http://writersblogs.files.wordpress.com/2010/08/london-book-ref-042-copy.jpg?w=500&h=375 http://www.egyptartsite.com/fields.html Peace Monuments on Book & Magazine Covers

BCE
1338
1876
1910
1913
1931
1945
1952
1961
1976
1991
1992
5 dates
2007
2011

"As compact as a time capsule, a book jacket holds forever the memory of the brief cultural period when it was in print." -- Véronique Vienne, Chip Kidd, 2003
"Like a time capsule, a monument holds forever the memory of the meaning which its creators chose to preserve for posterity." -- Edward W. Lollis, 2013

Peace Monuments on Book & Magazine Covers

Shown below are 189 book covers depicting 125 different peace monuments in 27 different countries.

Peace monuments (including iconic art works) are defined - and hundreds are depicted - elsewhere on these web pages. What distinguishes the monuments shown here is a double selection: (1) Each monument is deamed to represent one of the many meaning of "peace." And (2) an image of an existing peace monument is selected to represent the theme of a book.

I did not think to look for peace monuments on book covers until September 2, 2013, when I made a PowerPoint presentation to an audience at the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands. My slides included a shot of the reclining lady labled "Pax" in Ambrogio Lorenzetti's famous 1338 mural of good government in the Sala della Pace (Peace Hall) of Sienna, Italy, and I couldn't resist adding an inset of John Getting's recent book showing "Pax" and entitled "The Glorious Art of Peace."

My presence in The Hague also served to launch "Monumental Beauty," my own book on peace monuments. I had long agonized over the cover my book. At first I wanted to use a photo of the 1992 "Hands Across the Divide" monument in Derry, Ireland. Then I designed another cover showing the 1910 New York state peace monument on Lookout Mountain near Chattanooga, Tennessee. But my friend Peter van den Dungen didn't like either of these ideas; he prefered a standard shot of the 100-year old Peace Palace in The Hague. Finally, I decided to show on the cover what I show in the book - standard sized photos of multiple peace monuments - in fact five different peace monuments.

A few of the books shown below (30 to be exact) are about individual peace monuments, but most are not. The author, editor, and cover designer of each book choose the image of a monument to symbolize - and to help sell - the broader theme or themes of their work.

I guess that the first thing I've learned from this unusual exercise is that monuments and book covers have a lot in common. Monuments are made to preserve the memory of a person, event, or idea. Book covers are designed to stimulate interest in the book's contents. But both depend on their audience's intuitive sense of meaning and symbolism. When I realized this, I no longer found it surprizing that some book designers choose monuments to represent the contents of their books.

In fact, there is a relationship (surprizing to me) between monuments and book covers. In some respects, they are two sides of the same coin. Each is created to appeal to the public and to symbolize a deeper subject. By searching for book covers, I discovered a new way of finding peace monuments. Some of the peace monuments shown below were unknown to me until I find them on book covers.

About the second thing I realized is that these 189 book covers make a pretty good sample of the entire universe of peace monuments. Every period is represented, as are many of the world's most famous peace monuments, and I find this display more interesting than any other I've made over the years. I think that the book titles and cover layouts make the monuments come alive in way that mere photos and dull descriptions often fail to do.

I also discovered that choices made by book designers are a rough measure of monument popularity. Only the most familiar remonuments are chosen for book covers, and some of them are chosen multiple times. Inversely, the publication of a monument's image increases its exposure and thereby reinforces the monument's own purpose (to preserve the memory of a person, event, or idea).

For their covers, seven of these books seven use "Guernica" (the famous canvas which Pablo Picasso painted for the Paris International Expositon in 1937), six use UN Headquarters in New York City, and five use the 1913 Peace Palace in The Hague. The Peace Palace is used only for books related to the Peace Palace, whereas "Guernica" and UN Headquarters are so well known to the public that their images are chosen for books on subjects which transcend the United Nations or the Spanish Civil War.

No peace monument makes a more popular book cover than the 1886 Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor. Its universally recognized image graces books on books which have nothing do with New York or Franco-American friendship. Fifteen examples are shown below, but others could have been added (easily running this sample up to 200 or more book covers).

