT|
1874 - Harmonist church is demolished, but its "Door of Promise" is salvaged. MONUMENT
1875 July - Robert Dale Owen is confined to Indiana Hospital for the Insane (remains until Oct. 14).
1877 June 24 - Death of Robert Dale Owen (age 53) at "Cosy Cove," his summer home on Lake George near Crosbyside, NY - intered in Village Cemetery at Lake George
1879 Mar 3 - Congress creates US Geological Survey
|1879 - Robert Owen Memorial, Non-Conformists Section, Kensal Green Cemetery, London. Next to Reformers Memorial. MONUMENT|
|1888 "History of the City of Memphis & Shelby County, Tennessee: With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Citizens, Volume 1" by John McLeod Keating & O. F. Vedder BOOK|
|1885 - Reformers Memorial, Non-Conformists Section, Kensal Green Cemetery, London. Names Robert Owen, Frances Wright & many other reformers. Next to Robert Owen Memorial. Photo courtesy of TripAdvisor. MONUMENT|
|1890 Mar 24 - Death of Richard Dale Owen (age 80) accidentally swallowing embalming fluid - buried in Maple Hill Cemetery, New Harmony. MONUMENT|
|1894 - Workingman's Institute building|
1897 - "Modern Poet Prophets" by William Norman Guthrie. BOOK
|1902 July 26 - Death of Frances Sylvia Phquepal d'Arusmont (Mrs. William Eugene Guthrie) - buried with her mother in Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, OH. MONUMENT|
|1904 - Remains of James Smithson are brought to Washignton, DC, & placed in a crypt at the Smithsonian Castle. MONUMENT|
|1906 - "Robert Owen: A Biography" by Frank Podmore. PORTIONS ON-LINE|
|1913 - Murphy Auditorium. "Built as a library & lecture hall. Named for Dr. William Murphy, who willed his fortune to the Workingman's Institute. Hosts the spelling bee, ballet, lectures & summer productions of the New Harmony Theatre. The auditorium has a capacity for 427."|
1914 - "Historic New Harmony: Official Guide" by Nora C. Fretageot & W. V. Mangrum, Centennial Edition. BOOK
||1914 June 13 - Historical Pageant, closing the Centennial Celebration of the Founding of New Harmony, Indiana, presented by the School Children of the Town Assisted by Their Friends at Early Candle-light. "Stars" of the pageant are George Rapp, Robert Owen, William Maclure, and Frances Wright. FULL TEXT ON-LINE (Click here for alternative text.)|
|1911 Mar 8 - Robert Dale Owen Memorial (for women's suffrage) at south entrance of Indiana Statehouse in Indianapolis. MONUMENT|
|1913 - 1913 - Bust of Colonel Richard Owen is dedicated in the Indiana Statehouse by a group of Confederate Army veterans for his "courtesy & kindness" toward POW's. MONUMENT|
|1917 July 4 - Picpus Cemetery, Paris, France. A US. battalion marches to Lafayette's tomb, & Col Charles E. Stanton pronounces "Lafayette, nous voilà / Lafayette, we are here" (popularly but erroneously attributed to General John J. Pershing). /// Photo courtesy of TripAdvisor. MONUMENT|
1925 - Mary Emily Fauntleroy sells the "Old Fauntleroy House" to the Indiana Federation of Clubs as a memorial to the first women's club (1859). MONUMENT
1922 latter part - William Norman Guthrie states that dancers would be trained to interpret religion
|1920 - "The Life of Robert Owen" by Himself, with an introduction by M. Beer, London. BOOK|
|1929 - Robert Owen Memorial Museum, Newtown, Montgomeryshire, Wales. MUSEUM|
|1939 - Labyrinth State Memorial. Recreation of the Harmonist labyrinth built around 1815. MONUMENT|
1939 June - "The Fauntleroy Family" by Mary Emily Fauntleroy, Indiana Magaaine of History, pp. 210-217. FULL TEXT ON-LINE
|1938 Sep 4 - Monument à la gloire des Américains / Monument to the Glory of the Americans, Point-de-Grave, Le Verdon, Mouth of Gironde River from which Lafayette sailed in 1777. Expresses gratitude for US help during World War I. 75 meters tall. Dedication attended by John F. Kennedy. MONUMENT|
1946 - "Backwoods Utopias: The Sectarian Origins & the Owenite Phase of Communitarian Socialism in America: 1663-1829" by Arthur Eugene Bestor, Jr. [1908-1994], University of Pennsylvania Press. A study of New Harmony. Introduction by Donald E. Pitzer. BOOK
