1,346 Notable Peacemakers Throughout History
"Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God." Matthew 5:9. This web page lists famous peacemakers in birth order, thus enabling the visualization of contemporary groups & ever changing patterns of "peace work" over the years.
Names in black are linked to biographies outside this website, usually Wikipedia. | Names in red are linked to other pages of this website.
Use your computer's search function to find any given peacemaker. | Other On-Line Lists of Peacemakers are at end of this webpage.
44 THEMATIC SUBSETS OF THIS LIST:
Abolitionists | Africans & African descent | Artists | Assassinated Peacemakers | Atheists & Agnostics | Children & Young Adults | COM Communitarians | Community of Christ | CO Conscientious Objectors | Disarmament | Esperantists | Euthanasia Movement | Famous Firsts | FOR | LAB Labor Movement | LGBT | Musicians for Social Justice | Museums for Peace | Muslims | Native Americans | Nazi Resisters & Victims | Nobel Peace Prize | Nobel Peace Prize Women 2005 | Oak Ridge Intl Friendship Bell | P Pacifists | Peace Monuments | Peace Philanthropists | Peace Studies | PJSA | Poets | Quakers | Red Cross | Right Livelihood Award | Suffragists | TED Speakers | TITLES Peacemakers With Titles | Unitarians and/or Universalists | United Nations | UN Messengers of Peace | US Presidents & Vice Presidents | War Resisters League (WRL) | Women's International League for Peace & Freedom | Women's Rights | World Federalists | Recent Deaths
26 NATIONAL SUBSETS OF THIS LIST:
Australia | Austria | Belgium | Brazil | Canada | China | France | Germany | Greece | India | Israel | Italy | Japan | Korea | Mexico | Netherlands | Norway | Palestine | Poland | Russia | South Africa | Spain | Sweden | Switzerland | United Kingdom | USA (Tennessee only)
Click here for Wikipedia's list of peace activists. | Click here for list of "Architects of Peace" maintained at Santa Clara University.
Click here for monuments about Mahatma Gandhi. | Click here for monuments about Martin Luther King, Jr.
Click here for monuments about all other Nobel Peace Prize laureates (& some Literature Prize laureates).
Click here for monuments about Quaker peacemakers. | Click here for international peace conferences.
Click here for names of all 144 recipients of the Peace Abbey Courage of Conscience Award.
Click here for names of recipients of the annual Community of Christ International Peace Award.
Click here for quotations from famous peacemakers -- from the Pacifist Memorial, Sherborn, Massachsetts (USA).
Click here for list of 50 contemporary peacemakers by Susan Skog, author of "Peace in Our Lifetime."
Click here for a "Guide to the Political Left" (1,318 biographies by right wing authors)
Click here for information about Josephson, Harold, ed. by (1985), "The biographical dictionary of modern peace leaders," Greenwood Press, pp. 1133, which has biographies of about 750 peacemakers, spanning the period 1800-1950.
Click here for Wikipedia list of peace activists.
MEANING OF SYMBOLS:
P = Pacifist | CO = Conscientious objector | = African or African descent | = Child or young adult | = Peace Philanthropist
= Atheist or Agnostic | = Hindu | = Buddhist | = Muslim | = Jewish | = Christian | = Quaker (Friend) | = Unitarian and/or Universalist
= Member of Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR) - founded in 1914.
= Member of Woman's International League for Peace & Freedom (WILPF) - founded in 1915.
= Sailed on Henry Ford's "Peace Ship" (1915-1916) or on a Nuclear Testing Protest Boat (1958-1962).
= Member of War Resisters International (WRL) - founded in 1921 -
and/or Committee for Non-Violent Action (CNVA) - founded in 1957 (merged in 1968).
= Member of Catholic Worker Movement - founded in 1933.
= Member of World Federalist Movement (WFM) - reorganized in 1947.
= Member of Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament - founded in 1957.
= Member of Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy (SANE) - founded in 1957 (now Peace Action).
= Associated with International Network of Museums for Peace (INMP) - founded in 1992.
= Member of Peace & Justice Studies Association (PJSA) - founded in 2001 - or other peace scholar.
= US President or Vice President | = Lesser US civilian official | = US Military
= Related to the United Nations | = Related to the Red Cross | = Related to Hiroshima and/or Nagasaki (Japan).
= Spent time in jail, prison or house arrest. | = Victim of Nazi Germany | = Esperantist (advocate of Esperanto)
= Article in Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace edited by Nigel Young (2010) - Complete List
= One of the "The Elders" (of 13 convened by Nelson Mandela in 2007 or since). - Complete List
= Named Humanist of the Year by the American Humanist Association (AHA). - Complete List
= Received Nobel Prize (Norway & Sweden) - Including Complete List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates.
= Received Presidental Medal of Freedom from the US Government.
= Received Courage of Conscience Award from the Peace Abbey, Sherborn, Massachusetts (USA).
= Received Freedom Award from National Civil Rights Museum, Memphis, Tennessee (USA).
= Received Gandhi Peace Award from Promoting Enduring Peace, New Haven, Connecticut (USA).
= Received International Peace Award from Community of Christ, Independence, Missouri (USA).
= Received National Women's Hall of Fame induction, Seneca Falls, New York (USA).
= Received Right Livelihood Award, Stockholm, (Sweden) - sometimes called the Alternative Nobel Prize.
= Received Albert Einstein Peace Prize.
= Received Albert Schweitzer Prize for Humanitarianism, Boston, Massachusetts (USA).
= One of 1,000 Peace Women named for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005.
= Immortalized by bust or statue at Peace Palace, The Hague (Netherlands) in 1913 or later.
6th century BCE - Lao Tsu - Philosopher. Wrote the Tao Te Ching. Considered the founder of philosophical Taoism. Taught "violence always rebounds on itself." P
c599-527 BCE - Mahavira - Established the central tenets of Jainism including non-violence toward all living beings. P
c563-483 BCE - Siddhartha Gautama - The Buddha. Described Nirvana as the perfect peace of a mind that's free from ignorance, greed, hatred & other "defilements." P
c551-479 BCE - Confucius - Social philosopher. Emphasized personal & governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice & sincerity.
c304–232 BCE - Ashoka - Emperor. Devotee of ahimsa (nonviolence), love, truth, tolerance & vegetarianism. P
c6 BCE-c35 AD - Jesus of Nazareth - The Christ. "Prince of Peace." Preached "Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God." P
316-397 AD - Martin of Tours - Renounced violence after serving in Roman army. Became Bishop of Tours (France). Called "Soldier of Peace" & patron saint of soldiers.
c370-415 AD - Hypatia - First notable female mathematician. Assassinated by Christian mob. A symbol of martryed Reason, feminism & Classical paganism.
1075-1115 - Magnus Erlendsson - First Earl of Orkney. Saint Magnus. Refused to fight in a Viking raid on Anglesey, stayed on board ship singing psalms. First CO?
1098-1179 - Hildegard of Bingen - Composer, philosopher, Christian mystic, Benedictine abbess, visionary & polymath. "Sibyl of the Rhine" Wrote first surviving morality play.
1126-1198 - Averroes - Andalusian Muslim polymath. "Father of secularism." His school of philosophy is known as Averroism.
1181-1226 - Saint Francis of Assisi - Friar & preacher. Founded the Franciscan Order. Patron saint of animals.
1194-1250 - Frederick II - King of Sicily 1197. Holy Roman Emperor 1220-50. Remained committed to humanist values of his materal grandfather, Henry I.
c1265-1321 - Dante Alighieri. Poet. His "Divine Comedy" is considered the greatest literary work composed in Italian & a masterpiece of world literature.
1304-1374 - Francesco Petrarca - Petrarch in English. Scholar & lyrical poet. Often called "Father of Humanism." First to develop the concept of the "Dark Ages."
1441-1501 - Ali-Shir Nava'i - Turkic politician, mystic, linguist, painter, poet & humanist. Founder of early Turkic literature. Many places & institutions named for him.
1466-1536 - Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam - Humanist, priest & theologian. "Inventor of peace." Wrote "Dulce Bellus Inexpertis" in 1517.
1478-1535 - Saint Thomas More - Lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman & humanist. Coined "utopia."
c1484-1566 - Bartolome de las Casas - Historian, social reformer & Dominican friar. First officially appointed "Protector of the Indians."
1493-1540 - Juan Luis Vives - First scholar to analyze the psyche directly. Supported children's education.
c1510-1579 - Ferenc Dávid - Nontrinitarian & Unitarian preacher. Founded Unitarian Church of Transylvania in 1568.
1511-1553 - Michael Servetus - Theologian, physician, cartographer & humanist. In Protestant Reformation. Nontrinitarian. Burned at the stake in Geneva.
Francis Bacon (1562-1626)
1583-1645 - Hugo Grotius - Jurist, philosopher, theologian, Christian apologist, playwright & poet. Wrote "On the Law of War & Peace" in 1625.
1584-1647 - Prince Frederick-Henry - Warrior, "Bringer of Peace" & founder of the Golden Age. Surrounded by peace symbols in paintings of Oranjezaal/Orange Hall, in The Hague.
1590-1648 - Eméric Crucé - Monk. Wrote "The New Cyneas" in 1623 proposing that all states meet (preferably in Venice) to create a universal union of all peoples.
1591-1643 - Anne Hutchinson - "Courageous exponent of civil liberty & religious toleration." Click here for monuments in Massachusetts (USA).
1592-1670 - Jan Amos Comenius - Educator. Last bishop of Unity of the Brethren. Early champion of universal education. "Father of modern education."
René Descartes (1596-1650)
1603-1683 - Roger Williams - Theologian. First American proponent of religious freedom & separation of church & state. "Arguably the first abolitionist in North America."
1611-1660 - Mary Dyer - Quaker martyr. Duplicate statues in Boston, Philadelphia & Richmond, Indiana.
1624-1691 - George Fox - Religious dissenter. Founded Quakerism after climbing Hill of Vision.
1632-1677 - Baruch Spinoza - Enlightenment philosopher & rationalist. Lay groundwork for 18th century Enlightenment. Magnum opus Ethics published posthumously.
John Locke (1632–1704)
Isaac Newton (1643–1727)
1644-1718 - William Penn - Quaker. Champion of democracy & religious freedom. Founded Pennsylvania. Signed peace with Indians.
Pierre Bayle (1647–1706)
1654-1725 - John Bellers - Education & peace theorist. Wrote "Some Reasons for an European State..." Bought land for Hugenots in America. Friend of Wm Penn.
1658-1743 - Abbé de Saint-Pierre - Writer & radical. One of the first to propose an international organisation for maintaining peace.
1673-1743 - Cornelius van Bynkershoek - Jurist & legal theorist. Contributed to international law, particularly Law of the Sea.
Francis Hutcheson, (1694–1746)
1694-1778 - Voltaire (pen name of François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire) - Enlightenment philosopher & writer. Advocated civil liberties including freedom of religion & free trade.
1711-1776 - David Hume - Enlightenment philosopher, historian, economist & essayist. Empiricist. Wrote "A Treatise of Human Nature" in 1739.
1712-1778 - Jean Jacques Rousseau - Philosopher. For religious toleration. Influenced French & American Revolutions. Wrote "Emile" in 1762.
1713-1784 - Denis Diderot - Philosopher, art critic, writer & atheist. Prominent during the Enlightenment. Edited the Encyclopédie with Jean le Rond d'Alembert.
1714-1770 - George Whitefield - Popular Anglican minister. Helped spread the Great Awakening in Britain & America. A founder of Methodism.
1715-1779 - Israel Pemberton, Jr. - A founder of Friendly Association for Regaining & Preserving Peace with the Indians in 1756.
1720-1772 - John Woolman - Merchant, tailor, journalist, itinerant preacher & early abolitionist. Wrote "A Plea for the Poor" & "Some Considerations on the Keeping of Negroes"
1724-1804 - Immanuel Kant - Enlightenment philosopher. Wrote "Towards Perpetual Peace" in 1795.
1725-1807 - John Newton - Sailor & slave ship captain. Convert to evangelical Christianity. Clergyman. Renounced slavery. Wrote "Amazing Grace" in 1779.
1729-1797 - Edmund Burke. See statue in Washington, DC (USA).
1731-1809 - Benjamin Banneker - African-American surveyor & mathematician.
1733-1804 - Joseph Priestley - Minister & scientist. Discovered oxygen.
c1735-1807 - Prince Hall - Abolitionist. Founder of "Black Freemasonry."
1737-1809 - Thomas Paine - Wrote "Common Sense" in 1776 & "Rights of Man" in 1791.
Cesare Beccaria (1738-1794)
1741-1815 - John Murray - Founder of Universalism in America. Husband of Judith Sargent Murray (qv).
1743-1826 - Thomas Jefferson - Wrote the US Declaration of Independence in 1776. 3rd US president 1801-09.
1745-1813 - Benjamin Rush - Doctor. Proposed Department of Peace. Click here for monuments in Pennsylvania (USA).
c1745-1797 - Olaudah Equiano - Slave. Purchased own freedom. Author, merchant & explorer. Influenced Slave Trade Act of 1807. See Joanna Vassa.
1748-1832 - Jeremy Bentham - Theorist in Anglo-American philosophy of law. Influenced the development of welfarism. Body on display at Univ College London.
1751-1820 - Judith Sargent Stevens Murray. Wife of John Murray (qv).
1751-1836 - James Madison - Introduced the US Bill of Rights in 1789. 4th US president 1809-17.
1759-1805 - Friedrich Schiller - Poet. Wrote Ode to Joy ("All men will become brothers.") - 4th movement of Beethoven's 9th symphony - in 1785.
1759-1833 - William Wilberforce - MP & philanthropist. Evangelical Christian. Campaigned 26 years against slave trade until passage of Slave Trade Act of 1807.
1759-1797 - Mary Wollstonecraft - Wrote "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman" in 1792.
1760-1825 - Comte Henri de Saint-Simon - Socialist theorist. Wrote "On the Reorganizaiton of European Society" in 1814.
1760-1846 - Thomas Clarkson - Abolitionist. Helped found Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade in 1787.
1766-1844 - John Dalton - Scientist. Atomic theory & colour blindness pioneer. Where he taught is now part of Manchester Peace Garden.
1769-1811 - William Emerson - Pastor. Founded Philosophical Society & Boston Athenaeum. Father of Ralph Waldo Emerson (qv).
1770-1843 - William Allen - Scientist & philanthropist. Opposed slavery. Engaged in schemes of social & penal improvement. Founded London Peace Society.
1771-1858 - Robert Owen - Reformer. Helped found New Lanark (Scotland) in 1786. Founded New Harmony, Indiana (USA) c.1824.
1774-1852 - David Low Dodge - Teacher & factory manager. Helped found world's first peace society in New York in 1815.
1775-1863 - Lyman Beecher - Presbyterian. Co-founder of American Temperance Society. Father of many other peacemakers (qv).
1778-1841 - William Ladd - One of the earliest American anti-war activists. Founded American Peace Society in New York in 1828.
1780-1845 - Elizabeth Fry - Helped make treatment of prisoners more humane. Depicted on Ł5 note since 2002.
1780-1849 - Edward Hicks - Painted many versions of "Peaceable Kingdom." Click here for peace art.
1781-1865 - Andrés Bello - Humanist, poet, legislator, philosopher, educator & philologist.
1781-1869 - Rebecca Gratz - Educator & philanthropist. Established Female Association for the Relief of Women & Children in 1801.
1782-1839 - Jean-Jaques de Sellon - Built Temple of Friendship & Peace in 1820. Created Société de la Paix de Genčve in 1830.
1783-1835 - Obadiah Dogberry - Born Abner Cole. Newspaper editor & freethinker. Criticised the Book of Mormon even before it was published in 1830 by Joseph Smith.
1786-1866 - Chief Seattle (Si'ahl) - Reputed for speech c.1854 advocating Native American rights & environmental values.
1787-1875 - Guillaume Henri Dufour - Army officer, engineer & topographer. Click here for monuments related to the Red Cross.
1789-1839 - Benjamin Lundy - Abolitionist. Established several anti-slavery newspapers. Started the abolutionist movement in 1815.
1793-1859 - Joseph Sturge - Abolitionist. Helped found Free Villages in Jamaica. Funded British & Foreign Anti-Slavery Society (now Anti-Slavery International).
1793-1880 - Lucretia Coffin Mott. - Abolitionist, social reformer & proponent of women's rights. Click here for Quaker monuments.
1795-1852 - Frances (Fanny) Wright - Freethinker & abolitionist. Lover of LaFayette. Founded interracial commune of Nashoba in Tennessee (USA) in 1825.
1795-1857 - Joanna Vassa - Only surviving child of former slave & anti-slavery campaigner Olaudah Equiano (qv). Her grave rediscovered, but little is known of her life.
1795-1879 - Rowland Hill Teacher, inventor & social reformer. Campaigned for postal system reform including penny postage & the postage stamp.
1795-1884 - Joshua Reed Giddings - Statesman from Ohio. Prominent opponent of slavery.
1796-1859 - Horace Mann - Advocate of educaton reform & women's rights. First president of Antioch College.
1797-1856 - Heinrich Heine - Romantic poet. Wrote "Where they burn books, they will ultimately also burn people" in 1821.
1797-1874 - Gerrit Smith - Social reformer, staunch abolitionist, temperance campaigner, politician & philanthropist. Supported John Brown.
c1797-1883 - Sojourner Truth - Abolitionist & women's rights activist. Born into slavery. Delivered "Ain't I a Woman?" speech in 1851.
1799-1872 - Joseph Pease - Railway manager. First Quaker MP. President of the Peace Society 1860-1872.
1800-1859 - John Brown - Abolitionist. Led Pottawatomie Massacre & Harpers Ferry Raid. Called "misguided fanatic" by A.Lincoln. Executed
1800-1884 - Mary Ann McClintock. - Women's rights advocate. Attended Seneca Falls convention.
c1800-1889 - Jane Hunt. - Women's rights advocate. Attended Seneca Falls convention.
1800-1889 - Erastus Hussey - Leading abolitionist. "Stationmaster" on Underground Railroad. A Republican Party founder.
1801-1876 - Samuel Gridley Howe - Educator of the blind. Husband of Julia Ward Howe (qv).
1801-1882 - George Perkins Marsh - Diplomat & philologist. Considered to be America's first environmentalist. Spoke many languages. Minister to Italy for 21 years.
1802-1885 - Victor Hugo. Poet, novelist & dramatist. One of the most well-known Romantic writers. Presided over 2nd International Peace Congress in 1849.
1802-1887 - Dorothea Dix - Activist on behalf of the indigent insane.
1802-1889 - Amy Post - Hicksite Quaker, freethinker & spiritualist. Active in abolition, woman suffrage & other causes. Co-founded Western NY Anti-Slavery Society in 1842.
1803-1844 - Flora Tristan - Socialist writer & activist. A founder of modern feminism. Grandmother of Paul Gauguin.
1803-1880 - Adin Ballou - Universalist then Unitarian minister, pacifist & socialist. Founded the Hopedale Community in 1842.
1803-1882 - Ralph Waldo Emerson - Lecturer, essayist & poet. Leader of Transcendentalist movement. Champion of individualism.
1804-1865 - Richard Cobden - Helped found Anti-Corn Law League. Click here for peace monuments in England.
1804-1878 - George Thompson - Abolitionist & civil rights advocate.
1804-1865 - William Gaskell - Education reformer. Husband of novelist Elizabeth Gaskell.
1805-1854 - - Politician & reformer. Best known for leading the Dorr Rebellion.
1805-1872 - Giuseppe Mazzini. Politician, journalist & activist for the unification of Italy. Called "The Beating Heart of Italy."
1805-1879 - Angelina Grimké Weld - Abolitionist & suffragist.
1805-1879 - William Lloyd Garrison - Abolitionist. Helped found American Anti-Slavery Society in 1833 in Philadelphia.
1806-1873 - John Stuart Mill - Philosopher & proponent of utilitarianism. Contributed to social theory & political theory.
1806-1875 - Martha Coffin Wright. - Abolitionist & women's rights advocate. Sister of Lucretia Coffin Mott.
1809-1965 - Abraham Lincoln - 16th US president 1861-65. Led the USA through the Civil War. Preserved the Union while ending slavery.
1809-1882 - Charles Darwin - Naturalist. Famous for "theory" of evolution." Published "On the Origin of Species" in 1859.
1810-1850 - Margaret Fuller Ossoli - Transcendentalist. Wrote Woman in the Nineteenth Century in 1845.
1810-1860 - Theodore Parker - Preacher, abolitionist & Transcendentalist. Supported John Brown (qv).
1810-1865 - Elizabeth Gaskell - Novelist & short story writer. Wrote about the lives of many strata of society, including the very poor.
1810-1874 - Tolbert Fanning - Preacher & pacifist. Opposed War with Mexico.
Published Gospel Advocate. His views led to split between Church of Christ & Disciples of Christ in 1906. P
1810-1879 - Elihu Burritt - Opposed slavery, worked for temperance & tried to achieve world peace. Burritt College named for him in Spencer, Tennessee, in 1848. Conf
1810-1892 - Ernestine Louise Polowsky Rose - Feminist, freethinker & atheist. Intellectual force behind women's rights movement.
1810-1898 - Robert Purvis - African-American abolitionist..
1811-1984 - Wendell Phillips - Abolitionist & advocate for Native Americans. Namesake of William Lloyd Garrison's son. WEB DuBois spoke about Phillips at his HS graduation.
1811-1889 - John Bright - Helped found Anti-Corn Law League. Click here for monuments related to slavery.
1811-1996 - Harriet Beecher Stowe - Abolitionist. Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin in 1852. Sister of Henry Ward Beecher (qv).
1812-1888 - Henry Richard - Secretary of Peace Society 1848-1885. Called "The Apostle of Peace." Wrote 600-page bio of Joseph Sturge (qv).
1813-1887 - Henry Ward Beecher - Clergyman, social reformer & abolitionist. Tried for adultery. "The Most Famous Man in America."
1813-1887 - Johannes Ronge - Defrocked priest. Opposed antisemitism. Founded Freireligiöse / Freethinkers.
1814-1882 - Henry Whitney Bellows - Unitarian minister. Planner & only president of US Sanitary Commission 1861-1878.
1815-1874 - Charles Gilpin - Orator, politician & railway director. Published proceedings of 1848 & 1850 peace conferences. Conf
1815-1902 - Elizabeth Cady Stanton - Suffragist. Presented "Declaration of Sentiments" to first women's rights convention in 1848.
c1815-1904 - Chief Tecopa "Peacemaker of the Paiutes". State memorial at his gravesite in Pahrump Valley, Nevada.
1816-1884 - William Wells Brown - Abolitionist & writer. Former slave.
1816-1895 - Thomas Longmore - Army surgeon. Main promoter of the Geneva Convention & the Red Cross in Britain.
1817-1862 - Henry David Thoreau - Transcendentalist. Wrote "Resistance to Civil Government" in 1849 & "Walden" in 1854. #3
1817-1892 - Bahá'u'lláh - Founder of the Bahá'í Faith. Prophetic fulfilment of Bábism & eschatological expectations of Islam, Christianity & other religions. P
1818-1894 - Amelia Bloomer - Women's rights & temperance advocate. Her name became associated with bloomers ("emancipation dress") because of her early & strong advocacy.
c1818-1895 - Frederick Douglass - Abolitionist. Former slave. Wrote "classic" autobiography in 1845. See slavery monuments.
1818-1898 - Louis Appia - Surgeon. Member of "Committee of Five" (precursor of Red Cross). Influenced Clara Barton. Proposed the Red Cross flag.
1818-1906 - Lucy N. Colman - Embraced abolition & woman's rights. Arrested for selling a birth control tract. Renounced Christianity in 1852. Taught in a "colored school."
1819-1897 - Julia Ward Howe - Abolitionist. Wrote "Battle Hymn of the Republic" 1862 & anti-war Mother's Day Proclamation 1870. Wife of Samuel Gridley Howe (qv). P
1820-1871 - Alice Cary - Sister of Phoebe Cary (qv). Poet. First president of Sorosis, 1st professional women's club in USA. See Jane Cunningham Croly.
1820-1887 - Edward Douwes Dekker - Novelist known as Multatuli. Wrote Max Havelaar (1860) denouncing colonialism in Dutch East Indies.
1820-1906 - Susan B. Anthony - Suffragist. Pivotal role in women's rights movement. Averaged 75-100 speeches per year.
1820-1910 - Florence Nightengale - Nurse. Dubbed "The Lady with the Lamp" during Crimean War.
1820-1913 - Harriet Tubman - African-American abolitionist & humanitarian. Helped run Underground Railroad. See slavery monuments.
1821-1900 - Charles De Berard Mills - Abolitionist. Wrote on Oriental thought including Buddhism. Father of Harriet May Mills (qv).
1821-1910 - Elizabeth Blackwell - First woman to receive medical degree in USA. First woman on UK Medical Register. Social & moral reformer in both countries.
1821-1912 - Clara Barton - Teacher, nurse & humanitarian. Organized American Red Cross in 1881.
1822-1896 - Thomas Hughes - Lawyer & author. Wrote "Tom Brown's School Days" (1857). Founded Rugby, Tennessee, as a Utopian community in 1880.
1822-1903 - Fredrick Law Olmsted - Journalist & social critic. "Father of American landscape architecture." Exec Sec of US Sanitary Commission.
1822-1907 - Baron de Staal - aka Georg Friedrich Karl von Staal. Head of Russian delegation & President of 1st Hague Peace Conference in 1899. Conf
1822-1909 - Edward Everett Hale - Author, historian & Unitarian minister. Son of journalist Nathan Hale. Wrote "The Man Without a Country" in 1863.
1822-1909 - Mahpíya Luta (Red Coud) - A chief of the Oglala Lakota 1868-1909. Led Red Cloud's War. Signed Treaty of Fort Laramie & led his people in transition to reservation life.
1822-1911 - Elizabeth Smith Miller - Activist & financial supporter of woman's rights. Dress reformer. Invented skirt over pantaloons known as "bloomers." Daughter of Gerrit Smith (qv).
1822-1912 - Frédéric Passy - Economist. Co-founded the Interparliamentary Union in 1889. 1901 with Henry Dunant Conf
1823-1892 - Ernest Renan - Philosopher. Defined nationhood in 1882 ("avoir fait de grandes choses ensemble, vouloir en faire encore").
1823-1911 - Thomas Wentworth Higginson - Minister, author & militant abolitionist. Colonel in 1st federal African-American regiment.
1823-1912 - Robert Collyer - Clergyman. Opposed slavery. Worked for US Sanitary Commission during Civil War.
1824-1864 - Thomas Starr King - Minister & orator. Helped keep California in USA. Helped organize US Sanitary Commission.
1824-1871 - Phoebe Cary - Sister of Alice Cary (qv). Poet & champion of women's rights.
1824-1894 - Ranald MacDonald - Adventurer. First person to teach English in Japan. Click here for Japanese-American monuments.
1824-1907 - Hodgson Pratt - Pacifist. Founded the Intl Arbitration & Peace Association in 1880. Painted by ter Kate. P Conf
1825-1901 - Laura Matilda Towne - Abolitionist, educator & homeopathic physician. With Ellen Murray founded Penn School for freed slaves on St. Helena Island, SC, in 1862.
1826-1894 - John Bedford Leno - Chartist, radical, poet & printer.
Leader of Reform League. Called "Burns of Labour" & "poet of the poor."
1826-1898 - Matilda Joslyn Gage - Suffragist, Native American activist, abolitionist, freethinker & prolific author. "Born with a hatred of oppression."