Many of the books whose authors, publishers, and designers have chosen monuments to illustrate their covers (about 35 of the 189 books shown below) are about the monuments themselves. Otherwise, the variety of books is vast. About ten of the books shown below are about art, peace history, or war history. Fewer than ten each are guide book or books about museums. Five or less are biographies, novels, memoirs, or books about geographic areas, civil rights, culture, or tourism. A few movels and comic books are included.

The book covers shown below depict relatively few of the vast number of peace monuments in today's world. But they show many of the most popular peace monuments. And I believe that they pretty well represent the total universe of peace monuments. Thus, the selection shown below includes both fine and popular art - even graffti - murals, statues, abstract sculpture, musuems, office buildings, bells, and stained glass windows. Most (indicated with green captions) celebrate "positive peace" (peace achievements and peace heroes) and some (indicated with red captions) "negative" peace (events not to be repeated if peace is to be preserved). Some became monuments unintentionally when unexpected events made a preexisting structure iconic and worth preservation.

As with the enitre universe of peace monuments (http://peace.maripo.com), those on book covers are rarely older than the 19th century - only eleven (5.8%) of the 189 book covers shown below pre-date 1800. And there is a surge in the number of new peace monuments in recent times. On the other hand, the first three decades of the 20th century are over-represented below: Perhaps because of lasting peace architecture (Peace Palace, Peace Arch, Lincoln Memorial, Peace Bridge, Peace Tower, Bok Tower, IJzertoren, and Palais des Nations) constructed at that time. Perhaps because older 20th century monuments have stood the "test of time" and are more often deamed by cover designers to be recognized by book consumers.

Few books about Matahma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Jr., and other famous peacemakers feature monuments on their covers. I imagine that this is because individuals are most often memorized by statues, popular individuals are memorialized by multiple statues, it's relatively difficult for any given statue to become universally recognized, and photographs therefore more often than images of monuments serve the purpose of book designers. But there are exceptions: Included below are five book covers showing monuments of famous peacemakers -- four statues (of Pankhurst, Tubman, and Lincoln twice) and one painting (of Erasmus).

PS: I would guess that this web page omits many books and magazine covers which feature peace monuments. Anybody who knows of such a book or magazine cover is encouraged to inform me at geovisual @ comcast.net. Thank you.

Edward W. Lollis, November 2013

Before
1660


Peace Panel on Standard of Ur
British Museum, London
c2500 BCE

Greek God of Peace
Glyptothek, Munich
c370 BCE

Pax in Sala della Pace
Sienna, Italy
1338 (book 2012)

CompassionBuddha
Matho, Kashmir
14th C? (mag 2013)

Erasmus by Hans Holbein
London
1523

???
France?
Date? (book 2012)

Peace at Temple of Janus
The Hague, Netherlands
c1651 (book 1999)

1660-1824

Dove of Holy Spirit
Vatican City
c1660

Dove of Holy Spirit
Vatican City
c1660 (Nook 2010)

Gorsam Chorten
Zemithang, India
c1700 (book 2008)

Goddess of Peace
Brandenburg Gate, Berlin
1793 (book 2008)

Third of May 1808
By Francisco Goya
1814

Third of May 1808
By Francisco Goya
1814

Massacres at Chios
ByEugeneDelacroix
1824 (book 20xx)

1833-1886

Peaceable Kingdom
By Edward Hicks
c1833

WmPenn & Indians
Philadelphia, PA
c1844 (book 2009)

The Peacemakers
White House, DC
1868 (book 2014)

Gladstone's Cabinet
PortraitGal,London
1868 (book 2011)

Concordia domi
foris pax
, Lübeck
1871

Emancipation Mem.
Washington, DC
1876

Statue of Liberty
New York City
1886(Harpers 1903)
1886

Statue of Liberty
New York City
1886(Harpers 1909)

Statue of Liberty
New York City
1886 (book 1940)

Statue of Liberty by
Norman Rockwell
1886 (mag. 1946)

