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Peace Monuments
in Georgia (USA)

Click here for a chronological list of 24 peace monuments in and near Atlanta, Georgia (Word format).
Click here for "Public Art in Atlanta, Georgia."

Peace Monuments in Atlanta & Decatur, Georgia

Right click image to enlarge.

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1893 - Atlanta Cyclorama & Civil War Museum, Grants Park, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). A cylindrical panoramic painting of the American Civil War Battle of Atlanta. If unrolled would measure 42 feet high by 358 feet long (the largest oil painting in the world until 2004). Painted by a team led by Germans Friedrich Wilhelm Heine [1845-1921] and August Lohr [1843-1919], it opened to display in Detroit, Michigan, in 1887.

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1895 - Women's Building, Cotton States & International Exposition (now Piedmont Park), Atlanta, Georgia (USA).

1893 - Women's Building, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, Illinois (USA). "Sophia Hayden [1968-1953], one of the few women architects in 19th-century America, graduated from MIT and, as her first project, designed this 80,000 square-foot, two-story building. A young woman, Hayden evidently suffered some kind of breakdown by the end of the project and never again designed a building."


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October 10, 1911 - "The Triumph of Peace," 14th Street Entrance, Piedmont Park, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Also called Peace Monument to "The Old Guard." /// "Commemorates the historic 'Mission of Peace' to the North in 1879 by the Gate City Guard of Atlanta." Depicts a Civil War soldier lowering his rifle as the Angel of Peace holds an olive branch above his head. By New York sculptor Allen Newman [1875-1940]. His model for the angel of peace was "America's first supermodel" Audrey Munson [1891-1996] whose classic beauty attracted numerous sculptors & artists during the 1910's (15 statues in NY City alone), then spent 65 years in an upstate mental institution. See her biography "She inspired monuments and died in obscurity" by James Bone. /// 103rd rededication took place October 11, 2015.

1926 - Atlanta History Center founded.

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1946? - Japanese Temple Bell, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Cast in 1747 in Tokyo. Found in an Atlanta warehouse. Returned to Jodoji Temple by Rotary Clubs of Atlanta & Yokosuka in May 1961 during ceremony in Yokosuka (Japan). All information from Tuscaloosa News, May 30, 1961. Much more to know about this bell. Where is "Jodoji Temple"? Very likely a WW-II trophy (like other Japanese bells in Duluth, Topeka & Lexington, VA). Too bad it wasn't retained (as in Boston) to symbolize peace or friendshp.

June 3, 1962 - 106 promenent Atlanta art patrons killed in airplane crash at Orly Airport in Paris (France).

December 11, 1964 - Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Martin Luther King, Jr.

April 4, 1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr., is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee.


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1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Includes King's tomb (in lake in photo), an eternal flame, Rosa Parks room, and Mahatma Gandhi room. Click here for additional information. Entry #242 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001). (King received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 and was assissanated in 1968.

1974 - Portrait of Martin Luther King, Jr., Georgia State Capitol, Altanta, Georgia (USA). "This portrait, painted by George Mandus [1924-2012], hung outside the governor's office on the main floor of the capitol until a new and larger portrait of King replaced the 1974 portrait in 2006. After its replacement, the 1974 portrait was placed in storage at the Georgia State Archives."
Date? - Portrait of Martin Luther King, Jr., Georgia State Capitol, Altanta, Georgia (USA). "This new portrait replaced a smaller painting of King hung outside the governor's office in 1974. The new portrait, 50 percent larger than the previous one, was created because the 1974 portrait of King was dwarfed by the larger portraits of governors that hung around it."


1978 - Peace, Folk Art Collection, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Crayon & pen on paper by Nellie Mae Rowe [1900-1982]. "For Rowe, drawing was a form of worship. She said, 'I try to draw because [God] is wonderful to me. I just have to keep drawing until He says, "Well done, Nellie, you have been faithful." Then I will know that I have finished my work.' In Peace, Rowe represented her own industrious hands, which seem to invoke benediction for the blue animal just beyond."