1826-1910 - Gustave Moynier - Jurist & social activist. Co-founded "International Committee for Relief to the Wounded." Rival of Henry Dunant.
1828-1902 - Julian Pauncefote - Baron. Perm Under-Sec of State for Foreign Affairs 1882-89. Head of British delegation to 1st Hague Peace Conf in 1899. Conf
1828-1907 - Costantino Nigra - Classical scholar. Made count in 1882 & senator in 1890. Served in Paris, St Petersburg, London & Vienna. Headed delegation at 1st Hague Peace Conf. Conf
1828-1908 - William Randal Cremer - MP & pacifist. Co-founded the Interparliamentary Union in 1889. 1903 Conf
1828-1910 - Henry Dunant - Businessman. Organized ICRC in 1863. Received first Nobel Peace Prize. Painted by ter Kate. 1901 with Frédéric Passy
1828-1910 - Leo Tolstoy - Novelist. Wrote "War & Peace" in 1869 & "Anna Karenina" in 1877. Helped Doukhobors move to Canada. P
1828-1912 - Albert K. Smiley - Owner of Mohonk Mountain House in Lake Mohonk, New York. Hosted Conference on International Arbitration in 1895 & Peace Conference in 1912. Conf
1829-1892 - Patrick Gilmore - Composer & bandmaster. Wrote "When Johnny Comes Marching Home." Ran National Peace Jubilee in 1869 & World Peace Jubilee in 1872 (both in Boston).
1829-1901 - Jane Cunningham Croly - Born in England. Organized Sorosis, 1st professional women's club in USA, New York City, 1868.
1829-1906 - Carl Schurz - Revolutionary, statesman, reformer, Union Army general, journalist, editor & orator. First German-born US senator. See Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation.
1829-1912 - Auguste Beernaert - Attended Hague Peace Conferences in 1899 & 1907. Helped found Permanent Court of Arbitration. Conf 1909
1830-1885 - Helen Hunt Jackson - Poet & activist on behalf of Native Americans by the U.S. Wrote "A Century of Dishonor" (1881).
1830-1913 - Alfred H. Love - Helped found Universal Peace Union (UPU) in 1866 & headed it until his death.
1830-1913 - Lide Smith Meriwether - First generation feminist & social activist. Pres of Tennessee Woman’s Temperance Union 1884-97. Organized 1st Equal Rights Assn in Memphis in 1889.
1832-1896 - Charles B. Reynolds - Minister turned freethought lecturer. Best known being defended by Robert Green Ingersoll (qv) in an 1887 New Jersey blasphemy case.
1832-1907 - Moncure Daniel Conway - Abolitionist & author. Minister of South Place Ethical Society in London (England).
1832-1913 - Jacobus Catharinus Cornelis den Beer Poortugael - General & statesman. Authority on laws of war. Attended many conferences including 1st Hague Peace Conf in 1899. Conf
1832-1918 - Andrew Dickson White - Diplomat, historian & educator. Co-founded Cornell University. Led US delegation to First Hague Peace Conference in 1899. Conf
1833-1876 - Margarethe Meyer-Schurz - Opened the first German-language kindergarten in USA. Wife of Carl Schurz (qv).
1833-1896 - Alfred Nobel - Industrialist. Posthumously instituted the Nobel Prizes. Click here for monuments related to the Nobel Peace Prize.
1833-1899 - Robert Green Ingersoll - Orator during "Golden Age of Freethought." Noted for broad range of culture & defense of agnosticism.
1833-1906 - Elie Ducommun - First director of International Peace Bureau (IPB) in 1891. 1902 with Albert Gobat Conf
1833-1917 - Felix Stone Moscheles - Painter & peace activist. Named for Felix Mendelssohn. Painted H.Pratt & H.Dunant (qv). Presof London Esperanto Club & Intl Arbitration & Peace Assn. Known as "The Grelix's," he & wife Grete were friends of Bertha von Suttner (qv). P Conf
1833-1918 - Ernesto Teodoro Moneta - Journalist & pacifist. See statue in Milan (Italy). P 1907 with Louis Renault
1833-1931 - Priscilla Peckover - Peace campaigner. Founded & financed "Peace & Goodwill" in 1882 & edited it for 50 years.
1835-1910 - Mark Twain. Born Samuel Clemens. Humorist. Author, orator & political satirist. "Father of American literature."
1835-1919 - Andrew Carnegie - Peace philantrophist. Built Pan American Union, Washington, DC, 1910, & Peace Palace, The Hague, 1913.
1835-1926 - Olympia Brown - Suffragist. First ordained woman minister in USA (Universalist). Voted in 1920 at age 85.
1836-1902 - Jan Bloch - Banker. Wrote "La Guerre Future" in 1898. Opened world's first peace museum in Lucerne (Switzerland) in 1902. Conf
1836-1910 - Alexandre Ivanovitch de Nelidoff - Diplomat. Ambassador to France. President of 2nd Hague Peace Conference in 1907. Laid cornerstone of Peace Palace. Conf
1836-1925 - Abraham Pieter Cornelis van Karnebeek, Sr. - Politician. Minister of Foreign Afs. Pres Carnegie Foundation 1904-1923. Honored by fountain near Peace Palace. Father of Herman. Conf
1836-1926 - Joseph Rowntree - Chocolatier, businessman & philanthropist. Champion of social reform. Set up charitable trusts.
1837-1922 - Fredrik Bajer - A founder & 1st president of International Peace Bureau. Conf
1908 with Klas Pontus Arnoldson
1837-1930 - Mary Harris "Mother" Jones - Labor & community organizer. Co-founded Industrial Workers of the World.
1838-1913 - Tobias M. C. Asser - Jurist. "Dutch Moses." Created Permanent Court of Arbitration at 1st Hague Peace Conference in 1899. Conf 1911 with Alfred Fried
1838-1914 - Edwin Ginn - Rich textbook publisher. Peace philantrophist. Established World Peace Foundation in 1910. Rival of Andrew Carnegie.
1838-1927 - Victoria Chaflin Woodull - Suffragist. Colorful & notorious symbol for women's rights. Exposed Henry Ward Beecher (qv).
1839-1897 - Henry George - Economist & "single tax" theorist. Inspired communities like Arden, Delaware, & Fairhope, Alabama. Huge funeral in NY City.
1839-1903 - Eugenio Maria de Hostos - Puerto Rican educator, philosopher, lawyer, sociologist & independence advocate. Known as "Citizen of the Americas."
1839-1917 - Emma Miller - Trade unionist, suffragist, freethinker & founder of the Australian Labor Party. Statue in Brisbane.
1840-1904 - Joseph, Chief - Nez Perce leader. Renowned as a humanitarian & peacemaker for his principled resistance to Indian removal. Said "I will fight no more forever."
1841-1907 - Edward VII - King of England. Called "Peacemaker" for fostering good relations w/France & other countries. Settled Argentina/Chile dispute in 1902.
1841-1932 - Ferdinand Buisson - Academic, pacifist & Socialist. Directed Human Rights League 1914-1926. 1927 with Ludwig Quidde
1842-1910 - Wlliam James - Psychologist & philosopher. Wrote about education, religious experience, mysticism & pragmatism.
1842-1921 - Henry Pettit - Architect. Designed peace flag used by American Peace Society & the Universal Peace Union.
1842-1932 - Anna Elizabeth Dickinson - Orator, abolitionist & suffragist. First woman to speak before the US Congress.
1843-1914 - Baroness Bertha von Suttner - Radical pacifist. First woman to receive Nobel Peace Prize. Wrote "Lay Down Your Arms!" in 1889. P 1905 Conf
1843-1914 - Albert Gobat - First secretary general of Interparliamentary Union. Conf 1902 with Élie Ducommun
1843-1918 - Louis Renault - Jurist & educator. Famous international arbitrator. 1907 with Ernesto Teodoro Moneta.
1843-1918 - Jenkin Lloyd Jones - Organized 1st Parliament of the World's Religions (Chicago 1893) & Abraham Lincoln Centre (1905). Conf
1844-1916 - Klas Pontus Arnoldson - Author, politician & pacifist. First head of Swedish Peace & Arbitration Society in 1883. P 1908 w/Fredric Bajer
1844-1920 - May Wright Sewell - Teacher, suffrigist & art patron. Chair of International Council of Women. Proposed "Peace Day." Lived in Indianapolis. Conf
1844-1931 - John W. Burgess - Pioneering political scientist. Studied in Germany. Law professor at Columbia University. Helped found first PhD program in USA.
1845-1909 - Feodor Martens - Diplomat & jurist. Represented Russia at the Hague Peace Conferences in 1899 & 1907 (during which he drafted the Martens Clause). Conf
1845-1927 - William O. McDowell - Financier. Founded SAR in 1889. Initiated Columbian Liberty Bell in 1893. Nobel Peace Prize nominee in 1913.
1845-1937 - Elihu Root - Senator from New York. Prototype of the 20th century "wise man." President of Carnegie Endowment for Intl Peace 1910-1925. Conf 1912
1846-1919 - Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis - Lutheran preacher who lost his faith, then started a political fight for workers. First socialist in Dutch parliament. P
1846-1936 - Charles C. Glover. Financier & philanthropist. Built house in Washington, DC, which became headquarters of American Peace Society 1911-1948.
1847-1898 - Christoph Moritz von Egidy - Prussian officer, pacifist, Christian reformer & moral philosopher. Wrote "I Have Dared It." Memorial in Potsdam. P
1847-1916 - Benjamin Franklin Trueblood - Gen. Sec. of American Peace Society 1892-1915. Wrote The Federation of the World in 1899. Conf
1847-1919 - Anna Howard Shaw - Physician. Leader of suffrage movement & League to Enforce Peace. First female Methodist minister in USA.
1847-1929 - Dame Milicent Fawcett - Suffragist & early feminist. Worked with Emily Hobhouse (qv).
1847-1934 - Kate Sheppard - Most prominent member of suffrage movement in New Zealand (first country to introduce universal suffrage).
1848-1887 - Albert Parsons - Labor leader. Hanged after the Haymarket Riot (Chicago 1886). Husband of Lucy González Parsons (qv).
1849-1912 - William Thomas Stead - Journalist. Same peace monument in London (Victoria Embankment) & New York City (Central Park). Died on Titanic. Conf
1849-1914 - Jacob Riis - Reporter, photographer & reformer. Exposed substandard housing in NYC slums. Wrote "How the Other Half Lives" in 1890.
1849-1923 - Rui Barbosa - Senator, Minister of Finance & diplomat. Earned the nickname "Eagle of The Hague" at the 2nd Hague Peace Conference in 1899. Conf
1849-1935 - Bernard Loder - Jurist. On Dutch Supreme Court 1908-1921. First president of Permanent Court of International Justice 1921-1924
1849-1937 - Edwin D. Mead - Reformer. Leader of World Peace Found, Intl Peace Bureau, School Peace League & Amer Peace League. Married to Lucia Ames Mead (qv). p Conf
1850-1898 - Edward Bellamy - Author & socialist. Most famous for utopian novel "Looking Backward" set in distant future of 2000. Inspired over 160 "Nationalist Clubs."
1850-1924 - Samuel Gompers - Cigar maker. Founded American Federation of Labor (AFofL) & its president 1886-1894 & 1895-1924.
1850-1935 - Charles Richet - Physiologist. Received 1913 Nobel Prize for his work on anaphylaxis. Wrote book on history of the peace movement.
1850-1937 - Johanna Waszklewicz-van Schilfgaarde - Baroness. Peace organizer. Founded Alliance of Women for Peace in 1899. "Pupil" of Bertha von Suttner. Spent last 35 years in Rome.
1851-1925 - Léon Bourgeois - Statesman. President of the Council of the League of Nations after WW-I. Conf 1920
1851-1926 - Lizzie Crozier French - Suffragist in Tennessee (last state to ratify 19th Amendment in 1920). See Tennessee monuments.
1851-1929 - Theodore E. Burton - Congressman. President of American Peace Society. Hosted 13,000 at First World Conference on International Justice in Cleveland in 1928.
1851-1931 - David Starr Jordan - Scientist & eugenicist. President of Indiana Univ., Stanford Univ. & World Peace Foundation (1909-11). VP of World Peace Conference (1913).
1851-1933 - Felix Adler - Professor of political & social ethics, rationalist, popular lecturer, religious leader & social reformer. Founded Ethical Culture movement in 1877.
1851-1939 - Henry Stephens Salt - Writer & campaigner for prison, schools, economic, & animal treatment reform. Introduced Mahatma Gandhi to works of Henry David Thoreau. P
1852-1924 - Paul Henri d'Estournelles de Constant - Diplomat & politician. Advocate of international arbitration. Conf 1909
1853-1902 - Cecil John Rhodes - Businessman, mining magnate & politician. Set up the provisions of the Rhodes Scholarships which are funded by his estate.
1853-1920 - Heinrich Lammasch - Scholar, publicist & diplomat. Professor of penal & intl law. Last PM of imperial Austria. Strongly linked to peace movement.
1853-1942 - Lucy González Parsons - Labor leader. Probably born a slave. Outlived husband Albert Parsons (qv) by 55 years.
1854-1929 - Aletta Jacobs - Organized Women's Peace Congress in 1915. Helped found Women's International League for Peace & Freedom. Conf
1854-1938 - Bolton Hall - Lawyer, author & activist. Worked on behalf of the poor. "Father of back to the land movement." Founded Free Acres in 1910.
1854-1943 - Henri La Fontaine - International lawyer. President of International Peace Bureau 1907-1943. Founded Mundaneum with Paul Otlet. 1913
1855-1926 - Eugene V. Debs - Socialist. Repeated presidential candidate. Co-founded Industrial Workers of the World.
1855-1944 - Fannie Barrier Williams - Addressed Parliament of the World's Religions in 1893 about the "Colored Race."
1855-1947 - Richard Robert Wright - Army officer, college pres, banker & civil rights advocate. Born a slave. Created National Freedom Day.
1856-1915 - Keir Hardie - A primary founder of the Independent Labour Party as well as the Labour Party.
1856-1915 - Booker T. Washington - Educator, author, orator & political leader. Headed Tuskeegee Institute from 1881. First black invited to White House.
1856-1919 - L. Frank Baum - Children's books author known for "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz." Son-in-law of Matilda Joslyn Gage (qv).
1856-1924 - Woodrow Wilson - US President 1913-21. Helped found the League of Nations in 1919. 1919
1856-1936 - Lucia Ames Mead - Reformer. Leader of Woman's Peace Party, Nat Council for Prevention of War, Nat Council of Women & WILPF. Married to Edwin D. Mead (qv). p Conf
1856-1937 - Frank Billings Kellogg - US Secretary of State 1925-29. Co-authored Kellogg-Briand Pact in 1928. 1929
1856-1940 - Harriot Stanton Blatch - Suffragist. Daughter of Elizabeth Cady Stanton (qv).
1856-1963 - Arthur Judson Brown - Presbyterian clergyman, missionary & prolific author. Attended world conferences in 1910 & 1925. Died at age 106.
1857-1892 - Ueki Emori - Part of Freedom & People's Rights Movement. Honored at Kyoto Museum for World Peace.
1857-1903 - Frederick Holls - Diplomat. Convinced Pres McKinley to attend 1st Hague Peace Conf in 1899. "Father of the Permanent Court of Arbitration." Conf
1857-1929 - Theodore Veblen - Economist & sociologist. Leader of institutional economics movement. Wrote "The Theory of the Leisure Class" (1899).
1857-1930 - William Howard Taft - US President 1909-13. Founded League to Enforce Peace. Wrote "The US & Peace" in 1914.
1857-1935 - Frank A.Miller - Founded Mission Inn in Riverside, California, & World Affairs Council of Inland Southern California. Honored by peace tower.
1857-1936 - Harriet May Mills - Led suffrage campaigns in California, Michigan, Ohio, etc. Daughter of Charles De Berard Mills (qv) & Harriett Smith Mills. Never married.
1857-1938 - Clarence Darrow - Lawyer. Leader of American Civil Liberties Union. Defended Leopold & Loeb in 1924 & John Scopes in 1925.
1857-1941 - Robert Baden-Powell - Army officer. Founded the Scout Movement in 1907. See Juliette Gordon Low.
1857-1942 - Charles M. Sheldon - Congregational minister. Leader of Social Gospel Movement. Introduced "What Would Jesus Do?" (WWJD).
1857-1943 - Anita Augspurg - Lawyer, actor & feminist. Germany's 1st female jurist. Partner of Lida Gustava Heymann (qv). At Intl Women's Conf for Peace & Freedom (1915). Conf
1857-1944 - Ida Tarbell - Teacher, author, journalist & muckraker of the Progressive Era. Exposed monopolist John D. Rockefeller, Snr.
1857-1949 - S. S. McClure - Publisher. Investigative or muckraking journalist. Co-founded & ran McClure's Magazine 1893-1911.
1858-1919 - Theodore Roosevelt -- US president 1901-09. Received Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating end to Russo-Japanese War. 1906
1858-1919 - Rachel Foster Avery - Suffragist. Organized the International Council of Women in 1888.
1858-1927 - K'ang Yu-wei - Prominent political thinker & reformer of the late Qing Dynasty. Wrote Da Tong shu/Book of Great Unity.
1858-1928 - Emmeline Goulden Pankhurst - Suffragist. "One of 100 Most Important People of 20th Century." Mother of Christabel, Sylvia & Adele (qv).
1858-1941 - Ludwig Quidde - Pacifist. Opposed German militarism from Emperor Wilhelm II to Hitler. P 1927 with Ferdnand Buisson
1858-1942 - George Mathias Paraf-Javai - Intransigent individualist. Founded Ligue Antimilitariste. Wrote "Les faux droits de l'homme et les vrais" in 1907. P
1858-1943 - Beatrice Webb - Economist & social reformer. Co-founded London School of Economics. Coined "collective bargaining." Wife of Sidney Webb (qv).
1858-1946 - James William van Kirk - Minister from Youngstown, Ohio. Designed a peace flag with rainbow stripes, stars & globe. Twice made a peace tour of Europe.
1859-1914 - Jean Jaures - Socialist. Assassinated at outbreak of World War-I. P
1859-1917 - Ludwik Zamenhof - Creator of Esperanto, the most successful constructed language designed for international communication.
1859-1940 - George Lansbury - Politician, socialist, Christian pacifist & newspaper editor. Called "Public Pacifist Number One." P
1859-1947 - Sidney Webb - Socialist, economist & reformer. With George Bernard Shaw made the Fabian Society pre-eminent. Husband of Beatrice Webb (qv).
1859-1947 - Carrie Chapman Catt - Suffragist & peace activist. Founded League of Women Voters & International Alliance of Women.
1859-1952 - John Dewey - Philosopher, psychologist, educational reformer & atheist. Influenced education & social reform.
1859-1953 - Frank Stephens - Sculptor & political activist. Co-founded Arden, a utopian single-tax community near Wilmington, Delaware.
1860-1922 - Margarethe Lenore Selenka - Zoologist, anthropologist, feminist, peace activist & pacifist. One of the first female scientists whose work was widely recognized. P
1860-1925 - Hjalmar Branting - See Branting Monument in Stockholm (Sweden). 1921 with Christian Lange
1860-1926 - Emily Hobhouse - See below. Sister of Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse. Worked with Dame Milicent Fawcett.
1860-1927 - Juliette Gordon Low - Youth leader. Knew Robert Baden-Powell in England (qv). Founded Girl Scouts of the USA in 1912.
c1860-1927 - J.G.D. Wateler - Banker. Bequeathed his estate to found Wateler Peace Prize awarded by Dutch Carnegie Foundation & renamed Carnegie-Wateler Prize.
1860-1935 - Jane Addams - Pioneer settlement worker. Founded Hull House & WILPF. Conf 1931 with Nicholas Murray Butler
1860-1935 - Charlotte Perkins Gilman - Sociologist, writer, utopian feminist & advocate of euthanasia. "Chose chloroform over cancer" for herself.
1860-1945 - Sidney Gulick - Missionary. Caused US & Japan to exchange dolls. Click here for Japanese-American monuments.
1861-1916 - Will Price - Architect. Co-founded two utopian communities: Arden near Wilmington, DE, & Rose Valley near Philadelphia, PA.
1861-1930 - Fridtjof Nansen - Athelete, explorer, zoologist, diplomat & humanitarian. League of Nations High Commissioner for Refugees 1921. Nobel Peace Prize. 1922
1861-1941 - Rabindranath Tagore - Bengali polymath. Reshaped literature & music. First non-European to win Nobel Prize in Literature. 1913
1862-1931 - Ida Bell Wells-Barnett - Journalist & anti-lynching activist. Edited "Memphis Free Speech." A founder of the NAACP in 1909.
1862-1932 - Aristide Briand - Co-authored the Kellogg-Briand Pact in 1928. 1926 with Gustav Stresemann
1862-1947 - Nicholas Murray Butler - Diplomat & educator. President Carnegie Endowment for Intl Peace. 1931 with Jane Addams
1862-1951 - Ella Reeve "Mother" Bloor - Labor organizer & long-time activist in the socialist & communist movements.
1862-1955 - Zonia Baber - Geographer, geologist & teacher. Mapped peace monuments. Wrote "Peace Symbols" for WILPF. Lifelong association w/Flora Juliette Cooke.
1863-1902 - Swami Vivekananda - Introduced Hinduism at the Parliament of the World's Religions at Chicago (USA) in 1893.
1863-1927 - Shiga Shigetaka - Widely traveled geographer & internationalist. Popularized the Japanese landscape.
1863-1930 - Edward W. Bok -Edited Ladies Home Journal. Pulitzer Prize. Created Amer Peace Award. Built Bok Tower w/peace symbols Florida.
1863-1935 - Arthur Henderson - Held many politcal offices. Chaired the Geneva Disarmament Conference in 1932-34. 1934
1863-1937 - Sir Austen Chamberlain - Architect of Locarno Treaties to preserve peace after WW-I. 1925 with Charles G. Dawes
1863-1937 - Pierre de Coubertin - Pedagogue & historian. Founded International Olympic Committee. Father of modern Olympic Games.
1863-1944 - Victor Basch - Professor & Zionist. President of Ligue des droits de l'homme 1926-1944.
1863-1947 - Mary Emma Woolley - Peace activist & suffragist. First female student at Brown Univ. Pres of Mount Holyoke College.
1863-1947 - Henry Ford - Famous industrialist. Chartered "Peace Ship" (Dec. 1915-Jan. 1916) to end World War I.
1863-1952 - George Santayama - Writer. Best known for "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it."
1864-1921 - Émile Arnaud - Lawyer, notary & writer. Proposed the term "pacifism' in 1901 to summarize the peace movement in general. P
1864-1921 - Alfred Hermann Fried - Pacifist, publicist & journalist. Co-founded German peace movement. P Conf 1911 with Tobias Asser
1864-1922 - Nellie Bly - Pen name of journalist & charity worker Elizabeth Jane Cochrane. Faked insanity to study mental institutions. Made record-breaking trip around the world.
1864-1929 - Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse. Liberal politician. Brother of Emily Hobhouse (qv).
1864-1952 - Frances Benjamin Johnson - Photographer & photojournalist. Exhibited in Paris at the Exposé nčgre of the Exposition Universelle in 1900.
1864-1958 - Robert Cecil - Lawyer, politician & diplomat. Architect of the League of Nations in 1919. 1937
1865-1915 - Edith Cavell - Nurse. Executed in Belgium for allowing German prisoners to escape.
1865-1931 - Othilie Tonning - Social activist. Oslo town councillor. Her work in slums led to 70 institutions managed by the Salvation Army.
1865-1936 - Minnie J. Reynolds - Newspaper reporter & women's rights activist. Helped pass woman's suffrage in Colorado in 1893.
1865-1945 - Monsignor John A. Ryan - Catholic theologian. Promoted "social justice".
1865-1951 - Charles G. Dawes. See Dawes house in Evanston, Illinois (USA). 1925 with Sir Austen Chamberlain
1865-1955 - John Raleigh Mott - Leader of YMCA & World Student Christian Federation. CPU in 1914. 1946 with Emily Greene Balch
1865-1959 - Laurence Housman - "Grand Old Man of the pacifist movement." Opened Housmans Bookshop in 1945 in London. P
1866-1931 - Nathan Soderblom - Archbishop of Uppsala. Hosted Universal Christian Conference on Life & Work in 1925. 1930
1866-1936 - Lincoln Steffens - Jounalist. Investigated municipal corruption. Wrote articles in McClure's later published as "The Shame of the Cities."
1866-1944 - Romain Rolland - Dramatist, novelist, essayist & mystic. Received Nobel Prize for Literature. P 1915
1866-1946 - H. G. Wells - Prolific writer & outspoken socialist. Wrote "In the Fourth Year" in 1918 proposing a United States of Europe.
1866-1957 - James P. Warbasse - Surgeon. Founded & directed the Cooperative League of the USA 1916-1941. 1955
Finley Peter Dunne - Humorist. Created Mr. Dooley who expounded upon political & social issues from his South Side Chicago Irish pub. Published "Mr. Dooley in Peace & War" (1898).
1867-1944 - Isaac Newton Phelps Stokes - Architect. Housing reformer. Wrote NYC Tenement House Law (1901) & 6-volume "Iconography of Manhattan Island" (1915-1928).
1867-1945 - Kathe Schmidt Kollwitz - Painter & sculptor of the victims of poverty, hunger & war.
1867-1950 - Fanny Fern Andrews - Advocate of peace education. Founded Am Peace League in 1908. Attended Paris Peace Conf in 1919. Advised Inst of Intl Ed & Intl Peace Bureau.
1867-1954 - William Pierson Merrill - Presbyterian minister. First president of Church Peace Union in 1914.
1867-1961 - Emily Greene Balch - Academic, writer & pacifist. P Conf 1946 with John Raleigh Mott
1868-1918 - Nicolas II - Tsar (emperor) of Russia. In 1998 proposed a conference on peace & disarmament, leading to the First Hague Peace Conference in 1899.
1868-1942 - Paul Percy Harris - Attorney. Founded Rotary International in 1905. Planted Friendship Trees in nearly 50 cities worldwide.
1868-1943 - Lida Gustava Heymann - Prominent in bourgeois women's movement. Partner of Anita Augspurg (qv). Attended Intl Women's Conf for Peace & Freedom in 1915. Conf
1868-1944 - Paul Otlet - Author, entrepreneur, visionary, lawyer & peace activist. "Father of information science." Wrote "La Fin de la Guerre" in 1914.
1868-1945 - Yorozu Oda - Lawyer, academic & judge. Appointed in 1921 to Permanent Court of International Justice, where he heard 30 cases, dissenting from main judgment only once.
1868-1947 - Anna B. Eckstein - Teacher & pacifist. Sponsored by Edwin Ginn (qv). Attended many peace conferences. Born & died in Germany. P Conf
1868-1951 - Émile-Auguste Chartier (Alain) - Philosopher, journalist & pacifist. P
1868-1960 - C. Judson Herrick - Biologist & humanist. 1956
1868-1963 - W.E.B. DuBois - Civil rights activist, sociologist, historian, author & editor. Organized 1st Pan-African Congress in 1919.
1869-1923 - Claude Kitchin - US Congressman. Amassed 50 votes against US entry into WW-I including Jeannette Rankin [qv].
1869-1938 - Christian Lange - Historian & political scientist. Foremost exponent of internationalism. 1921 with Hjalmar Branting
1869-1940 - Emma Goldman - Anarchist, writer & renowned lecturer. Created "Mother Earth" magazaine in 1906. #5
1869-1948 - Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi - "The Great Soul." Leader of Indian independence movement. Pioneer of satyagraha. P Posthumous
1869-1956 - Louis Raemaekers - Artist. Drew the horrors of war. "The supreme cartoonist of WW-I." Widely published.
