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179 Globe Peace Monuments
And Other Globes, Spheres & Orbs

Click here for Wikipedia article about water towers, many of which are spherical.

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c.126 AD - Pantheon, Rome (Italy). "Commissioned by Marcus Agrippa as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, and rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian in about 126 AD."

1683? - Terrestrial & Celestial Globes for Louis XIV, Paris (France). "Cardinal César d'Estrées, friend and adviser to Louis XIV and ambassador to Rome, saw the Duke of Parma’s globes and invited Vincenzo Coronelli [1650-1715] to Paris in 1681 to construct a pair of globes for the Most Christian King. Coronelli moved to the French capital in 1681, where he lived for two years. Each globe was composed of spindles of bent timber about ten feet long and four inches broad at the equator. This wood was then coated with a layer of plaster about an inch thick and covered in a layer of strong unfinished fabric. This was then wrapped in a quarter-inch layer of two very fine fabrics which provided backing for the painted information of the globes. These globes, measuring 384 cm in diameter and weighing approximately 2 tons, are displayed in the Bibliothèque nationale François Mitterrand in Paris. The globes depicted the latest information of French explorations in North America, particularly the expeditions of René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle." (Photo take in the Grand Palais Sept. 22, 2005.) "...actuellement exposés à la Bibliothèque nationale de France (BNF), de grande dimension (387 cm de diamètre)... Le globe terrestre présente l'état des connaissances géographiques alors connues tandis que globe céleste figure l'état du ciel à la naissance de Louis XIV. C'est tout simplement magnifique!"

1687 - James II (1685-88) Halfpenny. "Struck in tin, laureate & draped bust right, d over reversed d in obverse legend, rev. Britannia seated left on globe with shield, holding spear & olive branch, blank exergue, copper plug through centre, edge inscribed in raised letters & dated 1687 (Peck 544; S.3419)."

1699 - Map Department, Sterling Memorial Library, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (USA). "These two globes, the largest in Yale’s collection at 19 inches across, are nevertheless among the smallest ever produced by the Venetian cartographer Vincenzo Coronelli (1650–1718), one of the most renowned mapmakers in history. A Franciscan friar who drew, engraved, and printed more than 400 maps, Coronelli made his mark with a giant pair of globes he built for Louis XIV, each 15 feet in diameter and weighing two tons. But these terrestrial and celestial globes, created in 1699 as a set, are magnificent in their own right. With their geographical and decorative detail, they are the jewels of the Lanman Globe Collection (donated in 1980 by Jonathan Lanman ’40, ’43MD, and housed in the map department at Sterling Memorial Library). They are constructed of papier-mâché, plaster, wood, metal, and varnished paper. For each globe, 24 wedge-shaped map segments were pasted to a papier-mâché sphere that had been covered with plaster. The terrestrial globe displays, for its time, extensive labeling of geographical names—in Italian, Spanish, Latin, Dutch, or English, as appropriate. The wooden horizon circle at the middle has a paper ring pasted on top that lists principal winds and principal directions, as well as zodiacal constellations, months, and saints. Coronelli’s representation of continents is surprisingly comprehensive, even though California appears as an island and Antarctica is just an imprecise land mass. The map’s many legends record major discoveries and expeditions, such as Magellan’s circumnavigation of the globe. Images of sailing ships, wrecks, indigenous peoples, seal fishing, architecture, and flora and fauna all enhance the cartography. The celestial globe depicts not only stars but also comets, fixed in their positions for the year 1700. A more decorative piece than its terrestrial twin, the globe is covered with elaborate illustrations representing the constellations. Woven through and around the figures are numbered stars, all keyed to a catalog Coronelli had published in 1693 of the names, locations, and magnitudes of 1,886 stars. Globes, because they distort distances and shapes much less than flat maps, are the truest maps of the earth. These two present a remarkably vivid model of the planet and heavens in 1700, and their decorative and pedagogic value is timeless."

1824 - Globe, Champs-Elysees, Paris (France). Diameter = about 128 feet. Scale = about 5 miles/inch. Made by Colonel Langlois. Is this Colonel Jean-Charles Langlois [1789-1870], the history painter?

1851-1862 - Wyld's Great Globe, Leicester Square, London (England). Also called "Georama." Diameter = 60 feet. Made by James Wyld. "Swept away aa a nuisance."

July 28, 1867 - Haystack Monument, Mission Park, Mission Park Road, Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts (USA). Commemorates the "Haystack Prayer Meeting" in August 1806 which is reputed to have started the American foreign missionary movement. Inscribed "The Field is the World." Engraving made about 1871. Sepia photo taken about 1890.

May 12, 1887 - Garfield Monument, Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, DC (USA). "James Garfield [1831-1881], the 20th president of the USA, was also a high ranking mason & taught ancient languages & literature at Hiram College. Garfield was assassinated in 1881, less than a year after taking office. One of the plaques [left image] on the base of the monument by John Quincy Adams Ward [1830-1910] is a bas relief of the earth, surrounded by [olive branches,] planets on orbital tracks & the signs of the zodiac. The earth is tilted in such a way that the SE coast of Alaska is several degrees to the right of the top of the globe, but the horizon ring that crosses the earth is also tilted downward from left to right. Although neither the coastlines or meridians are particularly accurate, the horizon ring is perpendicular to the SE coast of Alaska, closely approximating the prehistoric alignment of world wonders as it crosses over the equatorial Atlantic coastline of South America & the northeastern coast of Africa near the Great Pyramid."

1896 - Charles B. Merchant Family Memorial, Marion Cemetery, 620 Delaware Avenue, Marion, Ohio (USA). 5200-pound 48-inch granite orb resting atop a five foot high pedestal reputed to rotate about 2-inches per year. Was included in Ripley’s Believe It or Not in 1929, and a drinking fountain is modeled on the cemetery marker at the Ripley's museum in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina (USA).

1897 - Woman's Building, Tennessee Centennial Exposition (now Centennial Park), Nashville, Tennessee (USA). No longer exists. Site near the fair's full-scale reproduction of the Parthenon is marked by a subsequent monument with a sphere on top. Has two quotations by Mrs. Van Leer (Kate) Kirkman, President, Woman's Department: "That that is round can be no rounder" and "Women's Work. Whatever may be necessary to preserve the sanctity of the home and ensure the freedom of the state." Left image by EWL.

Date? - Abadhit Samudra Marg Tirsthambh (South Pole Indicator), Somanatha Temple, Sourashtra province, Gugerat (India). On the seawall. "A painted globe atop a column with an arrow piercing it, pointing due south." Inscribed, "The light path stretching without obstruction up to the South Pole over the end of the ocean." "Indicates the unobstructed sea route to the south pole. This is an example of the great knowledge Indians had in ancient period."

About 1900 - Temple of Peace, International Theosophical Headquarters, Point Loma, San Diego, California (USA). "In 1896 Madame Katherine Tingley [1847-1929] became the leader of the Theosophical Society. In 1897 she purchased a sanitarium to found 'an Athens of the West' at Point Loma. She changed its name to the Academy (Homestead) and used it as a living quarters and as a schoolroom for the fine arts. In 1900 she completed the construction of this building by adding a stain-glass dome and then built the circular Temple of Peace next to the Academy." Image shows Raja-Yoga Academy (left) and Temple of Peace (right).

April 15-November 12, 1900 - Globe Celeste / Celestial Globe, Exposition Universelle, Paris (France). Constructed near the Eifel Tower (which had been constructed for the previous exposition in 1889). See "Trylon & Perisphere" at the New York World's Fair in 1939-1940.

About 1900 - Cemetery Monument, Lennox Union Cemetery, Berwick, Warren County, Illinois (USA). "This spherical red granite monument gives Lenox Union the name 'Red Ball Cemetery.' The sphere is reputed to glow with an unearthly light at night. During the paranormal investigation team's dozens of visits to Lenox Union, the sphere has never glowed, spun, levitated or displayed any other paranormal behavior."

About 1900 - Grave of H.T. Clawson, Fairmount Cemetery, Newark, New Jersey (USA). "This is the largest orb I have ever seen atop a monument. H.T. Clawson was an inventor and a small-scale industrialist. His greatest invention was a machine that filled boxes with precisely measured quantities of rice, cement, grain, etc. He also invented a coin operated fortune telling machine. Originally this monument had a small statue of a child on top."

About 1900 - Temple of Peace, International Theosophical Headquarters, Point Loma, San Diego, California (USA). "In 1896 Madame Katherine Tingley [1847-1929] became the leader of the Theosophical Society. In 1897 she purchased a sanitarium to found 'an Athens of the West' at Point Loma. She changed its name to the Academy (Homestead) and used it as a living quarters and as a schoolroom for the fine arts. In 1900 she completed the construction of this building by adding a stained-glass dome and then built the circular Temple of Peace next to the Academy." Image shows Raja-Yoga Academy (left) and Temple of Peace (right).

1909 - Weltpostdenkmal / Universal Postal Union Monument, Bern (Switzerland). Bronze & granite. By René de Saint-Marceaux. The five continents join to transmit messages around the globe.

June 8, 1912 - Columbus Memorial Fountain, Union Sation, Washington, DC (USA). "Christopher Columbus [1451-1506] looks beyond the winged figurehead represent- ing Discovery on the ship's prow. On his right, facing west, is an American Indian represent- ing the New World. On his left, facing east, is an elderly man representing the Old World. Above him is a sphere bearing the outline of the Western Hemisphere." Visited by EWL.

1919-1922 - First Goetheanum, Dornach, Solothurn (Switzerland). Near Basel. A timber & concrete structure designed by Rudolf Steiner [1861-1925]. Intended as a Gesamtkunstwerk (the synthesis of diverse artistic media & sensory effects) & infused with spiritual significance. Built to house the annual summer theater events of the Anthroposophical Society, it became the center of a small colony of spiritual seekers. Architects created the unusual double-dome wooden structure over a curving concrete base, stained glass windows added color into the space, painters decorated the ceiling with motifs depicting the whole of human evolution, & sculptors carved huge column bases, capitals, and architraves with images of metamorphoses. Already during the construction, musicians, actors & movement artists began performing a wide variety of pieces in a neighboring workshop. Destroyed by arson on New Year's Eve, December 31, 1922–January 1, 1923." /// Lower image is "The Representative of Humanity," a 9-meter high wood sculpture executed by Rudolf Steiner in 1922 as a joint project with sculptor Edith Maryon [1872-1924] & "now on permanent display at the Goetheanum."

