Red Cross & Red Crescent
Monuments Around the World
Click here for Wikipedia article about the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.Right click image to enlarge.
Click here for Wikipedia article about the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).
Click here for Wikipedia article about the League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.
Click here for a list of Red Cross & Red Crescent Societites.
Click here for Wikipedia article about the Amercan Red Cross.
1851 - Clara Barton Schoolhouse, Bordentown, New Jersey (USA). "In 1851, teacher & humanitarian Clarissa Harlowe (Clara) Barton [1821-1912] established New Jersey's first free public school. Barton is best known for her later achievement as founder of the American Red Cross."
1864 & 1872 - Salle de l'Alabama / Hall of the Alabama, Hotel de Ville / City Hall, Geneva (Switzerland). On August 22, 1864, the [First] Geneva Convention was signed here, founding the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and beginning Geneva's role as an internaitonal city." On September 14, 1872, an international tribunal meeting here settled the so-called "Alabama Claims" of the USA against the UK about actions of the CSS Alabama & other raiders during the US Civil War, thus establishing the principle of international arbritration.
Date? - Statue of Guillaume Henri Dufour, Geneva (Switzerland). Guillaume Henri Dufour [1787-1875] was a general, pioneer cartographer, and co-founder of the Red Cross in 1863.
1910 - Grave of Florence Nightingale, St. Margaret's Church, East Wellow, Hampshire (England). Crimean War Memorial. One of 309 London monuments in Kershman (2007), page 104.
1910 - Grave of Henri Dunant, Friedhof Zürich-Sihlfeld (Switzerland). Henry Dunant [1828-1910] founded the International Red Cross. He & Frédéric Passy [1822-1912] received the first (1901) Nobel Peace Prize. He died in Heiden (Switzerland).
Date? - Henri Dunant Monument, Heiden (Switzerland). Henry Dunant [1828-1910] founded the International Red Cross. He & Frédéric Passy [1822-1912] received the first (1901) Nobel Peace Prize. Date? - Henri Dunant Monument, Geneva (Switzerland). Henry Dunant [1828-1910] founded the International Red Cross. He & Frédéric Passy [1822-1912] received the first (1901) Nobel Peace Prize.
Date? - Henri Dunant Denkmal / Henri Dunant Monument, Dunantgasse, Künstler H. R. Pippal, Floridsdorf, Wohnhausanlage Karl-Seitz-Hof, Wien / Vienna (Austria). Henry Dunant [1828-1910] founded the International Red Cross. He & Frédéric Passy [1822-1912] received the first (1901) Nobel Peace Prize. Date? - Henri Dunant Monument, Nagoya (Japan). Henry Dunant [1828-1910] founded the International Red Cross. He & Frédéric Passy [1822-1912] received the first (1901) Nobel Peace Prize.
After 1904 - Unattributed color lithograph, Library of Congress, Washington, DC (USA). Shows Japanese Red Cross tents & personnel giving medical attention to wounded Japanese and Russian soldiers near the Amur River during the Russo-Japanese War in April 1904. 1914 - Nagoya Daini Red Cross Hospital, Nagoya (Japan).
1912 - Grave of Clara Barton, North Cemetery, Oxford, Worcester County, Massachusetts (USA). Near her birthplace. Note Red Cross on tombstone. Large marker is inscribed "Angel of the Battlefield."
1915 - Statue of Florence Nightengale, Waterloo Place, Lower Regent Street & Pall Mall, London (England). Sculpted by Arthur George Walker [1861-1939]. Florence Nightingale [1820-1910], who came to be known as 'The Lady with the Lamp,' was a pioneering nurse, writer and noted statistician. Note lamp in the statue's right hand. Bronze plaque shows Nightengale in hospital, advising. Next to Statue of Sidney Herbert [1810-1861] and in front of The Guards Monument. All three are part of the Crimean War Memorial. One of 309 London monuments in Kershman (2007), page 104.
1917 - Headquarters Building, American Red Cross (ARC), 430-17th Street, Washington, DC (USA). Dedicated "in memory of the heroic women of the Civil War." The building still contains Red Cross offices and a museum. The ARC was established in Washington, DC, on May 21, 1881 by Clara Barton [1821-1912] who became its first president. See Clara Barton National Historic Site (1975).
1917 - Tiffany Windows, American Red Cross (ARC), 430-17th Street, Washington, DC (USA). Depict the most significant values of the Red Cross: Hope, faith, charity and love. Designed & constructed by the renowned studio of Louis Comfort Tiffany [1848-1933], son of the New York City jeweler. Reputed to be the largest set of windows still in their original state.
