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Peace Monuments
Dedicated in 1991

Right click image to enlarge.

January 15, 1991 - Peace Monument, Harrison County Courthouse, Corydon, Indiana (USA). Conceived by Mark Stein to balance seven war memorials on all other sides of the courthouse. Simple stone slab with a dove & inscribed only "Dedicated to the Peaceful Resolution of Conflict", plus this quotation: "Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone, it is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children. -- Dwight D. Eisenhower [1890-1969]." Dedicated on Martin Luther King, Jr.'s birthday. Visited by EWL 09Aug09.
March 23, 1991 - "Infinity," Peace Symbols Zone, Nagasaki Peace Park, Nagasaki (Japan). From Ankara, Republic of Turkey. "The figure of a man and woman joined hand in hand symbolized peace and peace and harmony among the entire human race."

April 13, 1991 - First International Peace Garden, near the Tidal Basin, Washington, DC (USA). One of many International Peace Gardens in different countries. 4000 tulip bulbs presented to Washington, DC, by Ottawa (Canada).
1991 - World Peace Sanctuary, World Peace Prayer Society, 26 Benton Road, Wassaic, New York (USA). Entry #626 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001). Click here for peace poles & the World Peace Prayer.
1991 - Mural Dedicated to Peace, Hyperion Avenue & Sunset, East Los Angeles, California (USA). Painted by local youth for the Sunset Junction Neighborhood Alliance.

1991 - Jardin de la Paz / Peace Garden, Tlatelolco, Mexico, DF (Mexico). Created by Medicos Mexicanos para la Prevencion de las Guerra Nuclear, a chapter of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) & linked to Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR). Large garden contains agora, peace bell, children's statue & other peace monuments. Near site of the 1967 anti-nuclear Treaty of Tlatelolco and the Tlatelolco massacre just prior to the 1968 Olympic Games. Entry #1384 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001). Photos by EWL.

1991? - Japanese Garden of Peace, Corregidor Island (Philippines). "Funded by a private Japan-based group that wished to have a memorial to the fallen Japanese soldiers that fought in the area. Garden includes a 10 foot high Buddha made of stone overlooking a reflecting pool, shinto Shrine & other Japanese memorial markers & shrines. For the Japanese war veterans, the Garden serves as a praying area honoring & paying their respects to the soldiers who served or died in Corregidor in WW-II. Anti-aircraft guns have been put on display in the Garden as well as small pavilion houses that display Japanese memorabilia & photographs of WW-II."

1991 -Peace Park, Ann Arbor & Inverness Streets, Dexter, Michigan (USA). Near Ann Arbor. Established by "People for Peace." "A .2-acre mini park on the east side of the Village, has picnic tables and benches for residents to enjoy. The mission of Peace Park is to encourage residents to relax and reflect on the cultural and social diversity of the Village." Click here for satellite image. On Geocache Trail which started on April 1, 2012.

1991 - Caesura sculpture, Jarry Park, 1425 Boulevard Rene Levesque West, Montreal, Quebec (Canada). "Near Boulevard Saint-Laurent near the police station. By Montreal artist Linda Covit who dedicated the work to Nobel peace prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi. Extensively restored in 2009." /// "Commandée par la ville de Montréal pour son anniversaire." /// "Buried in cement underneith the walls are some 2,700 war toys donated by children to protest military expenditure in a world of immense human needs. Some of the toys, cast in bronze - from swords to tanks - remain on the surface to remind us of the folly & futility of the warrior mentality & of stockpiling armaments." (A caesura is a complete pause in a line of poetry or in a musical composition.) Entry #1352 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).

1991 - "Chain Reaction," Santa Monica Civic Center, Santa Monica, California (USA). 26-foot mushroom cloud made from links of a massive chain. Text of plaque: "This is a statement of peace. May it never become an epitaph. Paul Conrad 1991." Designed by Paul Conrad [1924-2010], chief editorial cartoonist for the Los Angeles Times 1964-1993 (& syndicated to 100's of newspapers worldwide). See video. "Gifted to the City of Santa Monica through a $250,000 anonymous donation..." Said to be structurally weak in 2011. "Save Our Sculpture" (SOS) campaign organized by Jerry Peace Activist Rubin.