1980 - CNN Center, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Cable News Network (CNN) was created in 1980. CNN Center is home of the CNN networks, including Headline News, CNN International, CNN.com, and CNN en Español, The world’s largest freestanding elevator runs to the 50-foot CNN Globe where there are interactive kiosks for browsing over 25 years of CNN footage. From the CNN Overlook, you’ll have a bird’s eye view of the actual newsroom in action."

October 10, 1980 - Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historic Site & Sweet Auburn Preservation District, National Park Service (NPS), Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Includes King's birth home and Ebenezer Baptist Church. Click here for the Wikipedia article. Entries #237, 239 & 241 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).
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Date? - Mural on Freedom Walk, Auburn Avenue, Sweet Auburn Historic District, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). When created & by whom? NB: Freedom Walk is an "urban interpretive trail to downtown area along Auburn Avenue" created by NPS, but when? Not described on any website. "The name Sweet Auburn was coined by John Wesley Dobbs [1882-1961], referring to the 'richest Negro street in the world.'" Click here for photo essay by Galen R. Frysinger.

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1981 - African American Panoramic Experience (APEX Museum), Atlanta, Georgia (USA). "Accurately interprets and presents history from an African American perspective in order to help all American and International visitors better understand and appreciatethe contributions of African Americans to America as well as the world." DAN MOORE - RACISM & AFRICAN-AMERICAN HISTORY.

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1982 - Carter Presidential Center, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). "Waging Peace. Fighting Disease. Building Hope." "In a 35-acre park about 2 miles east of downtown Atlanta. The Jimmy Carter Library & Museum, which is adjacent to the Center, is owned & operated by the National Archives & Records Administration (NARA). The Center and Library are known collectively as The Carter Presidential Center." Reopened October 1, 2009 (Carter's 85th birtdday), after $10 million redesign. Entry #238 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001). (Jimmy Carter was president 1977-1981 and received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002.)
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1983 - "l'Ombre / The Shade," High Museum of Art, Woodruff Arts Center, Peachtree Street, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Sculpted by Auguste Rodin [1840-1917] in 1880. A gift of France in memory of those who died at Orly in 1962. Statue and the new museum building (also memorializing the air crash victims) were dedicaed on or about the same day.

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1985-2010 - "Three Minutes to Midnight," Seminole Avenue, Little Five Points, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Also called the "Seminole Peace Mural." First US mural painted by David Fichter of Cambridge, Massachusetts. "Painted as part of a cultural festival for nuclear disarmament called 'Three Minutes to Midnight' which organized several events around the city in October 1984." First image is close up of Martin Luther King, Jr. [1929-1968]. Second image shows Leó Szilárd [1898-1964] & 70 other atomic scientists petitioning for a demonstration of the atomic bomb before using it on human beings, US officials playing deaf and dumb, and three weeping "Hiroshima maidens". Click here for article & slide show about Fitcher's visit to the endangered mural on December 5, 2008. /// "In December 2008, artist David Fichter & paintings conservator James Squires visited the mural to document the mural's condition, meet with neighborhood leaders & develop a plan to restore it. However, in fall 2010, it was illegally painted over by a graffiti mural."

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April 1988 - Garden for Peace (GFP#1), Swan Woods Trail, Atlanta History Center, 130 West Paces Ferry Road, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). The first of several GFP's sponsored by Gardens for Peace, Atlanta, Georgia (USA).
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April 1988 - - The Peace Tree, Garden for Peace #1, Swan Woods Trail, Atlanta History Center, 130 West Paces Ferry Road, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). 14-foot life-size bronze statue created by Gia (Georgi?) Japaridze, an artist from sister city Tbilisi (Republic of Georgia).
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July 1988 - Freedom Quilt Mural, Southeast Regional Office, American Friends Service Committee (AFSC), 92 Piedmont Avenue, NE, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Mural by David Fichter. Features Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Jr., and 14 other famous peacemakers. Created as part of Rainbow Coalition events during the 1988 Democratic National Convention. Click here for further information. Entry #240 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).
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1989 (and later) – Series of Peace Poles throughout Atlanta, each proclaiming "May Peace Prevail on Earth" in multiple languages. A project of Partnerships in Peace (PIP). Several of the poles were erected just in time for the Olympic Games in the Summer of 1996.