1949 - "Robert Owen: Social Idealist" by Rowland Hill Harvey, Univ of California Press. FULL TEXT ON-LINE
|1947 - Replacement monument, Point-de-Grave, Le Verdon. Inscription: "Ici s'élevait le monument érigé à la gloire des Américains - Aux soldats du général Pershing défenseurs du même idéal de droit et de liberté qui conduisit en Amérique La Fayette et ses volontaires partis de ce rivage en 1777 - Le monument symbolisait la fraternité d'armes et l'amitié franco-américaine - Il fut détruit le 30 mai 1942 par les troupes d'occupation allemandes - Il sera réédifié par le peuple français - They have destroyed it, we shall restore it." MONUMENT|
|1956 - Lafayette heir René de Chambrun & his wife Josée Laval [1911-1992] discover 25,000 documents untouched since Lafayette's death in 1834, in 16 rooms on the 3rd floor of LaGrange, the vast 15th-century mansion they had just inherited. They create a private museum. MUSEUM|
|1956 - Robert Owen Statue & Plaque, off Shortbridge & Gas Streets, Newtown, Montgomeryshire, Wales. By Gilbert Bayes. Copy of this statue erected in 1994 in Manchester, England. MONUMENT|
|1960 - Roofless Church by Philip Johnson [1906-2005]. Statue under dome sculpted by Jacques Lipchitz [1891-1973] is inscribed in French. Translation: "Jacob Lipchitz, Jew, faithful to the faith of his ancestors, has made this virgin for the goodwill of all mankind that the spirit might prevail." MONUMENT|
|1965 Oct 22 - Death of Paul Tillich. His ashes are interred in Paul Tillich Park. MONUMENT|
|1967 - Bust of Paul Tillich, Tillich Park, New Harmony. By James Rosati [1911-1988]. MONUMENT|
|1969 Dec 31 - "Partnership for Posterity: The Correspondence of William Maclure & Marie Duclos Fretageot, 1820-1833" by Josephine Mirabella Elliott. BOOK|
1969 - "Robert Owen and the Owenites in Britain & America: The Quest for the New Moral World" by John F. C. Harrison, Routledge Revivals, London, 402 pages. "...the first [book] to use both British & American source material... directs new light on Owenism" SUMMARY ON-LINE
1975 - "A Docmentary History of the Indiana Decade of the Harmony Society 1814-1824" by Karl J. R. Arndt, Indiana Historical Society, Indianapolis. BOOK
1977 - National Park Service nominates 19 Harmonist/Owenite properties
1977 - "Robert Owen as Educator" by Kren Caplan Altfest, Twayne Publishers, Boston, pp. 191. BOOK
|1979 Oct 10 - The Atheneum/Visitors Center by Richard Meier. MUSEUM|
|1972 - "Commune on the Frontier: The Story of Frances Wright" by Richard Stiller, Women of America series, Thomas Y. Crowell Company, New York, pp. 260. PORTIONS ON-LINE|
|1976 - Statue of Lafayette, LaGrange, Georgia. Bronze copy of a famous statue by Ernest-Eugène Hiolle [1834-1886]. Dedicated by Lafayette's heir, Comte René de Chambrum [1906-2002]. Lafayette visited Georgia in 1825, & LaGrange was incorporated in 1828. MONUMENT|
|1976 - Lafayette heir Comte René de Chambrum publishes "Un francais chez les Lincoln" containing the letters his ancestor [1831-1891] wrote from America during the Civil War. BOOK|
|1982 - Carol's Garden & Fountain of Life, 519 North Street. For Carol Owen Coleman [1944-1979]. MONUMENT|
|1984 - "The Angel & the Serpent: The Story of New Harmony" by William E. Wilson. BOOK|
1983 Apr - "Restless Angels: The Friendship of Six Victorian Women" by Helen Heineman. BOOK
|1984 - "Fanny Wright: Rebel in America" by Celia Morris Eckhardt, Harvard University Press, Cambridge. pp. 337. BOOK|
|1987 - Ceremony at Point-de-Grave, Le Verdon, celebrating simultaneous 210th anniversary of LaFayette's departure and 70th anniversary of arrival of American Expeditionary Force (AEF). Participation of US & French armed forces & of Comte René de Chambrum. MONUMENT|
|1992 Sep - Interpretive Center, Falls of the Ohio State Park, Clarksville, Indiana. Lafayette's steamboat sank here in May 1825, but the Boatload of Knowledge slipped past in January 1826. MUSEUM|