1869-1970 - Alice Hamilton - Peace activist & first woman on faculty of Harvard Medical School. See Jane Addams.
1870-1919 - John Mitchell - US labor leader & president of the United Mine Workers of America from 1898 to 1908.
1870-1926 - Hendrik Coenraad Dresselhuys - Politician. Chaired Nederlandsche Anti-Oorlog Raad (NAOR) & tried to stop WW-I. Conf
1870-1952 - Maria Montessori - Created the Montessori system of education.
1870-1957 - Arthur F. Bentley - Political scientist & philosopher. Contributed to the development of a behavioral methodology of political science. 1954
1871-1919 - Rosa Luxemburg - Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist & revolutionary socialist. #6
1871-1944 - Tsunesaburo Makiguchi - Educator. Founded Soka Gakkai in 1930. Opposed Japanese militarism in WW-II. P
1871-1945 - Hermann Kallenbach - Architect & Zionist. Had intimate & long lasting friendship Mahatma Gandhi starting in South Africa.
1871-1949 - Lou Tseng-Tsiang - Diplomat & Roman Catholic monk. Twice premier of Republic of China. Led Chinese delegation to Paris Peace Conf of 1919. Conf
1871-1955 - Cordell Hull - Longest serving US Secretary of State. "Father of the United Nations" (per FDR). Conf 1945
1872-1934 - Blaise Diagne - First black African in French National Assembly. Mayor of Dakar. Helped W.E.B DuBois w/1st Pan-African Congress in 1919.
1872-1949 - Oswald Garrison Villard - Journalist. Pacfist. Wealthy. A founder of the American Anti-Imperialist League. P
1872-1950 - Leon Blum - Socialist theoretician. Three times prime minister of France.
1872-1951 - Hamilton Holt - Editor. CPU & LEP in 1914. President of Rollins College. Built anti-war monument on campus in 1938.
1872-1967 - Sir Norman Angell - Helped found Union of Democratic Control in 1914. 1933
1872-1970 - Bertrand Russell - Philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian & social critic. P 1950
1873-1945 - Alfred Salter - Doctor & Labour MP. Opposed RAF bombing. Wrote "The Religion of a CO." Statue on bench in Bermondsey. CO
1873-1954 - Gertrud Baumer - Politician who actively participated in the Feminist movement. Reichstag member 1919-1932.
1874-1936 - Karl Kraus - Writer, journalist, playwright & poet. Foremost satirist.
Wrote witty criticism of the press, German culture & politics.
1874-1940 - Lewis Wickes Hine - Sociologist. Used camera as a tool for social reform. Helped change US child labor laws.
1874-1942 - Herman Adriaan van Karnebeek, Jr. - Politician. Minister of Foreign Afs 1918-27. President League of Nations 1921-22. Pres Carnegie Foundation 1935-42. Son of Abraham (qv). Conf
1874-1942 - Shaver Woodsworth - Methodist minister. Pacifist. Pioneer in the Canadian social democratic movement. P
1874-1947 - Nicholas Roerich - Artist, mystic, philosopher, scientist, writer, traveler & public figure. Created Banner of Peace. 1935
1874-1960 - John D. Rockefeller Jr. - Philanthropist. Pivotal member of Rockefeller family. Paid $8.5 million for land on which UN Headquarters were constructed in New York City.
1874-1964 - Herbert Hoover - Mining engineer. Chaired Commission for Relief in Belgium 1914-19. Fought Flood of 1927. US president 1929-33.
1874-1970 - Frederick J. Libby - Minister & AFSC official. Founded National Council for Prevention of War in 1921. Wrote "War on War" (1922). Husband of Faith Ward Libby. P
1875-1908 - Albert Libertad - Individualist anarchist militant & writer. Edited the influential anarchist publication l’Anarchie. P
1875-1944 - Lola Maverick Lloyd - Friend of Rosika Schwimmer (qv). Mother of Georgia Lloyd (qv).
1875-1955 - Mary McLeod Bethune - Educator & civil rights leader. Started what became Bethune-Cookman Univ. Advised FDR.
1875-1955 - Jessie Wallace Hughan - Educator, socialist activist & radical pacifist. Co-founder of Alpha Omicron Pi. A founder & 1st secretary of War Resisters League. P #4
1875-1955 - Thomas Mann - Novelist, short story writer, social critic, philanthropist & essayist. 1929
1875-1956 - Anton J. Carlson - Physiologist. 1953
1875-1965 - Albert Schweitzer - Theologian, organist & physician. Missionary in Africa. Promoted "Reverance for Life." 1952
1876-1928 - Eglantyne Jebb - Social reformer. Founded Save the Children in 1919.
1876-1956 - Maude Royden. Founded the Society for the Ministry of Women.
1876-1958 - Mary Ritter Beard - Historian & suffragist. Friend of Rosika Schwimmer (qv).
1877-1933 - Henry Hodgkin - Co-founded Fellowship of Reconciliation (England) in 1914. First director of Pendle Hill (USA) in 1930.
1877-1948 - Kate Richards O'Hare - Socialist. Anti-war activist during World War I.
1877-1948 - Rosika Schwimmer - World federalistst. Born in Hungary and lived in USA but became stateless.
1877-1949 - Peter Maurin - Co-founded the Catholic Worker Movement with Dorothy Day (qv). Played by Martin Sheen in "Entertaining Angels."
1877-1964 - Jeanne Melin - Pacifist. Worked for peace & women's rights. "Conferenciere remarquable, organisatrice infatigable." P
1877-1968 - Oscar Riddle - Biologist. Devout atheist. Convinced that religion is a serious threat to scientific advancement. 1958
1878-1916 - Francis Sheehy-Skeffington - Suffragist, pacifist & writer. Click here for monuments in Ireland. P
1878-1919 - Charles John Cobb - Conscientious objector. Imprisoned five times between 1916 & 1919. CO
1878-1929 - Gustav Stresemann - Liberal politician. Chancellor & Foreign Minister during Weimar Republic. 1926 with Aristide Briand
1878-1929 - Kästle, Klaus (20xx & ongoing), One World - Nations Online.
1878-1942 - Janusz Korczak - Doctor & educator. Acccompanied Jewish orphans to Treblinka where he was murdered.
1878-1959 - Carlos Saavedra Lamas - Academic & politician. First Latin American to receive Nobel Peace Prize. 1936
1878-1965 - Martin Buber - Philosopher. Best known for the I-Thou & I-It distinctions. Moved to Israel.
1878-1968 - Upton Beall Sinclair, Jr. - "Muckraker" & politician. Wrote "The Jungle" in 1906. Had Helicon Home Colony in 1906. Ran for governor of California in 1934.
1878-1975 - Arthur Ernest Morgan - Civil engineer. Headed Antioch College 1920-36, TVA 1933-38 & intentional communities 1948. Recruited CO's for Celo Community. P
1879-1915 - Joe Hill - Labor activist & songwriter. Member of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). Wrote "There'll be Pie in the Sky By-and-By." Executed.
1879-1945 - Pierre Creesole - Engineer. Founded Service Civil International or International Voluntary Service for Peace (IVSP) in 1920. P
1879-1951 - Ralph Eugene Diffendorfer - Clergyman. Secretary of Methodist Young People's Missionary Movement. Helped design & promote the Christian flag.
1879-1954 - Leon Jouhaux - Trade union leader. Helped set up International Labour Organization (ILO). 1951
1879-1955 - Albert Einsten - Physicist. Opposed WW-I. Did peace work in 1930s. Issued Russell-Einstein Manifesto in 1955. P 1921
1879-1958 - Lionel Charlton - Air Commodore in Royal Air Force (RAF). Objected to bombing of Iraqi villages in 1923. CO
1879-1964 - John Haynes Holmes - Minister & social activist. Declared Gandhi "The Greatest Man in the World" in April 1921. 1961
1879-1966 - Margaret Sanger - Suffrigist. Coined "birth control" in 1914. Founded American Birth Control League in 1921. 1957
1879-1968 - Otto Hahn - Chemist & Nobel laureate. Pioneer in radioactivity & radiochemistry. "The father of nuclear chemistry." Campained against nuclear weapons.
1879-1966 - Lucy Burns - Suffragist & women's rights advocate in USA & UK. Close friend of Alice Paul (qv) with whom she founded the National Woman's Party (NWP).
1880-1937 - Richard (Dick) Shepard - Vicar of St Martin-in-the-Fields. Helped found Peace Pledge Union in 1934 & Euthanasia Society in 1935. P
1880-1958 - Christabel Pankhurst - Daughter of Emmeline Goulden Pankhurst (qv). Suffragist. Buried in California.
1880-1971 - Lord Boyd Orr - Teacher, doctor, biologist & politician. 1st Director-General of UN Food & Agriculture Organization. 1949
1880-1973 - Jeannette Rankin - Pacifist. 1st woman in US Congress. Voted against US entry into World Wars I and II. Statues in MT & DC. P #14
1881-1928 - Crystal Eastman - Co-founded Women's Peace Party in 1915 & American Civil Liberties Union in 1920.
1881-1940 - Smedley Butler - General. Most decorated Marine in US history. Outspoken critic of US militarism. Wrote "War is a Racket" in 1935.
1881-1942 - Stefan Zweig - Novelist, playwright, journalist & biographer. One of the most famous writers in the world. P
1881-1942 - Titus Brandsma - Catholic priest & philosophy professor. "Apostle of Peace." Vehemently opposed Nazi ideology. Killed at Dachau.
1881-1953 - Lewis Fry Richardson - Scientist & pacifist. Used math to improve weather forecasting & to determine the causes of war. P
1881-1963 - Pope John XXIII - Author of the encyclical Pacem in Terris in 1963. 2004
1881-1965 - Willhelm Lamszus - Teacher. Wrote novel "The Human Slaughterhouse – Pictures of the Coming War" in 1912 anticipating horrors of WW-I.
1882-1944 - Arthur Stanley Eddington - Astrophysicist. Conscientious objector during WW-I. Validated Einstein's Theory of Relativity. CO
1882-1945 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt - Also known as FDR. 32nd President of USA 1933–1945. Husband of Eleanor Roosevelt (qv).
1882-1950 - John Rabe - Businessman. Tried to stop Japanese atrocities during the Nanking Massacre. "The Good Nazi."
1882-1953 - Wilbur Kelsey Thomas - Pacifist. Exec Sec American Friends Service Committee 1918-29. Director Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation 1930-46. P
1882-1960 - Sylvia Pankhurst - Daughter of Emmeline Goulden Pankhurst (qv). Suffragist. Communist, then devoted to anti-fascism. Buried in Ethiopia.
1882-1965 - Alice Herz - Peace activist. Fled Germany in 1933. Immolated herself in Detroit to protest Vietnam War. Mother of Helga Herz (qv).
1882-1967 - Greenville Clark - Wrote "World Peace Through World Law" in 1958 with Louis B. Sohn.
1882-1972 - Rose Schneiderman - Labor union leader, socialist & feminist. Coined phrase "Bread and Roses." Friend of Eleanor Roosevelt. On 2007 mural in Augusta, ME.
1882-1973 - Jacques Maritain - Catholic philosopher. A drafter of Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Friend of Saul Alinsky (qv).
1883-1931 - Kahlil Gibran - Artist, poet & philosopher. Wrote The Prophet in 1923.
1883-1938 - Bartholomeus (Bart) de Ligt - Clergyman. Published De Wereldvrede magazine & worked in Christen-Socialisten party (BCS).
1883-1958 - Bishop George Bell - Theologian, ecumentalist & Member House of Lords. Condemned aerial bombing in WW-II.
1883-1979 - Cyrus S. Eaton - Investment banker. Founded the Pugwash Conferences which received Nobel Peace Prize. 1995
1883-1983 - Scott Nearing - Husband of Helen Knothe Nearing with whom he co-authored "Living the Good Life" in 1954.
1884-1956 - Zeth Höglund - Communist politician, anti-militarist, author, journalist & mayor of Stockholm 1940–1950. Wrote "Down with Weapons!"
1884-1957 - James D. Mooney - General Motors executive. Attempted to defuse build up to World War II.
1884-1962 - Jacob ter Meulen - Peace historian. Librarian of the Peace Palace in The Hague. Became Mennonite peace activist.
1884-1962 - Eleanor Roosevelt - Wife of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (qv). Chaired UDHR Commission. 1960
1884-1965 - Clarence E. Pickett - Directed American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) which received Nobel Peace Prize. 1947
1884-1966 - Kees Boeke - Helped start FOR, SCI & WRI at his home in Bilthoven. Wrote "Cosmic View" in 1957.
1884-1968 - Norman Thomas - Six-time presidential candidate for the Socialist Party of America. 1967
1885-1961 - Adele Pankhurst - Daughter of Emmeline Goulden Pankhurst (qv). Suffragist. Communist. Buried in Australia.
1885-1962 - Charles Francis Potter - Advocate of women’s rights, birth control, civil divorce laws, humanism, euthansia & end to capital punishment.
1885-1967 - A. J. Muste - Clergyman & political activist. Worked in labor, pacifist & civil rights movements. P 1966 #7
1885-1968 - Muriel Lester - Operated "settlement house" (Kingsley Hall) in London (where Gandhi stayed in 1931). P
1885-1969 - Friedrich Siegmund-Schultze - Co-founded Fellowship of Reconciliation with Henry Hodgkin in 1914.
1885-1974 - Richard Gregg - Philosopher of nonviolence. Lived with Scott & Helen Nearing. Influenced MLK, Aldous Huxley, Bayard Rustin & Robert Swann. P
1885-1977 - Alice Paul - Suffragist & women's rights activist. Knew the Pankhursts in England (qv). Wrote the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA).
1885-1985 - Nichidatsu Fujii - Founded the Nipponzan-Myohoji order of Buddhism. Called Guruji by Gandhi. Click here for Peace Pagodas.
1886-1916 - Inez Milholland Boissevain - Suffragist, labor lawyer & opponent of World War I. P
1886-1918 - Randolph Bourne - Public intellectual. Wrote "War is the Health of the State." Died at age 32. See RBI & antiwar.com.
1886-1941 - Minnie Vautrin - Missionary. Saved many women during the Nanking Massacre in 1937-38. Suicide in Indianapolis.
1886-1950 - Olaf Stapledon - Philosopher & SiFi author. Attended World Cong of Intellectuals for Peace in 1948 & Conf for World Peace in NY in 1949 (only Briton granted a US visa). CO
1886-1954 - Ellen Starr Brinton - Feminist & internationalist. First curator of the Swarthmore College Peace Collection (USA). Collectred ">peace stamps.
1886-1965 - Paul Tillich - Theologian & existentialist philosopher. Wrote Courage to Be in 1952 & Systematic Theology in 1951–63.
1886-1967 - Radhabinod Pal - Jurist. Only dissenter on Japanese war crimes tribunal in 1946. Honored at Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo.
1886-1977 - Ralph Borsodi - Decentralist & communitarian. Wrote "This Ugly Civilization" in 1929. Founded School of Living.
1887-1920 - Hector Hodler - Journalist. Pursued social questions, pacifism & animal protection. Helped create World Esperanto Association (UEA) in 1908. P
1887-1940 - Marcus Garvey - Publisher, journalist, entrepreneur & orator. Staunch proponent of Black Nationalism & Pan-Africanism.
1887-1944 - Max Josef Metzger - Priest. Established German Catholics’ Peace Association in 1919. Executed by Nazis.
1887-1967 - Sir Julian Huxley - Evolutionary biologist. Sec Zoo. Society of London. 1st Director UNESCO. A World Wildlife Fund founder. 1962
1887-1976 - Rene Cassin - Jurist, law prof & judge. Formed pacifist veterans Union Fédérale. Memorial in Forbach (France). P 1968
1888-1942 - Emil Flusser - Pediatrician. His 1932 "War as Illness" (w/forward by Albert Einstein) said war is a physic epidemic.
1888-1960 - Toyohiko Kagawa - Christian pacifist, reformer & labor activist. His desire to help the poor led him to live among them. Established schools, hospitals & churches. P
1888-1976 - Theodore Lentz - Wrote "Towards a Science of Peace" (1955) & "Towards A Technology of Peace" (1972).
1888-1979 - Jean Monnet - Political economist & diplomat. Never elected to public office. "Father of Europe."
1888-1988 - Fenner Brockway - Anti-war activist & politician. Statue in London. CO
1889-1938 - Carl von Ossietzky. Journalist. Exposed Germany's Treaty of Versailles violations. Opposed Hitler. P
1889-1952 - Stafford Cripps - Labour politician & ambassador. Opposed appeasement with Nazi Germany. Negotiated with Gandhi in India. P
1889-1964 - Jawaharlal Nehru - First Prime Minister of India. "Architect of the modern Indian nation-state." Father of Indira Gandhi & grandfather of Rajiv Gandhi.
1889-1968 - Pitirim Sorokin - Political activist in Russia. Then founded Dept of Sociology at Harvard. Called communism a "pest of man."
1889-1977 - Gertrude Harding - Suffragette. Moved to London in 1912. Remained as one of the highest-ranking members of the Women's Social & Political Union.
1889-1979 - A. Philip Randolph - Civil rights leader. Founded Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. Video | Museum 1970
1889-1982 - Philip Noel-Baker - Politician, diplomat & academic. Athlete. Renowned campaigner for disarmament. P 1959
1890-1935 - Kurt Tucholsky - Important journalist of Weimar Republic.
Satirist. Warned against National Socialism. His books burned by Nazis. P
1890-1967 - Herman J. Muller - Geneticist & educator. Frequently warned about radioactive fallout. 1946 1963
1890-1969 - Dwight D. Eisenhower - General & US President. Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in Europe during WW-II. Atoms for Peace in 1953.
1890-1970 - Quincy Wright - Political scientist. Pioneering work in intl law & intl relations. Wrote "A study of war" in 1942.
1890-1988 - Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan - Pashtun political & spiritual leader. Lifelong pacifist. Organized "Nonviolent Army" to oppose British rule. Grave suffers neglect. P
Harry Farr - British soldier. Executed for cowardice at age 25 during World War I. "Shot at Dawn" memorial unveiled by his daughter in 2001.
1891-1939 - Mark Gurtler - Artist. Became consciencious objector & painted anti-war "Merry Go Round" in 1916. CO
1891-1942 - Edith Stein - German-Jewish philosopher, nun, martyr & saint of the RC Church. Holocaust victim.
1891-1949 - Damaskinos Papandreou - Archbishop of Athens. Only senior churchman in Nazi occupied Europe to condemn Holocaust.
1891-1950 - José Brocca - Pacifist & humanitarian. Sought non-violent ways to resist fascism during the Spanish Civil War. P
1891-1960 - Zora Neale Hurston - Folklorist & novelist. Worked in NY, Florida, Jamaica & Honduras. Politically conservative.
1891-1971 - Reinhold Neibur - Theologian & commentator on public affairs. Archetypal intellectual of the Cold War era.
1891-1981 - Mary Parkman Peabody - Civil rights activist & civil volunteer. Mother of Massachusetts governor. Arrested in St. Augustine, FL, in 1964.
1892-1973 - Pearl S. Buck - Writer. Lived in China until 1934. Her novel The Good Earth won Pulitzer Prize in 1932. 1938
1892-1982 - Archibald MacLeish - Poet & author. Wrote "The Young Dead Soldiers Do Not Speak" about 1941.
1892-1982 - Madeleine Slade - Known as Mirabehn. Daughter of Rear-Admiral Sir Edmond Slade. Spent much of her adult life in India as a devotee of Gandhi.
1892-1984 - Martin Niemöller - Anti-Nazi theologian & Lutheran pastor. Wrote "First they came for the.." in 1946.
1892-1986 - Herbert W. Armstrong - Radio evangelist. Preached British Israelism. "Ambassador without portfolio for world peace."
1893-1918 - Wilfred Owen - Soldier. Leading poet of WW-I. Wrote on horrors of trenches & gas warfare.
1893-1970 - Vera Brittain - Writer, feminist & pacifist. Wrote "Testament of Youth" in 1933. P
1893-1971 - Daniel West - Teacher & Brethren. Conceived the Heifer Project while doing relief work in the Spanish Civil War. Called "a practical mystic." CO
1893-1988 - Spurgeon Milton Keeny - Directed UNICEF & family planning in Asia. UN relief in Italy & Russia. YMCA in Siberia, Estonia & Poland.
1894-1943 - Maria Restituta Kafka - Nun & nurse. Beheaded by Nazis. .
1894-1963 - Aldous Huxley - Writer & pre-eminent intellectual. Wrote "Brave New World" in 1932. P #9
1894-1967 - Ernest Friedrich - Created Anti-War Museum, Berlin (Germany), in 1925. Exiled to Switzerlland, Belgium & France. P
1894-1972 - Richard Nikolaus Coudenhove-Kalergi - Count, geopolitician & philosopher. Leader of Pan-Europa movement. Model for Victor Laszlo in film "Casablanca." 2012 plaque in Vienna.
1894-1977 - Pierre-Marie Theas - Resisted Nazi occupation. First Bishop President of Pax Christi in 1945.
1894-1983 - Ghanshyam Das Birla - "Dean" of Indian industry. Built Birla Mandir/Birla Temple w/Gandhi in 1939 for all people including harijan/untouchables.
1894-1986 - Lucile Atcherson - Suffragist. In France 1917-1921. First female US Foreign Service Officer 1922-1927, serving in WDC, Bern & Panama City.
1895-1961 - John T. Neufeld - CO sentenced to 15 years hard labor at Fort Levenworth. Paroled to do dairy work & released after 5 months. Mennonite pastor. CO
1895-1967 - Gladdys Muir - Brethern. Founded world's first peace studies program at Manchester College, Indiana, leading to many others.
1895-1982 - Vinova Bhave - Advocate of nonviolence & human rights. Considered to be spiritual successor of Mahatma Gandhi.
1895-1983 - R. Buckminster Fuller - Systems theorist, author, designer & futurist. Second president of Mensa. Invented the geodesic dome. 1969
1895-1986 - Jiddu Krishnamurti - Writer & speaker on philosophical & spiritual issues.
1895-2001 - Floyd Schmoe - Peace activist. Built houses in Hiroshima (1949-52) & Sadako Sasaki Peace Park in Seattle (1990). See Aki Kurose. P
1896-1968 - Trygve Lie - Labor leader. Foreign minister in London 1940-1945. 1st Secretary General of the United Nations 1946-1952.
1896-1971 - George Brock Chisholm - Medical practitioner. First Director-General of World Health Organization (WHO). Advocated religious tolerance. 1959
1896-1978 - Truus Wijsmuller-Meijer - War hero & resistance fighter. Probably 2nd greatest savior of Jews (after Raoul Wallenberg).
1896-1980 - Gaston Bouthoul - Sociologue français spécialiste du phénomčne de la guerre.
1896-1984 - Ralph T. Templin - Missionary & teacher. Acquainted with Gandhi in India, Ralph Borsodi in New York & Arthur Morgan in Ohio. P
1897-1944 - Jane Haining - Missionary. Cared for Jewish children in Budapest. Killed at Auschwitz. One of only 10 Holocaust victims from Scotland.
1897-1957 - Shoghi Effendi - Guardian of the Baha'i Faith. Developed the Baha'i World Centre in Haifa (Israel). P
1897-1972 - Lester Bowles Pearson - Organized UN Emergency Force to resolve Suez Canal Crisis. Only Canadian recipient of Nobel Peace Prize. 1957
1897-1978 - John D. MacArthur - Businessman. Created John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation for strengthening stability in Asia-Pacific region & other goals.
1897-1980 - Dorothy Day - Journalist & social activist. Co-founded Catholic Worker Movement with Peter Maurin (qv) - 1975
1897-1978 - John D. MacArthur - Businessman. Created John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation for strengthening stability in Asia-Pacific region & other goals.
1897-1993 - Marian Anderson - Celebrated Contralto. Sang at Lincoln Memorial in 1939 after DAR refused use of Constitution Hall.
1897-2001 - Shidzue Kato - Feminist. One of first women elected to Diet. Pioneer in birth control movement & strong supporter of labour reform.
1898-1940 - Hermann Stohr - Pacifist & anti-Nazi resistance fighter. P
1898-1964 - Leo Szilard - Atomic scientist. Drafted Einstein letter warning President Truman about German A-bomb in 1939. 1960
1898-1967 - Chief Albert Lutuli - Anti-apartheid movement (South Africa). 1960
1898-1970 - Erich Maria Remarque - Wrote anti-war "All Quiet on the Western Front" in 1929 & Three Comrades in 1936.
1898-1976 - Paul Robeson - Athelete, concert singer & actor. Social justice activist. Recd Stalin Peace Prize in 1952.
1898-1987 - Septima Poinsette Clark - Educator & activist. Ran literacy & citizenship workshops. Known as "Queen mother" or "Grandmother of American Civil Rights Movement."
1898-1990 - Hugo Enomiya Lassalle - Missionary. Built Memorial Cathedral for World Peace in Hiroshima in 1954.
1898-1993 - Edwin H. Wilson - Unitarian minister. Helped write both the Humanist Manifesto I of 1933 & the Humanist Manifesto II of 1973. 1979
Johann Nobis - Conscientious objector. Executed in Plötzensee Prison (Berlin, Germany) with five other Jehovah's Witnesses. CO
1899-1968 - Aldo Capitini - Philosopher, poet, political activist, anti-Fascist & educator. Known as the "Italian Gandhi." First used international peace flag in 1961.
1899-1977 - Alice Franklin Bryant - Peace activist, world traveler, prolific writer & lecturer. Inturned in Phlipppines during WW-II.
1899-1981 - Howard Thurman - Theologian & civil rights leader. Dean of Theology & chapels at Howard & Boston Univs. Taught MLK, Jr.
1899-1992 - Friedrich Hayek - Economist & philosopher. Defended classical liberalism & free-market capitalism. 1974 with Gunnar Myrdal
1899-1995 - Ryoichi Sasakawa - Businessman & kuromaku (power broker). Known throughout Africa for his wide-ranging philanthropic programs.
1900-1940 - Rudolf Redlinghofer - Jehovah's Witness draft resister. Executed in Plotzensee Prison. Rehabilited in 1998.
1900-1958 - Josei Toda - 2nd president of Soka Gakkai. See Tsunesaburo Makiguchi.
1900-1959 - Raphael Lemkin - Lawyer. Proposed defending peace through criminal law. Coined the word genocide in 1944.
1900-1965 - Adlai Stevenson - US representative to UN. Two-time Democratic candidate for president of the US.
1900-1980 - Erich Fromm - Humanistic philosopher & democratic socialist. Wrote "The Fear of Freedom" in 1941. 1966
1900-1982 - Hudson Hoagland - Neuroendocrinologist. Helped form the Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biology in 1944. 1965
1900-1986 - Chiune (Sempo) Sugihara - Japanese vice consul in Vilnius (Lithuania) during WW-II. Saved several 1,000 Jews.
1900-1992 - Mildred Jansen Loomis - Decentralist. Successor to Ralph Borsodi (qv). Operated School of Living (SOL) in OH, MD & PA.
c1900-19?? - John Walter Clarke. - Philanthropist & trustee. With wife Maude donated Clarke Peace Memorial (Pro Patria et Pace) to University of Notre Dame in 1986.
Cyril of Bulgaria - Successfully resisted deportation of 1,500 Jews on March 10, 1943. Later named Patriarch of Bulgaria.