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January 11, 1990 - "Behold", Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historic Site, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). 12-foot statue of Kunta Kinte from the novel Roots by Alex Haley. Kinte is performing a Mandinka ceremony for his first-born, Kizzy: "Behold, the only thing greater than yourself." Sculpted by Patrick Morelli. Dedicated by Coretta Scott King. There are other Alex Haley statues in Annapolis, Maryland, & Knoxville, Tennessee, and Haley homes in Henning & Clinton, Tennessee.
October 5, 1992 - Fernbank Museum of Natural History opens.

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1992 - World Peace Rose Garden (WPRG), Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historic Site, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). One of several WPRG's sponsored by International World Peace Rose Gardens, Sacramento, California (USA).
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September 5, 1993 - Garden for Peace (GFP #4), Alumni Garden, Agnes Scott College, Decatur, Georgia (USA). One of several GFP's sponsored by Gardens for Peace, Atlanta, Georgia (USA).
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June 1994 - Statue of President Jimmy Carter, Georgia State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Sculpted by Frederick Hart [1943-1999], whose best-known works are in Washington, DC, including the Creation Sculptures at Washington National Cathedral & the three bronze soldiers at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Carter received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002.

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1995 - "Sightless Among Miracles," Carter Presidential Center, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Depicts a child leading an elder who is blind because of African river blindness. "This image of the head was graciously contributed to this site by the sculptor, R.T. Wallen of Juneau, Alaska. This detail is of a version of the sculpture at the World Health Organization in Geneva (Switzerland)."
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Date? - Hope Statue, Rose Garden, Carter Presidential Center, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Girl with dove of peace.

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Date? - Martin Luther King, Jr., International Chapel, Westview Drive, Morehouse College, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Includes Martin Luther King, Jr., Monument by Edward J. Dwight, Jr. (the first Black astronaut).
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1996 - “Homage to King,” Boulevard & Freedom Parkway, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Artist: Xavier Medina-Company (b. Barcelona, Spain, 1943, r. Barcelona).
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Date? - Head of Martin Luther King, Jr., MLK National Historic Site, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). When sculpted & by whom?

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June 1996 - William Breman Jewish Heritage & Holocaust Museum, Selig Center, 1440 Spring Street (at18th Street), Atlanta, Georgia (USA). "Explores the universal themes of respect for difference, responsible citizenship, human dignity, and community building through the lens of the Jewish experience." The largest such museum in the Southeast. Named for Atlanta businessman William Breman [1908-2000] who endowed the museum.

1996 - Carnegie Monument, Hardy Ivy Park, 310 Peachtree Street, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Formally named the Carnegie Education Pavillion. "Created from the intricate facade of the downtown Carnegie Central Library, which was built in 1901 and demolished in 1977 to make way for the Fulton County Library that now stands at that site. Fortunately, these architectural bays were preserved and ultimately used to create this elegant 23 foot square pavilion in 1996. In homage to the Carnegie legacy, it is a monument to higher education in Atlanta with the seals of nine local area colleges and universities embedded in the pavilion floor." Fragments under the pediments: THE ADVANCEMENT. OF LEARNING. MILTON. CARNEGIE.

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1996 -- International Peace Fountain, Woodruff Park, Five Points, Peachtree Street and Auburn Avenue, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). "Commemorates Atlanta’s pivotal role in the world wide human and civil rights movement." Created in time for the Olympic Games in the Summer of 1996. Includes "Phoenix Rising from the Ashes"which was designed by Gamba Quirino, cast in Italy, and depicts a woman being lifted from flames by a phoenix in flight. This statue was commissioned in 1967 (or 1969?) to commemorate the 100th anniversary of its Rich's Department Store at Spring Street & Martin Luther King Boulevard. It was moved to Woodruff Park in 1995 and now represents the city of Atlanta and its ascent from the ashes and devastation of the Civil War to become an important international city.

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1996 - Fountain of Rings, Centennial Olympic Park, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). "The centerpiece of the 21-acre park. The world’s largest interactive fountain, utilizing the Olympic symbol of five interconnecting Rings."

