Around the World
Click here for "peace camps," many of which were (or, in some cases, still are) operated by anti-bomb protestors.
Click here for peace monuments made from weapons. Click here for peace monuments depicting "Swords Into Plowshares" (Isaiah 2:4 & Micah 4:3).
Right click image to enlarge.
Memorial Day 1915 - Shillington Monument, Notre Dame University, South Bend, Indiana (USA). "Dedicated just north of Science Hall (LaFortune Hall). Navy Secretary Josephus Daniels [1862-1948] gave an address at the dedication, & much fanfare surrounded the event. The monument consists of a shell from the Maine on a base of red Wisconsin granite. Inscribed: "To the memory of John Henry Shillington [c1875-1898] of Brownson [Hall] who went down with the battleship Maine in Havana Harbor, February 15, 1898. This marker is raised by the men of Brownson as a symbol of their sorrow and their pride. Requiescat in pace." Between 1925 & 1930, the monument was moved closer to the Bronson Hall wing of Main Building. Many students had since forgotten Shillington or knew the reason for the memorial. In 1930, Scholastic reported that the Brownson Hall residents had taken to calling the monument 'The Bullet,' as do some students even today. The memorial was moved further into obscurity to the south side of the Joyce Center near Gate 8 in 1989. It finally found a prominent home on the south side of the ROTC Pasquerilla Center in the 2000's." Photo c1915-1916.
June 21, 1936 - "Anti-Air War Memorial," NW of Mornington Road & the High Road, Woodford Green, Essex, near London (England). Bottom image. Sculpted by Eric Benfield in the shape of a bomb for suffrigist (and onetime communist) Sylvia Pankhurst [1882-1960]. Rededicated on July 4, 1936, after being vandalized. "In October 1935, Pankhurst was outraged by Mussolini's assault on Ethiopia, the only part of Africa that remained independent and had joined the League of Nations. Unveiled that same month by a group that included Pankhurst and [Tesfaye] Zaphiro, the secretary of the Imperial Ethiopian Legation, the monument stood prominently outside Red Cottage [which Pankhurst shared with Italian anarchist Silvio Corio] along with a plaque dedicating it ironically to politicians who, at the World Disarmament Conference [which] opened in Geneva in February 1932, 'upheld the right to use bombing planes.'" One of 21 peace monuments named by the PPU website. Named in "A Peace Trail Through London" by Valerie Flessati (1998).
1937 - Guernica, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía (MNCARS), Madrid (Span). Painted by Pablo Picasso [1881-1973]. Commisisoned by the government of Spain for the Paris International Exposition. Full sized copy (tapestry) at the United Nations in New York City. Click here for other variations.
November 11, 1938 - Peace Monument, in front of Lyman's Hall, Rollins College, Winter Park, Florida (USA). German artillery shell made into a monument by Hamilton Holt [1872-1951], president of Rollins College. Dedicated on Armistice Day 1938. "Vandalized on Aug. 23, 1943. It was suspected that servicemen from the US Army STAR (Specialized Training and Reassignment) unit stationed on campus were responsible for the act, but investigation did not support that conclusion. The German shell on the stone pedestal was destroyed, but the plaque survived, was put in storage, and was rediscovered in the 1980's under President Thaddeus Seymour, who rededicated it in 1988 by the stairway of the Mills Memorial Building next to Holt’s statue. [Information courtesy of college archivist Wenxian Zhang 10Jan11]" The Plaque bears this inscription: Pause, passerby and hang your head in shame. This Engine of Destruction, Torture and Death Symbolizes: The Prostitution of the Inventor, The Avarice of the Manufacturer, The Blood-guilt of the statesman, The Savagery of the Soldier, The Perverted Patriotism of the Citizen, The Debasement of the Human Race. That it can be Employed as an Instrument of Defense of Liberty, Justice and Right in Nowise Invalidates the Truth of the Words Here Graven. —Hamilton Holt. Compare 1936 monument of Sylvaia Pankhurst in London, England (UK). Did Holt know about Pankhurst's monument?
August 6, 1948 - "Memorial Monument to the Victims of the Atomic Bomb [at] Hiroshima Municipal Girls High School", Peace Boulevard, Hiroshima (Japan). Built by parents at the high school in 1948, dedicated on 3rd anniersary of the bomb, and moved to present location in 1957. Depicts "E=MC squared" because the words "Atomic Bomb" would have been denied by the occupying authorities. Photo by EWL.