1901-1975 - Eisaku Sato. PM 1964-72. Persuaded US to return Okinawa. Only Japanese to receive Nobel Peace Prize. 1974 with Sean MacBride
1901-1978 - Margaret Mead - Cultural anthropologist. Featured writer & speaker. Wrote "Coming of Age in Samoa" in 1928.
1901-1982 - René Jules Dubos - French-born microbiologist. Pulitzer Prize for "So Human An Animal." Said "Think globally, act locally."
1901-1990 - Harry Bridges - Union leader. Led Intl Longshore & Warehouse Union (ILWU) over 40 years. Prosecuted in 1930s, 1940s & 1950s.
1901-1990 - Fritz Eichenberg - Illustrator. His work concerned religion, social justice & nonviolence.
1901-1994 - Linus Pauling - Chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author & educator. Recd 2 Nobel Prizes. 1954 1961 1962 1962
1902-1967 - Langston Hughes - Poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, & columnist. Best known for work during Harlem Renaissance.
1902-1979 - Jayaprakash (JP) Narayan - Gandhian independence activist & political leader. Led opposition to Indira Gandhi.
1902-1983 - Eric Hoffer - Moral & social philosopher. Wrote "The True Believer" (1951). "The Ordeal of Change," & 10 other books.
1902-1986 - Alva Myrdal - Supported disarmament. Wife of Gunner Myrdal. 1982 with Alfonso Garcia Robles 1988 Posthumous
1902-1987 - Carl Rogers - Psychologist. A founder of the humanistic approach to psychology & of psychotherapy research 1964
1902-1988 - Edita Toll Morris - Peace activist. Wrote "The Flowers of Hiroshima" in 1959.
1902-1990 - Elizabeth Evans Baker - Subject of "Peace is Everybody's Business" by Marta Daniels (1999).
1902-1995 - Corliss Lamont - Socialist philosopher. Advocate of various left-wing & civil liberties causes. Chaired National Council of American-Soviet Friendship. 1977
1902-1998 - Bert Bissell - Mountain climber & peace campaigner. Created Peace Cairn on Ben Nevis in Scotland on VJ-Day 1945.
1902-1999 - Tomin Harada - Medical doctor & peace activist. Led the "Hiroshima Maidens" to USA in 1955.
1902-2001 - Mortimer Adler - Philosopher, educator & popular author. Wrote "How to Think About War & Peace" in 1944.
1903-1971 - Ralph Bunche - Political scientist & diplomat. Mediated in Palestine. First person of color to receive Nobel Prize. 1950 1963
1903-1985 - Maude C. Clarke. - Nurse & philanthropist. With husband John donated Clarke Peace Memorial (Pro Patria et Pace) to University of Notre Dame in 1986.
1903-1986 - Ella Baker - Civil rights & human rights activist beginning in the 1930's. Helped found Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
1903-1988 - Hiram Bingham IV - US Vice Consul in Marseille (France). Helped >2,500 Jews flee as Nazi forces advanced.
1903-1988 - Benjamin Spock - Pediatrician. Wrote "Baby & Child Care" in 1946. 1968
1903-1991 - Lester A. Kirkendall - Sociologist. Pioneer of sex education. Drafted American Humanist Association's "Bill of Sexual Rights & Responsibilities." 1983
1903-1994 - Yeshayahu Leibowitz - MD & polymath. For separation of religion & state. Said occupation would cause Israel's moral stature to decline.
1904-1942 - Lidia Zamenhof - Youngest daughter of Ludwig (qv). Promoted Esperanto, Homaranismo & Bahá'í Faith.
Taught in USA. Murdered at Treblinka.
1904-1961 - Marcel Junod - Field delegate of International Committee of the Red Cross. See monument in Hiroshima.
1904-1967 - John Courtney Murray - Jesuit priest & theologian. Helped draft & promote "Declaration on World Peace" in 1943. CO
1904-1980 - Hans Morgenthau - Academic critic of US foreign policy. Wrote Politics Among Nations: Struggle for Power & Peace in 1948.
1904-1981 - Emery Reves - Writer, publisher & world federalist. Literary agent of Winston Churchill. Wrote "The Anatomy of Peace" in 1945.
1904-1981 - Federick Lewis Schuman - Professor of history at Williams College. Political scientist. Analyst of international relations
1904-1984 - C. Maxwell Stanley - Engineer, entrepreneur, philanthropist, peace activist & world citizen. Funded the Stanley Foundation, an intl relations think tank, in Muscatine, Iowa.
1904-1988 - Sean MacBride President of Intrnational Peace Bureau 1974-1985. 1974 with Eisaku Sato
1904-1990 - B. F. Skinner - Behaviorist, author, inventor, social philosopher & poet. "Most influential psychologist of the 20th century." 1972
1904-1993 - William Shirer - Journalist, war correspondent & historian. Wrote "The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich" in October 1960.
1904-1995 - Helen Knothe Nearing. Wife of Scott Nearing with whom she co-authored "Living the Good Life" in 1954.
1904-1998 - Mary Calderone - Physician. Advocate for sexual education. Medical director of Planned Parenthood. 1974 w/Joseph Fletcher
1904-2005 - George F. Kennan - "Dove" in US government. Received Albert Einstein Peace Prize. 1981
1904-2012 - Atonio Dobrowolski - Teacher. Taught defiance of Nazi occupation. Oldest known survivor of Auschwitz death camp.
1905-1935 - Gareth Jones - Journalist. Revealed Ukrainian Famine of 1932-33 (Holodomor) to Western world. Killed in Japanese-occupied Manchukuo (by Russian agents?).
1905-1961 - Dag Hammarskjöld - UN Secretary General 1953-1961. Born as his father helped negotiate dissolution of union between Sweden & Norway. 1961
1905-1964 - Vasily Grossman - Writer & journalist. Exposed starvation in Soviet Ukraine. Saw many WW-II battles & Nazi camps. Wrote the novel "Life & Fate" in 1959.
1905-1967 - Charles Coward - Soldier captured during WW-II. Rescued Jews. Smuggled himself into Auschwitz. Testified at Nuremberg trial.
1905-1968 - Shinzo Hamai - Mayor of Hiroshima 1947-1955 & 1959-1967. Created Hiroshima's image as a city of peace.
1905-1972 - Chiyoji Nakagawa - Mayor of Uwajima (Shikoku Island). Gave Japanese Peace Bell to United Nations in 1954.
1905-1976 - Dalton Trumbo - Screenwriter & novelist. One of the Hollywood Ten. Monument in Boulder, Colorado.
1905-1982 - Canon John Collins - Anglican clergyman. Helped found Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in 1957.
1905-1984 - Dorothy Hewitt Hutchinson - AFSC published her "A Call to Peace Now: A Message to the Society of Friends" in l943. Helped start the Peace Now Movement.
1905-1990 - Myles Horton - Founded Highlander Research & Education Center in 1932. Husband of Zilphia Horton (qv).
1905-1991 - Joseph Fletcher - Bioethicist involved with abortion, infanticide, euthanasia, eugenics & cloning. Founded "situational ethics." 1974 w/Mary Calderone
1905-1995 - Senator J. William Fulbright - US senator 1945-1974. Staunch multilateralist. Created Fulbright scholarships in 1946. 1993
1905-1995 - Margaret E. Kuhn - Activist. Founded the Gray Panthers in 1970 to work for rights & welfare of the elderly. 1978
1905-1997 - Viktor E. Frankl - Neurologist & psychiatrist. Holocaust survivor. Founded logotherapy. See "Statue of Responsibility."
1905-1999 - Ashley Montagu - Anthropologist & humanist. Popularized topics such as race & gender & their relation to politics & development. 1995
1906-1945 - Dietrich Bonhoeffer - Theologian & pacifist. Lived twice in NY City & once in London. Nazi resister & Holocaust victim. P
1906-1975 - Hannah Arendt - "Political theorist." Fled to USA in 1941 on visa issued by Hiram Bingham IV (qv). Wrote "The Origins of Totalitarianism" in 1951.
1906-1984 - Hilda Murrell - Rose grower. Campaigned against nuclear energy & weapons. Murdered mysteriously.
1906-1985 - Bert Röling - Jurist. Founder of Dutch polemology. On Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal 1946-1948. Helped found Intl Peace Research Association in 1964.
1906-1993 - Albert Bigelow - Freedom rider in 1961. Click here for peace monuments related to boats.
1906-1999 - Nikkyo Niwano - Helped found Rissho Kosei Kai Buddhist order in 1938.
1906-2005 - Hans Bethe - Manhattan Project physicist. For Partial Test Ban Treaty & peaceful use of nuclear energy. 1967 1992
1906-Alive - Edgar Wayburn - Environmentalist. Five time president of the Sierra Club. 1995
1907-1943 - Franz Jägerstätter - Nazis executed. RC Church beatified in 2007. Monuments in Austria, Germany & USA (Philadephia).
1907-1944 - Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg - Army officer. Central figure of Resistance movement within the Wehrmacht.
1907-1945 - Helmuth James Graf von Moltke - Jurist. Resisted Hitler. Home is now Conference Center for European Understanding.
1907-1964 - Rachel Carson - Marine biologist & nature writer. Wrote "The Sea Around Us" in 1951 & "Silent Spring" in 1962.
1907-1972 - Abraham Joshua Heschel - Rabbi & widely read Jewish conservative theologian. Marched with MLK in Selma in 1965.
1907-1989 - I. F. Stone - Investigative journalist. Best remembered for his self-published newsletter, I. F. Stone's Weekly.
1907-1990 - William R. Huntington. Architect. American Friends Service Committee activist. Sailed on "Golden Rule" to protest US nuclear tests.
1907-2002 - Astrid Lindgren - Author & screenwriter. World's 18th most translated author.
1907-1995 - U Nu - Burma Prime Minister 1948-56, 1957-58 & 1960-62. Built Kaba Aye/World Peace Pagoda in 1952.
1907-1997 - Katherine (Kit) Tremaine - Author, philanthropist & anti-war activist. Creaed Sunflower Foundation. On Nixon's enemies list.
1907-2007 - Ralph K.White Wrote "Fearful Warriors: A Psychological Profile of U.S.-Soviet Relations" in 1984.
1908-1951 - Takashi Nagai - Doctor & writer. Survivor of the Nagasaki A-bomb. "Saint of Urakami."
1908-19?? - Lawrence Scott - "Radical Quaker." Co-founded CNVA in 1957, AQAG in 1966 & MNS in 1971.
1908-1970 - Abraham H. Maslow - Professor of psychology. Created "Maslow's hierarchy of needs." 1967
1908-1974 - Oskar Schindler - Industrialist credited with saving over 1,100 Jews. Buried in Israel. Subject of the film "Schindler's List."
1908-1981 - Catherine T. MacArthur - Wife & business partner of John D. MacArthur (qv). Co-founder of John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.
1908-1981 - Peace Pilgrim (Mildred Lisette Norman) - Pacifist, vegetarian & peace activist. Walked 28 years for peace. P Posthumous
1908-1983 - Jean Lasserre - Peace theologian. Felowship of Reconciliation. Wrote "War & the Gospel." Influenced Bonhoeffer (qv).
1908-1986 - Dana McLean Greeley - 1st pres. of UUA 1961. Helped found World Conf. of Religions for Peace in 1970.
1908-1993 - Sam Levering - Orchardist. See "Citizen Action for Global Change: Neptune Group & Law of the Sea." Husband of Miriam Levering (qv).
1908-1993 - Tadeusz Pankiewicz - Rescued Jews in Krakow. One of 6,125 Polish "Righteous Among the Nations."
1908-2000 - Julia Pirotte - Photojournalist known for work with French Resistance. Covered 1948 World Congress of Intellectuals for Peace in Wroclaw. Click here.
1908-2003 - Edward Schempp - Sued in 1963 to end prayer in public schools. Father of Ellery Schempp.
1908-2005 - Joseph Rotblat - Manhattan Project scientist. SecGen of Pugwash Confs 1957-1973. See video. 1992 P 1995
1908-2005 - Simon Wiesenthal - "Nazi hunter" in Linz & Vienna. Click here for peace monuments related to the Holocaust.
1908-2006 - John Kenneth Galbraith - Keynesian economist. public intellectural. Author & bureaucrat. US ambassador to India. 1985
1909-1943 - Simone Weil - Philosopher, Christian mystic & social activist. P
1909-1944 - Adam von Trott zu Solz - Lawyer & diplomat. Played central role July 20 Plot against Hitler . Plaque in Postdam.
1909-1972 - Saul Alinsky - Founded modern community organizing. "One of the great leaders of the nonsocialist left."
1909-1974 - U Thant - Diplomat. Secretary of 1st Asian–African summit (Bandung 1955). 3rd Secretary General of the United Nations 1961-1971.
1909-1990 - Lotta Hitschmanova - Journalist. Wanted by Nazis. Founded Unitarian Service Committee of Canada.
1909-1997 - Virginia d'Albert-Lake - Hero of the French Resistance. Freed from Ravensbrück concentration camp.
1909-2002 - Marion Gräfin Dönhoff - Journalist & intellectual. Member of anti-Nazi resistance.
1909-2011 - Milton Rogovin - Photographer. Father of Mark Rogovin (qv).
August Dickmann - First conscientious objector executed by the Nazis in Germany during World War II. CO
1910-1956 - Zilphia Horton - Civil rights activist & folklorist. Wife of Myles Horton (qv).
1910-1969 - Father Georges Pire - Helped Displaced Persons. Founded L'Université de Paix in 1960. 1958
1910-1989 - Larry Mellon - Philanthropist & physician. Son of financier William Larimer Mellon. Co-founded Hôpital Albert Schweitzer Haiti in 1956.
1910-1991 - Alfred Hassler - Executive Director, Fellowship of Reconcilation. P
1910-1993 - Glenn Smiley - Methodist minister & civil right activist. Field secretary for Fellowship of Reconciliation.
1910-1993 - Kenneth E. Boulding - Educator, peace activist & cofounder of General Systems Theory. Husband of Elise M. Boulding.
1910-1993 - Leo Pfeffer - Scholar, humanist & lawyer. Supported religious freedom in the USA. 1988
1910-1994 - Dorothy Hodgkin - Chemist. Developed protein crystallography. Presdient 1976-88 of Pugwash which received 1995 Nobel Peace Prize.
1910-1997 - Mother Teresa - Albanian nun. Founded Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta. Click here for Wikipedia biography. 1979 1985 Year?
1910-1998 - Earle Reynolds - Constructed the "Phoenix of Hiroshima." Husband of Barbard Leonard Reynolds (qv).
1910-2008 - Irena Sendler - Smuggled 2,500 Jewish children out of the Warsaw Ghetto.
1910-2010 - Doris "Granny D" Haddock - Politician & liberal political activist. Walked over 3,200 miles to advocate for campaign finance reform.
19??-Alive - Gerald A. Larue - Professor of religion. Member Academie Intl. d'Humanisme. Wrote "Playing God" & "Freethought Across the Centuries." 1989
1911-1960 - Krishnalal Shridharani - Gandhian. On Salt March in 1930. Wrote "War Without Violence" in 1939. Influenced CORE.
1911-1972 - Paul Goodman - Sociologist, poet, writer, anarchist & public intellectual. Activist on the pacifist left. P
1911-1986 - Robert LeFevre - Libertarian businessman, pacifist & radio personality. Primary theorist of autarchism. P #10
1911-1990 - Le Duc Tho - Signed Paris Peace Accords in 1973. Declined Nobel Peace Prize. 1973 with Henry Kissinger
1911-1991 - Alfonso Garcia Robles - Diplomat. Caused Treaty of Tlatelolco (nuclear-free zone in Latin America). 1982 with Alva Myrdal
1911-1996 - Bruno Hussar - Founded Neve Shalom/Wahat al-Salam/Oasis of Peace, a Christian/Muslim/Jewish village near Latrun (Israel).
1911-1998 - Sam Marcy - Marxist. Co-founded the Workers World Party in 1959. Helped organize first demonstration in USA against the Vietnam War.
1911-1999 - Mary Morain - Therapist, social reformer & secular humanist. Co-author with her husband of "Humanism As The Next Step." 1994 w/Lloyd Morain
1911-2000 - Gwen Grant Mellon - Hospital administrator. With her second husband Larry Mellon (qv), founded Hôpital Albert Schweitzer Haiti in 1956. 2000
1911-2004 - Czeslaw Milosz - Writer & translator. Wrote The World. Wrote The Captive Mind in 1953. Nobel Prize in Literature in 1980.
1911-2007 - Anatol Rapoport - Mathematical psychologist. Contributed to general systems theory & social modeling.
1911-2010 - Lucile Longview - "Liberation feminist, futurist & change agent." UU Women & Religion Resolution in 1977.
1912-1963 - Greigoris Lambrakis - Politician, track & field athlete & medical school faculty member. Assassinated at anti-war meeting in Thessaloniki. P
1912-1986 - Sidney Lens - Labor leader & political activist. Best knows for his book "The Day Before Doomsday" (1977) about nuclear annihilation. #12
1912-1987 - Bayard Rustin - Leader in social movements for civil rights, socialism, pacifism, non-violence & gay rights. P
1912-1947 - Raoul Wallenberg - Architect & diplomat. Rescued Jews from the Holocaust in Budapest in 1944. Many monuments.
1912-1969 - Clarence Jordan - Founded Koinonia Farm near Americus, Georgia (USA), in 1942. 2008
1912-1991 - Jean Goss - Evangelical advocate of nonviolence.
1912-1992 - Karl Duetsch - Social & political scientist. Studied war & peace, nationalism, co-operation & communication.
1912-1993 - H. Charles Grawemeyer - Industrialist, entrepreneur, investor & philanthropist. Created Grawemeyer Awards at University of Louisville, Kentucky (USA).
1912-1996 - Marion Coddington Bromley - Secretary of A.J. Muste [qv]. Tax resistance & civil rights activist. Married Ernest Bromley [qv]. Arrested desegregating Coney Island in 1952.
1912-1997 - Ernest Bromley - Minister. Civil rights & peace activist. Founding member of Freedom Riders, tax resistance movement & Peacemakers. Married Marion Bromley [qv] in 1948."
1912-2000 - David Brower - Founded Friends of the Earth & many other environmentalist organizations.
1912-2006 - Vashti McCollum - Atheist or Humanist. Sued to end religious instruction in public schools. Son is John Terry McCollum.
1912-2008 - Louis (Studs) Terkel - Author, actor, broadcaster. Famous for oral histories. Won Pulitzer Prize for "The Good War: Oral History of WW-II."
1912-2010 - Dorothy I. Height - African-American civil rights activist. Received Congressional Gold Medal.
1912-2011 - Sayadaw U Thila Wunta - Buddist monk. Constructed Peace Pagodas on all continents. Also click here.
1913-1960 - Albert Camus - Author, journalist & key philosopher of the 20th century. Wrote L'Étranger/The Stranger" in 1942.
1913-1991 - Miriam Levering - Orchardist. See "Citizen Action for Global Change: Neptune Group & Law of the Sea." Wife of Sam Levering (qv).
1913-1992 - Willy Brandt - Chancellor 1969–1974. Espoused Ostpolitik to improve relations with East Germany, Poland etc. 1971
1913-1992 - Menachem Begin - Led Zionist underground. PM 1977-83. Signed peace treaty w/Egypt. 1978 w/Anwar al-Sadat
1913-1998 - William Denson - US Army lawyer. Proscecuted all Nazi war criminals in US Zone of Occupied Germany.
1913-1999 - Georgia Lloyd Berndt - World Federalist. Daughter of Lola Maverick Lloyd (qv).
1913-2005 - Rosa Parks. "Mother of the Civil Rights Movement." Sparked bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama. 1991 1996 Year?
1913-2007 - Albert Ellis - Psychologist. Developed Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) in 1955. 1971
1913-2010 - Michael Foot - Labour Party politician, journalist & author. Led first march by Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) in 1958.
1913-2010 - Helga Herz - Peace activist. Fled Germany in 1933. Received German reparations in 2000. See Helga Herz Peace Archives at Wayne State Univ.
1913-2010 - Theodore (Ted) Herman - Geography professor. Founded Peace & Conflict Studies Program (P-Con) at Colgate Univ.
1914-1985 - Gerald Holtom - Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. Designed the CND peace symbol in 1958.
1914-1993 - James Peck. Click here for peace monuments related to boats.
1914-1995 - Jonas Salk - Medical researcher & virologist. Discovered the first safe & effective polio vaccine. 1976
1914-2000 - Sister Maria Isolina Ferre Aguayo - Nun. Called "Mother Teresa of Puerto Rico." 1989
1914-2004 - Rainer Hildebrandt - Anti-communist resistance fighter. Founded Museum Haus am Checkpoint Charlie ("1st museum of intl nonviolent protest"). Wife=Alexandra Hildebrandt (qv).
1914-2006 - Harry Mister - Helped run Peace News 1936-71. Managed Housmans Bookshop in London 1945-76.
1914-2006 - Louis B. Sohn - Law Professor. Wrote "World PeaceThrough World Law" in 1958 with Greenville Clark.
1914-2008 - Ralph DiGia - Lifelong pacifist & social justice activist. Staffer at War Resisters League for 52 years. P
1914-2009 - Norman Borlaug - "Father of the Green Revolution." Video | Museum 1970 1977
1914-2010 - George Willoughby. Advocate for world peace. Click here for peace monuments related to boats. CO
1914-2010 - Theodore W. Kheel - Lawyer in New York City. Labor negotiator and arbitrator. Video
1914-2010 - Irwin Abrams. Academic expert on Nobel Peace Prize; click here for article. Collected peace stamps.
1914-Alive - Marjorie Ewbank - Peace activist. Treasurer of Peace Now Movement, NY City as of 1944. Clerk of Tract Association of Friends, Philadelphia. Wife of John Ewbank (qv).
1915-1968 - Thomas Merton - Catholic writer, social activist & student of comparative religion.
1915-1990 - Norman Cousins - "Tireless advocate of liberal causes." Subject of 1st US monument in Hiroshima in 2003. 1990
1915-1990 - Barbara Leonard Reynolds - Founded WFC & PRC. Subject of 2nd US monument in Hiroshima in 2011.
1915-2006 - Alvin Weinberg - Physicist & administrator. Manhattan Project scientist. Proposed "Sanctification of Hiroshima" in 1985. Click here for Wikipedia bio.
1915-2011 - Sargent Shriver - Statesman & activist. Founded Peace Corps, Job Corps & Head Start. Architect of War on Poverty. US Amb to France.
1915-2012 - John McConnell - Founded Earth Day, the Earth Day Proclamation, the Earth Day Flag & International Day of Peace (Sept. 21).
1915-2012 - Albert Otto Hirschman - Economist. Wrote "Exit, Voice, and Loyalty" & "The Rhetoric of Reaction: Perversity, Futility, Jeopardy."
1915-Alive - Joseph Abileah - Israel’s first conscientious objector. Biography by Anthony Bing. P CO
1915-Alive - John Burton - Helped found International Peace Research Association in 1964.
George Maduro - Student & army officer. Nazi resister. Madurodam Miniature City in The Hague is named for him.
1916-1962 - Tom Slick - Texas busnessman. Wrote "Permanent Peace: A Check and Balance Plan" in 1958.
1916-1980 - Masahisa Goi - Philosopher & peace campaigner. Wrote >30 books. Created "May Peace Prevail on Earth" & Peace Poles.
1916-1993 - Homer A. Jack - Secretary General of World Conference of Religions for Peace 1970-1983.
1916-1994 - Hind al-Husseini - Educator & feminist. Rescued 55 orphans of Deir Yassin massacre in 1948. Started orphanage & women's college.
1916-1999 - H. Stuart Hughes - History prof & activist. Applied psychoanalysis to history. Opposed Ted Kennedy for Senate. Co-chair of SANE w/Dr. Benjamin Spock.
1916-1994 - Takeshi Araki - Mayor of Hiroshima 1975-1991. Founded Mayors for Peace in 1982.
1916-2002 - Stephen G. Cary - American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) administrator. Ran CO camps & European relief. P CO 1947
1916-2006 - Adam Curle - Peace activist. First professor of Peace Studies at the University of Bradford (England).
1916-2006 - Anton Rupert - Billionaire entrepreneur. Founded Peace Parks Foundation (PPF) to promote transfrontier conservation areas (peace parks) in Southern Africa.
1916-2012 - John R. Ewbank - Lawyer, communitarian, world federalist & decentralist. Wrote "A History of the World Government Movement" about 2001.
1917-1963 - John F. Kennedy - US senator 1953-1960 & president 1961-1963. Created
Peace Corps in 1961.
1917-1977 - Fannie Lou Hamer. Civil rights activist. Democratic delegate. Click here for peace monuments in Alabama (USA).
1917-1980 - Bishop Oscar Romero - "Unofficial patron saint of the Americas & El Salvador."
1917-1984 - Barbara Deming - Writer. Gandhian. Open lesbian. "Created a body of non-violent theory centered on the women's movement." #2
1917-2000 - Ion Ratiu - Outspoken critic of Nicolae Ceausescu [1918-1989]. Lived many years in London as elected leader of World Union of Free Romanians.
1917-2004 - Seymour Melman - Professor of industrial engineering & operations research. Wrote extensively for 50 years on "economic conversion" from military to civilian production.
1917-2010 - Lloyd Morain - Businessman, philanthropist, writer, environmentalist & film producer. Pres of Am Humanist Assn. 1994 w/Mary Morain
1917-2012 - Barry Commoner - Professor & environmentalist. Wrote "The Closing Circle" & "The Poverty of Power." Ran for president in 1980.
Hans Scholl - Student. Opposed Hilter in non-violent White Rose resistance group. Executed with his sister Sophie.
1918-1981 - Anwar al-Sadat - Visited Israel. Signed Camp David Accords in 1978. 1978 w/Menachem Begin 1984 Posthumous
1918-1986 - Sr. Corita Kent - Artist & educator. Artwork particularly popular during social upheavals in 1960s & 1970s. Designed the 1985 annual "love" stamp.
1918-1994 - Oka Masaharu - Protestant minister. Helped Korean A-bomb victims. Oka Masaharu Memorial Peace Museum in 1995.
1918-1997 - Cheddi Jagen - Politician. Leader of opposition during Burnham regime. Husband of Janet Rosenburg Jagen (qv). President of Guyana 1992-1997.
1918-2000 - Morris Abram - Lawyer, civil rights activist & president of Brandeis University. Father of Ruth J. Abram (founder of ICSC).
1918-2002 - Elisabeth Mann-Borgese - "Mother of the Law of the Sea Treaty" (1982). Daughter of Thomas Mann.
1918-2003 - Robert Swann - Anti-nuclear communitarian. Created EF Schumacher Soc & Voluntown Peace Trust. See autobio & wife Marjorie Swann Edwin. CO
1918-2007 - Kurt Waldheim - Wehrmacht intelligence officer during WW-II (causing controversy in 1985). Diplomat. 4th UN Secretary General 1972-1981.
1918-2008 - Maharishi Mahesh Yogi - Guru. Developed Transcendental Meditation (TM) & Global Country of World Peace (GCWP). Lives in Fairfield, Iowa.
1918-2013 - Nelson Mandela - Anti-apartheid activist. Pres of S.Africa 1994-99. 1993 w/F.W.de Klerk 2000 2002
1918-Alive - Gordon Kiyoshi Hirabayashi - Conscientious objector. Lost case against Japanese internment in 1943 but exonerated in 1987. CO
Mordechai Abniewicz - Instrumental in the first act of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Subject of monuments in Israel & Poland.
1919-1943 - Kristaq Tutulani - Student & Communist. Captured in anti-Nazi resistance with sister Margarite. Shot & hanged at age 24.