1920's-c.2000 - "Great Relief Map of USA," Coleman Map Building, Babson Institute, Wellesley Hills, Massachusetts (USA). 45 x 65-foot plaster of Paris model of the lower 48 states which accurately matched the curvature of the earth. Probably the largest ever map of the entire 48 states. Building housing the map named for President George William Coleman, and construction began in 1924.
1955 - Babson World Globe, Babson College, Babson Park, 231 Forest Street, Wellesley, Massachusetts (USA). 28-foot diameter globe created by college founder Roger Babson [1875-1967] behind the Great Relief Map. Restored (& the Great Relief Map removed from adjacent Coleman Hall) about 2000. Its new surface was provided by DeLorme of Yarmouth, Maine (USA). Babson is a private business school that offers all undergraduates a BS in Business Administration. Roger Babson also created the Babson Boulder Trail in the Dogtown section of Gloucester, Massachusetts. Visited by EWL.

1929 - Monument to Matthew Maury, Monument Avenue, Richmond, Virginia (USA). Matthew Fontaine Maury [1806-1873] was an American naval officer, astronomer, historian, oceanographer, meteorologist, cartographer, author, geologist, and educator. Nicknamed "Pathfinder of the Seas," "Father of modern Oceanography & Naval Meteorology," & later "Scientist of the Seas."
Date? - Western Hemisphere, Board of Education Building, The Mall, Cleveland, Ohio (USA).

1929 - "Fliers’ and Explorers’ Globe," American Geographical Society (AGS), New York City, New York (USA)."Gift from AGS President John H. Finley. In his position as Editor-in-Chief of the New York Times, Finley invited early heroes of exploration and aviation to draw their routes and sign their names on his 18-inch globe. The Society has continued the custom and, in so doing, has created a remarkable and unique symbol of humanity’s unquenchable drive to explore the universe. Signers over the years are men and women who have explored certain places on earth for the first time in recorded history, reached new extremes of height or depth, pioneered new means of travel, or set aviation records. Their accomplishments have been made at great personal physical risk. Among them are such people as Charles Lindbergh, Amelia Earhart, Sir Edmund Hillary, William Beebe, and the Apollo 13 astronauts."

1930 - "Great Terrestrial Globe," lobby of Daily News Building, 220 East 42nd Street , New York City, New York (USA). Made of aluminum, 12 feet in diameter, weighs 2 tons. Created by D. Putnam Brinley [1879-1963]. Right photo taken about 1941. /// "Lobby features a large globe rotating in a well in the middle of a round, black glass-decorated and domed room with terrazzo paving. Thermometers, wind speed indicators, and world clocks decorate the room. Only when the building was opened, it was found out that the globe rotated in the wrong direction, forcing quick fixing." /// Built in 1929, "the Daily News Building, is a 476-foot (145 m) Art-Deco skyscraper [&] was headquarters for the New York Daily News until the mid-1990's. It was among the first skyscrapers to be built without an ornamental crown [&] can be seen as a precursor of Rockefeller Center [by the same architect]."

1932-Late 1960's - Noyes Armillary Sphere, Meridian Hill Park, Columbia Heights, Washington, DC (USA). "Worked in bronze & placed on a green granite pedestal... Donated by Bertha Noyes, a well-known Washington artist & founder of the Washington Arts Club, in memory of her father & sister. Paul Manship [1885-1966] had constructed a model for an earlier proposal for an armillary sphere. For lack of funds, that sphere was not realized, later when the Noyes Armillary Sphere was constructed by Carl Paul Jennewein [1890-1978], he based his design on the earlier Manship model. The sphere was located in the exedra on axis with the cascade, south of the reflecting pool. This location was proposed by Ferruccio Vitale, and the foundation was designed by Horace W. Peaslee. Congress approved the location within Meridian Hill Park on June 10, 1932, subject to the final approval of its location within the park by the Commission... Suffered serious damage during the late 1960's & was removed for repair. Its whereabouts is presently unknown." /// "Jennewein's work received some attention when his Noyes Armillary Sphere disappeared during a riot in Washington, DC, in the turbulent 1960's. It has not yet been recovered."

1933-1945 - "Pan American Airways Globe," Pan American Airways Seaplane Base & Terminal Building, 3500 Pan American Drive, Dinner Key, Coconut Grove, Miami, Florida (USA). Ten feet in diameter. "The Globe is 31.5 ft. in Circumfrence and Weighs 6,500 Lbs." "The giant, three-and-one-half ton revolving world globe in the lobby once attracted thousands of visitors to the building. In 1946, the City of Miami purchased 39 acres of the Dinner Key site. In 1954, the terminal building was adapted for use as the Miami City Hall." Click here for a history of Pan Am logos. Click here for an article about the seaplane base. /// In 1960, the globe was moved to the Miami Science Museum (MSM) where it became the centerpiece of the Grand Lobby & was restored in 2012 to show its original (1933) colors & geography. Image & info courtesy of Sean Duran, Miami Science Museum.

1935 - "Maparium," Mary Baker Eddy Library, Christian Scientist Headquarters, Boston, Massachusetts (USA). Walk-though globe by architect Chester Lindsay Churchill. Names & boundaries of nations are still as they were in 1935. "Since then, more than 10 million people have traversed the 30-foot glass bridge that spans the Mapparium, taking visitors to a unique spot: The middle of the world. This world-famous, three-story, painted-glass globe is one of the key attractions at the Library."

1935? - Globe Lobby, Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, California (USA). "Aptly named for the 5½ foot diameter globe slowly spinning in the center of the lobby. On the floor is a marble mosaic compass with 13 types of marble from all over the world. Hugo Ballin’s 10 foot high murals soar overhead. They are original to the 1935 building, and rediscovered during the 1990 renovations of the lobby. The lobby is undergoing another facelift for the 125th anniversary of the newspaper."

August 1939 - "Armillary Sphere," Ariana Park, Palais des Nations / Palace of Nations, Geneva (Switzerland). 410 cm in diameter. Weighs some 5,800 kg. Also called Celestial Sphere. By Paul Manship [1885-1966]. Presented by the Woodrow Wilson Foundation in memory of the founder of the League of Nations.
June 1, 1950 - "Aero Memorial World War I 1917-18," Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA). By Paul Manship [1885-1966]. "Proposed during WW-I by the Aero Club of Pennsylvania. Commissioned by Fairmount Park Art Association."

1939-1940 - "Trylon & Perisphere," New York World's Fair, New York City, New York (USA). "The Theme Center of the fair. Connected to the Trylon, which stood 700 feet tall, by what was at the time the world's longest escalator, the Perisphere was 180 feet in diameter. It housed a diorama called 'Democracity' which, in keeping with the fair's theme 'The World of Tomorrow,' depicted a utopian city-of-the-future." Note similarity to the Eifel Tower and Celestial Globe in Paris in 1900.

December 16, 1939 - Monument to Karle Landman, De Kol, Cape (South Africa). Designed by G. Moerdijk. Karle Landman was a leader of the Voortrekkers. Note ten oxen pulling a Voortrekker wagon across South Africa on the globe.

1942-1955 - President's Globe, Washington, DC (USA). "The US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) Map Division compiled the map for a 50-inch globe that was to be given to President Roosevelt by Colonel William J. Donovan, the OSS Director. Instead, acting on a suggestion by General Dwight D. Eisenhower, General George C. Marshall arranged to have one of the large globes presented to Prime Minister Winston Churchill and another to President Roosevelt as 1942 Christmas gifts from the US Army. Ultimately, the Weber Costello Company of Chicago Heights, Illinois, produced some twelve or fifteen copies of the President's Globe between 1942 and 1955 when the company ceased operation. Churchill's globe is now at Chartwell and Roosevelt's is at the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library. The story of these globes is based on the recollection of the author, who was involved in the map making." Diameter = 50 inches. One is now in Library of Congress?

Date? - President's Globe?, Geography Department, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia (USA).

August 6, 1945 - Peace Memoral Dome, Hiroshima (Japan). Unintentional monument. The ruin is direct evidence of the atomic bomb in Peace Memorial Park.

About 1946 - Monument voor de Wereldvrede / Monument for World Peace, Utrechtseweg 183 (near Ziekenhuis De Lichtenberg / Lichtenberg Hospital, Amersfoort, Province of Utrecht (Netherlands). Moved after 1953 from garden of artist Jacob N. Nieweg [1877-1955], local chairman of "Kerk en Vrede / Church and Peace," who campaigned for "No More War." Three sided pyramid inscribed in Dutch ("Wereld Vrede door Federale Wereld Regering"), English ("World Peace by Federal World Government") & Esperanto ("Mond Paco per Federacia Mond Recistaro"). Monument has a sphere (globe?) on top & a four quadrant circle (earth symbol?) above each inscription. Compare the WFBN, UWF & Japanese logos here. On December 1, 2008, an article on page 3 of the Amersfoortse Courant described the monument's 80th anniversary [sic]. Images & information courtesy of Gerard Lössbroek. Click here for article by Jojanneke Clarijs.

July 1, 1947 - "Peace on Earth" Statue, American Garden, International Peace Gardens, Jordan Park, Salt Lake City, Utah (USA). "This statue in the Peace Garden is symbolic of the hope that we can leave a more peaceful future to our children." Garden (qv) was initiated in 1940 by by Mrs. O. A. Wiesley of the Salt Lake Council of Women and developed by local ethnic & national groups 1948-1989. Front inscription says, "Our hope for the children." Side inscriptons say, "Peace on Earth" & "The dawn of a new era."

August 9-20, 1947 - Jamboree Mondial de la Paix / World Jamboree of Peace (France). "Premier grand rassemblement d'après guerre des scouts du monde. Ce jamboree sera appelé 'Jamboree de la paix' et sera placé sous l'égide, le patronage du fondateur et chef éternel du Scoutisme Lord Robert Baden Powell, décédé à Niéry au Kenya en 1941... Seul rassemblement Scout mondial à s'être déroulé en France, à Moisson. Ce fut le VI Jamboree Mondial, dix ans après celui organisé en Hollande." Attended by 24,152 scouts. /// Note giant globe (inflated balloon?).

1949 - "Necklace Structure," Black Mountain College, Black Mountain, North Carolina (USA). One of the first successful geodesic domes invented by Buckminster Fuller [1895-1983]. Site visited by EWL.