Statue of Liberty
New York City
1886 (Baber 1948)

Statue of Liberty
New York City
1886 lll (book 1985)

Statue of Liberty
New York City
1886 (comic)

Statue of Liberty
New York City
1886 (book 1995)
1886

Statue of Liberty
New York City
1886 (book 2007)

Statue of Liberty
New York City
1886 (book 2008)

Statue of Liberty
New York City
1886 (book 2008)

Statue of Liberty
New York City
1886 (book 2010)

Statue of Liberty
New York City
1886 (book 2010)

Statue of Liberty
New York City
1886 (novel)

Statue of Liberty
New York City
1886 ttt (book 2013)
1889-1907

Bourgeois de Calais
By August Rodin
1889

Mundaneum
Mons, Belgium
Late 19th Century

Angel of Peace
Munich, Germany
1899

Christ the Redeemer
Argentina/Chile
1904 (book 1922)

Christ the Redeemer
Argentina/Chile
1904 (Time 1928)

Modern Madonna
By Bessie Vonnoh
1904 (book 2008)

Hague Peace Conf.
in Ridderzaal, Neth.
1907 unintended

1908-1913

The Blind by L.Taft
Univ. of Illinois
1908

NY Peace Mon.
Chattanooga, Tenn.
1910

Schweitzer Hospital
Lambaréné, Gabon
1913 unintended

Peace Palace
The Hague, Neth.
1913 (book 1913)

Peace Palace
The Hague, Neth.
1913 (book 1988)

Peace Palace
The Hague, Neth.
1913 (book 2004)

Peace Palace
The Hague, Neth.
1913 (book 2004)

1913-1919

Peace Palace
The Hague, Neth.
1913 (book 2007)

Peace Palace
The Hague, Neth.
1913 (book 2013)

Die Waffen Nieder
Film Poster
1914

Tower of Jewels
San Francisco, CA
1915 (book 1915)

Anti-War Painting
Tate Gallery, Engl.
1916

Hall of Mirrors
Versailles, France
1919 unintended

Hall of Mirrors
Versailles, France
1919 unintended

1919-1922

Hall of Mirrors
Versailles, France
1919 unintended

Die Freiwilligen
By Käthe Kollwitz
1920

Peace Arch,BC/WA
Canada/USA
1921 (book 2005)

Suffrage Pioneers
US Capitol, DC
1921 (book 2014)

Never Again War!
By Käthe Kollwitz
1922

Lincoln Memorial
Washington, DC
1922 (march 1963)

Lincoln Memorial
Washington, DC
1922 (book 2004)

1922-1927

Lincoln Memorial
Washington, DC
1922 (book 2004)

Lincoln Memorial
Washington, DC
1922 (book 2007)

Lincoln Memorial
Washington, DC
1922 (mag. 1953)

By Gustav Vigeland
Oslo, Norway
c1925 (book 2012)

Anti-War Museum
Berlin, Germany
1925 (book 1935)

Cultural Gardens
Cleveland, Ohio
1926 (book 1954)

Peace Birdge
Canada/USA
1927 (book 2007)

Peace Tower
Ottawa, Ontario
1927 (Nook 1996)

1927-1932

Peace Tower
Ottawa, Ontario
1927 (video)

Peace Tower
Ottawa, Ontario
1927 (novel)

Peace Tower
Ottawa, Ontario
1927 (book 2013)

Bok Tower
Lake Wales, Florida
1929 (book 2013)

IJzertoren Museum
Dixmude, Belgium
1930 (book 2003)

Pax Cultura
By NicholasRoerich
1931

MadonnaOriflamma
By NicholasRoerich
1932

1932-1934

WatertonGlacierIntl
PeacePark, Can/US
1932 (mag 1961)

WatertonGlacierIntl
PeacePark, Can/US
1932 (book 2001)

WatertonGlacierIntl
PeacePark, Can/US
1932 (book 2003)

WatertonGlacierIntl
PeacePark, Can/US
1932

Intl Peace Garden
Canada/USA
1932 (book 2005)