1991 - "Peace Child of Hiroshima," College of Business, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah (USA). Statue of Sadako Sasaki by Seattle sculptor Darrell Smith. Presented by Tadao Sunohara (1944 College of Business) "in gratitude for the oasis of education that he & other west coast Japanese Americans found here during World War II." Information courtesy of Deb Sawyer, Gandhi Alliance for Peace.

1991 - Osaka International Peace Center (Peace Osaka), 2-1 Osaka-jo, Chuou-ku, Osaka (Japan). Three primary themes: The Osaka air raid, the 15-Year War & Aspiration for Peace. One of 9 Japanese institutions described in brochure for 6th International Conference of the INMP in 2008.

1991 - Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg / Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg (Germany).

1989? - Carll von Ossietzky Monument, Ossietzky Strasse, Berlin-Pankow, East Berlin (Germany). Carl von Orrietzky [1889-1938] received the 1935 Nobel Peace Prize.
1991 - Lockerbie Memorial Window, Lower Town Hall, Lockerbie (Scotland). Stained glass art by glasspainter John K. Clark. "Depicts the flags of all nations which lost citizens in the Lockerbie disaster when Pan Am flight 103 was blown apart above the Scottish border town on Dec. 21, 1988. All 269 passengers and crew, on the Pan Am flight and 11 people on the ground were killed in the bombing." Click here for other memorials in Lockerbie.

1991 - International World Peace Rose Garden, Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi, Asssi (Italy).
1991 - Sunken Peace Garden, Christchurch Place at Nicholas Street, Dublin (Ireland).

About 1991 - Peace Bell, Chapel of the Holy Trinity, Musa Gebal / Mount Sinai, Sinai Peninsula (Egypt). Cast by Grassmayr Bell Foundry (qv) of Innsbruck (Austria). From plaque: "PEACE for everyone in the world!" From foundry brochure: "On Moses' Holy Mount of three religions (Judaism, Christianity & Islam) a bell rings for peace."

About 1991 - Statue of Peace, Citizen's Plaza, Tokyo Municipal Government Building, Shinjuku District, Tokyo (Japan). Left photo by EWL. Click here for other photo.
1991? - Cairn of Peace, near Limavady, County Londonderry (Northern Ireland). Commemorates the World Ploughing Championship held here in 1991.

September 28, 1991 - National Civil Rights Museum (NCRM), Memphis, Tennessee (USA). Includes sign, facade & balcony of Lorraine Motel where Martin Luther King, Jr., was assassinated on April 4, 1968. Lobby contains World Peace Flame from the Netherlands (qv). Click here for the Wikipedia article. Entry #932 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001). Described on pages 321-322 of "A Traveller's Guide to the Civil Rights Movement" by Jim Carrier (2004). One of 27 US museums in "Museums for Peace Worldwide" edited by Kazuyo Yamane (2008). Visited by EWL.

September 28, 1991 - "Movement to Overcome" (Civil Rights Monument), National Civil Rights Museum (NCRM), Memphis, Tennessee (USA). Bronze sculpture constructed on site by Michael Pavlovsky. Visited by EWL.
Autumn 1991 - Cloche de Shinagawa / Shinagawa Bell, Park, Ariana Museum, Geneva (Switzerland). Cast in 1990 by the Oigo workshop in Takaoka (Japqn) and offered to the city of Geneva by the community of the Honsen-Ji temple in Shinagawa, Tokyo (Japan). Replaces original bell obained by a Swiss art collector and returned to Japan. "Disparue de son temple au XIXe siècle, puis réapparue dans une fonderie d’Aarau en 1873 et installée dans le parc du Musée Ariana à Genève, la cloche du temple Honsen-ji de Shinagawa a été restituée au Japon par les autorités de la Ville de Genève en 1930. Soixante ans plus tard, en signe de reconnaissance, le temple offre à Genève une réplique de cette fameuse cloche."

November 7, 1991 - Garden for Peace #3, Real Jardin Botanico / Royal Botanical Garden, Madrid (Spain).

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