1956 - the Globe Museum, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek / Austrian National Library, Palais Mollard, 1 Herrengasse 9, Vienna (Austria). Collection of more than 400 globes, 240 of which are on display, including early modern globes by Mercator, Blaeu & Coronelli. Reopened in larger space on December 1, 2005. Click here for description of a visit in December 2001.

1957 - World Globe Gas Storage Tank, 73rd Street, Savannah, Georgia (USA). Also known as "The Savannah Globe." 60 foot diameter. "Built by Savannah Gas Company with a world map adorned 'Savannah is here.' Painted two years later to resemble a globe. A to Z Coating & Sons purchased the structure in the early 1990's & repainted it for the year 2000 featuring simulated satellite imagery with a hurricane bound for Savannah! By September 2005, sold to Savannah Mortgage Co. at a cost of around $450,000."

1958 - "Atomium," Atomiumsquare, 1020 Laken, Brussels (Belgium). Theme structure of the Exposition Universelle et Internationale (1958 Brussels Worlds Fair). Renovated in 2004-2006, and 50th anniversary celebrated in 2008. Visited by EWL.

About 1960 - Radomes (Radar Domes), Menwith Hill electronic surveillance base, near Harrogate, North Yorkshire (England). "In 1966 the National Security Agency (NSA) took on responsibility for the US operation of the site... Between 1984 and 1995 a number of peace camps were established in close proximity to the station."

About 1960 - Radomes (Radar Domes), Security Hill, Misawa Security Operations Center, Misawa, Aomori Prefecture (Japan). "Misawa is the only combined, joint service installation in the western Pacific. It houses three U.S. military services (Army, Navy, and Air Force), as well as the Japan Air Self Defense Force. "

About 1960 - "Expanding Universe Fountain," interior courtyard, Harry S. Truman Building, US Department of State, Washington, DC (USA). By Marshall W. Fredericks [1908-1998]. "According to Fredericks, the sculpture "represents this age of great interest, exploration and discovery in outer space...[and] the immensity, order and mystery of the universe."

1963? - Peace Cairn, Caledon, Regional Municipality of Peel, Ontario (Canada). Near Toronto. Commemorates the World Ploughing Championship held here in 1963.

1964-1965 - "Unisphere,", New York World's Fair, Flusing Meadow, Queens, New York City, New York (USA). Theme structure of the fair whose theme was "Peace Through Understanding." Now "one of the borough's most iconic and enduring symbols." Visited by EWL.

September 20, 1964 - Hiroshima Peace Bell, Peace Memorial Park, Hiroshima (Japan). Both the bell & its pavilion are designed to represent a world globe. The bell's "sweet spot" is an atomic symbol. Designed by Masahiko Katori [1899-1988]. Cast by Oigo Bell Works, Takaoka, Toyama Prefecture (Japan). #08 of 56 "cenotaphs & monuments" on the Virtual E-Tour. Visited by EWL.

1965 - Drop City, 4 miles (6 km) north of Trinidad, Colorado (USA). The first rural "hippy" commune. "Inspired by architectural ideas of Buckminster Fuller [1895-1983] & Steve Baer, residents constructed geodesic domes and zonohedra to house themselves, using geometric panels made from the metal of automobile roofs & other inexpensive materials. In 1967, the group, now consisting of 10 core people, won Fuller's 'Dymaxion award' for ...for 'poetically economic' domed living structures." All domes have been removed.

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1967 - Rand McNally Geo-Physical Globe, Maurice M. Pine Free Public Library, Fair Lawn, New Jersey (USA). "Donated by the Rotary Club in 1967 & cost over $12,000. It is almost 7 feet high, 6 feet in diameter & weighs nearly 350 pounds. One of only a few ever made, others reside in the Library of Congress in Washington, DC, & the Buhl Science Center in Pittsburgh, PA."
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1960's - Rand McNally Geo-Physical Relief Globe, Western End, Great Hall, Buhl Planetarium & Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (USA). "Moved elsewhere in the building in the 1980's... Moved to the Carnegie Science Center & displayed on the building's 4th floor for several years. Another Geo-Physical Relief Globe was also displayed near the Hillman Hall of Minerals & Gems in The Carnegie Museum of Natural History for several years. Although this globe displayed topography in a slightly different way, ironically the Science Center & Museum globes are exactly the same size! It is really a shame that [both of] these wonderful globes are in storage, educating no one." N.B.: Is this one of the relief globes (& continent slices) which one famous employee plastered & painted by hand for many years at the Rand McNally factory in Richmond, Kentucky? Where do other examples of the Rand McNally globe still exist?

1960's - Globe, Diplomatic Lobby, US Department of State, Washington, DC (USA). A globe very similar to the Buhl globe occupied a position of honor between the stairs & the flag display for many years. Is it still there?

1967 - Montreal Biosphère, Parc Jean-Drapeau, Île Sainte-Hélène, Montreal, Quebec (Canada). Former American Pavilion at Expo 67 (Montreal World's Fair). Designed by Buckminster Fuller [1895-1983]. "Originally an enclosed structure of steel & acrylic cells, 76 meters (250 ft) in diameter & 62 meters (200 ft) high. A complex system of shades was used to control the internal temperature. Included a 37-meter-long escalator, the longest ever built at the time. During structural renovations in May 1976, a fire burned away the building's transparent acrylic bubble, but the steel latticework remained. The site remained closed until 1990."

1967 - Lester B. Pearson Peace Park, 108087 Highway 7 (Trans Canada Highway), Tweed, Ontario (Canada). "The Centennial project of Roy Cadwell & Priscilla Cadwell who donated the land. It was part of the Madoc/Tweed Art Centre of which they were the owners & directors." /// "The site of war memorials, trails & flower gardens that a 5-member board headed by Jim Burns (613-478-2744) has been slowly restoring since 2002." Lester B. Pearson [1897-1972] was a Canadian professor, historian, civil servant, statesman, diplomat & politician, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for organizing the UN Emergency Force to resolve the Suez Canal Crisis. Entry #1336 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).

1969 - "The Sphere" (World Peace Monument), Battery Park, New York City, New York (USA). Designed by Fritz Koenig of Germany. Commissioned by Port Authority of New York & New Jersey to symbolize world peace through world trade. Stood in the plaza between the two World Trade Center (WTC) towers. Damaged on September 11, 2001. Left unrepaired & moved to Battery Park as a memorial to victims of 9/11. September 11, 2002, "Mayor Michael Bloomberg joined Afghan President Hamid Karzai & officials from about 90 foreign nations at its base to light an eternal flame. Nearly a decade later, the flame could possibly be snuffed out, and there is no permanent plan for the 25-foot-high structure made of bronze & steel. Officials said [in early April 2012] that it will be removed by the end of the month to make way for renovations to Battery Park. Some family members of those killed have gathered thousands of signatures in an online petition urging officials to incorporate the sculpture into the 9/11 memorial & return it to the spot where it once stood as a centerpiece of a 5-acre plaza."

July 20, 1969 - Apollo 11 plaque on the Moon. Text: "Here man from the planet Earth first set foot upon the Moon, July 1969, A.D. We came in peace for all mankind." Signed by three astronauts & President Richard Nixon. "Stainless steel commemorative plaques measuring 9 by 7 5/8 inches (22.9 by 19.4 cm) were attached to the ladders on the descent stages of the US Apollo Lunar Modules flown on lunar landing missions Apollo 11 through Apollo 17, to be left permanently on the lunar surface." /// They also left behind a memorial bag containing a gold replica of an olive branch as a traditional symbol of peace & a silicon message disk. The disk carries the goodwill statements by Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson & Nixon & messages from leaders of 73 countries around the world."

October 3, 1969 - Fernsehturm, Berlin (Germany). "Constructed between 1965 & 1969 by the administration of the German Democratic Republic. It was intended as a symbol of Berlin, which it remains today, as it is easily visible throughout the central & some suburban districts of Berlin. With its height of 368 meters, the tower is the tallest structure in Germany." /// "When the sun shines on the Fernsehturm's tiled stainless steel dome, the reflection usually appears in the form of a cross [right image]. This effect was neither predicted nor desired by the planners. Berliners immediately named the luminous cross Rache des Papstes, or 'Pope's Revenge.'"

May 9, 1971 - Pomnik Martyrologii Dzieci / Monument of Children's Martyrdom, Park Szarych Szeregow / Gray Ranks, Marysinska, Lodz (Poland). Also called Broken Heart Monument. Dedicated on the 26th anniversary of Poland's victory over Germany. Commemorates the martyrdom of thousands of child prisoners who died here in a German concentration camp (Ghetto Litzmannstadt) during WW-II. Designed by Jadwiga Janus. Inscriptions: "Your life was taken, today we give You only memory" and "May it pass on to future generations our common cry: no more war, no more camps."

1975 - Afrikaans Language Monument, Paarl, Western Cape Province (South Africa). Commemorates the semicentenary of Afrikaans being declared an official language of South Africa separate from Dutch. Also, it was erected on the 100th anniversary of the founding of Genootskap van Regte Afrikaners / Society of Real Afrikaners, the organization that helped strengthen Afrikaaners' identity and pride in their language. "The only language monument in the world."

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1970's? - "World’s Largest Unmounted Globe," Explorers Hall, Headquarters Building, National Geographic Society (NGS), 17th & M Streets, NW, Washington, DC (USA). "Rests in the fountain pool. Like earth, it rotates on its tilted axis. Eleven feet from pole to pole, the 1,100-pound orb is an exact enlargement of the Society’s 12-inch globe."
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Date? - Earth Station One, Explorers Hall, Headquarters Building, National Geographic Society (NGS), Washington, DC (USA). "An exhibit at NGS's Explorers Hall until a few years ago. This interactive show was presented in a 72-seat amphitheater that simulates an orbital flight 23,000 miles above the earth. It is built around an 11-foot globe that is suspended on an air cushion. Richard has contacted Bob Dulli of NGS to determine if Earth Station One could be moved to the greater Seattle area. Possible venues include the Pacific Science Center, Woodland Park Zoo & the Museum of Flight. To date, no reply has been received." From Washington Geographic Alliance (WGA), Minutes of Board of Directors Meeting, January 13, 2009.

1978 - Globe Monument, Nordkapp / North Cape (Norway). "North Cape, at 71°10'21 of latitude is referred to as the northernmost point of Europe. The Globe is now the simbol of North Cape, attracting people from all over the world. Where Europe ends the Arctic Ocean begins." See Children of the World monument nearby.

