1853-1902 - Cecil John Rhodes - Businessman, mining magnate & politician. Set up provisions of the Rhodes Scholarships which are funded by his estate.
South Africa - Mozambique
22 Notable PeacemakersClick here for peace monuments in South Africa.
in South Africa & Mozambique
Click here for return to worldwide list of notable peacemakers (& for meaning of symbols).
1868-1913 - Dinizulu kaCetshwayo - Zulu king from 1884. "Sstruggled against colonialism & imperialism." Exiled 7 years to St. Helena. Statue in Durban.
1869-1948 - Mohandas K. Gandhi - "The Great Soul." In South Africa 1893-1911. Pronounced satyagraha in Empire Theatre 1906. Led Indian independence. P Posthumous
1871-1945 - Hermann Kallenbach - Architect & Zionist. Had intimate & long lasting friendship Mahatma Gandhi starting in South Africa.
1871-1946 - John Dube - Essayist, philosopher, educator, politician, publisher & writer. Founded SA Native National Congress (SANNC), which became African National Congress (ANC) in 1923.
1898-1967 - Chief Albert Lutuli - Anti-apartheid movement (South Africa). 19601900
1916-2006 - Anton Rupert - Billionaire entrepreneur. Founded Peace Parks Foundation (PPF) to promote transfrontier conservation areas (peace parks) in Southern Africa.
1918-2013 - Nelson Mandela - Anti-apartheid activist. President of S.Africa 1994-99. 1993 w/F.W.de Klerk 2000 2002
1920-1969 - Eduardo Mondlane - Anthropologist. Sociology professor at Syracuse University. President of FRELIMO from 1962. Assassinated in Dar-es-Salaam.
1923-2014 - Nadine Gordimer - Writer & political activist. Active in anti-apartheid & HIV/AIDS causes. Received 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature.
1931-Alive - Bishop Desmond Tutu - Anti-apartheid activist. First black Archbishop. 1984 1986 1992 2009
1932-2008 - Miriam Makeba - Singer & civil rights activist. First artist from Africa to popularize African music in US & around the world. Campaigned against apartheid.
1933-1986 - Samora Machel - Military commander, revolutionary socialist leader & President of Mozambique 1975-1986. Died in aircraft accident.
1934-Alive - Arun Gandhi - Grandson of Mahatma Gandhi. Founded M.K. Gandhi Institute of Nonviolence (USA). Year?
1935-Alive - Janet Rae Johnson Mondlane - Wife of Eduardo Mondlane. Co-founder of FRELIMO "Godmother of the Mozambique Revolution"
1936-Alive - F.W. de Klerk - Last apartheid-era president of South Africa 1989-1994. 1993 with Nelson Mandela
1940-Alive - Ela Gandhi - Granddaughter of Mahatma Gandhi. Dedicated peace monument in Independence, Missouri (USA). 2002
1945-Alive - Graça Machel - Advocate for children's & women's rights. Widow of Samora Machel and Nelson Mandela. 1946-1977 - Stephen Biko - Founder & leader of Black Consciousness Movement. Died in police custody.1950
1956-1979 - Solomon Mahlangu - ANC member. Trained as “The Spear of the Nation” soldier. Wrongfully accused of murder & terrorism. Executed by hanging at age 23.
1960-2014 - Pierre Korkie - Teacher. Shot dead with Luke Somers (qv) in Yemen during rescue attempt by US commandos. Husband of Yolande Korkie (also captured but released earlier).
1963-1976 - Hector Pieterson - Student killed during the 1976 Soweto uprising. Became icon when his photo was published around the world.
Please email your comments & questions to geovisual at comcast.net. Thank you.
Return to Peace Monuments main page.