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Summer 1996 – Visitors Center, Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historic Site (NPS), Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Museum about Martin Luther King, Jr., and the civil rights movement. Opened in time for the Summer Olympic Games.

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July 18, 1996 - World Wall for Peace (WWFP), Little Five Points, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). A project of Partnerships in Peace (PIP). Created just in time for the Centennial Olympic Games. One of several WWFP's sponsored by World Wall for Peace, Berkeley, California (USA). Another WWFP is in nearby Nashville, Tennessee. Photo includes the PIP "Peace Mobile."
July 19-August 4, 1996 - Summer Olympics in Atlanta.

October 26, 1997 - Gandhi Foundation USA, 215 Stoney Ridge Drive, Alpharetta, Georgia (USA). "Founded in anticipation of the statue of the Mahatma Gandhi... The purpose of the foundation is to be an activist organization focusing to focus entirely on the practical application of the philosophies of Gandhi and King..."
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January 24, 1998 - Statue of Mahatma Gandhi, Gandhi Promenade, Visitors Center, Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historic Site, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). By Indian sculptor Ram Vanji Sutar who sculpted at least two prominent Gandhi statues in New Delhi (qv). (There are other Gandhi statues in Cleveland, Houston, New York City, San Francisco, Sherborn, MA, Skokie, IL, and Washington, DC.)
April 1998 - Atlanta Dojo, Nipponzan Myohoji, 1127 Glenwood Avenue, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). "A beautiful Buddhist temple and garden construted from an abandoned drug house in East Atlanta with volunteer labor and salvaged building material." The dojo is now constructing a peace pagoda near Newport, Tennessee (qv).

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May 6, 2000 - Garden for Peace (GFP), Oakhurst Community Garden, Decatur, Georgia (USA). One of several GFP's sponsored by Gardens for Peace, Atlanta, Georgia (USA).

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March 30, 2000 - Garden for Peace (GFP), Columbia Theological Seminary, Decatur, Georgia (USA). One of several GFP's sponsored by Gardens for Peace, Atlanta, Georgia (USA).

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Date? - Global Health Odyssey Museum, Tom Harkin Global Communications Center, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC), 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). "Features award-winning permanent and changing exhibitions that focus on a variety of public health topics, as well as the history of CDC." A Smithsonian Affiliate.
December 10, 2002 - Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Jummy Carter.

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June 27, 2003 - Carter-King Peace Walk, Freedom Park (National Park Service), Atlanta, Georgia (USA). 1.5 mile trail with six outdoor exhibits. Honors two Nobel Peace Prize laureates: Martin Luther King, Jr. [1929-1968] and Jimmy Carter [born 1924]. Links the Carter Center & Library with the Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historical Site. Image shows former President Jimmy Carter & Coretta Scott King during the dedication of the Peace Walk.

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2004 - International Civil Rights Walk of Fame, Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historic Site, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Created to "pay homage to the 'brave warriors' of justice who sacrificed and struggled to make equality a reality for all." Includes footsteps in granite & bronze of each honoree. (Note Gandhi statue & NPS visitors center in rear of image.)

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2004 - Garden for Peace (GFP), Serenity Garden, Northside Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). One of several GFP's sponsored by Gardens for Peace, Atlanta, Georgia (USA).