About 1980 - Mappamondo della Pace / Globe of Peace, Apecchio, Montefeltro province of Pesaro, (Italy). 10-meters (35-feet) in diameter. Weights 30 tons. Constructed by folk artist Orfeo Bartolucci. World's largest globe until Eartha (qv) was constructed in 1998 according to Guinness Book of Records. Chick here for "Il Mappamondo più grande del mondo."

1980 - CNN Center, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Cable News Network (CNN) was created in 1980. CNN Center is home of the CNN networks, including Headline News, CNN International,, and CNN en Español, The world’s largest freestanding elevator runs to the 50-foot CNN Globe where there are interactive kiosks for browsing over 25 years of CNN footage. From the CNN Overlook, you’ll have a bird’s eye view of the actual newsroom in action."

Date? - Peace Planet Monument, Nagasaki (Japan). Globe says "People at Peace." "First Monument on the way to the Peace Park." "Up the hill from the Peace Park." A joint project of the Lions Clubs of Hiroshima & Nagasaki.

May 31, 1982 - "SunSphere," World's Fair Park, Knoxville, Tennessee (USA). Theme structure of the 1982 World's Fair. Sphere covered with gold-plated glass. Contains restaurant, observation deck & offices. Represents fair theme "Energy Turns the World." Visited by EWL.

1982 - Museo Etnográfico Mitad del Mundo / Middle of the World Ethnographic Museum, Cuidad Mitad del Mundo, Quito (Equador). Marks the Equator. Topped by a 4.5 meter diameter, 5-ton globe.

1982 - "Zem - planéta mieru / Earth - planet of peace" Fountain, Hodzovo namestie / Old Town Square, Bratislava (Slovakia). "In front of Grassalkovich Palace, the residence of Slovakia's president, which was built in 1760 for Count Antal Grassalkovich, a Hungarian noble. Here it is facing the globe at Hodzovo namestie. The square is a major traffic hub." "Artists are Tibor Bártfay, Pavel Mikšík & Karol Lacko. Some sources claim the fountain was built in 1984."

October 1, 1982 - "Spaceship Earth," Epcot theme park, Walt Disney World Resort, Orlando, Florida (USA). "Not only the centerpiece and main focal point of Epcot, but also the name of the attraction housed within the 18-story geodesic sphere that takes guests on a time machine themed experience using the Omnimover system. "

May 6, 1985 - La Géode, Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie, Place de la Villette, Paris (France). An Omnimax theatre fitted with the only 12.1 sound system in the world.

July 1, 1985 - Monument to Multiculturalism, Union Station, 65 Front Street West, Toronto, Ontario (Canada). "Presented to Toronto on the occasion of its sesquicentennial by the national congress of Italian Canadians on behalf of the Italian Canadian Community. Unveiled on Canada Day by the mayor of the city of Toronto, Arthur Eggleton, in the presence of the premier of the Province of Ontario, David Peterson." Sculpted by Italian artist Francesco Perilli. Base by Nino Rico. Four identical sculptures are located in Buffalo City (South Africa), Changchun (China), Sarajevo (Bosnia) & Sydney (Australia). A sixth has recently been added in San Diego, California (USA).

1986 - War Memorial Fountain, Fieldhouse Mall (south end of North Quad), University of Notre Dame, South Bend, Indiana (USA). Eight immense monoliths & four lintels, one of which is inscribed "Pro Patria et Pace." Also called "Clarke Peace Memorial" and "Stonehenge." Designed by Notre Dame trustee John Henry Burgee & Philip C. Johnson [1906-2005]. Inscription on adjacent plaque: "War Memorial Fountain erected through the generosity of Maude C. and John W. Clarke Chicago, Illinois. In memory of the Notre Dame men who gave their lives in World War II, Korea, Vietnam. May they rest in peace" Inscription on second plaque: "About 500 Notre Dame alumni gave their lives for their country and peace in World War II, Korea and Vietnam. In memorializing them, we join our prayers to their supreme sacrifice as we inscribe this column Pro Patria et Pace. For Our Country and Peace. This is our prayer that all living Notre Dame men and women dedicate themselves to the service of their country and world peace. -- Rev. Theodore M. Hesburgh, C.S.C., President, University of Notre Dame, 1986 A.D." Visited by EWL 29Jul09.

Date? - Fountain of Peace, Grassalkovich Palace, Hodzovo Square, Bratislava (Slovakia). The square is locally called Mierove Namestie / Peace Square.

Date? - Peace Planet Monument, Nagasaki (Japan). Globe says "People at Peace." "First Monument on the way to the Peace Park." "Up the hill from the Peace Park." A joint project of the Lions Clubs of Hiroshima & Nagasaki.
Date? - World War II Memorial, Murmansk (Russia).

Date? - World Globe, near Dawood College of Engineering & Technology (DCET), Karachi (Pakistan). "Established in 1962, the college is one of Pakistan's finest Engineering institutes and.has honor to be the pioneer to introduce the Electronics, Chemical, Industrial, and Metallurgical Engineering disciplines in Pakistan."

1987 - Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung, Robert-Schuman-Platz, Bonn (Germany). By sculptor Leo Kornbrust.

October 13, 1987 - U.S. Navy Memorial, Washington, DC (USA). "World's largest map of the world." Visited by EWL.

2002 Restored - Nancy Holt Dark Star Park, Rosslyn, Arlington, Virginia (USA). "Encompassing landscape architecture, sculpture & astronomy, Dark Star Park is among the first major examples of 'integrated public art' that is inseparable from its setting & creates a total environment to be experienced. The work was restored in 2002. The work also refers to the area's history. Each year, on August 1, at 9:32 am, actual shadows cast by the poles & spheres align with permanent forms in the shape of the shadows on the ground beneith them. The date marks the day that William Henry Ross purchased the land that later became Rosslyn."

Date? - Suzlon One Earth, Suzlon Energy Limited (SEL), Pune, Maharhtra (India). "India’s largest wind turbine manufacturer Headquarters on an area of 41,000 square meters (10.13 acres) with a capacity to house 2,300 people, One Earth is one of the largest green building projects in India. The green approach has allowed the construction of the facility at a lower cost compared to other facilities of comparable size, ultimately leading to a lower lifecycle cost and smaller environmental footprint in the long term. The design by American-Indian architect Christopher Charles Benninger is similar to a campus which is based on an urban village concept."

June 10, 1988 - Portuguese Navigators Monument, Brenton Point, Newport, Rhode Island (USA). "Oceanfront monument celebrating world navigators." "Representative of an armillary sphere, an ancient navigational instrument used by the exploreres and still displayed today on the flag of Portugal." "Sphere representing the three fourths of the world that the Portuguese navigators discovered." Approved by the Chistopher Columbus Quincentenary Jubilee Commission in 1988.

September 12, 1988 - Seattle Peace Park, Tashkent (Uzbekistan). "Covers a territory of 1.5 acres. The Seattle-Tashkent Sister City Association along with Peace Corps Volunteers created the park, decorating it with a fountain, a mosaic map of the world [in image], a striking sculpture by a Seattle-based artist, many decorative and unique tiles designed by Seattle citizens, and planting the trees that have grown over the years and now shade half of the park." Photo courtesy of Anatoly Ionesov 11/08.

1989 - Ericsson Globe, Johanneshov district, Stockholm (Sweden). "The national indoor arena of Sweden. Currently the largest hemispherical building in the world. Diameter of 110 metres (361 feet) and an inner height of 85 metres (279 feet). The volume of the building is 605,000 cubic metres (21,188,800 cubic feet). Seating capacity for 16,000 spectators for shows and concerts, and 13,850 for ice hockey. Represents the Sun in the Sweden Solar System [sic], the world's largest scale model of the Solar System. Originally known as the Stockholm Globe Arena and nicknamed in Swedish, Globen / "The Globe," naming rights were were officially acquired by Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson on February 2, 2009. Lower image shows little sphere in which visitors ride to the top.
1989 - Quality Hotel Globe, Stockholm (Sweden). "A great hotel for families with unusually spacious and well-equipped rooms, adjacent to the Globe Arena & a large shopping mall."

1989 - "Galaxy: Earth Sphere," Kendall Square, Broadway & Main Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA). "All the world’s a stage thanks to [this] recently refurbished sculpture & fountain, a stunning display of functional public art... Originally built in 1989 by Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor & artist Joe Davis, the science-inspired sculpture was back in service this past July [2011] after a dry, 18-month hiatus. Yep, the fountain wasn’t functioning for more than one year after a torrential rainstorm knocked out the underground mechanical system that fueled the 20 streams of water intersecting at the base of the large, Earth-shaped centerpiece. Surrounding the central fountain is a series of mini-planets, or sphere-like satellites placed on metal platforms, that accent the core sculpture. There’s also a steel beam that shoots out mist which unleashes a dramatic, water-feature display. The plaza has become the iconic centerpiece of an area that has evolved into the epicenter of Boston’s growing high-tech industry, housing a slew of technology brands such as Akamai, Genzyme, Google, Hubspot, Microsoft & Yahoo." Information courtesy of Eric Begleiter 02Jan13.

1991 - "Chain Reaction," Santa Monica Civic Cene, Santa Monica, California (USA). This mushroom cloud made from links of a massive chain. Text of plaque: "This is a statement of peace. May it never become an epitaph. 1991. Paul Conrad." Paul Francis Conrad [1924-2010] designed this monuemnt. He was chief editorial cartoonist for the Los Angeles Times from 1964 to 1993 and had been syndicated to hundreds of newspapers worldwide. /// Threatened with demolition as of 2012. Conrad's son David, Peace Activist Jerry Rubin & others are trying to save the monument.
1991? - Cairn of Peace, near Limavady, County Londonderry (Northern Ireland). Commemorates the World Ploughing Championship held here in 1991.

1992 - "Plus Jamais la Guerre / War Never Again," (Monument a la Paix et au Souvenir de Hull / Hull Peace & Remembrance Monument), Boulevards Saint-Joseph & Alexandre-Tache, Hull, Quebec (Canada). "Six wall sculptures depict the progress towards the common goal of peac in three materials (concrete, steel & granite)... A collaboration of the Royal Canadian Legion, the City of Hull & the Department of National Defense." Entry #1348 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001). Left image by EWL 12Aug2012.