Detroit Industry
By Diego Rivera
1933 (book 2010)

World's Fair
Chicago, Illinois
1934 (book 1934)
1936-1937

Palais des Nations
Geneva,Switzerland
1936 (book 2006)

Palais des Nations
Geneva,Switzerland
1936 (book 2006)

Palais des Nations
Geneva,Switzerland
1936 (book 2001)

Guernica by Picasso
Madrid, Spain
1937

Guernica by Picasso
Madrid, Spain
1937 (book 2001)

Guernica by Picasso
Madrid, Spain
1937 (book 2002)

Guernica by Picasso
Madrid, Spain
1937 (book 2003)

1937-1939

Guernica by Picasso
Madrid, Spain
1937 (book 2005)
>
Guernica by Picasso
Madrid, Spain
1937 (book 2006)

Guernica by Picasso
Madrid, Spain
1937 (book 2013)

Armillary Sphere
Geneva,Switzerland
1939 (book 2011)

Trylon & Perisphere
NY World's Fair
1939 (book 1939)

Trylon & Perisphere
NY World's Fair
1939 (book 1939)

Trylon & Perisphere
NY World's Fair
1939 (book 1939)

1940-1945

Coventry Cathedral
Coventry, England
1940 unintended

Rosie the Riviterby
Howard Miller
1942 (book 2011)

Rosie the Riviter by
Norman Rockwell
1943 (mag. 1943)

Dumbarton Oaks
Washington, DC
1944 unintended

End of the Tracks
AuschwitzBirkenau
1945 unintended

Arbeit Macht Frei
Dachau, Bravaria
1945 unintended

Jedem das Seine
Buchenwald
1945 unintended

1945-1952

A-bomb Dome
Hiroshima, Japan
1945 unintended

A-bomb Dome
Hiroshima, Japan
1945 unintended

A-bomb Dome
Hiroshima, Japan
1945 unintended

Stone Jizo Figures
Hiroshima, Japan
1945 unintended

A-Bomb Epicenter
Hiroshima, Japan
1947 unintended

Victims at Girls HS
Hiroshima, Japan
1948 (book 2013)

Cenotaph
Hiroshima, Japan
1952 unintended

1952-1955

UN Headquarters
New York City
1952 (book 2009)

UN Headquarters
New York City
1952 (guide 1964)

UN Headquarters
New York City
1952 (book 2013)

Peace & Freedom
UN SecurityCouncil
1952

UN Headquarters
New York City
1952

Struggle for Lasting
Peace, UN Hq,NYC
1953 (book 2009)

Rosa Parks' Bus
Ford Museum, MI
1955 unintended

1953-1960

Peace Monument
Nagasaki, Japan
1955

Children's Peace
Mon., Hiroshima
1958 (book 2012)

Spirit of Detroit
Detroit, Michigan
1958 (mag. 2012)



SwordsPlowshares
UN Headquarters
1959 (CD date?)

Memorial Tragende
Ravensbrück,Germ.
1959 (book 2009)

Mon. to Departed
Natzweiler, France
1960

Anne Frank Huis
Amsterdam, Neth.
1960

1961-1969

Dove by Picasso
Muséed'Art,StDenis
1961 (book 2010)

Golden Rule by
Norman Rockwell
1961 (Post 1961)

Golden Rule by
Norman Rockwell
1961

World's Fair
New York City
1964 (book 1964)

Maruki Panels
Saitama, Japan
1967 (book 1985)

Lorraine Motel
Memphis, TN
1968 (book 2012)

The Sphere by Fritz
Koenig, NYC, NY
1969 (book 2004)

1970-1982

LOVE by Robert
Indiana, Indianapls
1970

Kamikaze Peace
Museum, Japan
1975 (book 2008)

Vitrail de la paix
Sarrebouirg, France
1976 (book 2001)

Reconcilation
By de Vasconcellos
1977 (book 2008)

People's Art
Chicago, Illinois
1977

John Lennon Peace
Wall,Prague,Czech
1980 (book 2013)

Vietnam Vets Mem
Washington, DC
1982 (book 2013)