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2004 - National Museum of Patriotism, 275 Baker Street NW, Luckie Marietta District, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). "Inspires all visitors to meet the challenges of US citizens' future through acts of patriotism." Founded by Nicholas D. Snider and based on his collection of sweetheat jewelry. Moved to present location in 2008.
November 21, 2005 - Georgia Aquarium opens..
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January 18, 2007 - Museum of History & Holocaust Education (MHHE), Continuing Education Building, KSU Center, Kennesaw State University, 3333 Busbee Drive, Kennesaw, Georgia (USA). "Funded in part by the Marcus Foundation & directed by Dr. Catherine Lewis. Presents public programs & exhibitions focused on WW-II & the Holocaust in an effort to promote education & dialogue about the past & its significance today." "Organized after an incredibly successful traveling Anne Frank exhibit [2003-2006]..." ("Graduates of KSU's public history certificate program...go on to work in museums, archives & historic preservation offices & to enroll in graduate programs in history, historic preservation, non-profit management, public history & museum studies."
May 24, 2007 - World of Coca-Cola opens in Pemberton Place.
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August 2007 - BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Atlanta, 460 Rockbridge Road, Liburn, Georgia (USA). "Sixth BAPS traditional Hindu stone temple built outside of India. Also the largest Hindu temple of its kind outside of India. Currently open to the public. The 32,000-square-foot (3,000 m2) temple sits on 30 acres (120,000 m2). With hand-carved stone spires that tower 75 feet (23 m), it is the tallest building in Lilburn. More than 1,300 craftsmen & 900 volunteers worked to assemble34,450-piece stone temple. More than 4,500 tons of Italian Carrara marble, 4,300 tons of Turkish limestone & 3,500 tons of Indian pink sandstone were quarried & shipped to craftsmen in India, then to Georgia. The traditional design features custom-carved stonework, a wraparound veranda & five prominent pinnacles reminiscent of the Himalayan hills. Built at an estimated cost of $19 million. Surpasses BAPS temples in Houston, Chicago & Toronto. /// "BAPS" = Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha, a major organization within the Swaminarayan sect of Hinduism.

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July 4, 2008 - Millennium Gate, National Monuments Foundation (NMF), Atlantic Station, 17th & State Streets, Atlanta (Georgia). "Preserves and interprets Georgia history, architecture, culture and philanthropic heritage, and highlights Georgia’s historical and aesthetic relevance to the United States and to the world." RODNEY COOK, JR. Designed by British architect Hugh Petter. Includes Georgia History Museum. East facade has statues of Peace & Justice by Scottist sculptor Alexander Stoddart (dedicated October 27, 2007).. t local, national, and international levels." DOUG SHIPMAN - CIVIL RIGHTS & HUMAN RIGHTS

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October 2008 - Atlanta Peace Trails (APT), Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Developed by Tourism For Peace (TFP) & Partnerships In Peace (PIP). Click here to download the APT booklet (PDF format). Click here for Atlanta: City of Peace. Click here for a chronological list of 24 peace monuments in and near Atlanta, Georgia (Word format).
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October 29, 2009 - China-US Peace & Friendship Sculpture, Recreation Center, Georgia State University (GSU), Piedmont Avenue & Decatur Street, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). One of six such sculptures in the US & China. The words "peace" and "friendship" are engraved in Chinese, English, French, Spanish and Arabic. Inscription: "We casted peace and friendship, the most desired and cherished words of man kind into this sculpture as a present to the hometown of President Jimmy Carter from thousands of miles away, China. This sculpture is to commemorate the 30th anniversary of establishment of formal diplomatic relations between China and the United States, which symbolizes the sincere hopes and best wishes of Chinese people for lasting peace and friendship between our two countries."
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January 14, 2012 - Peace Pole, East Lake Community Learning Garden, 56-2nd Ave SE, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Near Hosea Williams & 2nd Avenue. Garden coordinated by Southeastern Horticultural Society with collaboration from East Lake Foundation & others. Four languages on the Pole are the most widely spoken in the world – Mandarin Chinese, Spanish, Arabic & English. Photo shows (left to right): Jennifer McCrary, Melba Potter, Adrian Johnson, Shirley Cleaves, Khari Diop, Lauren Patrus, Andrea Kay Smith, Imam Mansoor Sabree & son Ayub Sabree, Tamara Mosely & Fred Stevens.