1992 - Nanum Jip / House of Sharing, Gwanju, Gyeonggi-do (South Korea). About an hour south of Seoul. "Not only is it a place of refuge for Korean women formerly interned as sex slaves by the Japanese during World War II, but it is a museum offering little known insights into this dark time in history." /// "The museum houses various pieces of art donated by noted Korean artists." Left image shows "memorials to women who used to live at the House of Sharing but have since passed away."

1992 - Monument de la Paix / Peace Monument, Central City, Bamako (Mali). Arch is two arms supporting a world globe and topped by a dove of peace. Note exagerated size of Mali on the map of Africa. Photo courtesy of Lowell & Marge Owens.
Date? - The Southern Cross Monument, "Velvet Strand," Portmarnock, near Dublin (Ireland). "Dedicated to the circumnavigation of the globe in 1930 by Australian aviator Charles Kingford Smith [1897-1935] in the aeroplace The Southern Cross, during which Smith made the first East to West crossing of the Atlantic by flying from Portmarnock beach to Newfoundland & NewYork. The bronze needle points directly to the North Star."

1992 - Disappeared - La Paz (Peace Dove), HemisFair Park, San Antonio, Texas (USA). Sculpture of a dove with its wings wrapped around the world. Sculpted by Cuauhtemoc Zamudio. "I have a request in to our San Antonio Parks & Rec department to find out what they did with the lovely peace dove, a gift from our sister city of Monterrey, Mexico, that disappeared from HemisFair Park a while ago." /// Information courtesy of Susan Ives (San Antonio Peace Center).

1993 - "Globe Structure," World Peace Prayer Sanctuary, Wassiac, New York (USA). "Across from the Earth Stage on the Peace Prayer Field, you will find an enormous and stunning 16-foot metal sculpture of the World globe, designed and crafted by New York artist, Peter Woytuk. An exact replica of this sculpture can be found at the Mt. Fuji Sanctuary in Japan." Click here for World Peace Prayer & peace poles.
1993 - Globes, Saitama Museum of Peace, Waitama, Saitama (Japan).

1993 - Kugelbrunnen / Sphere Fountain, Petersburger Platz, 10249 Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg, Berlin (Germany). Granit by Adalbert Maria Klees. "Amidst a round paved area is a square pedestal, on which rests a large ball. The water pressure of the water pipe located under the ball, the ball is slightly lifted and rotated on the water film. The water runs off into a circumferential groove. In the winter months, a house is placed to protect the system over the ball." [Google translation]

1994 - "Peace Sphere," San Francisco?, California (USA). "18 cranes folded from a single sheet of paper. No Glue." By Japanese-American origami artist Linda Tomoko Mihara. "For over 20 years, Linda has been known for her work with Sembazuru, or the art of 1,000 origami cranes. Linda specializes in the art of CONNECTED CRANES where a sheet of paper is carefully cut then folded, forming multiple cranes that are still attached to each other. In 1994, her exploration into this form of origami led to the creation of a three-dimensional sphere of 18 cranes called the Peace Sphere. Following this, Linda created the Crane Cube, a three-dimensional cube of 54 cranes which was premiered at the 2005 Masters of Origami exhibit in Salzburg (Austria). The Crane Pyramid followed & was premiered in Houston, Texas, at Tansu's 2006 Origami Festival." Where is this work? At artist's studio?

1994 - Oriental Pearl Tower, Shangahi (China). The image shows the lower sphere of the Oriental Pearl Tower and the multi-story globes on either end of the Shanghai International Convention Center. The Convention Center provide[s] meeting rooms, exhibition space, facilities for large lectures, and a five star hotel as well. Located near the Lu Jia Zui metro stop & directly across the river from the Bund, the Convention Center is the ideal combination of a place to work and a point-of-departure for touring the many sights of Shanghai."

1994-2005 - Prairie Peace Park, Seward, Nebraska (USA) -- 7 miles west of Lincoln on Interstate Highway 80 (exit 388). Peace museum primarily for children, created and owned by Don Tilley. Closed in 2005, but some of its outdoor displays remain, including open globe (with doves of peace) & 16 sculptures of Sadako Sasaki. /// "In February, 2006, a stunning art & educational exhibit about the nuclear arms race was given to the Peace Farm [in Texas, qv] by the Prairie Peace Park near Lincoln, NE, where it had been installed since 1994. Created by Denver artists Barbara Donachy & Andy Bardwell, Amber Waves of Grain is a clay replica of the US nuclear arsenal as it stood at the peak of the Cold War: some 31,500 strategic & tactical nuclear warheads, over 1600 land & sea based missiles, 324 strategic bombers & 37 nuclear submarines. The pieces range in size from 4" warheads to 3" nuclear submarines. Created in 1982-83, the exhibit was shown in 18 locations before being installed at the Prairie Peace Park, including the National Mall in Washington, DC, universities, museums & other locations." Entry #582 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).

Date? - Globe, Hoan Kiem Lake, Hanoi, North Vietnam. "The name of this statue is 'pigeon wings of peace.' A pigeon symbolize the peace so it brings peace to the world, especially Vietnam (a large drawing in red of Vietnam). Two hands support and protect Vietnam as well as the world peace."

Date? - Globe, Broadway at 60th Street, Manthattan, New York City, New York (USA).

March 1995 - "Symbolic Globe," UNESCO, Paris (France). "Since November 1995 situated on the piazza of UNESCO in Paris, surrounded by the flags of all nations, pointing out that this is the headquarters of the international organization. Originally conceived for the UN Summit on Social Development, March 6-12, 1995. During the Summit it was built in the centre of Copenhagen by the delegates, who had come from every corner of the earth. It is inspired by the logo of the UN and formed as a minimal structure, 15 meters in diameter. Conceived by Erik Reitzel [1941-2012]. The Danish Ministry of Culture financed its realization."

1995 - Children's Peace Statue, Plaza Resolana, 401 Old Taos Highway, Santa Fe, New Mexico (USA). A project of Arroyo del Oso School in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Proposed for Los Alamos but turned down by County Council. The statue is a popular venue for the deposition of origami peace cranes. Moved from Plaza Resolana? Entry #618 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).

1995 - "Universal Links on Human Rights," Amiens Street & Memorial Road, Dublin (Ireland). On a traffic island close to Busáras & the Customs House. "A sphere of welded interlinked chains and bars, 260 cm in diameter, housing an eternal flame in its center, powered by natural gas from the Kinsale Head gas field. Commissioned by Amnesty International in 1995 & designed by Tony O'Malley. Represents the jails holding prisoners of conscience."

1995 - "Friendship Globe to the Children of the World," A.K. Bissell Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (USA). Donated to city by the Oak Ridge Breakfast Rotary Club (ORBRC).

1995 - Peace Flame & Fountain, Cornerstone of Peace, Okinawa Peace Park, Okinawa (Japan). The bottom of the fountain is a map of the Pacific.

Date? - Reunification monument, outside the Third Intrusion Tunnel, Demilitarized Zone - DMZ (South Korea). "Depicts the division of Korea, and the world, and the hope to reunite what was divided." The 1.7 km (1.1 mile) tunnel dug by North Korea was discovered in October 1978 and is is now open to the public.

Date? - Globe Mobile Home Trailer, Rainbow Sheikh's Car Museum, Dubai (United Arab Emirates). Exactly 1 millionth the size of the actual earth. Contains 8 bedrooms. In the Guiness Book of Records for the largest operable mobile home in the world. Belongs to Sheikh Hamad bin Hamdan al Nahyan, nicknamed the Rainbow Sheikh for the rainbow he puts on the many vehicles in his collection.

June 1996 - "Ensemble pour la Paix et la Justice" / Group for Peace and Justice," Parc de la Tête d'Or, Lyon (France). Cette sculpture a été réalisée par Xavier de Fraissinette à l’occasion du G7 de Lyon, les 27, 28, 29 juin 1996."

1996 - Chong Hua Sheng Mu Holy Palace, Ashford Point Drive, Houston, Texas (USA). Five-story square building topped by a 40-foot golden geodesic dome, flanked by two smaller domes. Built by members of the Wu-Wei Tien Tao Association, a Chinese universalist religious organization. "When the leader of the Wu-Wei Tien Tao Association, Kwai Fun Wong, left the country for the 1999 funeral of her predecessor, immigration issues prevented her return. The lack of her leadership ended construction on the complex. While incomplete and unattended, the site is relatively maintained and free of vandalism and graffiti. All the more surprising seeing how easy it is to access the complex due to a broken gate."

1998 - Globe, Mundaneum, Fondation Henri La Fontaine, 76 de la rue de Nimy, Mons (Belgium). "Un centre d'archives de la Communauté française. Bénéficie d'une salle d'exposition dont la scénographie a été réalisée par François Schuiten et Benoît Peeters... L'origine du Mundaneum remonte à la fin du XIXème siècle. Créé à l’initiative de deux juristes belges, Paul Otlet [1868-1944] et Henri La Fontaine, le projet visait à rassembler l’ensemble des connaissances du monde et à les classer selon le système de Classification Décimale Universelle (CDU) qu’ils avaient mis au point." Henri La Fontaine [1854-1943] was a Belgian international lawyer & president of the International Peace Bureau (IPB) & received the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1913.

July 23, 1998 - "Eartha," DeLorme, Interstate-95, Yarmouth , Maine (USA). "World's largest revolving/rotating globe." Entire surface is composite of satellite imagery. Visited by EWL.

Date? - Giant Globe outside of Map Division, US Library of Congress, Washington, DC (USA).

1993 - Kugelbrunnen / Sphere Fountain, Petersburger Platz, 10249 Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg, Berlin (Germany). Granit by Adalbert Maria Klees. "Amidst a round paved area is a square pedestal, on which rests a large ball. The water pressure of the water pipe located under the ball, the ball is slightly lifted and rotated on the water film. The water runs off into a circumferential groove. In the winter months, a house is placed to protect the system over the ball." [Google translation]

April 1999 - Reichstag Dome, Berlin (Germany). Said to resemble the Peace Memoral Dome in Hiroshima (Japan).

June 1999 - Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, Knoxville, Tennessee (USA). "The outside of the striking 32,000 square foot Hall of Fame is encompassed by two amazing basketballs. The world's largest basketball is located on the north end of the Hall, weighs 10 tons & sits on top of a glass staircase that resembles a basketball net. A brick courtyard, shaped like a basketball, is located on the southern end of the facility."

