1 = Geographic Pole (aka Terrestrial Pole)

2 = Magnetic Pole

3 = Geomagnetic Pole

4 = Pole of Inaccessibility

1952 - North Pole, Alaska (USA). "In 1952, Dahl & Gaske Development Company purchased the Davis homestead, subdivided it, and renamed it North Pole, in hopes of attracting a toy manufacturer to the area. The City of North Pole was incorporated on January 15, 1953, from portions of the Davis homestead and the adjacent homestead of James Ford... [Now] part of Fairbanks North Star Borough & the Fairbanks metropolitan statistical area. According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 1,778. Despite the name, the city is about 1,700 miles south of Earth's geographic North Pole. The city's biggest attraction [shown in image] is a gift shop named Santa Claus House, the modern-day incarnation of a trading post established in the town's early days. It is known for the world's largest fiberglass statue of Santa Claus outside."

November 1956 - US Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Geographic South Pole (Antarctica). Elevated station dedicated on January 12, 2008.


Date? - Actual & Ceremonial Geographic South Poles (Antarctica). "Marked by a small sign and a stake in the ice pack, which are repositioned each year on New Year's Day to compensate for the movement of the ice.[4] The sign records the respective dates that Roald Amundsen and Robert F. Scott reached the Pole, followed by a short quotation from each man and gives the elevation as 2,835 m (9,301 ft)" Right image (made in 2007) shows "Ceremonial South Pole."


Date? - Actual Geographic North Pole (Arctic Ocean). "The Soviet Union, and later Russia, have constructed a number of manned drifting stations, some of which have passed over or very close to the Pole. In recent years, a number of studies have predicted that the North Pole may become seasonally ice-free due to Arctic shrinkage, with timescales varying from a few years to fifty years or more." On August 3, 1958, the submarine USS Nautilus (SSN-571) crossed the North Pole. On August 17, 1977, the Soviet nuclear powered icebreaker Arktika completed the first surface vessel journey to the North Pole. And on March 17, 1959, the USS Skate (SSN-578) surfaced at the Pole [right image], becoming the first naval vessel to do so. Anything left on the seabed by any of these ships?



1959 - Bust of Lenin, Pole of Inaccessibility (Antarctica). "You will probably never find a more perfect embodiment of Shelley's 'Ozymandias' than this story of a surprising discovery by a joint Norwegian-US antarctic expedition. The team traveled to 'Inaccessibility Pole,' which lays about 550 miles from the South Pole, at the furthest point from the ocean. Scientists trekking across a little visited part of Antarctica have discovered a bizarre relic of the Soviet Union is dominating the South Pole of Inaccessibility. In the middle of nowhere literally the point on Antarctica furthest from the sea an imposing bust of revolutionary Bolshevik Vladimir Lenin [1870-1924] peers out onto the polar emptiness... The group's website says Soviet scientists first visited the Pole in December 1958 and built a small cabin there. After several weeks they left, putting the bust of Lenin on top of the chimney facing Moscow. "Today the bust is clearly visible from many kilometres away, and remains as they left it on the chimney, although the cabin itself is buried under the snow," the explorers say... They all speculated on what the bust might have been made out of; marble or concrete. You wouldnt believe it. Hes plastic, he said. The accompanying photo is from the team's website. As the chief architect of one of history's most genocidal regimes, a man responsible for the death of millions, it's fitting that his statue is made of plastic. And just like Shelley's Ozymandias, his memorial sits amidst a desolate wasteland."

May 3, 1997 - World Peace Crystal Grid (WPCG), North Magnetic Pole, near Ellesmere Island, Nunavut (Canada). From websites of the International Center for Reiki Training (ICRT), Southfield, Michigan (USA): "In May 1997, I placed a specially designed and empowered Reiki Grid... It was created with the intent of promoting world peace by becoming a planetary beacon charged with healing energies sent by people from all over the world... When the sea ice melts in July, it will sink to the bottom of the ocean where it will remain forever." The inscription on the plaque says: "May the followers of all religions and spiritual paths work together to create peace among all people on earth."

December 17, 1999 - World Peace Crystal Grid (WPCG), Geographic South Pole (Antarctica). "[Both] World Peace Crystal Grid[s are] made of solid copper in the shape of the heart chakra, 12 inches in diameter and plated with 24 carat gold. A 12 sided quartz pyramid is at the center under which are inscribed the Usui power symbol and the Karuna peace symbol. Double terminated quartz crystals are on each petal. Inscribed around the center are symbols for all the world's religions and the words: 'May the followers of all religions and spiritual paths work together to create peace among all people on earth.'"

2009 - Byrd Surface Camp (Antarctica). "A Scott tent sits on the location of Byrd Surface Camp, a deep-field site that used to support science in West Antarctica. The National Science Foundation (NSF) is resurrecting the field camp beginning this year to support a new array of science projects."