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2012? - "Pirate World," old Good Samaritan Health Center, 239 Ivan Allen Boulevard, near Centennial Olympic Park, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). "The lost bounty of pirates throughout Florida, the Caribbean and other waters in the western hemisphere could be coming to a museum in landlocked Atlanta. Local businessman Richard Lea said he hopes to construct a facility [which] would include exhibits, trunks full of treasure & a recreated ship deck, complete with cannons and a steering wheel that visitors can turn to navigate the vessel through a virtual storm."
March 20, 2013 - "Tree of Life" & "Kaan," Freedom Park, North Avenue & Oakdale Road, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). "Three sculptures by Mexican artist Yvonne Domenge. These sculptures are intended to be viewed together as a group and were originally components of Interconnected, a major outdoor solo exhibition during 2010-2012 at the Boeing Gallery in Millennium Park, Chicago. In 2012, the artist, with the assistance of curators and directors at Millennium Park, donated each of the Interconnected artworks to competing cities across the United States... The tree of life is a symbol of the connection between the underworld, the sky & the terrestrial world in pre-Columbian cultures. The tree symbolizes life's energy, and the seeds scattered beneath represent the beauty and fragility of new life."
September 2013 - College Football Hall of Fame moves to Atlanta from South Bend, Indiana.

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June 23, 2014 - Center for Civil & Human Rights (CCHR), 2.5 acre site at Pemberton Place (Ivan Allen Boulevard & Centennial Olympic Park Drive), Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Executive Director is Doug Shipman. "Will not only commemorate the groundbreaking contributions of Atlantans and Georgians to the historic struggle for African-American freedom and equality, but also serve as a space for ongoing dialogue, study, and contributions to the resolution of current and future freedom struggles of all people at local, national, and international levels." (Pemberton Place is home of the Georgia Aquarium & the World of Coca Cola and is adjacent to Centennial Park which commemorates Atlanta's hosting of the 1996 Olympic Games.)


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Future - National Health Museum (NHM), near Centennial Olympic Park, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). "Will be a science-based institution with the mission of inspiring Americans to live healthier lives through access to knowledge and themed exhibits focused on the life sciences."
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Future - Coretta's Global Peace Garden, former Bellwood Quarry, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Proposed July 23, 2006. Would be world's largest peace garden. Named for Coretta Scott King [1927-2006]. A project of Atlanta: City of Peace.

Peace Monuments in Remainder of Georgia

Right click image to enlarge.
July 30, 1929 - Statue of Romulus & Remus, City Hall, Rome, Georgia (USA). "On a base of white marble from Tate, Georgia, with a brass plaque inscribed: 'This statue of the Capitoline Wolf, as a forecast of prosperity and glory, has been sent from Ancient Rome to New Rome during the consulship of Benito Mussolini in the year 1929." In 1940, anti-Italian sentiment due to World War II became so strong that the Rome city commission moved the statue into storage to prevent vandalism and replaced it with an American flag. In 1952, the statue was restored to its former location in front of City Hall.'" Info courtest of George & Renae Stone.

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1936 - Ocmulgee National Monument, National Park Service (NPS), Macon, Georgia (USA). "A memorial to the relationship of people and natural resources in this corner of North America. We preserve a continuous record of human life in the Southeast from the earliest times to the present, there is evidence here of more than 12,000 years of human habitation." Has museum & many Indian mounds, including the Great Temple Mound (shown in image) which has a large restored underground coremonial chamber.

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1942 - Koinonia Partners, 1324 GA Highway 49 South, Americus (161 miles from Atlanta), Georgia (USA). "A place to visit—a farm, large pecan orchards, peaceful woods, organic gardens, a museum, store, guest housing, dining hall, and much more. The birthplace of Habitat for Humanity and many other peacemaking, social justice organizations. Your source for delicious pecan products, chocolate, fair trade coffee and more, handmade fresh from the farm!" RACISM & AGRICULTURE
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1957 - World Globe Gas Storage Tank, 73rd Street, Savannah, Georgia (USA). Also known as "The Savannah Globe." 60 foot diameter. "Built by Savannah Gas Company with a world map adorned 'Savannah is here.' Painted two years later to resemble a globe. A to Z Coating & Sons purchased the structure in the early 1990's & repainted it for the year 2000 featuring simulated satellite imagery with a hurricane bound for Savannah! By September 2005, sold to Savannah Mortgage Co. at a cost of around $450,000."
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January 2, 1958 - Polio Wall of Fame, Founder's Hall, Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehabilitation, Warm Springs, Georgia (USA). Also called the "Polio Hall of Fame." Assembles busts of 14 men and one woman who were instrumental in polio research and treatment, plus Franklin Delano Roosevelt and his close aide Basil O'Connor. (The first four are from Germany, Sweden, and Austria.) Designed by sculptor Edmond Romulus Amateis [1897-1981] who also sculpted the "Great Frieze of War and Peace" in Kansas City, MO (qv).