1918? - Memorial Window, St. Mary the Virgin Church, Swardeston, Norfolk (England). British Nurse Edith Cavell [1865-1915] was "quite the most famous woman to be killed in World War I." "In Swardeston, where she was born [and her father was rector], the window over the altar of the church is dedicated to her." "Completed before the end of the War by Ernest Heasman. Edith Cavell kneels in her nurse's uniform at the foot of the cross, accompanied by smaller, appropriate figures, including St. Agnes, St. Margaret and Florence Nightingale." Image shows a detail from the window. Click here for more Edith Cavell monuments in the UK, Belgium, France, Canada, Australia & the USA.
- Red Cross Hospital, Hiroshima (Japan). Constructed in 1939 by Fujita Corporation. Demolished & replaced in 1993. Severely damaged on August 6, 1945, when it was " turned into atemporary relief station. However, medical supplies were soon exhausted, and most of the doctors and nurses were killed or injured, so the vast majority were able to receive no treatment. Untold numbers died waiting for attention. In September 1956 a special medical facility,Atomic Bomb Hospital, was added to offer healthcare, examinations and treatment specifically to A-bomb survivors." /// "In September 1993, a northern section of the third floor where the steel frame was bent by the A-bomb blast was cut away, relocated within the hospital grounds, and preserved as monument [as shown by the right image]." /// "On the night of 01 June 2013, Fujita Corporation moved a 45 tonne monument containing a section of wall exposed to the 1945 Hiroshima atomic bomb blast from its position outside the red cross Hospital of Hiroshima to a new home in a memorial park 140m away."
1946 - Headquarters Building, Comité International de la Croix-Rouge (CICR) / International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Geneva (Switzerland). Building constructed in 1876 and used for various purposes before becoming ICRC headquarters in 1946.
1959 - Red Cross Monument, Solferino (Italy). "On a mountain the inaugurated monument of the red cross is to be found at the end of a Zypressenallee, at which each national red cross or red half moon company is represented by a stone board." Solferino is where the Red Cross began in June 1859.
1959 - Museo Internazionale Della Croce Rossa / International Museum of the Red Cross, Via Garibaldi n.50, Castiglione delle Stiviere (Italy). Operated by the Italian Red Cross
Date? - Clara Barton Birthplace Museum, 66 Clara Barton Road, North Oxford, Massachusetts (USA). Listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The property is also home to the Barton Center for Diabetes Education, Inc. Clara Barton [1820-1912] founded the American Red Cross on May 21, 1881, in Dansville, New York
Date? - Clara Barton Monument, Antietam National Battlefield, National Park Service (NPS), Sharpsburg, Maryland (USA). Clara Barton [1821-1912] treated wounded soldiers during the battle on September 17, 1862 (the bloodiest day in the history of US wars), and afterwards.
September 29, 1961 - Casa Henri Dunant / Henri Dunant House, Varazze (Italy). "En 1949, la Croix-Rouge suisse acquiert la propriété. Dans la Suisse d’alors naît la Croix-Rouge de la Jeunesse: ce mouvement, qui s’étend aujourd’hui au monde entier, est étroitement lié au milieu scolaire et vise à y transposer les principes de la Croix-Rouge." Henry Dunant [1828-1910] founded the Red Cross. He & Frédéric Passy [1822-1912] received the first (1901) Nobel Peace Prize.
1969 - Henri Dunant Museum, Asylstrasse 2, Heiden (Switzerland). In the nursing home where he lived from 1892 until his death in 1910. "A special room is devoted to his vision of a world without war & social need." Henry Dunant [1828-1910] founded the International Red Cross. He & Frédéric Passy [1822-1912] received the first (1901) Nobel Peace Prize.
Date? - Dunant-Denkmal/Dunant Memorial, Heiden (Switzerland). "The Dunant village of Heiden, situated high above Lake Constance (Bodensee), embedded in a gentle hills intends to the Red Cross founder in many ways. In addition to the Dunant Museum [qv], his Memorial (Dunant-Denkmal) stands on the most beautiful location. The table for peace talks (Tisch für Friedensgespräche) in the form of Red Cross invites to the senses. The Nagasaki Peace Bell (Friedensglocke aus Nagasaki) [qv] on the right side of the museum cautions on the consequences of nuclear war. The village Heiden newly built in the Biedermeier style after a fire, is worth a visit."