1919-1957 - Lewis Hill - Co-founder of first listener-supported US radio station & Pacifica Radio network. Committed suicide. CO
1919-1995 - William Kunstler - Self-described "radical lawyer" & civil rights activist. Co-founder of Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR).
1919-1995 - Madalyn Murray O'Hair - Atheist activist. Founded American Atheists. Sued to end official Bible-reading in public schools. Murdered.
1919-2000 - Pierre Trudeau - Prime Minister of Canada 1968-79 & 1980-84. Worked for peace. 1984
1919-2001 - James W. Bristah - Founded Swords Into Plowshares Peace Center & Gallery, Detroit, Michigan (USA), in 1986.
1919-2006 - Desmond Doss - Seventh Day Adventist. First US conscientious objector to receive Medal of Honor & one of only three so honored. CO
1919-2010 - Gene Knudsen Hoffman - Counselor, poet, actress, writer & international peacemaker. Founded Compassionate Listening.
1919-2010 - Bill Sutherland - Pacifist & liberation advocate. "Unofficial ambassador between Africa & the Americas for over 50 years." P
1919-2013 - Doris Lessing - Novelist, poet, playwright, librettist, biographer & short story writer. Awarded Nobel Prize in Literature. 2007
1919-2014 - Pete Seeger - Iconic folk singer & social activist. Rang Japanese Peace Bell at United Nations headquarters in 19___. #11c
1919-Alive - Frances Crowe - Peace activist pacifist from the Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts.
1919-Alive - Walter Isard - Principal founder of Regional Science & a main founder of Peace Science.
Isaac Asimov - Biochemist & humanist. Wrote >500 books & about 90,000 letters. One of the "Big Three" science fiction writers.
1920-1997 - Benno Premsela - Designer. Helped form world's first gay rights organization (COC) in 1946. Came out on TV in 1964.
1920-1998 - Bella Savitsky Abzug - Lawyer, Congresswoman, social activist. Founded National Women's Political Caucus w/Gloria Steinem & Betty Friedan in 1971.
c1920-c1998 - Harold Josephson - Prof of History, Univ of North Carolina Charlotte. Published "Biographical dictionary of modern peace leaders" in 1985.
1920-1999 - James L. Farmer, Jr. - Co-founded Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) in 1942. 1998
c1920-2002 - Kenneth McCaleb - Flew B-17's over Germany & did nuclear work in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Donated $150,000 in 1998 to establish the "McCaleb Initiative for Peace."
1920-2005 - Pope John Paul II - See monument commemorating his Appeal for Peace in Hiroshima (Japan).
1920-2006 - Peter Brock - Peace historian at University of Toronto. Specialized in history of pacifism & Eastern Europe. CO P
1920-2009 - Janet Rosenburg Jagen - American from Chicago. Wife of Cheddi Jagen (qv). President of Guyana 1997-1999.
c1920-2009 - Kimani Maruge - Mau Mau freedom fighter. Holds Guinness World Record as oldest person to start primary school (at age 84). Spoke to United Nations.
1920-2010 - Elise M. Boulding - Important scholar & activist in multiple fields. Wife of Kenneth Boulding (qv). Year?
1920-Alive - Javier Pérez de Cuéllar - Diplomat. 5th Secretary General of the United Nations 1982-1991. Member of Club de Madrid.
1920-Alive - Benjamin Ferencz - Lawyer. US Army Prosecutor of Einsatzgruppen in Nuremberg at age 26. Vocal advocate of Intl Criminal Court in The Hague.
1920-Alive - Thomas Szasz - Psychiatrist. Criticized modern medicine. Co-founded Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCHR). 1973
Sophie Scholl - Student. Opposed Hilter in non-violent White Rose resistance group. Executed with her brother Hans.
1921-1989 - Andrei Sakharov - Nuclear physicist. Dissident & human rights advocate. Husband of Yelena Bonner (qv). 1975 1980
1921-1990 - William Appleman Williams - Revisionist historian of American diplomacy. Called "the favorite historian of the Middle American New Left."
1921-1992 - Alex Haley - Author. Wrote "The Autobiography of Malcolm X" in 1965 & "Roots" in 1976. See monuments in GA, MD & TN.
1921-1997 - Paulo Freire - Educator & theorist of critical pedagogy. Wrote "Pedagogy of the Oppressed" in 1970. Published conversation with Myles Horton (qv).
1921-2005 - Peter Benenson - Lawyer. Founded Amnesty International in 1961. Coined term Prisoner of Conscience.
1921-2006 - Betty Friedan - Feminist activist. Wrote "The Feminine Mystique." Founded NOW & Women's Strike for Equality. 1975 w/Henry Morgentaler
1921-2011 - Matthew J. Perry - First Black from Deep South to be Federal judge. (Born in Columbia, SC. Appointed by Jimmy Carter.)
1921-2012 - Young Seek Choue - Founding chancellor of Kyung Hee University (1949). Founder of university's Graduate Institute of Peace Studies (1984).
1921-Alive - Garry Davis - Peace activist. Renounced US citizenship in Paris in 1948. Created first "World Passport." Began "World Citizen Radio" at age 91.
1921-Alive - Daniel Berrigan - RC priest, peace activist & Christian anarchist. Brother of Philip Berrigan (qv).
1921-Alive - Gene Glick. Real estate "mogul." With wife Marilyn built Glick Peace Walk in Indianapolis ("a homage to peace in a city whose icon is Soldiers’ & Sailors’ Monument").
1921-Alive - Macy Morse - Peace activist. Helped create NH People Concerned About the War in Vietnam. Participated in Avco Plowshares. Entered office of Secretary of State in 1981.
1921-Alive - Joseph Lowery. 3rd pres. of So. Christian Leadership Conf. Husband of Evelyn Gibson Lowery (qv). 2006 2009
1921-Alive - Bernard Lown - Cardiologist. Founded Physicians for Social Responsibility & Intl Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War. 1985
1922-1992 - Ernesto Balducci - Catholic priest and peace activist.
1922-1995 - Yitzhak Rabin. - Israel PM 1974-77 & 1992-95. Signed Oslo Accords in 1993. 1994 with Yasser Arafat & Shimon Peres 1995
1922-1996 - Thomas Kuhn - Professor of the history of science. Published "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions" in 1962.
1922-2001 - Leon Sullivan - Civil rights leader & anti-Apartheid activist.
1922-2007 - Kurt Vonnegut - Writer. Wrote "Slaughterhouse-Five" in 1969. Honorary president of American Humanist Association. 1992
1922-2010 - Howard Zinn - History professor & activist. Wrote "A People's History of the US" in 1980. Worked two days before he died. Year?
1922-2011 - Fred L. Shuttlesworth - Minister & civil rights leader. Co-founded Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
1922-2012 - James Gower - Catholic priest & peace activist. Active in Pax Christi. Co-founded College of the Atlantic (1969) which teaches"human ecology."
1922-2014 - Hitoshi Motoshima - Mayor of Nagasaki 1979-95. Said Emperor Hirohito bore some responsibility for WW-II & Japan deserved atomic bombings.
1922-Alive - Boutros Boutros-Ghali - UN Secretry General 1992-1997. Issued "An Agenda for Peace" in 1992.
1922-Alive - James F. Colaianni - Author, publisher, first anti-Napalm organizer.
1923-1967 - Lorenzo Milani - Roman Catholic Priest. Educator of poor children & an advocate of conscientious objection. P CO
1923-2002 - Philip Berrigan - RC priest. Peace activist. Brother of Daniel Berrigan (qv). Married Elizabeth McAlister (qv).
1923-2009 - Ed Grothus - Machinist. Protested US atomic bombs. See monuments in Los Alamos, New Mexico (USA).
1923-2011 - Yelena Bonner - Nurse. Human rights advocate. Exiled to Gorky. Wife of Andrei Sakharov (qv).
1923-2011 - Hushang Ansary - Diplomat, businessman & philanthropist. Paid for roof (Amsary Peace Dove) of US Institute of Peace in 2011.
1923-2012 - Jozef Goldblat - Diplomat. Preeminent authority on law of arms control & disarmament. On staff of Stockholm Intl Peace Research Inst (SIPRI).
1923-2012 - Amy Swerdlow - Historian & peace activist. Director of Women’s Studies at Sarah Lawrence College. A founder of Women Strike for Peace (WSP).
1923-2014 - Nadine Gordimer - Writer & political activist. Active in anti-apartheid & HIV/AIDS causes. Received 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature.
1923-Alive - Henry Kissinger - US Secretary of State. Signed Paris Peace Accords in 1973. 1973 with Le Duc Tho
1923-Alive - Henry Morgentaler - Physician. Prominent pro-choice advocate who has fought numerous legal battles for that cause. 1975 w/Betty Friedan
1923-Alive - Robert Muller - "Philosopher of the UN." Founded UN University for Peace in 1980 in Costa Rica. Chick here for his personal website.
1923-Alive - Juanita Nelson - Activist & war tax resister. Co-founded Peacemakers in 1948. Wrote "A Matter of Freedom & Other Writings" in 1988. #11a
1923-Alive - Shimon Peres. Israel PM 3x. Supported Oslo Accords. 1994 with Yasser Arafat & Yitzhak Rabin
1924-1943 - Margarite Tutulani - Student. Captured in anti-Nazi resistance with brother Kristaq (journalist & PKSH member). Shot & hanged at age 19.
1924-1993 - E.P.Thompson - Historian, socialist & peace campaigner. Wrote "The Making of the English Working Class" in 1963.
1924-1997 - Danilo Dolci - Sociologist, educator & poet. Opposed poverty & the Mafia. Promoted non-violence. Called "The Gandhi of Sicily."
1924-2003 - Ernst B. Haas - Political scientist. Authority on international relations theory. Founder of neofunctionalism.
1924-2006 - Anne Braden - Civil rights advocate in Kentucky. Worked to desegregate hospitals & housing.
1924-2006 - Wiliam Sloane Coffin - Chaplain at Yale University. President of SANE/FREEZE (now Peace Action). 2004
1924-2008 - Pierre Weil - Psychologist, author & educator. Founded City of Peace Foundation in Brazil in 1986.
1924-2010 - Paul Conrad - LA Times political cartoonist. Syndicated worldwide. See video. Designed "Chain Reaction" (anti-nuclear mushroom cloud).
1924-2011 - Samuel Ruiz - Catholic liberation theologian. Bishop & peacemaker in Chiapas (Mexico).
1924-2012 - Paul Fussell - Cultural & literary historian, author & professor. Wrote "The Great War & Modern Memory" (1975) & other books about World Wars I & II.
1924-2012 - Robert S. Yasui - Japanese-American physician. Interned during WW-II. Erected Peace Tower in Williamsport, PA. Subject of "The Stubborn Twig" by Lauren Kessler.
1924-Alive? - Mary Berg - American citizen, Holocaust survivor & author. Witnessed Warsaw Ghetto & published book about it in 1944. Later refused interviews & disapeared.
1924-Alive - Irvin J. Borowsky - Publisher & philanthropist. Founded National Liberty Museum in Philadelphia in 2000.
1924-Alive - Jimmy Carter - Navy officer, peanut farmer & Georgia Governor. 39th US President. Founded Carter Center 1982. 1987 1994 1999 2002
1924-Alive - C. T. Vivian - Minister, author & close friend & lieutenant of Martin Luther King, Jr., during Civil Rights Movement.
1924-Alive - Gerda Weissmann Klein - Author, humanitarian, historian & inspirational speaker. Holocaust survivor. Academy Award. Pres Medal of Freedom 2011.
1925-1965 - Viola Liuzzo - Civil rights volunteer. Murdered just after voting rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama.
1925-1968 - Robert F. Kennedy - US attorney general 1961-1954 & senator 1965-1968. Assassinated while running for president in 1968
1925-1989 - John T. Walker - First African American bishop of Episcopal Diocese of Washington, DC. Arrested while protesting apartheid at South African Embassy.
1925-1998 - Aki Kurose - Japanese-American educator in Seattle. Pacifist & peace activist, Inturned during WW-II. See Floyd Schmoe. P
1925-2006 - Sidney Hinkes - Priest & peace campaigner. Became pacifist during 1956 Suez War in 1956. In first Aldermaston March (1958). Became chair of Christian CND in 1964. P
1925-2009 - Kim Dae-jung - President of South Korea 1998-2003, Called "Nelson Mandela of Asia." 2000
1925-2011 - Frank Kameny - Led "Herculean struggle" after being fired in 1957 for being gay. Filed 1st civil rights claim based on sexual orientation.
1925-2012 - Paul Kurtz - Philosophy professor & skeptic. "Father of secular humanism." Founded Council for Secular Humanism. Edited Free Inquiry magazine. See Tom Flynn.
1926-1987 - Margaret Laurence - Novelist. Outspoken supporter of peace, women's rights & other progressive causes.
1926-1997 - Allen Ginsberg - Poet. Leading figure of Beat Generation & counterculture. Opposed militarism, economic materialism & sexual repression. Wrote "Howl." #11b
1926-2001 - Samuel H. Day, Jr. - Journalist. Free speech & anti-nuclear activist. Founded Nukewatch. "We shall overcome Sam Day."
1926-1990 - Ralph Abernathy - Civil rights movement (USA).
1926-2012 - Jesse Hill, Jr. - Cvil rights leader, business executive & actuary. Confidant of Martin Luther King, Jr. Helped desegregate Georgia University System.
1926-2012 - Sr. Anne Montgomery, RSCJ - Christian Peacemaker Teams (CPT), original Plowshares 8 at King of Prussia 1980 & Disarm Now Plowshares at Trident sub base 2009.
1926-Alive - Jim Bohlen. - Engineer. Peace activist in British Columbia (Canada). Helped found Greenpeace.
1926-Alive - Thich Nhat Hanh - Monk, teacher, author, poet & peace activist now based in France. Year?
1926-Alive - Sanford Gottlieb - Executive Director of SANE (now Peace Action).
1926-Alive - Frieda Menco - Knew Anne Frank in Amsterdam, Westerbork & Auschwitz. Interviewed in "Amsterdam" by Russell Shorto.
1926-Alive - Peter G. Peterson - Businessman, investment banker, fiscal conservative, author & politician. Founded Peter G. Peterson Foundation in 2008.
1927-1986 - Olof Palme - Two-term prime minister. UN mediator in Iran–Iraq War. Steadfast in non-alignment & against apartheid in South Africa. Assassinated.
1927-1989 - Edward Abbey - Author. "Thoreau of the American West."
1927-1993 - César Chávez - Labor leader & civil rights activist. Co-founded National Farm Workers Association. Husband of Helen Chávez (qv). 1989
1927-1997 - John Howard Yoder - Mennonite theologian, ethicist, Bible professor at Goshen College, radical pacifist. Wrote "The Politics of Jesus" in 1972. P
1927-2006 - Coretta Scott King - Wife of Martin Luther King, Jr. 1991
1927-2008 - Abie Nathan - Humanitarian & peace activist. Operated Voice of Peace radio station offshore Tel Aviv 1973-1993.
1927-2012 - Larry Ross - Founded NZ Nuclear Weapon Free Zone Cte in 1981, achieving 105 nuclear free zones & leading to the Nuclear Free Zone Act of 1987.
1927-2013 - Evelyn Gibson Lowery. Wife of Joseph Lowery (qv). Erected many civil rights monuments.
1927-Alive - Carl Coon - Foreign Service Officer. US Ambassador to Nepal. VP of American Humanist Association. Essayist. 2013
1927-Alive - Simone Veil - Politician. Survivor of Auschwitz. Honorary President of Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Shoah.
1928-1944 - Petr Ginz - Wrote an Esperanto-Czech dictionary. Gassed at Auschwitz age 16. His moon drawing carried aboard Space Shuttle Columbia.
1928-1985 - William Stringfellow - Lawyer, lay theologian & social activist. Harbored fugitive Daniel Berrigan (qv).
1928-2003 - Joan B. Kroc - Philanthropist. Third wife of McDonald's founder Ray Kroc. Endowed institutes for peace studies at Universities of Notre Dame & San Diego.
1928-2007 - Sherwin T. Wine - Rabbi. Founded first congregation of Humanistic Judaism in 1963 & Society for Humanistic Judaism in 1969. 2003
1928-2014 - Shirley Temple Black - Child movie star from 1932. US ambassador to Ghana 1974-1976 & Czechoslovakia 1989-1992.
1928-2014 - Maya Angelou - Poet. Wrote "I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings" (1969) & 6 other autobiographies.
1928-Alive - Blase Bonpane. Activist. Former Maryknoll priest. Co-founded Office of the Americas with wife Theresa in 1983.
1928-Alive - Hans Blix - Diplomat & Liberal People's Party politician. Head of UN Weapons Monitoring, Verification & Inspection Commission 2000-2003.
1928-Alive - Helen Fabela Chávez - Labor activist. Arrested four times. Wife of César Chávez [1927-1993] (qv).
1928-Alive - Noam Chomsky - Cognitive scientist at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "A father of modern linguistics, political dissident & anarchist."
1928-Alive - Larry Egbert - Anesthesiologist. Physicians for Social Responsibility. Final Exit Network. Acquited in Arizona. Husband of Ellen Barfield.
1928-Alive - Daisaku Ikeda - Author & president of Soka Gakkai International (SGI). Founder of several educational, cultural & peace research institutions.
1928-Alive - James Lawson - Civil rights movement (USA). 2004
1928-Alive - Charles A. Reich - Social scholar. Yale Law School professor. Wrote paean to the 1960's counterculture & youth movement "The Greening of America" in 1970.
1928-Alive - Gene Sharp - "The greatest theorist of nonviolence since Gandhi." 2008
1928-Alive - Jean Vanier - Catholic philosopher turned theologian, humanitarian & founder of L'Arche, an international federation of group homes for people with developmental disabilities.
1928-Alive - Elie Wiesel - "Messenger to mankind." Professor & holocaust survivor. 1986 1995
1929-1945 - Anne Frank - Holocaust victim. Died of typhus at age 16 in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. Famous for diary published in 1947.
1929-1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr. - Iconic figure in the advancement of civil rights. 1964 1977 #1 Posthumous
1929-1995 - Arna Mer-Khamis - Human rights activist. Mother of Juliano Mer-Khamis (qv). "Arna's Children" shows her work at Freedom Theatre in Jenin (West Bank). 1993
1929-2003 - Dorothee Sölle - Writer & liberation theologian. Coined the term Christofascism in 1970 to describe fundamentalists.
1929-2004 - Yassar Arafat. - Signed Oslo Accords in 1993. 1994 with Shimon Peres & Yitzha Rabin
1929-2009 - Franz Deutsch - Founded the First Austrian Peace Museum, Wolfsegg (Austria), in 1993.
1929-2011 - Vang Pao - General. Ended forced repatriation of Laotian refugees. Opposed human rights abuses in Laos.
1929-2012 - Sr. Rosalie Bertell - Nun. "Raised public awareness about destruction of biosphere & human gene pool, especially by low-level radiation." 1986
1929-2012 - Adrienne Rich - Poet, essayist & feminist. Credited with bringing "the oppression of women & lesbians to the forefront of poetic discourse."
1929-2012 - Thomas Wechs, Jr. - Founded Peace Museum-Lindau 1980, Peace History Museum-Bad Hindelang 1999 & on-line Friedenshistorisches Museum-Augsburg 2009.
1929-2014 - Luis Nieves Falcón - Sociologist, scholar, writer, lawyer & activist for human & civil rights. Campaigned to release Puerto Rican political prisoners in USA.
1929-Alive - Krishna Ahooja-Patel - Gandhian. Worked for International Labor Organization 1962-1987. President of WILPF.
1929-Alive - Evgueni Chazov - Cardiologist. Co-founded International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) in 1980. 1985
1929-Alive - Israel Si Dresner - President of Education Fund for Israeli Civil Rights & Peace. Friend of MLK, Jr. Called "the most arrested rabbi in America."
1929-Alive - Ralph Dull - Co-founded Dayton Interntional Peace Museum, Dayton, Ohio (USA), in 2005, with wife Christine Ralph Dull.
1929-Alive - Jules Feiffer - Cartoonist. "Particularly unyielding in his attack on LBJ's Vietnam politics & on Richard Nixon, his most constant target."
1929-Alive - Murray Gell-Mann - Physicist & linguist. Developed study of complexity. A founder of the Santa Fe Institute. 1969 2005
1929-Alive - Bruce Kent - Priest. Gen Sec of Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament 1980-85. Click here for recent article. Married Valerie Flessati (qv) in 1988. P
1929-Alive - Staughton Lynd - Radical & author. Subject of "The Admirable Radical: Staughton Lynd & Cold War Dissent, 1945-1970." CO
1929-Alive - Glenn Paige - Professor of political science at the University of Hawai‘i. Developed concept of nonkilling. Chair of Governing Council of the Center for Global Nonkilling (CGNK).
1929-Alive - David McReynolds - "Peace movement bureaucrat." Worked 40-years for Liberation magazine & War Resisters League. First gay man to run for President. P #15
1929-Alive - Betty A. Reardon - Founded Peace Education Center at Teachers College (Columbia Univ) & Intl Institute on Peace Education.
1929-Alive - Maurice Strong - Oil executive. First Exec Director of UN Environment Programme. President of Council of UN University for Peace.
1929-Alive - Edwin O. Wilson - Sociobiologist & myrmecologist (study of ants). Pulitzer Prize for Non-Fiction. Known forsecular-humanist & deist ethics. 1999
1930-1978 - Harvey Milk - Politician. First openly gay man to be elected to public office in California. Assassinated.
1930-1986 - Barry Mitcalfe - Leader of the New Zealand movement against the Vietnam War. After the war ended he became a leader of the New Zealand anti-nuclear movement.
1930-2006 - Norma Becker - Chaired War Resisters League 1977-1983. Founded 5th Avenue Vietnam Peace Parade Cte & Mobilization for Survival coalition. Click for photos.
1930-2009 - Chrles Morgan, Jr. - Civil right lawyer. Incurred hatred by telling Birmingham day after 4 girls were killed that "we are all guilty."
1930-2010 - Lucius Walker - Baptist minister. ExecDir of Interreligious Foundation for Community Organization in 1960's. Persistent advocate for ending the US embargo against Cuba.
1930-2013 - Chinua Achebe - Novelist. Best known for "Things Fall Apart" (1959). Supported Occupy Nigeria in 2012.
1930-Alive - Warren Buffett - Investor. World's richest person. Pledged 10 million Berkshire Hathaway Class B shares to Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in 2006.
1930-Alive - Derek Humphry - Euthanasia advocate. Founded Hemlock Society in 1980 & ERGO in 1993. Advisor to Final Exit Network.
1930-Alive - Johan Galtung - Called "Father of Peace Studies." Helped found the Intl Peace Research Inst (PRIO) in 1959. Click here for 2012 report. 1986
1930-Alive - Bishop Thomas Gumbleton - Roman Catholic auxiliary bishop in Detroit. Founded Pax Christi USA in 1972.
1930-Alive - Dolores Huerta - Labor leader & civil rights activist who, along with César Chávez, co-founded United Farm Workers (UFW).
1930-Alive - Megan Rice - Nun. One of 3 Transform Now Plowshares activists who cut fence in 2012 at Y12 National Security Complex & painted protests on Highly Enriched Uranium Facility.
c1930-Alive - Paul Rogers - Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford (England).
1930-Alive - Marshall Sahlins - Anthopologist at Univ of Chicago. Protested Vietnam War. Resigned 2013 from National Academy of Science in part due to its work w/US military.
1930-Alive - George Soros - Native speaker of Esperanto. Billionaire investor & philanthropist. Created Open Society Institute in 1993.
c1930-Alive - Eve Tetaz - Public-school teacher. Peace & justice activist. Arrested 11 times in 2007 for nonviolent civil resistance during protests against the war & occupation of Iraq.
c1930-Alive - Michael True. - Professor at Assumption College. President of International Peace Research Assn. Year? 2002
c1930-Alive - Tomijiro Yoshida - Businessman. Founded World Peace Bell Association in 1982. Has placed 5 World Peace Bells in Japan & one in each of 15 other countries.
1931-2005 - Dorothy Stang - Sister of Notre Dame de Namur. Outspoken on behalf of the poor & environment. Received death threats & murdered in Amazon Basin.
1931-2011 - Jean-Claude Bajeux - Professor of Caribbean literature. Political activist. Director of Ecumenical Center for Human Rights.
1931-2011 - Clive Rosher - Political activist. A founder of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND).
1931-2012 - Marv Davidov - Activst & professor of nonviolence. Founded the Honeywell Project c.1968.
1931-2013 - David Hartman - Rabbi & philosopher. Moved to Israel in 1971 & founded Shalom Hartman Institute. Helped build a more pluralistic & tolerant Israeli society.
1931-2014 - Vincent Harding - Historian, professor of religion & social activist. Knew & wrote about Martin Luther King, Jr.
1931-Alive - Fernando Henrique Cardosa - Sociologist & professor. President of Brazil 1995-2003.
1931-Alive - Daniel Ellsberg - US military analyst. Leaked the Pentagon Papers about the Viet Nam War in 1971. 2006
1931-Alive - Adolfo Perez Esquivel - Sculptor, architect & pacifist. Protested against FTAA & Argentine paramilitary squads. P 1980
1931-Alive - Billy Frank, Jr. - Environmental leader & advocate of Native American treaty rights. 1992
1931-Alive - Mikhail Gorbachev - Last head of state of USSR 1988-91. 1990 Year? 1998
1931-Alive - Toni Morrison - Novelist, editor & professor at Princeton University. Wrote "Beloved" in 1987 about a slave. 1993
1931-Alive - Pierre Nora - Intellectual. Criticized "pieds noirs" in Algeria. Editor of multi-volume "Les Lieux de Mémoire" ("Rethinking France").
1931-Alive - Peng Qi'An - Victim of Cultural Revolution 1966-76. Founded Cultural Revolution Museum in Shantou in 2005.
1931-Alive - Pete Stark - Member of Congress since 1973. Early opponent of Iraq War. First openly atheist member of Congress. 2008
1931-Alive - Bishop Desmond Tutu - Anti-apartheid activist. First black Archbishop. 1984 1986 1992 2009
1931-Alive - Shigeko Yoshino Uppuluri - Born Kyoto. In Shanghai 1936-45. Intl. Friendship Bell in Oak Ridge (USA).
1932-1996 - Henri Nouwen - Dutch-born Catholic priest. Worked with mentally challenged people. Wrote 40 books about spirituality. P
1932-2001 - David McTaggart - Athelete & environmentalist. Helped found Greenpeace International. Sailed own boat in 1972 to protest French nuclear weapons testing in the Pacific.
1932-Alive - Dennis Banks - Native American. Depicted on peace mural in St. Paul, Minnesota (USA).
1932-Alive - Branko Lustig - Auschwitz survivor. Film producer, eg Schlindler's List. Honored for Holocaust education. Celebrated bar mitzvah at Auschwitz in 2011.
1932-Alive - Cornelio Sommaruga - Humanitarian, lawyer & diplomat. Pres of the Intl Cte of Red Cross ICRC) 1987-99. Chair of Geneva Intl Ctr Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD).
1932-Alive - Father Louie Vitale - Priest & anti-nuclear activist. Co-founded protest group Nevada Desert Experience in 1983. Arrested more than 400 times.
1932-Alive - Andrew Young - Disciple of MLK, Jr. Congressman. US Rep to UN. Mayor of Atlanta. 1981 Year? 1996
1933-1965 - Norman R. Morrison - Commited suicide at Pentagon to protest Vietnam War.