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1962 - New Echota State Park, Calhoun, Georgia (USA). Site vacant for more than 100 years after the Cherokee removal to Oklahoma (qv) in 1838. Buildings reconstructed since 1957 include Council House (where once the laws of the Cherokee Nation were enacted, the Supreme Court, the Printer Shop) a building of the Cherokee Phoenix newspaper, a Common Cherokee Cabin (representing a home of an average Cherokee family), a Middle-Class Cherokee Home including outbuildings, and Vann's Tavern. Scene of the Treaty of New Echota, signed on December 29, 1835. Image shows monument memorializing the Cherokees who died on the Trail of Tears in 1838.

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1973 - Name? (Statue #70), Highway 27, Chamber of Commerce, Highway 27, Colquitt, Georgia (USA). Height 18 feet. Carved by Peter Wolf Toth whose "Trail of the Whispering Giants" has at least one Indian statue in every state. Statue #70 apparently replaces Statue #4.
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March 22, 1980 - Georgia Guidestones, Elberton, Georgia (USA). aka "The American Stonehenge." Four giant granite stones engraved with 10 "Guides" or commandments in 8 different languages setting forth the basic principles of the establishment of the governance of a one world order with a unified world court of law where populations and reproduction are controlled, a unified "living new" language, whose philosophical foundation is built on "spirituality" & man’s environmental responsibility to live in harmony with nature. Built by "R.C. Christian" whose true identity remains unknown.
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1985 - Tubman African American Museum, 340 Walnut Street, Macon, Georgia (USA). Named in honor of Harriet Tubman [c1820-1913], "the courageous African American woman, known as the 'Black Moses,' who led hundreds of other slaves to freedom and served as Union spy, scout, and nurse during the Civil War." Formerly named "Harriet Tubman Center for Spiritual & Cultural Awareness." Mentioned by Tom Flores (2008).
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1988 - Jimmy Carter National Historic Site, National Park Service (NPS) & Jimmy Carter National Preservation District, Plains, Georgia (USA). The site includes President Carter’s residence, boyhood farm, school, and the railroad depot which served as his campaign headquarters during the 1976 election. The Plains High School serves as the site’s museum and visitor center.

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1993 - Ralph Mark Gilbert Civil Rights Museum, 460 Martin Luther King Jr. Bouleard, Savannah, Georgia (USA). "Chronicles the civil rights struggle of Georgia's oldest African American community. Three floors feature historic photographic and interactive exhibits, including an NAACP organizational exhibit and a fiber-optic map of 87 significant civil rights sites and events." Described on pages 159-160 of "A Traveller's Guide to the Civil Rights Movement" by Jim Carrier (2004).

September 5, 1994 - Protestantendenkmal / Salzburger Monument of Reconciliation, Salzburger Park, Savannah, Georgia (USA). Between Lincoln Street & Abercorn Street ramps on Bay Street. "Dedicated by the country (predominantly Roman Catholic) to the descendants of the Georgia Salzburgers (Protestants) who were exiled in 1731 from Salzburg because of their religious beliefs. Green serpentine stone from the Hohe Tauern region of Austria. Human figures chiseled by Anton Thuswaldner depict the people forced from their homes in Salzburg. Inscribed, "Denied Their Religious Freedom They Were Forced to Leave Their Homeland." The first monument to be given to Savannah by a foreign government.

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July 18, 1996 - Rotary Peace Monument, Baldwin County Courthouse, Milledgeville, Georgia (USA). One of several peace monuments promoted by the Rotary Club of Wagga Wagga, New South Wales (Australia).
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November 1998 - Albany Civil Rights Institute (ACRI), Old Mt. Zion Baptist Church, 326 Whitney Avenue, Albany, Georgia (USA). "Interactive window into one of the most compelling and passionate times in history – The Albany Movement! Captures stories that emphasize the roles “ordinary” people can play in creating effective change agents."