1973 - Omega Peace Institute (OPI), Arkansas Avenue, Los Alamos New Mexico (USA). Next door to Black Hole (qv). Former Grace Lutheran Church purchased in 1973 by Ed Grothus [1923-2009]. Includes CND peace sign & two broken bombs. Signs say "No one is secure unless everyone is secure" & "OMEGA PEACE INSTITUTE, FIRST CHURCH OF HIGH TECHNOLOGY, BLACK HOLE SYNOD, Critical Mass Every Sunday with Bomb Unworship Service. Don Eduardo de Los Alamos, Pastor."
About 1975 - "Wind of Peace" mural, Creek Road, Greenwich, London (England). "Depicts local people rising up to defend Greenwich in a spiral of all races destroying the missiles that threaten London. By Greenwich Mural Workshop & Chris Cardale." /// "GMW’s first project was designing & painting murals with people of Meridian Estate in Greenwich. Three landmark murals were created: 'Peoples River' & the anti-nuclear 'Wind of Peace' on Creek Road & 'Towards the Good Planet' on Thames Street, opened by Oscar winning actress Glenda Jackson."
1985-2010 - "Three Minutes to Midnight," Seminole Avenue, Little Five Points, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Also called the "Seminole Peace Mural." First US mural painted by David Fichter of Cambridge, Massachusetts. "Painted as part of a cultural festival for nuclear disarmament called 'Three Minutes to Midnight' which organized several events around the city in October 1984." First image is close up of Martin Luther King, Jr. [1929-1968]. Second image shows Leó Szilárd [1898-1964] & 70 other atomic scientists petitioning for a demonstration of the atomic bomb before using it on human beings, US officials playing deaf and dumb, and three weeping "Hiroshima maidens". Click here for article & slide show about Fitcher's visit to the endangered mural on December 5, 2008. /// "In December 2008, artist David Fichter & paintings conservator James Squires visited the mural to document the mural's condition, meet with neighborhood leaders & develop a plan to restore it. However, in fall 2010, it was illegally painted over by a graffiti mural."
1991 - "Chain Reaction," Santa Monica Civic Center, Santa Monica, California (USA). 26-foot mushroom cloud made from links of a massive chain. Text of plaque: "This is a statement of peace. May it never become an epitaph. Paul Conrad 1991." Designed by Paul Conrad [1924-2010], chief editorial cartoonist for the Los Angeles Times 1964-1993 (& syndicated to 100's of newspapers worldwide). See video. "Gifted to the City of Santa Monica through a $250,000 anonymous donation..." Said to be structurally weak in 2011. "Save Our Sculpture" (SOS) campaign organized by Jerry Peace Activist Rubin.
August 2013? - Museum of Peace, Polkovnichiy Island, Semey (Kazakhstan). Kazakhstan hosted an international conference “From a Nuclear Test Ban to a Nuclear-Weapons-Free World”, August 27- 29, 2012. August 29 was the the UN International Day against Nuclear Testing on August 29, 2012. Part of the conference was held in Semey, including a ground-breaking ceremony for the unique Museum of Peace. The crystal-ball-shaped building will be five stories tall, with a height of 34 metres & a diametre of 24 metres, & will rest in the palms of hands, demonstrating the fragility of life & the need for careful stewardship of the environment. The foundation of the ball in the form of two palms of hands will be made from iron & granite, while the building itself will be constructed of glass. The construction process is scheduled to be completed one year later. Construction costs are estimated at more than one billion tenge & will be provided by the government.
Future - A-Bomb Museum, Washington, DC (USA). "The 'NPT Promotion Committee,' composed of Japanese parliamentarians from various parties, is pursuing the idea of establishing, in Washington, DC, a monument to express the hope of eliminating nuclear weapons as well as a permanent museum to convey the consequences of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The committee aims to unveil the monument at the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference next spring and open the museum sometime next year ."
Date? - Entrance, Hawthorne Ordnance Museum. 925 E Street, Hawthorne, Nevada (USA). "[Our] mission is to collect, preserve and exhibit in a patriotic and educational environment, those items that have had a significant impact on the freedom of our country. We focus on the Hawthorne Ammunition Depot for its on-going contribution and support of the US Armed Forces."