1975 - Clara Barton National Historic Site, National Park Service (NPS), 5801 Oxford Road (at MacArthur Boulevard), Glen Echo, Montgomery County, Maryland (USA). The first National Historic Site dedicated to the accomplishments of a woman. A former Red Cross field hospital actually used by Clara Barton [1821-1912] for relief immediately following the Johnstown Flood on May 31, 1889. Barton lived here from 1897 until her death in 1912. NPS has restored eleven rooms, including Red Cross offices, parlors, and Miss Barton's bedroom. Visited by EWL.
September 8, 1979 - Monument to Dr. Marcel Junod, in front of Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum, Hiroshima (Japan). Dr. Marcel Junod [1904-1961] of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) entered Hiroshima on September 8, 1945, and began treating survivors while carrying out studies of the damage. #29 of 56 "cenotaphs & monuments" on the Virtual E-Tour.
May 3, 1986 - Avully, Geneva (Switzerland). Plaque commémorative sur la demeure sise route du Moulin-Roget 35 où vécut Henri Colladon, grand-père d'Henry Dunant. Initiative de la Société Henry Dunant.
December 9, 1987 - Florence Nightingale Museum, Florence Nightingale Museum Trust, Gassiot House, 2 Lambeth Palace Road, London (England). One of only 3 "musuems for peace" in the UK (vs. more than 60 in the USA). Known as "The Lady with the Lamp," Florence Nightingale [1820-1910] was a pioneering nurse, writer & noted statistician.
February 9, 1988 - Geneva (Switzerland). Plaque commémorative à la rue du Puits-Saint-Pierre 4, sur la maison où Henry Dunant et ses amis créèrent le 17 mars 1864 la première section de la Croix-Rouge genevoise. Initiative de la Société Henry Dunant. Inscription: "Cette Maison a vu naitre la Croix-Rouge."
November 1988 - Musee International de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge / International Red Cross & Red Crescent Museum, 17 avenue de la Paix, Geneva (Switzerland). Click here for Wikipedia article. Right image shows "The Petrified" at museum entrance. 1989 - Armenian Earthquake, White House, Washington, DC (USA). Statue of a woman holding a child. Gift of the people of Armenia to thank the American Red Cross for their assistance during an earthquake that ravaged Armenia on December 7, 1988. Thousands were killed and tens of thousands left homeless.
May 17, 1989 - Geneva (Switzerland). Plaque commémorative sur la façade de l'ancien Casino de Saint-Pierre, rue de l'Evêché 3, où furent jetées les bases du Comité international de la Croix-Rouge (CICR). Initiative de la Société Henry Dunant.
August 12, 1989 – Red Cross Memorial Stone, Dybbøl (Denmark). Commemorates the first use of the Red Cross symbol in an armed conflict during the Battle of Dybbøl in 1864. Jointly erected in 1989 by the national Red Cross societies of Denmark and Germany. 1996 - Henri Dunant Monument, Nobel Peace Walk, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales (Australia). Henry Dunant [1828-1910] founded the International Red Cross. He & Frédéric Passy [1822-1912] shared the first (1901) Nobel Peace Prize. 1999? – Red Cross Monument, Monrovia? (Liberia). Inscribed "50th Anniversary of the Geneva Conventions, Jun. 12, 1949-1999."
February 12, 1991 - Geneva (Switzerland). Plaque commémorative à la Chapelle de l'Oratoire, pour rappeler l'envoi en Lombardie par la Société évangélique d'une mission internationale de secours aux militaires blessés, prélude à l'œuvre de la Croix-Rouge. Initiative de la Société Henry Dunant.
March 21, 1991 - Geneva (Switzerland). Plaque commémorative 21 mars 1991, sur la maison du général Guillaume-Henri Dufour [1787-1875], rue de Contamines 9, premier président du CICR en 1863-1864. Initiative de la Société Henry Dunant.
1991 - "Red Cross Historical Walk in the Footsteps of Henry Dunant / Itineraire Croix-Rouge dans la Vielle de Geneve sur les pas d'Henry Dunant, Geneva (Switzerland). 83-page book in English & French by Roger Durand published by the Société Henry Dunant. "Cette promenade dans la Vieille Ville vous montre les lieux liés au mouvement de la Croix-Rouge, fondée en 1863 à Genève. En cheminant, nous passons entre autres par la maison natale d'Henry Dunant [1828-1910], par l'ancien Casino de Genève, par le palais de l'Athénée et par la maison qui avait appartenu à Henry Dunant à la rue du Puits-Saint-Pierre où il écrivit « Un souvenir de Solferino ». En 1864, douze Etats adopteront à l'Hôtel de Ville la Première Convention de Genève pour l'amélioration du sort des militaires blessés dans les armées en campagne. La promenade peut se terminer en passant par la Fédération Internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge, le CICR et le Musée international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge."