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April 9, 1999 - National Prisoner of War Museum, Andersonville National Historic Site, Andersonville (142 miles from Atlanta), Georgia, Virginia (USA). Honor all prisoners of war in American History: Civil War, World War II, Korea, Vietnam, etc. At site of the most nortorious Civil War prison camp.
2000 - Peace Wall, Miller County Middle School, Colquitt, Miller County, Georgia (USA). "Designed & painted by [Scottish] artist Chrissie Orr of New Mexico, with the help of middle & high school students, teachers & community members. Upon the completion of this mural, a pilot program was started to paint 'Peace Walls' on other schools in the state of Georgia." /// "Colquitt was named Georgia's First Mural City by the state legislature & hosted host the Global Mural Conference in 2010."

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July 27, 2002 - African American Slavery Monument, Rousakis Plaza, River Street, Savannah, Georgia (USA). "11-12' high. Depicts a black family caught in a tight embrace with broken shackles at their feet. Inscription by poet Maya Angelou: "We were stolen, sold and bought together from the African continent. We got on the slave ships together. We lay back to belly in the holds of the slave ships in each others excrement and urine together, sometimes died together, and our lifeless bodies thrown overboard together. Today, we are standing up together, with faith and even some joy."

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September 5, 2002 - Garden for Peace (GFP), State Botanical Garden of Georgia, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia (USA). One of several GFP's sponsored by Gardens for Peace, Atlanta, Georgia (USA).

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2003 - Global Village & Discovery Center, Habitat for Humanity, Americus (161 miles from Atlanta), Georgia (USA). "Learn about the devastating effects of poverty everywhere. See life-size Habitat houses from countries around the world. Experience God’s love at work through Habitat volunteers and partner families across the globe." Habitat has built over 350,000 houses around the world, providing more than 1.75 million people in 3,000 communities with safe, decent, affordable shelter.
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2003 - Children's Peace Center (traveling museum), Acworth (39 miles from Atlanta), Georgia (USA). ANDRIA D. & JIM MELHAM - FOR CHILDREN

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June 11, 2005 - Peace Garden, Amaru Shakur Center for the Arts (TASCA), Tupac Amaru Shakur Foundation (TASF), 5616 Memorial Drive, Stone Mountain, Georgia (USA). "Peace trail, Tupac bronze statue that rises from a Gothic Cross Water Fountain, Maze of (with a Water fountain Centerpiece, Bricks Memorial, Peace Pavilions & Youth Gardens." /// Tupac Amaru Shakur [1971-1996] dealt with great obstacles such as homelessness, hunger, & pain, amongst other situations before his murder at the age of 25. He formally trained at the 127th Street Ensemble & Baltimore School for the Arts. Tupac was cast in several feature films & recorded several chart topping albums. He released the first ever double hip-hop CD. Today, he is still the second highest selling Hip-Hop artist of all time." Date? - Statue of Tupac Shakur, Herford (Germany).

October 20, 2006 - "Spaceship Earth," Kennesaw State University, Georgia (USA). "A 175-ton quartzite & bronze sculpture made by a Finnish-born artist Eino. Questions abound over whether vandals destroyed the sculpture, or whether a combination of substandard adhesive & rain caused it to crumble in the middle of the night on December 29, 2006, in a collapse the campus police said they felt from their offices around the corner. Just three months old, the $1 million globe, made of 88 chunks of Brazilian quartzite adorned with raised bronze signifying land masses, lies disintegrated [right image] outside a new academic building praised for its eco-friendly attributes. A bronze statue of David Brower [1912-2000], a conservationist who was the first executive director of the Sierra Club, had stood atop the 15-foot globe and is now partly crushed. A steel time capsule intended to be opened in 3006 is exposed amid the rubble."

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2007 - "Peace Tree" sculpture (Columbus Unity Piece), Broadway & 12th Street, Columbus, Georgia (USA). Created by the Thompson-Pound Art Program (TAP) during a multicultural, interfaith summer arts camp for children, which teaches tolerance and appreciation of cultures and religions.

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