1999? - World War II Memorial, Bicentennial Capitol Mall State Park, Nashville, Tennessee (USA). 9-ton black granite globe that floats and rotates on a 1/8-inch bed of water. Etched to show the history of World War II. Visited by EWL.

December 7, 1999 - World Peace Globe, New York City, New York (USA). "A smaller version of a World Peace Globe to be installed in Manger Square in Bethlehem was unveiled during a Dec. 7 ceremony at the Church Center for the United Nations. Source: United Methodist News Service."

Date? - Illuminated blue globe with doves of peace, Maidan Nezalezhnosti / Independence Square, Kiev (Ukraine).
After 1999 - Globe atop Breitling Orbiter Monument, Arleshiem, Canton of Basel (Switzerland). "Breitling Orbiter was the name of three different Rozière balloons made by Cameron Balloons to circumnavigate the globe. The first two balloons never made it, while the third was successful in 1999." The Orbiter is in the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC (USA).

Before 2007 - Peace Dove, where? (Iran). On-line note by Steve Fryburg: "While traveling in Iran in 2007 we passed through a small town that had this beautiful monument in the center. So much nicer than the cannons & war memorials typically seen in towns in the US."

Before 2007 - Sarab (Irân). Globe with doves of peace. Who built this, when & why? On-line note by Steve Fryburg: "While traveling in Iran in 2007 we passed through a small town that had this beautiful monument in the center. So much nicer than the cannons & war memorials typically seen in towns in the US." NB: Dayton International Peace Museum publishes a post card with an image of this monument.
Date? - Tourist Information Globe, near Tabriz, East Azerbaijan Province (Iran). "I’ve encountered a few tourist information places, but none as unusual as the one on the road between Tabriz & the Iran-Turkey border. The petrol station had a tourist information booth which was in the form of a huge globe of the world. Judging by the sign nearby, it belonged to the 'East Azerbaijan Cultural Heritage & Tourism Organisation.' At first glance the map seemed to have all the continents, but north America was labelled as 'America Latin' & south America as 'America Northern' !! I was kind of glad this tourist information booth was closed as I’m not sure where we would have ended up if we’d needed directions to the border…"

Date? - Monument to peace, Lashkar Gah, Helmand Province (Afghanistan). "An ironic reminder of US development [sic]." "It is difficult to imagine that this is actually a warzone where thousands of people have died. The centre of a roundabout boasts a monument to peace - a globe held aloft by the wings of three white doves. Amazingly, vandals have not sullied the shapes representing the countries of America & Britain, felt by many to be unwanted occupiers."

Date? - World Peace Memorial, World Peace Center, Diaspora Yeshiva, Mt. Zion, Jerusalem (Israel). Gigantic sphere of wire. When created? "An interesting World Peace Memorial in Jerusalem - It reminded me of the 'GordianKnot'. I thought this very nicely sums up the world's hope of solving the predicament of war & conflict on its own. It needs a deliverer to come along with a radical solution just like Alexander the Great did with the Gordian knot." /// Click here for video (including two images of the sphere about half way through).

Date? - "I was told this wonderful creation has been to many demonstrations. It apparently came from British Columbia & had also survived the G9 conference [in Kananaskis, Alberta, June 26-27, 2002?]. Don't know if it was pepper sprayed!...This photo was taken on October 28, 2006, in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada)."

April 15, 2000 - World Trade Bridge, between Laredo, Texas (USA), & Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas (Mexico). Eight lanes, 977 feet (298 m) long, 262 feet (80 m) wide. For commercial traffic only. Also known as Laredo North, Bridge 4, Laredo IV, Puente Internacional Nuevo Laredo III and Puente del Comercio Mundial Nuevo Laredo III.

Date? - Entrance Globe, The Top of the World community, Clearwater, Florida (USA). "It is a seniors condominium community which, I read online, is home to some 60,000 retirees! Yes, it is seniors only, so I guess one could call it a retirement community. Feel free to correct me on that if you know better. In the photograph above, you see the main front gate to Top of the World..."

March 9, 2002 - Centre of the Tokyo Raid & War Damage, Kitasuna 1-5-4, Koto-ku, Tokyo (Japan). Documents the fire bombing of downtown Tokyo (Shitamachi) by some 300 American bombers on March 10, 1945. Director is Katsumoto Saotome. Left image shows spherical "Children's World Peace" statue in front of the museum.

2002 - Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, Springfield, Massachusetts (USA). "The building's architecture features a metallic silver, basketball-shaped sphere flanked by two similarly symmetrical rhombuses."

2002 - Homage to Raoul Wallenberg" Monument, Raoul Wallenberg torg, Stockholm (Sweden). By Danish sculptor & artist Kirsten Ortwed (b.1948). One of the most controversial memorials associated with the Holocaust. Near the Baltic Sea & center of old Stockholm. The main synagogue is nearby, with its own specifically Jewish Holocaust Memorial with names of victims related to Swedish Jews. Wallenberg was never given strong recognition in Sweden because of a number of complex reasons..."

2002 - Keeling-Puri Peace Plaza, Perryville Bike Path, Riverside & McFarland, Rockford, Illinois (USA). "15 foot by 34 foot sculpture “Harmony Atlas” atop a 7 foot by 25 foot granite sculpture base...adorned with 10 peace quotes..." >
September 2002? - "Pallets Move the World," William H. Sardo, Jr., Pallet & Container Research Laboratory, Virginia Tech University, Blacksburg, Virginia (USA). Stainless steel sculpture of a globe resting on a pallet. Cost $85,000 and weighs five tons. "Dedicated to those who have had a very important impact through research and development on the wood pallet."

Date? - World Peace Pond, Swayambhunath Temple, Kathmandu (Nepal). Wall of the pond bears the World Peace Prayer "May Peace Prevail on Earth." Note globe on a lotus in the pond. Tourists call this the "money temple" because of its many free ranging monkeys.

January 1, 2003 - World Peace Prayer Fountain, Fayetteville Town Center, Fayetteville, Arkansas (USA). Sculpted by Hank Kaminsky. Huge globe with the World Peace Prayer "May Peace Prevail on Earth" in 100 languages is continually bathed in water and easily turned by hand. Left image shows Myra Bonhage-Hale of West Virginia (USA). Visited by EWL.

May 2003 - International Children's Peace Sculpture, Kyoto Musuem for World Peace, Kyoto (Japan). Model of a sculpture made by Kyoto HS students after "Travis, a junior HS student from New Mexico," said at a peace seminar in Hiroshima that he'd like to see such sculptures erected all over the world. Man in photo is Prof. Ikuro Anzai, founding director of the museum.

2003 - Rotary International Peace Monument, Charles J. Clark Square, Windsor, Ontario (Canada). Erected by Rotary Club of Windsor-Roseland. Photo shows portion of the monument with Caesars Windsor (casino) in the immediate background and the Renaissance Center in Detroit, Michigan (USA), in the distance.

2004 - Peace Monument, Town Square, Ma'aleh Adummim, east of Jerusalem (Occupied West Bank). Opposite the Ma'aleh Adummin mall ("Canion Adumim") which was opened in 1999. Large white dove with world globe between its wings. Ma'aleh Adummin is an illegal Israeil setttlement according to international law. Left image by EWL. Right image by Avishai Teicher via the PikiWiki - Israel free image collection project which says [Google translation] "The sculpture is Moses hatchet. (2004) sculpture called 'Keno the wake eagle chicks float' (Deuteronomy)."

September 11, 2003 - "One World United for Peace," Town Common, Norfolk, Massachusetts (USA). September 11th Memorial. Sculpted by Michael Alfano. Bronze & granite 78"x30"x30". "The sculpture's shape implies that of the World Trade Center. Thirteen figures atop the tower surround & support a globe, symbolizing that peace requires people from around the world to draw together. The sculpture rests on a five-sided base, representing the Pentagon, & the '93' on the firefighter's hat symbolizes the flight number of the hijacked plane that crashed in Pennsylvania. In 2006, the town of Clifton, New Jersey, permanently installed the 9/11 memorial at their Arts Center."

2004 - "Black Sphere," Dartington Hall Gardens, Totnes, South Devon (England). Constructed from oak by artist David Nash.

July 2004 - Peace Cairn, Bellahouston Park, Glasgow, Scotland (UK). "Cairn erected for the 1938 Empire Exhibition. Has numerous shaped blocks of stone within it, on which are engraved the names of the organisations & clans that attended the exhibition which were deeply concerned with the real possibility of war. The modern steel globe on top was added in July 2004 & features [the word] 'Peace' in different languages. It was designed by Elspeth Bennie, Ironhorse Studios, as part of the 'Grounds for Play' project."

December 4, 2004 - World War II Illinois Veterans Memorial, Oak Ridge Cemetery, 1441 Monument Avenue, Springfield, Illinois (USA). "Designed by Jess Poss, who collaborated with Isaksen-Glerum Architects. The centerpiece of the granite & concrete structure is a 12 foot diameter globe sculpted by Dann Nardi & signifies the global proportions of WW-II" There are stainless steel buttons embedded in this globe which identify strategic/major battles in the European & Pacific Theaters of the war. Then there are black granite walls that cascade out from the white globe with a wonderful TIME LINE of this war. One of my favorite quotes engraved on the black granite is: 'THE EYES OF THE WORLD ARE UPON YOU. THE HOPES AND PRAYERS OF LIBERTY LOVING PEOPLE EVERYWHERE MARCH WITH YOU' General Dwight D. Eisenhower."

2005 - Center & Prospect Streets, Marion, Ohio (USA). "Eric Grohe created this mural, called 'Marion-Heart of Ohio.' The four statues represent the foundations on which the town was built: pioneers, agriculture, industry, and education. They support the future, depicted in the form of a globe, on which sits a young woman who represents the present [and points to Marion on the globe]."

2005 - Martin Luther King, Jr. Globe, Cultural Plaza, Lake Worth, Florida (USA). "Designed in 2003 & completed in 2005. Original project was organized by the Lake Worth Kiwanis Club, & donations came from a variety of sources... The globe never worked as intended. Residents could manually spin the Globe, but it did not spin on its own, as originally designed. The instillation lacked a filter cartridge, causing the water to become dirty over time. Undersized plumbing & faulty pipes, among other flaws, contributed to the problem. All of these problems were addressed in the recent repairs... Quotes on each side of the Globe’s pedestal, by Martin Luther King Jr., have been re-etched for increased clarity. One side reads, 'We will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream. Sooner or later all people of the world will have to discover a way to live together in peace.' Additionally, the entire Globe has been re-etched adding definition to all of the seven Continents."