April 21, 1993 - Saint-Gall, Canton of St. Gallen (Switzerland). Plaque commémorative à la Bankgasse 8 pour mettre en évidence la personne du journaliste Georg Baumberger [1855-1931] et le journal "Die Ostschweiz", dont les articles ont contribué à la réhabilitation d'Henry Dunant en été 1895. Initiative de la Société Henry Dunant.
May 8, 1993 - Culoz, Ain Department (France). Plaque commémorative à la Mairie de Culoz, pour marquer que c'est à cet endroit qu'Henry Dunant acquit la nationalité française en avril 1859. Initiative de la Société Henry Dunant.
April 9, 1994 - Cannes (France). Plaque commémorative pour rappeler la réunion de la Conférence médicale de Cannes les 9-11 avril 1919 qui a abouti à la création de la "Ligue internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge." Initiative de la Société Henry Dunant.
May 5, 1994 - Paris (France). Plaque commémorative à l'hôtel Regina, endroit où fut signée la charte fondant la Ligue internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge le 5 mai 1864. Initiative de la Société Henry Dunant.
May 24, 1995 - Geneva (Switzerland). Plaque commémorative, place du Grand-Mézel : maison natale de Valérie de Gasparin [1813-1894], née Boissier, inspiratrice d’Henry Dunant. Initiative de la Société Henry Dunant.
October 26, 2001 - Geneva (Switzerland). Plaque commémorative relayé par l’Association 'Genève: un lieu pour la paix,', boulevard Helvétique, à l’emplacement de l’ancienne Salle de la Réformation, qui accueillit la première Assemblée de la Société des Nations, le 15 novembre 1920. Initiative de la Société Henry Dunant.
November 30, 2002 - Geneva (Switzerland). Plaque commémorative 30 novembre 2002, Genève, rue Calvin : premier local des UCJG (YMCA) qu'Henry Dunant fonda en 1852. Initiative de la Société Henry Dunant.
2010? - Friedensglocke aus Nagasaki/Nagasaki Peace Bell, Henri Dunant Museum, Asylstrasse 2, Heiden (Switzerland). "The Henry Dunant Museum Gentiles obtained after many years of contact with the Red Cross Japan and the authorities of the city of Nagasaki given a copy of the Angelus bell. The famous original is in one of the oldest Christian churches in Japan. The bell was during the atomic bomb attack on Nagasaki on 9 August 1945, with very few damages recovered in the rubble. Since 1988, duplicates are cast away and to places which were the victims of war or natural disasters, such as Hiroshima, Chernobyl, Leningrad or Honolulu. As a major exception receives Gentiles, in honor of Red Cross founder Henry Dunant such a peace bell. Gentiles to take out the spirit of peace further into the world. On 13 October 2009 was the 100-pound bell from a delegation of the Henry Dunant Museum (Böhi John and Marlis Hörler Böhi), the Red Cross both Appenzell (Jessica Kehl) and the hospital Gentiles (Othmar Deputy throat. Director, chief physician medicine), to be taken at a ceremony in the Faculty of Medicine Nagasaki, reception. The necessary funds were made available to the city by members of the medical faculty of the University of Nagasaki and residents. Over six weeks took the sea voyage of the Peace Bell on the freighter 'Louise Schulte' Nagasaki to Hamburg by train via Rorschach to Heiden. Since Monday 29 March 2010 is the Peace Bell of Nagasaki, Japan, in the entrance hall of the hospital Gentiles. At a later stage the Peace Bell will receive its final location at the Henry Dunant Museum and there solemnly inaugurated. [Google translation]"
November 1, 2012 - Plaque Jules-Guillaume Fick et Guillaume Henri Dufour, 14 rue Etienne Dumont, Geneva (Switzerland). Celebrating "Les 150 ans de la publication d'''Un Souvenir de Solferino [Italy]'" by Henry Dunant [1828-1910]. At the site of the Jules-Guillaume Fick printshop which published the first edition of "Un Souvenir de Solferino" in 1862. Guillaume Henri Dufour [1787-1875] lived 20 years in the same house. Dunant & Dufour were both founders of the Red Cross in 1863. Information courtesy of Peter van den Dungen 06Nov2012. Images courtesy of Trond Heide Henningsen 18Jul2013. Please email your comments & questions to geovisual at comcast.net. Thank you.
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