1933-1999 - Eqbal Ahmad - Journalist, teacher & anti-war activist. Taught in USA. Criticized US Middle East strategy & the "twin curse" of nationalism & religious fanaticism.
1933-2007 - Andrzej Werner - Journalist, trade specialist & social activist. Founder of Jean de Bloch Foundation in Warsaw.
1933-Alive - Louis Appignani - Owned Barbizon Intl Modeling & Computer Education Inc. Funded Appignani Center for Bioethics & Appignani Humanist Legal Center.
1933-Alive - Ela Ramesh Bhatt - Founded Self-Employed Women's Assn (SEWA) in 1972. Recd Niwano Peace Prize in 2010.
1933-Alive - Werner Fornos - President of The Population Insitute. "The foremost spokesman on global population issues." 1991 w/Lester R. Brown
1933-Alive - Giuseppe Grattapaglia - FIAT executive. Works at Bona Espero in Brazil since 1974. Secretary of Esperanto Rotarian Fellowship (RADE).
1933-Alive - Ursula Grattapaglia - Esperantist. Works at Bona Espero in Brazil since 1974. Active in Esperanto Rotarian Fellowship (RADE).
1933-Alive - George J. Mitchell - US Senator. Negotiated "Good Friday" peace agreement in Ireland. 1999
1933-Alive - Yoko Ono - Artist, musician, author & peace activist. Known for avant-garde art, marriage to John Lennon (qv) & several peace monuments. Year?
1933-Alive - Colin Scott - Bishop of Hulme 1984-1998. Prominent member of Anglican Pacifist Fellowship. P
1933-Alive - Sulak Sivaraksa - Initiator of social, humanitarian, ecological & spiritual movements, eg Intl Network of Engaged Buddhists.
1933-Alive - Steven Weinberg - Theoretical physicist. 1979 2002
Carl Sagan - Astronomer, astrophysicist, cosmologist, author, science popularizer. Broadcast Cosmos: A Personal Voyage in 1980.
1934-2002 - Yayori Matsui - Journalist & women's rights activist. Founded Women’s Active Museum of War and Peace in Tokyo in 2005.
1934-Alive - Lakhdar Brahimi - Diplomat & UN adviser. Member of Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor & Global Leadership Foundation.
1934-Alive - Lester R. Brown - Environmentalist. Founded Worldwatch Institute in 1974 & Earth Watch Institute in 2001. 1991 w/Werner Fornos
1934-Alive - Peter Dougherty - Catholic priest. Founded Michigan Peace Team in 1993. Received 'Intl Award for promoting Gandhian values outside India.'
1934-Alive - Christine Dull - Co-founded Dayton Interntional Peace Museum, Dayton, Ohio (USA), in 2005, with husband Ralph Dull.
1934-Alive - Marjorie Swann Edwin - Nuclear resister. Co-founded Cte for Nonviolent Action in 1957. Wife of Robert Swann (qv).
1934-Alive - Arun Gandhi - Grandson of Mahatma Gandhi. Founded M.K. Gandhi Institute of Nonviolence (USA). Year?
1934-Alive - Susan George - Political scientist. Anti-war & anti-corporate activist. Pres of Transnational Institute in Amsterdam.
1934-Alive - Jane Goodall - Primatologist, ethologist, anthropologist & UN Messenger of Peace. World's foremost expert on chimpanzees. 1999
1934-Alive - Bill Moyers - Liberal television commentator. A trenchant critic of the US media.
1934-Alive - Ralph Nader - Attorney, author, lecturer, political activist & four-time candidate for US president.
c1934-Alive - Mark Pilisuk - Academic. Expert on poverty. Co-edited 3-volume "Peace Movements Worldwide" with Michael Nagler (qv).
1934-Alive - Marcus Raskin - Social critic, political activist, author & philosopher. Works for progressive social change.
1934-Alive - Gloria Steinem - Feminist & journalist. Social & political activist. Leader of women's liberation movement in the late 1960's & 1970's. 2012
1934-Alive - Cora Weiss - President of International Peace Bureau & Hague Appeal for Peace. Daughter & heir of philanthropist Samuel Rubin.
1935-2003 - Edward Said - Palestinian-American literary theorist & advocate for Palestinian rights. A founding figure in postcolonialism.
1935-2005 - Elmer Maas - Philosophy professor & anti-war activist. One of the Plowshares Eight in 1980.
1935-2009 - Millard Fuller - Founded Habitat for Humanity, Americus, Georgia (USA), in 1976. 1996
1935-2009 - Marilyn Clement - Executive Director of Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) 1976-1989. Founder of Healthcare NOW!
1935-2011 - Jackie Hudson - Dominican Sister. Missioned to Ground Zero Center for Nonviolent Action near Bangor Trident Naval Base. Arrested at Y-12 in 2010.
1935-2012 - Walter Wink - Theologian. Coined "Myth of redemptive violence." Contributed to discourse on homosexuality & religion, pacifism, psychology & Biblical studies.
c1935-Alive - Gerard Cafesjian - Businessman & philanthropist. Gave $17.5 million for Armenian Genocide Museum of America in Washington, DC (USA).
1935-Alive - 14th Dalai Lama - Spiritual leader. Exiled from Tibet in 1959. 1989 Year? 2009
1935-Alive - Rajmohan Gandhi - Grandson of Mahatma Gandhi. Wrote "Mohandas: A True Story of a Man, His People..."
1935-Alive - Richard D. Lamm - College professor & lawyer. Governor of Colorado 1975–1987. Co-Director of Public Policy Studies, University of Denver. 1993
1935-Alive - Janet Rae Johnson Mondlane - Wife of Eduardo Mondlane. Co-founder of FRELIMO "Godmother of the Mozambique Revolution"
c1935-Alive - Don Tilley - Operated Prairie Peace Park, Seward, Nebraska (USA), 1994-2005.
1935-Alive - Peter Watkins - Film & TV director. Pioneer of docudrama. Made Colloden, Edvard Munch, La Commune & "The Journey" (14.5 hrs about the arms race) in 1987.
1936-1994 - James Stoll - First ordained minister of any religion in USA or Canada (& possibly the entire world) to come out as gay.
1936-1995 - Mary Moylan - Nurse-midwife. Worked in Uganda. "Most elusive" of the Catonsville Nine in 1968. Remained in hiding until 1979.
1936-2005 - Dahlia Ravikovitch - Poet, translator & peace activist. Her poetry has been translated into 23 languages.
1936-2008 - Nader Khalili - Architect, writer & humanitarian. Invented Superadobe. Translated Persian poetry.
1936-2011 - Václav Havel - Playwright, essayist, poet, dissident & politician. Czech president 1989-2003. Chair Human Rights Foundation. Pres Medal of Freedom 2003.
1936-2014 - Marion Barry - Civil rights leader in Nashville & Knoxville. First chair of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Later disgraced when mayor of Washington, DC.
1936-Alive - Gar Alperovitz - Professor of political economy. Wrote "Decision To Use the Atomic Bomb," "Making a Place for Community," "America Beyond Capitalism" & "Unjust Deserts."
c1936-Alive - Anthony Bing - Professor of English & peace studies. President of Peace & Justice Studies Assn. Expert in the Israel/Palestine conflict.
1936-Alive - Wes Jackson - Chaired one of 1st environmental studies programs in US. Founded Land Institute in 1976. 2000
1936-Alive - F.W. de Klerk - Last apartheid-era president of South Africa 1989-1994. 1993 with Nelson Mandela
1936-Alive - Morris Dees - Co-founded Southern Poverty Law Center, Montgomery, Alabama (USA), in 1971.
1936-Alive - Robert Scheer - Journalist. Editor of Ramparts & Truthdig. Opposed war in Vietnam.
1936-Alive - Olzhas Suleimenov - Poet, Kazakhstani politician & Soviet anti-nuclear activist. Led establishment in 1989 of Nevada-Semipalatinsk to abolish nuclear test sites in USA & USSR.
1936-Alive - David Suzuki - Academic, science broadcaster & environmental activist.
1936-Alive - A. B. Yehoshua - Novelist, playwright & professor. Active in Israeli Peace Movement. Attended signing of Geneva Accord in 2003. Critic of Israeli occupation.
1937-2011 - Facundo Cabral - Argentine folksinger & peace activist. UN Messenger of Peace. Assassinated in Guatemala City.
1937-Alive - Martti Ahtisaari - President of Finland. Helped solve conflicts in Namibia, Indonesia, Kosovo, Iraq, etc. 2008
c1937-Alive - Riane Eisler - Scholar, writer & social activist. President of Center for Partnership Studies.
1937-Alive - Jane Fonda - Actress. Opposed Wars in Vietnam & Iraq. Co-founded Women's Media Center in 2005. Wife of Tom Hayden (qv).
1937-Alive - Robert Fulghum - Minister. Wrote "All I Really Need to Know I Learned in Kindergarten" in 1988.
1937-Alive - Rosalyn Higgins - First female justice of Intl Court of Justice (World Court, The Hague) in 1995. ICJ president 2006-09.
1937-Alive - John Hume - Enabled the the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement of 1998. 1998 with David Trimble
1937-Alive - Sister Mary Dennis Lentsch - Anti-war activist. Emprisoned for protesting at Y-12 bomb plant in Oak Ridge, TN.
1937-Alive - Edward W. Lollis - Foreign Service Officer. Webmaster of Peace Monuments Around the World. Editor of this web page.
1937-Alive - Marian Marzynski - Documentary filmaker. Survived Warsaw Ghetto. Presented "Never Forget to Lie" on public television in 2013.
1937-Alive - Michael Nagler - Academic & peace activist. Founded Peace & Conflict Studies (PACS) program at UC Berkeley. Brother of Eric Nagler (qv).
1937-Alive - Eleanor Holmes Norton - District of Columbia delegate to US House of Representatives. Civil rights activist. Aide to Bayard Rustin (qv).
1937-Alive - Kirkpatrick Sale - Scholar. Writes about environmentalism, luddism, technology & decentralism. Called "Leader of the Neo-Luddites."
1937-Alive - Tom Smothers - Comedian & singer. Opposed Vietnam War on TV show with brother Dick 1967-69.
1938-1994 - Jerry Rubin - Social & anti-war activist in California. One of the "Chicago Eight" in 1968. Killed jay-walking.
1938-1998 - Paul Smoker - Scholar/activist. Analysed peace problems scientifically. Applied them in his own personal life & politics.
1938-2012 - Juan Valdez - Land grant activist in New Mexico. Helped spark the Chicano Civil Rights Movement in the 1960's.
1938-Alive - Kofi Annan - Diplomat. UN Secretary General 1997-2007. Founded Global AIDS & Health Fund. 2001
1938-Alive - Father Roy Bourgeois - Priest & Human rights activist. Founded School of the Americas Watch (SOA Watch) in 1990 to protest US militarism in Central America. Year? 1994
1938-Alive - Helen Caldicott - Founded Women's Action for New Directions in 1982. 1980 1982 Year?
1938-Alive - Peter Edelman - Lawyer & law professor. Husband of Marian Wright Edelman (qv).
c1938-Alive - John Gittings - Author. Known for work on China & Cold War. Guardian corresondent. Wrote "The Glorious Art of Peace: From the Iliad to Iraq" in 2012.
1938-Alive - Aleksander Gudzowaty - Businessman. Gave $4 million for Tolerance Park & Monument on Haas Promenade, Jerusalem (Israel), to promote peace & tolerance.
1938-Alive - Saad Eddin Ibrahim - Sociologist & author. Egypt's leading human rights & democracy activist. Critic of Hosni Mubarak.
1938-Alive - Colman McCarthy - Journalist, teacher, lecturer, pacifist, anarchist & long-time peace activist. Directs Center for Teaching Peace in Washington, DC. P
1938-Alive - Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf - First woman freely elected as a head of state in Africa. 2011 with Leymah Gbowee & Tawakul Karman
1938-Alive - Lilly Ledbetter - Plaintiff in employment discrimination case Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. Later became women's equality activist.
1938-Alive - Joyce Carol Oates - Novelist & atheist. Professor of humanities at Princeton University since 1978. 2007
1938-Alive - Ted Turner - Media mogul & philanthropist. Founded Cable News Network. Gave $1 billion to UN causes. Chairs UN Foundation. 1990
1939-2004 - Toma Sik - "Peace activist, anarchist, libertarian socialist, vegan, world citizen & pioneer of the Israeli-Palestinian search for peace." CO
1939-2010 - Arthur Gish - Peace activist, preacher, writer & public speaker. Opposed Vietnam & Iraq Wars. Served on Christian Peacemaker Teams in Hebron & At-tuwani (West Bank). CO
1939-2012 - Russell Means - Oglala Sioux activist. Leader of American Indian Movement (AIM). Helped lead uprising at Wounded Knee in 1973.
1939-Alive - Margaret Atwood - Poet, novelist, literary critic, essayist & environmental activist. Among the most-honoured authors of fiction in recent history. 1987
1939-Alive - Gro Harlem Brundtland - Physician & diplomat. PM 1986-96. Intl leader in sustainable development & public health.
1939-Alive - Elias Chacour - Archbishop in Haifa (Melkite Eastern Catholic Church). Promotes Arab-Israeli reconciliation. Author of "Blood Brothers."
1939-Alive - Marian Wright Edelman - Founded Childrens Defense Fund in 1973. 1988 1990 1993 1995 2000
1939-Alive - Tom Hayden - Activist in animal rights, anti-war & civil rights movements. Chicago Eight in 1968. Husband of Jane Fonda (qv).
1939-Alive - Rabbi Marvin Hier - Filmmaker. Dean & founder of Simon Wiesenthal Center & its Museum of Tolerance.
1939-Alive - Amos Oz - Novelist & journalist. Prof at Ben-Gurion Univ in Be'er Sheva. Advocate of a 2-state solution to the Palestinian conflict.
1939-Alive - Sister Helen Prejean - Death penalty opponent. Wrote "Dead Man Walking".
1939-Alive - Lynne Stewart - Attorney. Represented controversial, poor & often unpopular defendants. Sentenced in 2005 for conspiracy & providing material support to terrorists.
1940-1980 - John Lennon - Singer-songwriter. Original Beatle 1960. Married Yoko Ono (qv) 1969. Wrote "Give Peace a Chance" & "Imagine."
1940-1994 - Wilma Rudolph - Athlete in 1956 & 1950 Olympic Games. "Fastest woman in the world." Civil rights & women's rights pioneer.
1940-2011 - Wangari Maathai - Environmental & political activist. Founded the Green Belt Movement. 2004
1940-2011 - Paul Prebys - Speech Therapist. A founder of Alaskans for Peace & Justice (AKPJ) in Anchorage, Alaska (USA).
1940-Alive - Ikuro Anzai - Physicist. Professor of international affairs. Founded Kyoto Museum for World Peace in 1992. See bibliography.
1940-Alive - Ela Gandhi - Granddaughter of Mahatma Gandhi. Dedicated peace monument in Independence, Missouri (USA). 2002
1940-Alive - Ina May Gaskin - "Mother of Authentic Midwifery." "The most famous midwife in the world." Wife of Stephen Gaskin (qv). 2011
1940?-Alive - Akio Komatsu - Industrialist. President of Komatsu Electric Industry. Founded Human Nature & Science Institute Foundation in 1994.
1940-Alive - Bernard Lafayette - Civil rights movement (USA).
1940-Alive - John Lewis - Civil rights leader. US Congressman. 2004
1940-Alive - Elizabeth McAlister - Roman Catholic nun. Married Philip Berrigan (qv). Co-founded Jonah House in 1973.
1940-Alive - Vijay Metha - Textile manufacturer. Co-Founded Uniting for Peace w/Philip Noel-Baker (qv). Promoted UN Millennium Development Goals. Wrote "The Economics of Killing."
1940-Alive - Edmund Morris - Writer. Biographer of Beethoven, Ronald Reagan & Theodore Roosevetl (qv).
1940-Alive - Óscar Rafael de Jesús Arias Sánchez - Pres of Costa Rica. Helped end civil wars in Central America. 1987 2001
c1940-Alive - Nicholas D. Snider - Vice president of United Parcel Service. Founded National Museum of Patriotism in Atlanta, Georgia, based on his collection of sweetheart jewelry.
1940-Alive - Tommy Spree - Nephew of Ernst Friedrich (qv). Reopened Anti-Kriegs/Anti-War Museum in Berlin in 1982. P
1940-Alive - Muhammad Yunus - Banker & economist. Founder of Grameen Bank. 2006
1941-1955 - Emmett Till - African-American boy from Chicago. Murdered in Mississippi at age 14 after reportedly flirting with a white woman.
1941-2002 - Stephen Jay Gould - Paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, historian of science & writer of popular science> 2001
1941-2010 - Richard Holbrooke - Diplomat. Negotiated Dayton Peace Accords ending war in Bosnia. Helped Dayton Intl Peace Museum.
1941-Alive - Joan Baez - Folk singer. Civil rights activist. Married to David Harris (qv) 1968-1973. P
1941-Alive - Richard Dawkins - Ethologist, evolutionary biologist & author. One of the "Four Horsemen of New Atheism." 1996
1941-Alive - Barbara Ehrenreich - Feminist, democratic socialist & political activist. Called "a veteran muckraker." Author of 21 books. 1998
1941-Alive - Svetlana Gannushkina - Mathematician & human rights activist. Contender for Nobel Peace Prize.
1941-Alive - David Hartsough - Anti-war activist. Co-founded Gandhi-like Nonviolent Peaceforce (NP) in 2002 after attending Hague Appeal for Peace. CO
1941-Alive - James Hansen - Phyicist. Foremost climate change activist. Directed NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies 1981-2013. Wrote "Storms of My Grandchildren" (2009).
1941-Alive - George Lakoff - Cognitive linguist. Famous for identifying underlying metaphors, e.g. argument is war; government is family.
1941-Alive - Ruth-Gaby Vermot-Mangold - Athropologist & MP. Named 1000 Women for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005.
1941-Alive - Brian Willson - Peace activist & lawyer. Member of Vietnam Veterans Against the War & Veterans For Peace. Documented US war policy in nearly 24 countries.
1941-Alive - Lawrence S. Wittner - Peace historian, St Univ of New York Albany. Wrote "Peace Action," "Confronting the Bomb" & Memoirs.
1942-1981 - Liudmila Jivkova - De facto head of Bulgarian culture. Built Natl Palace of Culture. Produced Banner of Peace world children's assembly under UNESCO in 1979.
1942-1996 - Mario Savio - Leader of Free Speech Movement at University of California Berkeley in 1964-65.
1942-Alive - Tadatoshi Akiba - Mayor of Hiroshima since 1999. President of Mayors for Peace. 2012
1942-Alive - Muhammad Ali - Heavyweight boxer. Born Cassius Clay. UN Messenger of Peace. See museum in Louisville, Kentucky. CO
1942-Alive - Daniel C. Dennett - Philosopher, writer & cognitive scientist. One of the "Four Horsemen of New Atheism." 2004
1942-Alive - Mohamed ElBaradei - Law scholar & diplomat. IAEA Director General 1997-2009. 2005
1942-Alive - Garrison Keillor - Broadcaster & story teller.
1942-Alive - Jeffrey S. Wigand - VP of R&D, whistleblower. Revealed that Brown & Williamson intentionally increased Nicotine. Portrayed in "The Insider." Married to Hope Elizabeth May.
1942-Alive - Eric Nagler - Musician & TV personality. Moved to Canada in opposition to Vietnam War. Acquitted in 1972. Brother of Michael Nagler (qv). CO
c1942-Alive - David Krieger - Attorney & political scientist. Founded Nuclear Age Peace Foundation in 1982.
c1942-Alive - Gillian Miller Sorensen - Asst UN SecGen for external relations. Senior Adviser to UN Foundation (Ted Turner). Husband of Ted Sorensen [1928-2010].
1943-1955 - Sadako Sasaki - Hiroshima victim. Attempted to fold 1,000 origami cranes before her death at age 12.
1943-1997 - John Denver - Singer-song writer. Supported humanitarian & environmental causes. Founded Windstar Foundation & Plant-It 2020.
1943-2002 - John Wallach - Journalist, author & editor. Foreign Editor for Hearst Newspapers 1968–95. Founded Seeds of Peace (SOP), an international camp in Maine, in 1993.
1943-Alive - Mubarak Awad - Psychologist. Founded Palestinian Ctr for Study of Nonviolence (now Holy Land Trust) in 1985. Father of Sami Awad.
1943-Alive - Elaine Brown - Prison activist, writer & singer. Former chair of Black Panther Party. Founded Mothers Advocating Juvenile Justice.
1943-Alive - Scilla Elworthy - Political scientist. Founded the Oxford Research Group in 1982.
1943-Alive - Todd Gitlin - Public intellectual. Writes on mass media, politics & the arts. President of Students for a Democratic Society in 1960's.
1943-Alive - Michael Lerner - Rabbi. Wrote "The Politics of Meaning" in 1996. Edits Tikkun Magazine. Chairs Network of Spiritual Progressives. Year?
1943-Alive - James E. Muller - Cardiologist. Exchange student in USSR 1967. One of 3 US founders of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW). 1985
1943-Alive - Jonathan Schell - Visiting fellow at Yale University. Writes primarily about campaigning against nuclear weapons. Wrote "Fate of the Earth" in 1982.
1943-Alive - Lech Walesa - Trade-union & HR activist. Co-founded Solidarity. Pres of Poland 1990–95. 1983 1989 1999
1943-Alive - Faye Wattleton - President of Planned Parenthood 1978–1992. President of Center for the Advancement of Women. 1986
1943-Alive - Betty Williams - Cofounded "The Peace People" to help end "The Troubles" in Ireland. 1976 with Mairead Corrigan
1944-1985 - Alex Odeh - Regional director of American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC). Killed by bomb as he opened his office door in Santa Ana, CA.
1944-1988 - Chico Mendes - Rubber tapper, trade unionist & environmentalist. Fought for Amazon rainforest & advocated for indigenous peoples. Assassinated by a rancher.
1944-Alive - Karen Armstrong - Author on comparative religion. Wrote "A History of God" in 1993. Received TED Prize in 2008.
1944-Alive - Mairead Corrigan - Cofounded "The Peace People" to help end "The Troubles" in Ireland. 1976 with Betty Williams
1944-Alive - Angela Davis - Civil rights activist, educator & author. Member of Black Panther Party. Founded Critical Resistance in 1998.
1944-Alive - Ban Ki-Moon - Career diplomat. 8th Secretary General of the United Nations since 2007.
1944-Alive - George Lakey - Professor of peace studies. Nonviolence organizer. Cofounded Movement for a New Society in 1971.
1944-Alive - Richard Leakey - Paleoanthropologist & conservationist. Son of Louis & Mary Leakey. 2013
1944-Alive - John Marks - Foreign Service Officer 1966-1970. Founded Search for Common Ground in 1982.
1944-Alive - Timothy S. Miller - Professor of religious studies. Writes about history of communitarianism.
1944-Alive - Leonard Peltier - American Indian Movement. In prison for deaths at Pine Ridge IR. A political prisoner according to many.
1944-Alive - Lindis Percy - Nurse, midwife, health visitor & peace activist. Founding member of Campaign for the Accountability of American Bases.
1944-Alive - Jessica Reynolds Shaver Renshaw - Author. Sailed with parents Earle & Barbara Reynolds (qv) into atomic test area in 1958.
1944-Alive - Mary Robinson - President of Ireland 1990-97. UN High Commissioner for Refugees 1997-2002.
1944-Alive - David Trimble - Enabled the the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement of 1998. 1998 with John Hume
1944-Alive - Jakob von Uexkull - Lecturer, activist & politician. Established Right Livelihood Award (aka "Alternative Nobel Prize") 1980 & World Future Council 2006.
1944-Alive - Alice Walker - Author, poet & activist. Best known for "The Color Purple" in 1982. 1997
1944-Alive - Jesse Winchester - Singer-songwriter. Moved from USA to Canada in 1967 to avoid the Vietnam War draft. CO
1944-Alive - Howard Zehr - Codirects Ctr for Justice & Peacebuilding, Eastern Mennonite Univ, Harrisonburg, VA (USA). 2006
1945-1981 - Bob Marley - Singer-songwriter & musician. Spread reggae music & Rastafari movement worldwide. Awarded Peace Medal of the Third World by the UN. Died age 36.
1945-Alive - Ruth J. Abram - Writer & artist. Founded Lower East Side Tenement Museum in 1988 & Intl Coalition of Sites of Conscience (ICSC) in 1999. See video.
1945-Alive - Hizkias Assefa - Professor & reconciliation mediator. Founded African Peacebuilding & Reconciliation Network.
1945-Alive - Andy Barrie - Host of CBC Radio's Metro Morning. Deserted US Army in 1969 after being ordered to Vietnam. CO
1945-Alive - Michael Berenbaum - Scholar, professor, rabbi & film-maker. Holocaust specialist. Project Director of US Holocaust Memorial Museum.
c1945-Alive - Harry E. Blythe III - Philanthropist. Donated statues of Ignacy Jan Paderewski to Univ of So California, Polish Embassy & Jagiellonion Univ in Krakow (Poland).
1945-Alive - Aung San Suu Kyi - General Secretary of Burmese National League for Democracy. Released from house arrest in November 2010. 1991
1945-Alive - Concepcion Picciotto - Has lived in a peace camp opposite the White House since 1981. Longest protest in US history.
1945-Alive - Graça Machel - Advocate for children's & women's rights. Widow of Samora Machel & 3rd wife of Nelson Mandela.
1945-Alive - Paul Rivero - Poet, journalist & dissident. Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize by Václav Havel.
1945-Alive - Neil Young - Singer-song writer. Advocate for environmental issues & welfare of small farmers. Co-founded benefit concert Farm Aid. Helped found The Bridge School in 1986.
1946-Alive - Hanan Ashrawi - Christian legislator, activist & scholar. Protégé of Edward Said (qv).
1946-Alive - Bill Clinton - 42nd US President 1993-2001. Started William J. Clinton Foundation in 2001 & Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) in 2005.
1946-Alive - Michael D. Knox - Professor of Psychology. Founded the US Peace Memorial Foundation in 2005.
1946-Alive - Ron Kovic - Anti-war activist. Paralyzed Vietnam War veteran. Wrote "Born on the Fourth of July."
1946-Alive - Dennis Kucinich - Mayor of Cleveland. Congressman. Proposed a US Department of Peace. 2003
1946-Alive - David Harris - Journalist & author. Protested Vietnam War. Married to Joan Baez (qv) 1968-1973. CO
1946-Alive - Roméo Dellaire - General, senator & humanitrian. UN peacekeeper in Rwanda. Ordered not to stop Hutu/Tutsi genocide in 1994.
1946-Alive - Jeff Halper - Anthropologist, author & political activist. Co-founded Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions (ICAHD).
1946?-Alive - G. Simon Harak - Jesuit priest, peace activist & professor of theology. Director of Center for Peacemaking at Marquette University.
1946-Alive - Libby Hostetler - Teacher. Education Professor at Bluffton University in Ohio. Founded Lion & Lamb Peace Arts Center in 1986.
1946-Alive - Mo Ibrahim - Mobile communications entrepreneur & billionaire. Set up Mo Ibrahim Foundation in 2006 to encourage better governance in Africa.
1946-Alive - Peter Singer - Moral philosopher. Professor at Princeton University. Proponent of biocentrism. Wrote "Animal Liberation" in 1975.
1946-Alive - Steven Spielberg - Film director, screenwriter & producer. Used profits from Schindler's List to set up Shoah Foundation that filmed testimony of Holocaust survivors.