November 8, 2005 - Parkdale World Peace Monument & Fountain, next to Parkdale branch, Toronto Public Library, 1303 Queen Street West, Parkdale, Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Globe designed by Peter Dykhuis.

August 2005 - "Science On a Sphere" (SOS)®, Earth System Research Laboratory, National Oceanographic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Boulder, Colorado (USA). A room sized, global display system that uses computers & video projectors to display planetary data onto a six foot diameter sphere, analogous to a giant animated globe. Now installed at many locations worldwide. A patent was awarded to NOAA for "Science On a Sphere"® in August 2005, with Dr. Alexander "Sandy" MacDonald credited as the inventor.

After 2005? - Courtyard, Interntional Peace Research Institute (PRIO), Oslo (Norway). "One of the first centres of peace research in the world... Located since 2005 in the former gas works building in central Oslo."

September 22, 2006 - Atom Panopticon, Wycoller, Pendle (England). Bronze-coated GRC (Glass Reinforced Concrete) structure designed by Peter Meacock with Katarina Novomestska of Peter Meacock Projects. Provides both a striking contemporary viewing point & shelter from which to enjoy the stunning surrounding landscape." Near Pendle Hill (qv).

October 1, 2006 - Kiermaier World Globe, Geography & Mapping Division, Library of Congress, Washington, DC (USA). "Shown in its stainless steel, fully articulating, mobile mount, this 54 inch model is a 'work' globe for congressmen & staffers." Right image shows workshop of cartographer William Kiermaier in Covington, Louisiana (USA).

October 12, 2006 - Bali Memorial, Clive Steps (opposite St. James's Park), London (England). A 5-foot marble globe with 202 doves csrved onto its surface (one dove for each victim). Sculpted by Gerry Breeze & Martin Cook. Dedicated by Prince of Wales & the Duchess of Cornwall on the 4th anniversary of the nightclub bombings in Bali (Indonesia). One of 309 London monuments in Kershman (2007), page 53.

October 20-December 29, 2006 - "Spaceship Earth," Kennesaw State University, Georgia (USA). "A 175-ton quartzite & bronze sculpture made by a Finnish-born artist Eino. Questions abound over whether vandals destroyed the sculpture, or whether a combination of substandard adhesive & rain caused it to crumble in the middle of the night on December 29, 2006, in a collapse the campus police said they felt from their offices around the corner. Just three months old, the $1 million globe, made of 88 chunks of Brazilian quartzite adorned with raised bronze signifying land masses, lies disintegrated outside a new academic building praised for its eco-friendly attributes. A bronze statue of David Brower [1912-2000], a conservationist who was the first executive director of the Sierra Club, had stood atop the 15-foot globe and is now partly crushed. A steel time capsule intended to be opened in 3006 is exposed amid the rubble."

Before 2007 - Wooden Sphere, Vienna (Austria). Exact date, location, purpose, and name of designer are unknown.
Date? - Relief Globe, Zeiss Planetarium, Vienna (Austria). "Thousands of tourists pass it annually. Approx. two meters in diameter, impressive and remarkable. Located in the Prater. People stop, watch and turn the globe, or take photos of it."

Date? - Sphere, Copenhagen (Denmark). "A large globe featuring an interactive display sits in a central square in Copenhagen."

Date? - Globe wall, Rand McNally Headquarters, Skokie, Illinois (USA). "A variety of globes from many years, one on top of each other (strung with steel cable) from floor to ceiling. Many rows of globes filled one huge wall. The air in the room [makes] them spin ever so slightly on the cable. Another wall on one floor contained road atlases from the years, beautifully displayed in plexi glass holders."

February 24, 2007 - "City of Peace," Tucson, Arizona (USA). "6’x 12’ Mobile Mural project as part of the Season of Nonviolence. Community members were invited to paint the mobile mural during the annual Tucson Peace Fair held in Reid Park. About 45 people of all ages participated throughout the day. Arranged by Michael B. Schwartz." Notice world with South Pole at top.

September 27, 2007 - "World of Peace," Kompong Thom (Cambodia). "Depicts three catfish with a globe balancing on the nose of the highest leaping fish." Made out of old guns and weapons that had been used by the Khmer Rouge.

2007? - "CoolGlobe,", between the Shedd Aquarium and the Field Museum, Chicago, Illinois (USA). Painted by artist Catherine Schwalbe-Bouzide & her husband Paul. One of many "CoolGlobes" painted by local, national & international artists, as well as school children, and scattered around the USA. "Each globe is 5 feet in diameter, 7.5 feet tall, weighs 2,300 pounds...& transforms a plain white sphere to create awareness & provoke discussion about a potential solution to global warming."

Date? - Babasaheb Ambedkar Museum, Senapati Bapat Road, Pune, Maharashtra (India). "Dedicated to Dr. Babasaheb (B.R.) Ambedkar [1891-1956], a freedom fighter who later wrote the Constitution of independent India. Contains items representing his entire life from birth to death. A marble statue of Dr. Babasaheb adorns the interiors of the museum." Image at far right shows Diksha Bhumi, the stupa in Nagpur at the site where Ambedkar & his followers embraced Buddhism in 1956.

Date? - Monument to Peace, Peace Square, Lashkar Gah, Helmand Province (Afghanistan). "The monument to peace is an ironic reminder of US development in Lashkar Gah [sic]." /// "Doves were released, schools were painted white, blue peace banners and billboards proclaimed peace and a major city square was renamed 'Peace Square.'"

March 2008 - OmniGlobe, Technorama Museum, Winterthrur (Switzerland). "ARC Science Systems of Loveland, Colorado (USA) installed it's first suspended, High Definition 60" OmniGlobe spherical display system at the prestigious museum. Click here to view PDF." Click here for video. OmniGlobes are subsequently installed in many other locations.

May 2008 - Matrimandir / "Temple of the Mother," Peace Area, Auroville, Tamil Nadu (India). An edifice of spiritual significance for practitioners of Integral yoga. Called soul of the city. Took 37 years to build. The surrounding Peace Area (right image) has three main features: The Matrimandir itself with its twelve gardens, twelve petals and future lakes, the Amphitheatre and the Banyan Tree. The area is seen as a whole and work in the different sections proceeds simultaneously.

June 2008 - "EarthView", Bridgewater State University (BSU), Bridgewater, Massachusetts (USA). "An inflatable model of the Earth, 22 feet in diameter & two stories tall. With a regional network of geography teachers, BSU has been taking EarthView to area schools, and thousands of students have had the opportunity to learn about the earth from a new perspective - from the inside of the globe! The outside is a hand-painted, large-scale map of the Earth's surface, showing biological communities, rivers, seas, landforms, continents, islands, oceans & major cities. The inside reveals the positions of tectonic plate boundaries & ocean spreading centers. The EarthView team includes Dr. James Hayes-Bohanan [right image], Dr. Vernon Domingo & Ms. Rosalie Sokol, lead presenter.

2008 - "Journey," Zion Union Heritage Museum, Hyannis, Massachusetts (USA). "Honors the contributions that African-Americans & Cape Verdeans have made to Cape Cod & the Islands for hundreds of years. In the sculpture, the figure holds the globe, his hands spanning the Atlantic, denoting the continental migration. His stride & stance reflect the continuing journeys that spanned the eras of the slave trade, abolitionism & the civil rights movement. He has the world of his future in his hands. The sculpture was commissioned & given to the museum by the Lyndon Paul Lorusso Foundation." Sculpted by Michael Alfano of Hopkintown, Massachusetts.

October 3, 2008 - Friedens-Ei / Peace Egg, Grossmünster place, Zurich (Switzerland). Made by Peace Brigades International (PBI). "2.5 meters wide & 80 kilos. Anniversary egg at the University of Berne under direction of Dr. Stefan Stankowski, professor of physics & director of Fachschaftssitzung physics, science & research. Giorgio Insom, Researcher, University of Applied Sciences Berne, planned & assembled. The interplay between technology & peace is unique & illustrates the fragility and vulnerability of human rights."

Date? - What?, Baghdad (Iraq). "After delivering the medical supplies to hospitals, we took a day to tour the city, much like anyone would want to, having a free day in Baghdad. We hit the hot spots. One of Saddam's palaces where the U.S. soldiers were glad to show us around and stopped in front of countless bombed out buildings the use of which the driver would explain, through our translator, Dr. Badri. "Uday's offices, telephone company, Saddam's parliament, etc. Either the driver or Dr. BadriI forget who was eager to show us Saddam's secret police Headquarters, a compound where "someone who enters never leaves alive."It was a long, low tan cement affair. All Saddam's buildings seemed to be tan cement well hidden from the road by a twelve-foot tan cement wall. We entered through an unmanned guard post and then continued along a long straight driveway into an open courtyard in the center of which was a huge statue of a world globe."

Early 2009 - "Visual Globe," Tellus: Northwest Georgia Science Museum, off Interstate-75, Cartersville, Georgia (USA). Shows formation of the continents from Pangaea. Click here for YouTube video.

December 6-18, 2009 - "Science on a Sphere," World Climate Change Conference, Copenhagen (Denmark). A room sized, global display system that uses computers & video projectors to display NASA planetary data on a six foot diameter sphere, analogous to a giant animated globe. By Newfangled & 42 Degrees North Films. Image at far right is globe on street in central Copenhagen.

June 8-October 8, 2010 - "Cool Globes Marseille 2010," Marseille (France). "Children discover a giant model globe, part of an art installation entitled 'Cool Globes' against global warming and climate change, in Marseille, southern France."

2010 - Projection Sphere," Iasi (Romania). "Eventures are continuing the national party tour initiated last year. The new event series will kick off with Gabriel & Dresden, to offer a grand show, from inside the world’s largest projection sphere. The event will take place on Saturday, starting 11pm, in Iasi’s Iulius Mall parking lot, and access is restricted for would-be spectators under 18. After its 2010 success, when over 20,000 people came to watch exceptional visual shows featuring international artists, the likes of Pete Tong, Chicane or Yves Larock, this year, the sphere will 'travel' through the country’s largest cities, taking parties to a whole new level, by means of 3D projections, which will offer the participants unique sensorial experiences. The spectacular 360o x 240o projections, the impressive 25 metre-diameter & the audio-video display surface, of over 1200 sq m, these are just a few of the main features of the world’s largest sphere, which will be present for two days in Iasi. The tour will include five other major cities in Romania – Timisoara, Sibiu, Cluj, Bucharest & Craiova."