|1998 - "Women in Utopia: The Ideology of Gender in the American Owenite Communities" by Carol A. Kolmerten, Syracuse University Press, 209 pages. BOOK|
|1992 - "Thomas Say: New World Naturalist" by Patricia Tyson Stroud, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, pp. 340. BOOK|
|1993 Jan 1 - "In Common Cause: The 'Conservative' Frances Trollope & the 'Radical' Frances Wright" by Susan S. Kissel. PORTIONS ON-LINE|
|1991 June 1 - "A New View of Society & Other Writings by Robert Owen," edited by Gregory Claeys, Penguin Classics, 432 pages. "...his intense concern for equality, justice, education & labor reform... His radical proposal for a full-scale reorganization of British society through the concept of cooperative model communities." BOOK|
2008 Apr 17 - "Town of New Harmony Comprehensive Plan" FULL TEXT ON-LINE
|2003 - "The Fanny, A Fiction" by Edmund White, ecco (HarperCollins), pp. 366. "Wright met Frances Trollope on a transatlantic voyage, and it is their friendship, then rivalry, that drives this novel forward." NOVEL|
|2004 Aug - National Underground Railroad Freedom Center in Cincinnati, Ohio. MUSEUM|
|2000 - Maquette du projet de construction de New Harmony, Saline Royale d’Arc et Senans & son exposition "à la recherche de la cité idéale." Pour des raisons diverses, financières mais aussi conjoncturelles, Owen abandonna la partie architecturale de son projet et se contenta de racheter un village déjà construit par une communauté religieuse (les "Rappistes"). MODEL|
|2006 - New Lanark World Heritage Site is almost fully restored & becomes a major tourist attraction. MUSEUM|
|2012 - "New Harmony Then and Now" by Prof Donald E. Pitzer with photos by Darryl D. Jones, Indiana University Press, 202 pages. Pitzer's earlier books: America's Communal Utopias, New Harmony's First Utopians, and New Harmony, Indiana: Robert Owen's Seedbed for Utopia. PICTURE BOOK|
|2014 Apr 9 - The North American Journals of Prince Maximilian of Wied: May 1832–April 1833, Volume 1, by Stephen S. Witte & Marsha V. Gallagher, University of Oklahoma Press, 544 pages. BOOK|
|2015 Mar 16 - "New Harmony, Indiana: Like a River, Not a Lake: A Memoir" by Jane Blaffer Owen, Indiana University Press, 400 pages. BOOK|
2014 Oct 3-Nov 30 - "Tennessee’s Intentional Communities: Examining The Farm, Nashoba, Rugby & Ruskin," Tennessee State Museum, Nashville, TN. Exhibiton about four social living experiments that took place in the state over the past 180 years. Curated by Graham Perry. "Nashoba was an anti-slavery community whose heyday was between 1825 & 1828 in the present day Memphis suburb of Germantown on the Wolf River. Nashoba was founded by a Scottish woman, Frances Wright. At its largest, Nashoba had only 20 members. Highlights of the exhibit include a 'New Harmony' costume & a lock of Wright’s hair." EXHIBITION
|Date? - Annie McLeod Experience Ride, New Lanark, Scotland. "Sitting in a monorail chair, visitors are guided through a step back in time, experiencing the life of a child [in 1820] during the heyday of the cotton industry. The sights & sounds of the period emerge from the gloom by means of holograms; life size figures; period settings & piped commentaries. In addition there is an exhibition of cotton spinning & a nature walk to the Falls of Clyde plus the New Lanark Hotel." ATTRACTION|
|2008? - Rooftop Garden & Viewing Platform, Mill #2, New Lanark, Scotland. "Created on the 9,000 square feet of roof on one of our mill buildings, our Roof Garden is the largest of its kind in Scotland." MONUMENT|
|2014 May 28 - "Robert Owen 142 Success Facts - Everything you need to know about Robert Owen" by Willie Fleming, Enerco Publishing, pp. 200. "The Most-Advanced Robert Owen Biography Available. This book is your ultimate resource for Robert Owen. Here you will find the most up-to-date 142 Success Facts, Information, and much more." BOOK|
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