1946-Alive - Jo Vallentine - Peace activist & politician. Elected to Senate 1985-92 as member of Nuclear Disarmament Party.
1947-1992 - Petra Kelly - Helped found German Green Party after living in USA 1959-70. Murdered at age 44. 1982
1947-2009 - William Thomas Hallenback Jr. - Known as Thomas. Anti-nuclear activist & simple living adherent. Maintained 27-year vigil at White House from 1981.
1947-2012 - Richard Adams - Gay rights activist. With partner Anthony Sullivan, one of the first gay couples to receive a marriage license (Boulder, CO, 1975).
1947-Alive - Hawa Abdi - Gynaecologist & lawyer. Helps internally displaced persons (IDP's). Nominated for 2012 Nobel Peace Prize by AFSC.
1947-Alive - Shirin Ebadi - Lawyer & human rights activist. Founded Centre for the Defence of Human Rights in Iran. 2003
1947-Alive - Arthur Eyffinger - Classicist & historian. Peace Palace Library 1985-1988, Intl Court of Justice 1988-2002. Founded JUDICAP in 2003.
1947-Alive - Sylvia Baraldini - Radical activist. Emprisoned 17 years in USA + 7 in Italy. See 2009 film "Freeing Silvia Baraldini."
c1947-Alive - David Cortright - Scholar & peace activist. Director of Policy Studies at the Kroc Inst for Intll Peace Studies at Univ of Notre Dame. Chair of Fourth Freedom Forum.
1947-Alive - Alfred-Maurice de Zayas - Lawyer, writer, historian & peace activist. UN Independent Expert on the Promotion of a Democratic & Equitable International Order.
1947-Alive - Gene Robinson - First openly gay Episcopal bishop.
1947-Alive - Terje Rřd-Larsen - Diplomat, politician & sociologist. Directed Fato Inst during Oslo Accords. UN Special Coordinator in Occupied Territories.
1947-Alive - Peter Wolf Toth - Wood carver. Sculpted a "Whispering Giant" statue of an Indian in every US state.
1947-Alive - Ann Wright - Peace activist. One of only three US Foreign Service Officers to resign over the war in Iraq.
1948-2003 - Sérgio Vieira de Mello - UN peacekeeper. Killed in Iraq. Click here for UN peace monuments.
1948-2010 - Tony Judt - Historian. Public Intellectual. Founded Erich Maria Remarque Institute in 1995.
1948-2011 - R. Scott Kennedy - Co-founder of Witness for Peace (WFP), the Resource Center for Nonviolence & Interfaith Peacebuilders.
1948-2011 - Laura Inés Pollán Toledo - Teacher & opposition leader. Founded the dissident group Damas de Blanco.
1948-Alive - James R. Bowsher - Writer, archaeologist, collector & lecturer. Master of the Temple of Tolerance, Wapakoneta, Ohio.
1948-Alive - Al Gore - 45th US vice president 1993-2001. Made the film An Inconvenient Truth in 2006. 2007
1948-Alive - David Krieger - Founder & President of Nuclear Age Peace Foundation.
1948-Alive - Lewis M. Randa - Founded the Peace Abbey, Sherborn, Massachusetts (USA), in 1988.
1948-Alive - Feisal Abdul Rauf - Sufi imam in New York City. Wrote "What's Right with Islam Is What's Right with America."
1948-Alive - Hans Rosling - Medical doctor, academic & statistician. Acclaimed TED lecturer. Founded Gapminder Foundation.
1948-Alive - Cat Stevens - Singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, humanitarian, education philanthropist & prominent convert to Islam.
1948-Alive - Peter van den Dungen - Born in Haarlem. Peace historian. Founded Intl Network of Museums for Peace 1992. See bibliography.
1948-Alive - Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo - Made "efforts to hinder oppression." 1996 with Jose Ramos-Horta
1949-1997 - Judi Bari - Environmentalist & labor leader, feminist & principal organizer of Earth First!.
1949-2011 - Brian Haw - Peace campaigner & "Symbol of anti-war movement." Lived almost 10 years in peace camp in Parliament Square protesting UK & US foreign policy.
1949-2011 - Christopher Hitchens - Author, columnist & literary critic. World's 5th top public intellectual. One of "Four Horsemen of New Atheism."
1949-2012 - Gerd Greune - Teacher & peace activist. Key figure in Inst for Intl Assistance & Solidarity (IFIAS) & European Bureau for Conscientious Objection (EBCO). CO
1949-Alive - Kiran Bedi - Social activist. First woman officer in Indian Police Service (IPS).
1949-Alive - Chip Berlet - Paralegal investigative journalist & photographer. Exposes the religious right, white supremacists, etc.
1949-Alive - Kathy Calvin - Journalist & PR professional. President & CEO of UN Foundation (Ted Turner).
1949-Alive - Katherine Josten - Founder/Director of Global Art Project for Peace (GAP). "My work would be considered 'new genre public art.'"
1949-Alive - Aaron David Miller - Historian, Middle East analyst, & negotiator. In US State Dept. 1978–2003. President of Seeds of Peace 2003-2006. Now at Woodrow Wilson Intl. Center.
1949-Alive - Holly Near - Singer song-writer & anti-war activist.
1949-Alive - Katha Pollitt - Feminist poet & writer. Focuses on political & social issues, including abortion rights, racism, welfare reform, feminism & poverty. Columnist for The Nation. 2013
1949-Alive - Jose Ramos-Horta - Pres of East Timor. Made "efforts to hinder oppression." 1996 with Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo
1949-Alive - William F. Schultz - Minister. Headed UUA 1985-1993, Amnesty International 1994-2006 & UUSC from 2011. 2000
1949-Alive - Michael R. Walli - One of 3 Transform Now Plowshares activists who cut fence in 2012 at Y12 National Security Complex & painted protests on Highly Enriched Uranium Facility.
1950-2012 - Carlos Vargas - Professor. VP of Intl Assn of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms. Helped draft "Model Nuclear Weapons Convention" for UN Gen Asby in 1997.
1950-Alive - Richard Branson - Controls Virgin Group of more than 400 companies. Sent "Reconciliation" by Josefina de Vasconcellos to Belfast, Berlin, Coventry & Hiroshima.
c1950-Alive - Dr. Kali P. Chaudhuri - Doctor. Owns hospitals & KPC Group of Companies. Donated Gandhi Statue in Riverside, California, in 2005.
1950-Alive - Mel Duncan - Helped organize Advocating Change Together (ACT) in 1979. Co-founded Gandhi-like Nonviolent Peaceforce (NP) in 2002 after attending Hague Appeal for Peace.
1950-Alive - Rebecca Goldstein - Novelist & professor of philosophy. Wife of Steven Pinker. 2011
1950-Alive - Wei Jingsheng - Chinese democracy movement. Wrote "Fifth Modernization" on "Democracy Wall" in 1978.
c1950-Alive - Mark Rogovin - Muralist. Son of Milton Rogovin (qv). Co-founded The Peace Museum, Chicago, Illinois (USA), in 1981.
1950-Alive - Jill Stein - Physician & politician. Green Party nominee for US President in 2012. Endorsed by Noam Chomsky & Chris Hedges among others.
c1950-Alive - Harry Targ - Director of peace studies program at Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.
1950-Alive - Jody Williams - Teacher & aid worker. 1997 with International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL)
1950-Alive - Rowan Williams - Poet & theologian. Archbishop of Canterbury since 2003. P
1951-2006 - Tom Fox - Member of Christian Peacemaker Teams (CPT). Killed in Iraq in 2006.
1951-Alive - Gilbert Baker - Artist & civil rights activist. Designed the Rainbow Flag (often used as a symbol of gay pride in LGBT rights marches) in 1978.
1951-Alive - Phyllis Bennis - Journalist & political commentator. Critic of Israel. Advocate for Palestinian rights. Directs New Internationalism Project at Inst for Policy Studies.
1951-Alive - Vallerie Flessati - Secretary of Pax Christi in the UK. Created "Peace Trails Through London." Married Bruce Kent (qv) in 1988.
1951-Alive - Bob Geldof - Singer-songwriter & political activist, especially anti-poverty efforts in Africa. Founded Band Aid & Live Aid. See Bono.
1951-Alive - Martin Indyk - Foreign policy expert. Twice US ambassador to Israel. Conducted Israel-Palestine peace talks in 2013.
1951-Alive - Alexander Ogorodnikov - Chairman of the Russian Orthodox Argentov Seminar, peace activist, Gulag survivor & founder of several humanitarian organizations.
1951-Alive - Ahmet Üzümcü - Diplomat. Director General of Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) which received Nobel Peace Prize in 2013.
1952-Alive - Medea Benjamin - Political activist. Co-founded Code Pink & fair trade advocacy group Global Exchange.
Received US Peace Memorial Foundation prize in 2012.
1952-Alive - Salam Fayyad - Economist. Prime minister of Palestine 2007-2013. US & Israeli retaliation for Palestine's bid for UN membership led to his resignation.
1952-Alive - Francis Fukuyama - Political economist. Wrote The End of History & the Last Man in 1992.
1952-Alive - Kathy Kelly - Peace activist & pacifist. A founding members of Voices in the Wilderness. Co-coordinator of Voices for Creative Nonviolence. Traveled to Iraq 26 times. Arrested more than 60 times. P
1952-Alive - Dorothy (Dot) Maver - Helped found National Peace Academy (NPA) in 2009.
1952-Alive - Oswaldo Paya - Political activist. Considered Cuba's most prominent political dissident. Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize by Václav Havel.
1952-Alive - Vandana Shiva - Ecofeminist. Founded Navdanya in Northern India. Leader of International Forum on Globalization. 1993
1952-Alive - Laszlo Tokes - Politician & bishop of the Reformed Church in Romania. Move to remove him Sparked overthrow of Ceausescu in 1989.
1953-1999 - Lenny Zakim - Religious & civil rights leader. Boston's Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Bridge is named in his honor.
1953-Alive - Norman Finkelstein - Political scientist. Author of "On 'From Time Immemorial'" (1984) & "The Holocaust Industry" (2000).
1953-Alive - Douglas P. Fry - Anthropologist. Leading authority on aggression, conflict & conflict resolution.
1953-Alive - Kassym-Jomart Tokayev - Kazakhstan Foreign Min 2003-07. Chaired Senate 2007-11. Director Gen UN Office at Geneva since 2011.
1954-Alive - Mustafa Barghouti -
Democracy activist. Ran for Palestinian president in 2005 & finished 2nd to Mahmoud Abbas.
1954-Alive - Betty Bigombe - Administrator & parliamentarian. Mediated with Ugandan rebals.
1954-Alive - David Grossman - Novelist, essayist & peace activist. Wrote the anti-war novel "To the end of the land" in 2010.
1954-Alive - Steven Pinker - Experimental psychologist, cognitive scientist, linguist & popular science author. Husband of Rebecca Goldstein. 2006
1954-Alive - Kailash Satyarthi - Children's rights & anti-slavery activist. Founded Save the Childhood Movement (BBA) in 1980. 2014 with Malala Yousafzai.
c1954-Alive - Linda Stout - Activist. Created Piedmont Peace Project & Spirit in Action. Wrote "Bridging the Class Divide" in 1997.
1954-Alive - Mordechai Vanunu - Nuclear technician. Revealed Israeli nuclear program in 1986. CND headquarters named for him in London. 1987
1955-Alive - Johanna Berrigan - Medical assistant. Catholic Worker. Co-founded House of Grace in Philadelphia. Visits poor in Haiti & Iraq.
1955-Alive - Gregory I. Boertje-Obed - One of 3 Transform Now Plowshares activists who entered Y12 National Security Complex in 2012 & painted protests on Highly Enriched Uranium Facility.
1955-Alive - Tom Flynn - Executive Director of Council for Secular Humanism. Editor of Free Inquiry magazine. Created Freethought Trail in Western NY State. See Paul Kurtz.
1955-Alive - Bill Gates - Invented Windows. Chairman of Microsoft Corporation. Husband of Melinda Gates (qv). Co-founded Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
1955-Alive - Adam Keller - Israeli "refusenik." Cofounder of & spokesman for Gush Shalom / Peace Bloc. CO
1955-Alive - Barbara Kingsolver - Novelist, essayist & poet. Writes about social justice, biodiversity & human interaction.
1955-Alive - Cynthia McKinney - 3rd "Peace Thru Conscience" Award of Munich American Peace Committee in 2010.
1955-Alive - Bill Nye - Science educator, comedian, mechanical engineer & scientist. Broadcast Bill Nye the Science Guy 1993–1998. 2010
1955-Alive - Jigme Singye Wangchuck - King of Bhután 1972-2006. Reformer. Established Gross National Happiness in 1972.
1955-Alive - Liu Xiaobo - Human rights activist. Pres of Independent Chinese PEN Center. Sentenced to prison 2009-2020. 2010
1956-Alive - Nafez Assaily - Founded Library on Wheels for Nonviolence & Peace (LOWNP) in Hebron (Palestine).
1956-Alive - Ellen Barfield - Peace activist. US Army 1977-81. Peace Farm. In Veterans for Peace, WILPF, WRL, SOAW & NCNR. Wife of Larry Egbert.
1956-Alive - Judith Butler - "Feminist theorist." Philosopher at Univ of California, Berkeley. Leader of Boycott, Divestment & Sanctions (BDS) against Israel.
1956-Alive - Chris Hedges - Socialist journalist. Wrote "War is a Force that Gives Us Meaning" in 2002 & "The World As It Is" in 2011.
1956-Alive - Anita Hill - Attorney & academic. Advocate of women's rights. Accused Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas in 1991.
1956-Alive - Ralph Hutchison - Presbyterian minister. Anti-nuclear activist. Coordinator of Oak Ridge Environmental Peace Alliance (OREPA).
1956-Alive - Geshe Thubten Phelgye - Buddhist lama & peace activist. Promotes vegetarianism & humane treatment of animals. Active in Sulha Peace Project.
1956-Alive - Sri Sri Ravi Shankar - Exponent of Advaita Vedanta & spiritual leader of Art of Living Foundation.
1957-Alive - Chris Anderson - Entrepreneur & publisher. Curator of TED Conferences ("ideas worth spreading") since 2001.
1957-Alive - Billy Bragg - Singer-songwriter & left-wing activist. His lyrics mostly deal with political or romantic themes.
1957-Alive - Carol Brouillet - Political activist & organizer. Active in Green Party, 9/11 Truth Movement, International Media Project & Who's Counting Project.
1957-Alive - Amy Goodman - Broadcast journalist & author. Principal host of Democracy Now! on Pacifica Radio. 2008
1957-Alive - Greg Mortenson - Wrote "Three Cups of Tea" & Pennies for Peace. Ran Central Asia Inst but mismanaged money in 2011. 2008 2010
1957-Alive - Laurence Overmire - "Poet, author, actor, educator, genealogist, peace activist, civil rights, human rights & animal rights advocate & environmentalist."
1957-Alive - Robert Rivas - Civil rights attorney. ACLU. Counsel for Final Exit Network (FEN). Advisor to Rick A. Ross Institute.
1957-Alive - Peter Rühe - Scholar. Foremost Gandhian activist. Founded & heads Gandhitopia & GandhiServe Foundation.
1957-Alive - Cindy Sheehan - Anti-war activist. Maintained protest outside President Bush's Texas ranch in August 2005. 2005
1957-Alive - Paul Zachery Myers - Evolutionary biologist. Public critic of intelligent design (ID). Widely regarded as a confrontationalist. 2009
1957-Alive - Mazin Qumsiyeh - Geneticist, teacher & spokesperson for Palestinian rights. Professor at Duke, Yale & 3 Palestinian universities.
1957-Alive - Ai Weiwei - Artist & political activist. Prisoned for investigating government corruption & cover-ups. Subject of 2012 documentary "Never Sorry."
1957-Alive - Roy Zimmerman - Singer-songwriter. Satirist. Wrote "Hope, Struggle & Change."
1958-2011 - Juliano Mer-Khamis - Actor & political activist. Murdered in Janin (Occupied West Bank) at Freedom Theatre which he founded in 2006.
1958-Alive - Kathy Mattea - Singer-songwriter & social activist. Promotes HIV/AIDS-related charities & Al Gore's "An Inconvenient Truth."
1959-Alive - Father John Dear - Priest, pacifist, author & lecturer. Arrested over 75 times in acts of nonviolent civil disobedience against war, injustice & nuclear weapons.
1959-Alive - Alexandra Hildebrandt - Artist. Director of Museum Haus am Checkpoint Charlie ("1st museum of intl nonviolent protest"). Widow of Ranier Hildebrandt (qv).
1959-Alive - Ravindra Kumar - Political scientist, peace-worker & educationalist. Editor of "Global Peace International Journal." Author of many works on Mahatma Gandhi & others.
1959-Alive - Jeanmarie Simpson - Peace activist & actress. Wrote plays about Jeannette Rankin ("A Single Woman") & Mary Dyer (qv). Member of WILPF. P
1959-Alive - Rigoberta Menchu Tum - Promotes rights of Guatemala's indigenous peoples. 1992
c1960-Alive - Colin Archer - Secretary-General of the International Peace Bureau in Geneva since 1990.
1960-Alive - Rabbi Arik Ascherman - Moved to Israel in 1994. Now Executive Director of Rabbis for Human Rights (RHR).
1960-Alive - Bono - Singer & musician. Social activist. Called "the face of fusion philanthropy." 2004
c1960-Alive - John H. Brown - Writer & teacher. One of only three US Foreign Service Officers to resign over the war in Iraq.
c1960-Alive - Wendy Chmielewski - Curator of Swarthmore College Peace Collection, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania (USA).
c1960-Alive - David Grossman - Wrote "On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War & Society" in 1995.
c1960-Alive - John Brady Kiesling - Writer & lecturer. One of only three US Foreign Service Officers to resign over the war in Iraq.
c1960-Alive - Steve Leeper - Chair of Hiroshima Peace Culture Foundation. From Atlanta, Georgia (USA).
1960-Alive - Bill McKibben - Environmentalist activist. Writes extensively on global warming. Founded 350.org. One of Fortune's "100 most important global thinkers."
1960-Alive - Jafar Penahi - Filmmaker. Smuggled "This is Not a Film" out of Iran in 2011 to protest his being banned from filmmaking.
c1960-Alive - Bob Reuschlein - Futurist. Called Dr. Peace. Wrote “Peace Economics” in 1986 & “Real Economy” in 1999. Attended Hague Peace Conference in 1999.
1960-Alive - Yulia Tymoshenko - Economist. Twice prime minister of Ukraine. Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize.
1961-Alive - Óscar Elías Bicet - Medical professional. Advocate for human rights & democracy. Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize by Václav Havel.
1961-Alive - Kathryn Bolkovac - Police officer. Exposed prostitution & corrupt UN police in Bosnia. Subject of "The Whistleblower" film.
1961-Alive - Greta Christiana - Blogger & author. 2013
1961-Alive - Barak Hussein Obama II - 44th US president. First African-American US president. 2009
1961-Alive - Scott Ritter - Chief UN weapons inspector in Iraq 1991-98. Then anti-war author & talk show commentator.
1961-Alive - Leyla Zana - Turkish politician emprisoned for speaking Kurdish.
1962-Alive - Alyn Ware - Peace activist. VP of Intl Peace Bureau. Coodinator of Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-Proliferation & Disarmament (PNND) in NYC. 2009
1963-2002 - Daniel Pearl - Journalist. Murdered by Al-Qaeda member Khalid Sheikh Mohammed in Pakistan.
1963-2011 - Sonia Perez - Activist for the rights of people of Haitian descent in the Dominican Republic.
1963-Alive - Julian Lennon - Musician. Son of John Lennon & Cynthia Powell. Promotes co-existence & Earth thru White Feather Found & Whaledreamers Org. Unveiled Lennonmon in 2010.
1964-2013 - Chokri Belaďd - Lawyer & politician. Opposed Ben Ali regime prior to Tunisian revolution & Islamist government. Assassinated February 6, 2013. Funeral attended by million people.
1964-Alive - Omar Barghouti - A founder of Palestinian Campaign for Academic & Cultural Boycott of Israel (PACBI). Born in Qatar, raised in Egypt, moved to Ramallah.
1964-Alive - Sergeant Kevin Benderman - Court martialed in July 2005 for refusing to serve US Army in Iraq. CO
1964-Alive - Melinda Gates - Wife of Bill Gates (qv). Co-founded Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in 1994.
1964-Alive - John Kiriakou - CIA analyst & investigator for Senate Foreign Relations Committee. First official to confirm US used waterboarding to interrogate al-Qaeda prisoners.
1964-Alive - Dan Savage - Media pundit, journalist & editor. Writes sex advice column "Savage Love." Ran "It Gets Better" project to help prevent suicide by LGBT youth. 2013
1965-2012 - Rodney King - Beaten March 3, 1991, by Los Angeles police officers. A videotape of the beating aroused public anger, & he famously asked "Can we all get along?"
1965-Alive - Scott London - Jounalist, interviewer & consultant. In Sweden 1970-1990. Photographer of Burning Man since 2004. Collector of peace stamps. Grandson of Irwin Abrams (qv).
1965-Alive - Jeffrey Skoll - Engineer. First employee & also first president of internet auction firm eBay. Noted philanthropist. Founded Skoll Foundation in 1999.
Glenn Greenwald - Journalist, blogger & author. Columnist for Guardian US 2012-2013. Publicized security leaks by Edward Snowden (qv).
1967-Alive - Sam Harris - Neuroscientist. Co-founded Project Reason. Wrote "The End of Faith" in 2004. One of the "Four Horsemen of New Atheism."
1967-Alive - Amr Khaled - Televangelist, activist & preacher in Cairo. Advocates moderation & women's rights.
c1967-Alive - Bassem al-Tamimi - Teacher. Convicted by Israeli military of "sending people to throw stones." Called "human rights defender" by EU & "prisoner of conscience" by Amnesty Intl.
1968-2004 - Iris Chang - Historian & journalist. Wrote "The Rape of Nanking" in 1997. Committed suicide. Her mother wrote "The Woman Who Could Not Forget" in 2011.
1968-2012 - Spencer Cox - AIDS activist. Co-founded Treatment Action Group (TAG). Helped push innovative antiretroviral drugs to market.
1968-Alive - Malcolm Kendall-Smith - First British officer to face criminal charges for challenging legality of war against Iraq (in RAF). CO
1968-Alive - Tim Wise - Anti-racist activist & writer. Has lectured at over 600 college campuses since 1995.
1969-Alive - Ayaan Hirsi Ali - Women's rights & atheist activist.
Critical of genital mutilation & Islam. Dutch asylum in 1992. Wrote screenplay with Theo van Gogh.
1969-Alive - Jeremy Gilley - Actor & filmmaker. Founded charity Peace One Day in September 1999. Recd Wateler Peace Prize in 2010. TED lecture.
1969-Alive - Cordula Wohlmuther - World Tourism Organization researcher. Co-editor of "UN International Handbook of Peace & Toursm" (2014).
1970-Alive - Gabrielle Giffords - Member of US House of Representatives. Shot in Tucson, Arizona, on January 8, 2011.
1970-Alive - Shahriar Khateri - Doctor who studied Iraq chemical attacks. Founded Tehran Peace Museum in 2007.
1970-Alive - Naomi Klein - Author & social activist. Known for criticism of corporate globalization. Wrote No Logo & The Shock Doctrine.
1970-Alive - Renu Mehta - Model & philanthropist. Daughter of Vijay Metha (qv). Founder of Fortune Forum charity which held summits in London in 2006, 2007 & 2008.
1970-Alive - Daoud Nassar - Farmer near Bethlehem. Founded "Tent of Nations" with brother Daher & sister Almer to resist Israeli takeover of their family's land.
1971-2010 - Chidi Nwosu - Anti-corruption activist. Founded Human Rights, Justice & Peace Foundation. Assassinated at age 39. P
1971-Alive - Chen Guangcheng - Civil rights activist. Self-taught lawyer. Blind. Advocates for women's rights, land rights & welfare of the poor. Escaped house arrest in 2012 & went to USA.
1971-Alive - Sergei Guriev - Economist. Criticized trial of Mikhail Khodorkovsky. Fled Russia in 2013 & went to France.
1972-1985 - Samantha Reed Smith - Schoolgirl. Made good will visit to Soviet Union during Cold War at age 11. Accidential death at age 13.
1972-Alive - Leymah Gbowee - Social worker. Organized Liberian Mass Action for Peace. 2011 with Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf & Tawakel Karman
1972-Alive - Jeff Sharlet - Journalist, author & academic. Best known for writing about religious subcultures in USA.
1973-2012 - Rebecca Tarbotton - Environmental, human rights & food activist. Executive Director of Rainforest Action Network (RAN).
1973-2014 - James Foley - Journalist & video reporter. Abducted during Syrian Civil War. Beheaded by Islamic State of Iraq & Syria (ISIS). See Steven Sotloff.
1973-Alive - Rula Jebreal - Physiotherapist, journalist, novelist, screenwriter & commentator for MSNBC. Wrote the semi-autobiographical film Miral in 2010.
1973-Alive - Rachel Maddow - Liberal TV host & author. First openly LGBT American to receive Rhodes scholarship. Wrote "Drift" in 2012. Lives with Susan Mikula.
1973-Alive - Orly Noy - Spokesperson of Ir Amim. Worked for All For Peace radio (with Israelis & Palestinians) until shut down in 2011. Translates Farsi literature into Hebrew.
1974-Alive - Banksy - Graffiti artist, political activist, film director & painter. Known for satirical murals in slums, Palestine, etc. Click here for his website.
c1974-Alive - Frida Berrigan - Peace activist. Associate for arms trade, World Policy Inst. Columnist for Waging Nonviolence. Daughter of Philip Berrigan & Liz McAlister (qv). Sister of Jerry & Kate.
1974-Alive - Jeremy Scahill - Investigative journalist & film maker. Worked for Amy Goodman at Democracy Now!. Wrote "Blackwater" (2008) & "Dirty Wars" (2013).
1975-2011 - Vitorrio Arrigoni - Reporter, pacifist & activist. Worked with Intl Solidarity Movement (ISM) in Gaza Strip from 2008. Kidnapped & killed. P
c1975-Alive - Deogratias Niyizonkiza - Graduate of Columbia University. Founded Village Health Works (VHW) in Kigutu, Burundi.
1975-Alive - Yoani Sanchez - Blogger. Has received multiple international awards for her critical portrayal of life in Cuba.
1975-Alive - Nick Turse - Journalist & historian. Exposed US attrocities in Vietnam. Wrote "The Complex: How the Military Invades Our Everyday Lives" & "Kill Anything That Moves."
1976-Alive - Huwaida Arraf - Lawyer in Ramallah, West Bank. Human rights activist. Co-founder of nonviolent International Solidarity Movement (ISM).
1976-Alive - Mohammad Othman - Nonviolent peace activist. Works against the Israeli wall.
1978-2007 - Andrea Parhamovich - Employee of National Democratic Institute (NDI). Killed in Baghdad (Iraq) after teaching a class on democracy.
1978-Alive - Mehmet Tarham - CO sentenced to 4 years in military prison. Released in March 2006 after spending several months in prison. CO
1979-2003 - Rachel Corrie - Member of International Solidarity Movement (ISM). Killed by Israeli bulldozer while protecting a Palestinian home.
1979-2014 - Tomas Young - Soldier. Enlisted right after 9/11. Paralyzed by bullet in Iraq. One of first vets to oppose the War in Iraq. Subject of documentary "Body of War."