November 7, 2010 - "A World Apart" (Chatham County World War II Monument), River Street West, Savannah, Georgia (USA). "The designers want you to remember WWII was no ordinary dust up. Officially titled 'A World Apart,' it’s a 20-foot-high globe split down the middle to symbolize a world divided by war into Pacific & European Theaters."

March 24, 2011 - "Recycled World," Petah Tikva, near Tel Aviv (Israel). Left image by Dr. Avishai Teicher. Right image shows "Israeli industrial designer Hadas Itzcovitch walking next to a model of a world globe she created using recycled bottles ahead of Earth Day."

2011 - Stromfresser / Power Eater, Hamburg (Germany). "Berlin-based artist Ralf Schmerberg has constructed a gigantic igloo made entirely of old refrigerators. The 11 meter-wide igloo is made from 322 old refrigerators attached to a metal frame. Inside is an extraordinary collection of gadgets including fans, toys, toasters, a TV set and an inflatable mushroom cloud." Apparently moved to Darmstadt after short stay in Hamburg.

Septemer 2011 - "RISE" Sculpture, Broadway Roundabout, Belfast (Northern Ireland). £400,000 spherical metal sculpture by Wolfgang Buttress 37.5 metres (123 ft) high & 30 metres (98.4 ft) wide. Visible for miles around the city & the biggest public art sculpture in Belfast. Completed nearly two years behind the original schedule. According to city website, "symbolises the rising of the sun and new hope for Belfast's future [and] aims to help revitalise Belfast, bringing a new focus to the area snd projecting a vibrant, confident image of the city." Also called "Balls on the Falls/Westicles" though not on Falls Road. Click here for Wikipedia article.

October 24, 2011 - "The Tree of Life," Wesley Church, Hay & Williams Streets, Central Business District, Perth, West Australia (Australia). Sculpture by Rod Laws commissioned as part of the Children's Peace Project for the Commonwealth Heads Of Government Meeting (CHOGM 2011). /// "The Tree of Life sculpture outside Wesley Emo church is being threatened by …TREES! Who will stop this arboreal terror threatening the CHOGM tree of life?" /// Information courtesy of Peta Clemeno.

November 19, 2011 - Peace Monument, Praça da Paz / Square of Peace, Setor Sambaqui, Parque da Cidade, Joinville, State of Santa Catarina (Brazil). Dedicated on Flag Day. A tribute to soldiers who participated in United Nations Peacekeeping Forces. "Two totems that make up an egg, made of concrete & placed on a concrete base that holds a sphere also in concrete, filled with details in relief. The egg symbolizes the conception of life, in this case, surrounding the planet Earth & its life forms. Connotes peace, affection, security & protection. The structure is pigmented in black & white to highlight the integration of ethnic groups." Right image shows designer Edith Khahold Rodrigues Steffen & floor of the square which depicts a world map. Erected by City of Joinville & Institute for Research & Planning for Sustainable Development (IPPUJ). (Joinville is a city with a German heritage.) Information courtesy of Francineide Rodrigues.

June 2012 - Monumento Fair Play y Jardín por la Paz Mundial / Fair Play Monument & World Peace Garden, Plaza de la Paz, Cancún, Estado de Quintana Roo (México). "Donated by the World Organization for Peace (WOFP) and built in ten days." "As part of the Maya World Cup 2012,... the monument figure soccer ball, made over a period of 15 days, was inaugurated in this city, which it was declared in Geneva, the capital of peace for two years." [Google translation]

Date? - Luang Pu Memorial Sphere, Songphinong (Thailand). "Another symbol, very familiar to meditators, that of a giant sphere. Beyond the sphere lies the memorial hall [pyramid], though it was not yet complete... A major site associated with Bhikkhu Sodh Candasaro, widely known as the great meditation master, Luang Phor Wat Paknam (or Luang Pu Wat Paknam), who rediscovered the Dhammakaya method of meditation."

2012 - Office building, Pathum Thani Province (Thailand). Office Space: 80,000 sq.m., Height: 95 meters.

August 29, 2012 - Memorial to Munich Massacre, Nazareth Illit (Israel). Commomorates massacre of 11 Israeli atheletes at the Munich Olympic Games on September 5, 1972. Photo by Dr. Avishai Teicher.

Date? - Munich Massacre Memorial, Tel Aviv (Israel). Commomorates massacre of 11 Israeli atheletes at the Munich Olympic Games on September 5, 1972.

August 2013? - Museum of Peace, Polkovnichiy Island, Semey (Kazakhstan). Kazakhstan hosted an international conference “From a Nuclear Test Ban to a Nuclear-Weapons-Free World”, August 27- 29, 2012. August 29 was the the UN International Day against Nuclear Testing on August 29, 2012. Part of the conference was held in Semey, including a ground-breaking ceremony for the unique Museum of Peace. The crystal-ball-shaped building will be five stories tall, with a height of 34 metres & a diametre of 24 metres, & will rest in the palms of hands, demonstrating the fragility of life & the need for careful stewardship of the environment. The foundation of the ball in the form of two palms of hands will be made from iron & granite, while the building itself will be constructed of glass. The construction process is scheduled to be completed one year later. Construction costs are estimated at more than one billion tenge & will be provided by the government.

2014 - "United Divide" Exhibit, Center for Land Use Interpretation (CLUI), 9331 Venice Boulevard, Culver City (near Los Angeles), California (USA). "[Fully] titled "United Divide: A Linear Portrait of the USA/Canada Border," the exhibit presents the nation’s northern boundary as a kind of continental cross-section & describes the relationship between these two countries by considering the incidental & intentional cultural objects that the boundary line creates. Features more than 1,100 captioned images divided into five regional chapters & shown on five touchscreens, as well as printed & digital maps & graphics, & an official stainless steel border monument on loan from the International Boundary Commission (IBC)."

December 12, 2014 - "Football Remembers," National Memorial Arboretum, Staffordshire (England). "A memorial to the World War One Christmas Truce, when some British & German soldiers stopped fighting & played football, has been dedicated by the Duke of Cambridge. The memorial was designed by 10-year-old Spencer Turner from Farne Primary in Newcastle after a UK-wide competition." /// "The Duke of Cambridge & England forward Theo Walcott picked out the memorial's design from thousands of entries in a competition held in schools throughout the UK. Prince William told guests attending the dedication ceremony: 'We all grew up with the story of soldiers from both sides putting down their arms to meet in no man's land on Christmas Day 1914 – when gunfire remarkably gave way to gifts. It remains wholly relevant today as a message of hope and humanity, even in the bleakest of times. Football, then as now, had the power to bring people together and break down barriers.'"

March 15, 2015 - Peace Icon, Peace Square, Sharm El-Sheikh (Egypt). "The height of the icon about 34.5 meters, 26.5 meters height height net, and display the wings 24 meters, flanked Baloiconh Fountain 35 meters in diameter, with about 47 water nozzle out of different heights reaches a height of 16 meters in a spiral,Peace icon is a memorial Peace Park mediates amounting to 36 thousand square meters at the entrance of Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport & the Dahab & the ring road to the city of Sharm El Sheikh. Icon is designed in the form of clusters of black granite bearing the lotus leaf topped eight inspired by the wings of the wings of [Egyptian sun god] Ra carry globe diameter of 10 meters on the world map of stainless steel, the specific location of Egypt in gold & fly above the bathroom that holds an olive branch symbol of peace, & suggests eight wings to the main directions, north & south, east & west-east & north-west & north-east & south-west & the south. It was taking into account the work of the restaurant parking adorned the entrance to the courtyard in front of the icon is surrounded by palm trees & designed light-curve directs visitors to the walkway around the fountain. Icon established and designed in the hands of an Egyptian symbol of peace was registered in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest & longest metal work of art in the world" [sic]. /// "Sharm el-Sheikh is sometimes called the 'City of Peace,' referring to the large number of international peace conferences that have been held there."

December 17, 2015 - Globe, Museum of Tomorrow, next to the waterfront at Pier Maua, o de Janeiro (Brazil). "Designed by Spanish neofuturistic architect Santiago Calatrava. Its construction was supported by the Roberto Marinho Foundation & cost approximately 230 million reais. /// The main exhibition takes visitors through five main areas: Cosmos, Earth, Anthropocene, Tomorrow & Now via a number of experiments & experiences. The museum mixes science with an innovative design to focus on sustainable cities. The museum is part of the city's port area renewal for the 2016 Summer Olympics."

October 20, 2017 - Peace Monument, Detroit River Waterfront, Windsor, Ontario (Canada). "A project of Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at. Donated to the City & distinguishing features include the motto 'Love for all, Hatred for none.' Includes two plates, one with the Jama’at history. Four benches surround the structure, each with a Khalifa name & biography. They were added to offer a place of rest along the riverfront trail. On its website, Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama‘at is presented as'a dynamic, fast-growing international revival movement within Islam. Founded in 1889, AMJ spans over 200 countries with membership exceeding tens of millions. AMJ is the only Islamic organization to believe that the long-awaited messiah has come in the person of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad [1835-1908] of Qadian...'" /// Image shows skyline of Detroit, Michigan (USA), in background.

Future - UN Peace Park & UN Memorial Hall, Chungju, North Chungcheong Province (South Korea). "Orb initiated by City of Chungju in honour of Ban Ki-Moon, current General Secretary of the United Nations Organization & native of Chungju. The project will be the new cultural landmark for the city, spreading out along the banks of the river Namhangang & to the north of the Tangeumdae Natural Park. An ellipsoidal building with a maximal diameter of 60m. It is made of 8 storeys and 1 basement floor. The heart of the building is the 1,500 seat auditorium & auxiliary conference spaces. The auditorium will offer a view to the outside direction of the Tangeumdae Natural Park. Spiraling upwards, the continuous ramp houses an exhibition explaining the history of the UN between 1945 & today, finally culminating in the Gallery of the [eight] General Secretaries. The UN-Globe will be placed in an orchard of 192 apple trees representing the number of member states of the UN. The focal point of this project is the city of Chungju, in miniature, in the heart of the site. This point has been defined as the epicenter of the concentric orbits which create a unifying surface for the different events of the park, like the Stone Collection (Suseok), the research center & a number of other follies."

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