1982-1990

Vietnam Vets Mem
Washington, DC
1982 (book 2009)

John Lennon Mem
New York City
1984 (book 2009)

Knotted Gun
UN Headquarters
1988 (book 1986)

Knotted Gun
UN Headquarters
1988 (mag 2005)

Knotted Gun
UN Headquarters
1988 (book 2013)

Death March
Dachau, Bravaria
1990 (book 2003)

East Side Gallery
Berlin Wall, Germ.
1990 (book 2011)

1991-1994

Nat Civil Rights
Museum, Memphis
1991

UDHR Article V
By Wm. T. Ayton
1991 (book 2012)

HandsAcrossDivide
Derry, N. Ireland
1992 (book 2000)

HandsAcrossDivide
Derry, N. Ireland
1992 (book 2010)

Holocaust Museum
Washington, DC
1993 (book 2013)

Holocaust Museum
Washington, DC
1993

Ohara Peace Bell
Enger Park, Duluth
1994 (book 2008)

1994-1998

Harriet Tubman
Battle Creek, Mich.
1994 (book 1994)

Christo de la Paz
El Salvador
1994 (book 2012)

UNESCO Globe
Paris, France
1995 (book 2013)

Independence Square
Kiev, Ukraine
Year? (book 2013)

Japan Peace Bell
Jerusalem, Israel
1996 (book 2013)

Anthony & Stanton
Seneca Falls, NY
1998 (book 1995)

Anthony & Stanton
Seneca Falls, NY
1998 (book 2005)

1998-2004

Peace Wall
Philadelphia
1998 (book 2003)

Krzyzowa Found
Kreisau, Poland
1998 (book 2013)

Reunification Mon
DMZ, South Korea
c1999 (book 2012)

Holocaust Manmal
Kinder
, Tennessee
2001 (book 2004)

Maloti-Drakensberg
Lesotho/S.Africa
2001 (book 2013)

Reconciliation Mon
Germany/Nethrlnds
2003 (book 2008)

Amitabha PeacePrk
Sedona, Arizona
2004 (book 2010)
2004-2005

Peace Mural
Bogside, N. Ireland
2004 (book 2007)

Peace Mural
Bogside, N. Ireland
2004 (book 2009)

Hindu Museum
Toronto, Ontario
2004 (book 2013)

Two Banks Bridge
France/Germany
2004 (book 2012)

Grafitti by Banksy
Bethlehem, W.Bank
c2005 (book 2007)

Grafitti by Banksy
Bethlehem, W.Bank
c2005

Israeli Wall
Bethlehem, W.Bank
c2005 (book 2010)

Murdered Jews
Berlin, Germany
2005
2005-2008

"Poruke" by Maja
(age 12), Croatia
Year?

Museum by M.Safdi
Yad Vashem, Israel
2005 (book 2006)

Intl Peace Museum
Dayton, Ohio
2005 (book 2013)

Border Fence
San Diego / Tijuana
2006? unintended

Zulu King Dinuzulu
Durban, South Africa
2007 (book 2010)

Peace Tower by
Yoko Ono, Iceland
2007 (book 2008)

HR/CivilizationsRm
Geneva,Switzerland
2008 (mag. 2010)

Holocaust Boy
By Samuel Bak
2008 (book 2009)

2010-2011
& Future


Nagasaki Peace Bell
Haiden, Switzerland
2010

USIP by M.Safdi
Washington, DC
2011 (book 2011)

Self-Help Graphics
By Peter Tovar
2011 (book 2011)

MLK Memorial
Washington, DC
2011 (book 2012)

Sylvia Pankhurst
London, England
Future (book 2012)

Newtown Peace
Park, Connecticut
Future (book 2013)

Newtown Peace
Park, Connecticut
Future (book 2013)


"Reconcilation"
Ireland
19___ (book 2013)

Security Council
United Nations
19___ (book 20___)

?????
?????
19___ (book 20___)

The Hand of God
by Carl Milles
19___ (book 20___)

Pax on Wellington Arch
London
1912 (book 1913)