1979-Alive - Tawakul Karman - Journalist. Called her Nobel Prize "a victory for the Arab Spring." 2011 with Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf & Leymah Gbowee
1979-Alive - Anna Baltzer - Activist for Palestinian human rights. Opposes Israeli occupation. Depicted in "Palestinian Pietŕ."
1979-Alive - Samer Tariq Issawi - Prisoner of conscience. Popular Front for Liberation of Palestine. Captured by Israel in 2002, released in 2011, rearrested in 2012. Now on hunger strike.
1979-Alive - Ryan Spencer Reed - Photojournalist. Has covered the Sudanese Diaspora since 2002.
c1979-Alive - Anderson Sa - Musician & activist. Led Brazilian youth away from drug cartels. Received Reebok Human Rights Award in 2007.
1979-Alive - Metta World Peace - Basketball player. Was Ron Artest until Sept. 2001. "Changing my name was meant to inspire & bring youth together all around the world."
1980-Alive - Paul K. Chappell - Peace advocate. US Army officer 2002-09. Wrote "Will War Ever End?" & "The End of War."
c1980-Alive - Erica Chenoweth - Professor of government. Authority on terrorism & nonviolence. Wrote "Why Civil Resistance Works" & "Rethinking Violence."
1981-2005 - Shaima Rezayee - Journalist & first female TV presenter in Afghanistan. Adopted western dress. Shot dead at her home in Kabul.
1981-Alive - Omar bin Laden - 4th son of Osama bin Laden. Promotes "Horse Race for Peace" across North Africa.
c1982-Alive - Kimberly Rivera - Iraq War resister. First female US military deserter to flee to Canada. Deported in 2012. Designated a Prisoner of Conscience by Amnesty International. CO
1983-2000 - Asel Asleh - Arab Israeli. Member of Seeds of Peace (SOP) since 1997. Killed by Israeli forces at onset of Second Intifada while wearing SOP t-shirt.
1983-Alive - Edward Snowden - Computer expert for CIA & NSA. Disclosed top secret US & UK mass surveillance programs in 2013. Fled to Russia.
1983-2014 - Steven Sotloff - Journalist & video reporter. Abducted during Syrian Civil War. Beheaded by Islamic State of Iraq & Syria (ISIS). See James Foley.
1984-2009 - Catherine (Kate) Puzey - Peace Corps Volunteer in Benin. Murdered after exposing sexual abuse of young girls.
1985-Alive - Jeremy Hammond - Political activist, web developer & musician. Publicized internal files of private spy agency Stratfor through Wikileaks.
Anne Smedinghoff - Foreign Service Officer. Killed at age 25 with 8 others by car bomb while delivering books to school in Afghanistan.
1986-2013 - Aaron Swartz - Computer programmer, writer, archivist, political organizer & Internet activist. Campaigned for freedom of information. Suicide at age 26.
1987-Alive - Chelsea Manning - US Army. Né Bradley. Leaked largest ever set of classified documents to WikiLeaks (pub. Apr-Nov 2010). Received IPB & USPM peace prizes in 2013.
1988-2000 - Muhammad al-Durrah - Killed by Israeli forces on 2nd day of Second Intifada while cowering with his father. Photographed by Abu Rahma. Monument in Bamako (Mali).
1988-Alive - Carl Gibson - Co-founder of US Uncut. Mobilized activists against corporate tax avoidance. Featured in documentary "We're Not Broke" at 2012 Sundance Film Festival.
1988-Alive - Clemantine Wamariya - Yale student. Survived Rwanda genocide in 1994. Named to US Holocaust Memorial Museum board in 2011.
1989-Alive - Ghoncheh Ghavami - Law graduate of University of London. Emprisoned for Protesting ban on women in sports stadia.
1995-Alive - Jessica Ahlquist - Student at Cranston High School West. With the ACLU settled Ahlquist v. Cranston in 2012 to remove a religious prayer from her school auditorium.
1997-Alive - Malala Yousafzai - Student. Blogged to BBC in 2009. Shot by Taliban in 2012. To UK for treatment. 2014 with Kailash Satyarthi.
List of peace activists from Wikipedia. "Includes people who proactively advocate diplomatic, non-military resolution of political disputes, usually through nonviolent means. A peace activist is an activist of the peace movement."
* Jane Addams * Martti Ahtisaari * Vittorio Arrigoni * Joan Baez * Ernesto Balducci * Daniel Berrigan * Frida Berrigan * Philip Berrigan * Vera Brittain * Elihu Burritt * Noam Chomsky * Rachel Corrie * David Cortright * Frances Crowe * Godfried Danneels * Dorothy Day * Élie Ducommun * Mel Duncan * Shirin Ebadi * Albert Einstein * Daniel Ellsberg * Tom Fox * Comfort Freeman * Mahatma Gandhi * William Lloyd Garrison * Arthur Gish * G. Simon Harak * Keir Hardie * George Harrison * Sidney Hinkes * Emily Hobhouse * Abbie Hoffman * Aldous Huxley * Khawaja Zafar Iqbal * Michael Jackson * Kathy Kelly * Robert F. Kennedy * Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan * Martin Luther King Jr. * George Lansbury * John Lennon * Julian Lennon * Charles Lindbergh * Staughton Lynd * Paul McCartney * David McTaggart * Mairead Corrigan Maguire * Bob Marley * Rigoberta Menchú * Thomas Merton * Barry Mitcalfe * Macy Morse * A.J. Muste * Abie Nathan * Huey Newton * Alfred Nobel * Linus Pauling * Geshe Thubten Phelgye * Lindis Percy * Jeannette Rankin * Dahlia Ravikovitch * Henry Richard * Oscar Romero * Jerry Rubin * Sophie Scholl * Colin Scott * Bobby Seale * Martin Sheen * Dick Sheppard * Toma Sik * Jeanmarie Simpson * Samantha Smith * C. Maxwell Stanley * Richard Starkey * Olaf Stapledon * Cat Stevens * Tenzin Gyatso (Dalai Lama) * Eve Tetaz * Thich Nhat Hanh * Leo Tolstoy * Jo Vallentine * Mordechai Vanunu * Sérgio Vieira de Mello * Kurt Vonnegut * Jody Williams * Brian Willson * John Howard Yoder * Yoko Ono * Neil Young * Howard Zinn
List of peace heroes from Nuclear Age Peace Foundation. "Individuals who have made major contributions to creating a more peaceful world. These peace heroes can provide new role models for young people seeking to build a more just and peaceful world, and they provide a good place to start for anyone who wishes to make a difference in creating a more peaceful world."
Jane Addams | Peter Benenson | Dietrich Bonhoeffer | Ralph Bunch | Helen Caldicott | Jimmy Carter | Cesar Chavez | King Christian X of Denmark | Captain Jacques-Yves Cousteau | The XIVth Dalai Lama | Sam Day | Albert Einstein | Dwight David Eisenhower | Adolfo Perez Esquivel | Benjamin Ferencz | Mahatma Gandhi | Dag Hammarskjold | Jim Henson | Cordell Hull | Daisaku Ikeda | Martin Luther King, Jr | Coretta Scott King | Frederik Wilhelm de Klerk | Daw Aung San Suu Kyi | Reverend Jim Lawson | Rafael Lemkin | Albert John Lutulit | Máiread Corrigan Maguire | Nelson Mandela | Rigoberta Menchú Tum | Mother Teresa | Mordechai Vanunu | Rosa Parks | Linus Pauling | Peace Pilgrim | Yitzhak Rabin | Jeannette Rankin | Joseph Rotblat | Eleanor Roosevelt | Olga Romanova | Oscar Romero | Albert Schweitzer | Samantha Smith | Bertha Von Suttner | Archbishop Desmond Tutu | Hendrik W. van der Merwe | John Wallach | Barbara Wiedner | Elie Wiesel
| Nobel Peace Prize, Oslo (Norway). ALL PERSONS ON THIS LIST ARE INCLUDED IN "NOTABLE PEACEMAKERS THROUGHOUT HISTORY" (marked with symbol & year). Complete list of Nobel Peace Prize winners:|
2012 European Union | 2011 Leymah Gbowee ; Tawakkul Karman ; Ellen Johnson Sirleaf | 2010 Liu Xiaobo | 2009 Barack Obama | 2008 Martti Ahtisaari | 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change ; Al Gore | 2006 Muhammad Yunus ; Grameen Bank | 2005 International Atomic Energy Agency ; Mohamed ElBaradei | 2004 Wangari Maathai | 2003 Shirin Ebadi | 2002 Jimmy Carter | 2001 Kofi Annan | 2000 Kim Dae-jung | 1999 Doctors without Borders | 1998 John Hume ; David Trimble | 1997 International Campaign to Ban Landmines ; Jody Williams | 1996 Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo ; Jose Ramos-Horta | 1995 Joseph Rotblat ; Pugwash Conferences on Science & World Affairs | 1994 Yasser Arafat ; Shimon Peres ; Yitzhak Rabin | 1993 Nelson Mandela ; F.W. de Klerk | 1992 Rigoberta Menchu Tum | 1991 Aung San Suu Kyi | 1990 Mikhail Gorbachev | 1989 The 14th Dalai Lama | 1988 UN Peacekeeping Forces | 1987 Oscar Arias Sanchez | 1986 Elie Wiesel | 1985 International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War | 1984 Desmond Tutu | 1983 Lech Walesa | 1982 Alva Myrdal ; Alfonso Garcia Robles | 1981 Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees | 1980 Adolfo Perez Esquivel | 1979 Mother Teresa | 1978 Anwar Sadat , Egypt; Menachem Begin | 1977 Amnesty International | 1976 Betty Williams ; Mairead Corrigan | 1975 Andrei Sakharov | 1974 Sean MacBride , Ireland; Eisaku Sato | 1973 Henry Kissinger ; Le Duc Tho | 1972 No prize awarded | 1971 Willy Brandt | 1970 Norman Borlaug | 1969 International Labor Organization | 1968 Rene Cassin | 1967 No prize awarded | 1966 No prize awarded | 1965 UN Children's Fund | 1964 Martin Luther King, Jr. | 1963 International Committee of the Red Cross ; League of Red Cross Societies | 1962 Linus Pauling | 1961 Dag Hammarskjold | 1960 Albert Lutuli | 1959 Philip Noel-Baker | 1958 Georges Pire | 1957 Lester Bowles Pearson | 1956 No prize awarded | 1955 No prize awarded | 1954 Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees | 1953 George C. Marshall | 1952 Albert Schweitzer | 1951 Leon Jouhaux | 1950 Ralph Bunche | 1949 Boyd Orr | 1948 No prize awarded | 1947 Friends Service Council ; American Friends Service Committee, | 1946 Emily Greene Balch ; John R. Mott | 1945 Cordell Hull | 1944 International Committee of the Red Cross | 1943 No prize awarded | 1942 No prize awarded | 1941 No prize awarded | 1940 No prize awarded | 1939 No prize awarded | 1938 Nansen International Office for Refugees | 1937 Robert Cecil | 1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas | 1935 Carl von Ossietzky | 1934 Arthur Henderson | 1933 Norman Angell | 1932 No prize awarded | 1931 Jane Addams, ; Nicholas Murray Butler | 1930 Nathan Soderblom | 1929 Frank B. Kellogg | 1928 No prize awarded | 1927 Ferdinand Buisson ; Ludwig Quidde | 1926 Aristide Briand ; Gustav Stresemann | 1925 Austen Chamberlain ; Charles G. Dawes | 1924 No prize awarded | 1923 No prize awarded | 1922 Fridtjof Nansen | 1921 Hjalmar Branting ; Christian Lange | 1920 Leon Bourgeois | 1919 Woodrow Wilson | 1918 No prize awarded | 1917 International Committee of the Red Cross | 1916 No prize awarded | 1915 No prize awarded | 1914 No prize awarded | 1913 Henri La Fontaine | 1912 Elihu Root | 1911 Tobias Asser ; Alfred Fried | 1910 Permanent International Peace Bureau | 1909 Auguste Beernaert ; Paul Henri d'Estournelles de Constant | 1908 Klas Pontus Arnoldson ; Fredrik Bajer | 1907 Ernesto Teodoro Moneta ; Louis Renault | 1906 Theodore Roosevelt | 1905 Bertha von Suttner | 1904 Institute of International Law | 1903 Randal Cremer | 1902 Elie Ducommun ; Albert Gobat | 1901 Henry Dunant ; Frederic Passy
|Courage of Conscience Award from the Peace Abbey, Sherborn, Massachusetts (USA). Click here for list of all 139 awards (plus 4 children's awards & 14 posthumous awards).|
|Freedom Award from National Civil Rights Museum, Memphis, Tennessee (USA). "The Freedom Award is an annual event & the Museum’s largest fundraiser. Held each year in the fall since 1991, the award honors individuals who have made significant contributions in civil rights & who have laid the foundation for present & future leaders in the battle for human rights." Click here for information about award recipients.|
|Friends of Peace Monuments. A very informal list of about 40 living persons who have evidenced a more than a passing interest in peace monuments. Maintained as part of this website.|
|US Peace Registry, "an electronic publication of the US Peace Memorial Foundation, Inc., Palm Harbor, Florida (USA). "Recognizes & documents the activities of US citizens & permanent residents who have publicly opposed military solutions (including invasion, occupation, production of weapons of mass destruction, use of weapons & threats of war), rather than diplomacy & global cooperation, to solve international problems... Will be published as a reference book in 2013 & eventually be displayed for public viewing at the US Peace Memorial in Washington, DC." Currently contains information for approximately 90 indivduals & 30 organizaions. The foundation awards an annual Peace Prize. Past recipients are Cindy Sheehan (2009), Dennis Kucinich (2010), Noam Chomsky (2011) & Media Benjamin (2012).|
|| Gandhi Peace Award from Promoting Enduring Peace, New Haven, Connecticut (USA).|
* Eleanor Roosevelt (1960) * Edwin T. Dahlberg (1960) * Rabbi Maurice Eisendrath (1961) * John Haynes Holmes (1961) * Linus C. Pauling (1962) * James Paul Warburg (1962) * E. Stanley Jones (1963) * A.J. Muste (1966) * Norman Thomas (1967) * Jerome Davis (1967) * William Sloane Coffin, Jr. (1967) * Benjamin Spock (1968) * Wayne Morse (1970) * Willard Uphaus (1970) * U Thant (1972) * Dorothy Day (1975) * Daniel Ellsberg (1976) * Peter Benenson & Martin Ennals (1978) * Roland Bainton (1979) * Helen Caldicott (1980) * Corliss Lamont (1981) * Randall Watson Forsberg (1982) * Robert Jay Lifton (1984) * Kay Camp (1984) * Bernard Lown (1986) * John Somerville (1987) * César Chávez (1989) * Marian Wright Edelman (1990) * George McGovern (1991) * Ramsey Clark (1992) * Lucius Walker, Jr. (1993) * Roy Bourgeois (1994) * Edith Ballantyne (1995) * The New Haven/León Sister City Project (1996) * Howard & Alice Frazier (1997) * Michael True (2002) * Dennis Kucinich (2003) * Karen Jacob and David Cortright (2004) * Ehud Bandel and Arik Ascherman (2011).
|National Women's Hall of Fame induction, 76 Fall Street, Seneca Falls, New York (USA). Click here for list of all inductees.|
| Albert Einstein Peace Prize. From the Albert Einstein Peace Prize Foundation Chicago, Illinois (USA). Winners of the prize receive $50,000. Past winners include:|
* Joseph Rotblat & Hans Bethe (1992) * Willy Brandt (1985)] * Pierre Trudeau (1984) * George F. Kennan (1981) * Alva Myrdal (1980)
| Albert Schweitzer Prize for Humanitarianism, Boston, Massachusetts (USA). Recipients include:|
* Desmond Tutu (1986) * President Jimmy Carter (1987) * Marian Wright Edelman (1988) * Sister Maria Isolina Ferre Aguayo (1989) * Norman Cousins (1990) * C. Everett Koop (1991) * Billy Frank, Jr. (1992) * D. Holmes Morton (1993) * Edgar Wayburn (1995) * Sharon Darling (1998) * Gwen Mellon (2000) * Corneliu Vadim Tudor (2000) * Robert S. Lawrence (2002) * David Satcher (2009) * H. Jack Geiger (2010)
|UN Messengers of Peace. "Distinguished individuals, carefully selected from the fields of art, literature, music & sports, who have agreed to help focus worldwide attention on the work of the United Nations. Backed by the highest honour bestowed by the Secretary-General on a global citizen for an initial period of two years." Click here for partial list.|
|Right Livelihood Award. "Established in 1980 by Jakob von Uexkull to honour & support those 'offering practical and exemplary answers to the most urgent challenges facing us today.' It has become widely known as the 'Alternative Nobel Prize,' and there are now 145 Laureates from 61 countries. Presented annually in Stockholm at a ceremony in the Swedish Parliament, the Right Livelihood Award is usually shared by four Recipients." Click here for partial list of laureates.|
| International Peace Award from Community of Christ, Independence, Missouri (USA). "Has been given annually (except for 1996) since 1993. Ranks high in the lists of non-governmental international & USA peace awards." Click here for partial list of laureates. Click here for all laureates.
2012 Dr. Tadatoshi Akiba | 2011 Terry Tempest Williams | 2010 Greg Mortenson | 2009 Dr. Halima Bashir | 2008 Koinonia Community | 2007 Dolores Huerta & Father Virgilio Elizondo | 2006 Howard Zehr | 2005 Craig Kielburger | 2004 Rev. James Lawson | 2003 Dr. Jean Vanier | 2002 Ms. Ela Gandhi | 2001 Dr. Swanee Hunt | 2000 Dr. John Paul Lederach | 1999 Dr. Jane Goodall | 1998 Dr. Marie Fortune | 1997 Senator Juan M. Flavier | 1995 Marian Wright Edelman | 1994 Dr. M. Scott Peck & Lily Ho Peck | 1993 Dr. Jehan Sadat
| TED (Technology, Entertainment & Design). Past TED presenters include Bill Clinton, Bill Gates, Jane Goodall, Malcolm Gladwell, Al Gore, Gordon Brown, educator Salman Khan, Google founders Larry Page & Sergey Brin & many Nobel Prize winners. | Click here for all TED talks. | Click here for selected TED presenters. | TED Prizes awarded:
In 2005 to Bono, Edward Burtynsky & Robert Fischell . In 2006 to Larry Brilliant, Jehane Noujaim & Cameron Sinclair. In 2007 to Bill Clinton, Edward O. Wilson & James Nachtwey. In 2008 to Neil Turok, Dave Eggers & Karen Armstrong. In 2009 to Sylvia Earle, Jill Tarter & José Antonio Abreu. In 2010 to Jamie Oliver. In 2011 to JR. In 2012 to City 2.0.
| Humanists of the Year by the American Humanist Association (AHA). - ALL PERSONS ON THIS LIST ARE INCLUDED IN "NOTABLE PEACEMAKERS THROUGHOUT HISTORY" (marked with symbol & year).
* Rebecca Newberger Goldstein - 2011 * Bill Nye - 2010 * PZ Myers - 2009 * Pete Stark - 2008 * Joyce Carol Oates - 2007 * Steven Pinker - 2006 * Murray Gell-Mann - 2005 * Daniel C. Dennett - 2004 * Sherwin T. Wine - 2003 * Steven Weinberg - 2002 * Stephen Jay Gould - 2001 * Bill Schulz - 2000 * Edward O. Wilson - 1999 * Barbara Ehrenreich - 1998 * Alice Walker - 1997 * Richard Dawkins - 1996 * Ashley Montagu - 1995 * Lloyd Morain - 1994 * Mary Morain - 1994 * Richard D. Lamm - 1993 * Kurt Vonnegut - 1992 * Lester R. Brown - 1991 * Werner Fornos - 1991 * Ted Turner - 1990 * Gerald A. Larue - 1989 * Leo Pfeffer - 1988 * Margaret Atwood - 1987 * Faye Wattleton - 1986 * John Kenneth Galbraith - 1985 * Isaac Asimov - 1984 * Lester A. Kirkendall - 1983 * Helen Caldicott - 1982 * Carl Sagan - 1981 * Andrei Sakharov - 1980 * Edwin H. Wilson - 1979 * Margaret E. Kuhn - 1978 * Corliss Lamont - 1977 * Jonas E. Salk - 1976 * Betty Friedan - 1975 * Henry Morgentaler - 1975 * Mary Calderone - 1974 * Joseph Fletcher - 1974 * Thomas Szasz - 1973 * B.F. Skinner - 1972 * Albert Ellis - 1971 * A. Philip Randolph - 1970 * R. Buckminster Fuller - 1969 * Benjamin Spock - 1968 * Abraham H. Maslow - 1967 * Erich Fromm - 1966 * Hudson Hoagland - 1965 * Carl Rogers - 1964 * Hermann J. Muller - 1963 * Julian Huxley - 1962 * Linus Pauling - 1961 * Leo Szilard - 1960 * Brock Chisholm - 1959 * Oscar Riddle - 1958 * Margaret Sanger - 1957 * C. Judson Herrick - 1956 * James P. Warbasse - 1955 * Arthur F. Bendley - 1954 * Anton J. Carlson - 1953
Social change artists. Selected by Holly Near.
U.S. & Canada: Bernice Johnson Reagon | Pete Seeger | Buffy Sainte-Marie | Nobuko | Sweet Honey in The Rock | Ulali | Toshi Reagon | Ember Swift Pamela Means Copper Wimmin Ferron Joe Jencks emma's revolution (Pat Humphries/Sandy O) Wishing Chair Nedra Johnson Melanie deMoore Cris Williamson | John McCutcheon | Linda Tillery & Cultural Heritage Choir | Tao Rodriguez-Seeger & The Mammals | Arlo Guthrie & family Liche Fuentes Rhiannon Ronnie Gilbert Cheryl Wheeler Peggy Seeger Laura Love Deidre McCalla Jennifer Berezan Betty MUSE (women's chorus in Cincinnati, Ohio) | Peter Paul & Mary | Steve Earle Tish Hinojosa Larry Long Alice Gerrard Bill Staines David Roth Peter Alsop Mary Watkins Rafael Manriquez Elise Witt Betsy Rose Gary Lapow Gerry Tenney Bonnie Lockhart Jon Fromer Tom Chapin Guy Davis Cosy Sharidan Bob Franke Dar Williams Ani DiFranco Eliza Gilkyson Lowen & Navarro The Kennedys Keb' Mo' Kim & Reggie Harris Zoe Lewis Beverly Grant Rosalli Sorrels Sloan Wainwright Tret Fure Magpie The Klezmatics | Cathy Fink & Marcy Marxer Faith Petric Lil' Rev Greg Brown Tom Waits Anne Hills Hazel Dickens Indigo Girls Janis Ian Joan Baez Ellis Amy Carol Webb Amy Speace | Mary Chapin Carpenter | Robin Flower & Libby McClaren Kate Campbell Libby Roderick Jaimie Anderson Ubaka Hill John Trudell (spoken word) Ellis Paul Vance Gilbert Christine Lavin Catie Curtis The Dance Brigade Leonard Cohen Bill Steele Jackson Browne Judy Collins Lucy Kaplansky Sara Thomsen Amy Martin Tracy Grammer Garnet Rogers David Rovics Richie Havens Peter Donnelly Dangerous Folk Radio Free Earth Linq Mary Wheelan Kate Long James Durst The Work o' the Weavers Ron Romanovsky Four Bitchin' Babes Dave Lippman Lynn Frances Anderson Colleen Kattau José "Pepo" Saavedra Carrrie Newcomer Neil Young Prince Myshkins SONiA Llajtasuyo Chestnut Brothers Kuumba Lynx Charlie King & Karen Brandow Francisco Herrera Andrew McKnight Big Wide Grin Bruce Kunkel Rod MacDonald Freebo John Batdorf Randall Williams Ted Warmbrand Georges Lammam Karl Anthony Michael Franti & Spearhead Girlyman Arjuna Griest Melissa Crabtree Rachael Kilgour Green & Root Eileen Hazel Tracy Chapman Bill Miller Joanne Shenandoah Bright Eyes Faith Nolan Joe Glazer Si Kahn Fred Small Anne Feeney Mark Erelli | Nanci Griffith Bonnie Raitt John Flynn Country Joe McDonald Len Chandler Joe Uehlein Richard Shindell Roy Zimmerman Taproot Evie Ladin & Stairwell Sisters International: Inti Illimani Eduardo Peralta (Chile) Ladysmith Black Mombaza (South Africa) Youssou N'dour (Senegal) Roy Brown (Puerto Rico) Quilapayun (Europe/Chile) Silvio Rodgriquez (Cuba) Judy Small (Australia) Tom Robinson (England) Bruce Cockburn (Canada) Billy Bragg (England) Eric Bogle (Australia) Yungchen Lhamo (Tibet) The No Shit Shirleys (Vancouver, BC) Sara Gonzales (Cuba) Simone Shaheen (USA/Near East) Marcel Khalife (Lebanon) Tommy Sands (Ireland) Comic & Spoken Word: Kate Clinton Lily Tomlin Dick Gregory Alix Olson
|Young, Nigel, ed. by (2010), "Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace: Global conflict, transformation and nionviolent change," Oxford University Press, Oxford & New York, 4 volumes (2,176 pages). Click here for article on Peace Monuments. Click here for table of contents in Excel format. Contains more than 850 articles, including 74 about individuals. ALL 74 PERSONS IN THIS ENCYCLOPEDIA ARE INCLUDED IN "NOTABLE PEACEMAKERS THROUGHOUT HISTORY" (marked with symbol).|
|Josephson, Harold, ed. by (1985), "The biographical dictionary of modern peace leaders," Greenwood Press, pp. 1133. ""Covering the period 1800-1980, this is a remarkable compilation of 750 biographical essays on the world's most prominent peace advocates and activists... It is at once an invaluable reference tool & a splendid point of entry into the otherwise lost world of modern peace heroes." Josephson was professor of history, University of North Carolina, Charlotte. Click here for more information.|
|Click here for an interactive list and sketches of more than 1,000 "Heroes for a Culture of Peace." | Click here for a similar list of "Heroes for a Better World."|
|1,000 Peace Women named for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005 by an international secretariat in Bern (Switzerland). | Click here for an interactive list of a few of the 1,000 women. | Click here for 96 "keywords" used to classify the 1,000 women -- a virtual definition of "peace." | Click here for peace monuments related to women.|
|Click here for the "My Hero" list of 103 peacemakers with photos & interactive links. From The MY HERO Project, 1278 Glenneyre, #286, Laguna Beach, Calornia (USA).|
Photographs of peacemakers. "Blessed are the peacemakers. How many do you know?"|
Jane Addams, Muhammad Ali, Joan Baez, Judi Bari, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Fr. Roy Bourgois, Helen Caldicott, Cesar Chavez, Ernesto Cortes, The Dalai Lama, Dorothy Day, Adolfo Perez Esquivel, Mahatma Gandhi, Thich Nhat Hanh, Gordon Kiyoshi Hirabayashi, The Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., Ron Kovic, Aung San Suu Kyi, Nelson Mandela, Thomas Merton, A. J. Muste, Fridtjof Nansen, Linus Pauling, Peace Pilgrim, Sr. Helen Prejean, Jeanette Rankin, Bishop Oscar Romero, Bertrand Russell, Albert Schweitzer, Chief Seattle, Pete Seeger, Tom Slick, Samantha Smith, The Rev. Leon Sullivan, Emma Tenayuca, Mother Teresa, Henry David Thoreau, Bishop Desmond Tutu, Lech Walesa, Elie Wiesel, Jody Williams, and Leyla Zana.
Return to Peace Monuments main page.