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Peace Towers Around the World

Click here for peace buildings other than peace towers. | Click here to return to home page.

See below for information about individual peace towers in historic order.

First, here's a table of peace monuments rank ordered by height:

Here's a table of the world's tallest peace monuments rank-ordered by height:

Dhamek Stupa (also spelled Dhamekh and Dhamekha) is a massive stupa located at Sarnath, 13 km away from Varanasi in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
Height
Meters
Height
Feet
Date Name Place Country
368 1,198 1969 Berliner Fernsehturm (TV tower) - For comparison Near Alexanderplatz, East Berlin Germany
357 1,171 Future Manarat Al Salam/Lighthouse of Peace (1st of 12) Straits of Hormuz (then elsewhere) Iran
333 1,091 1958 Tokyo Tower - For comparison Minato Tokyo Japan
330 1,083 Unfinished Ryugyong Hotel (pyramid) - For comparison Pyongyang North Korea
320 1,050 1889 Eiffel Tower (Exposition Universelle) Champs de Mars, Paris France
206 676 1992 Faro a Colon / Columbus Lighthouse Santo Domingo Este Dominican Republic
192 630 1968 Gateway Arch (by Eero Saarinen & Hannskarl Bandel) Jefferson National Expansion Mem, St. Louis, MO USA
190 610 1939-1940 Trylon & Perisphere (World's Fair) NY World's Fair, NY City, New York USA
184 605 1962 Space Needle (World's Fair) Seattle, Washington USA
180 590 1970 Tower for World Peace Church of Perfect Liberty, Osaka Japan
169 555 1884 Washington Monument National Mall, Washington, DC USA
160 525 1966-2009 Osaka Tower (no longer exists) - For comparison Kita-ku, Osaka Japan
155 509 1952 Secretariat Building, United Nations Headquarters New York City, New York USA
152 500 1958 Granite Cross, Basílica de la Santa Cruz Valle de los Caídos, San Lorenzo de El Escorial Spain
150 492 1926 Funkturm Berlin - For comparison Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf , Berlin Germany
147 481 2540 BCE Great Pyramid - For comparison Giza Egypt
140 459 c280BC-1323 Alexandrine Pharos Lighthouse - For comparison Island of Pharos, Alexandria Egypt
135 443 1999 London Eye (aka Millennium Wheel) - For comparison London England
133 435 1915-19?? Tower of Jewels/Tower of the Sun (no longer exists) Panama & Pacific Exposition, San Francisco, CA USA
128 420 2002 Vairocana Buddha Spring Temple, Lushan, Henan China
c125 c410 2005 Lighthouse of Alexandria (replica) "Window of the World" Cultural Park, Changsha China
122 400 1939-1940 Temple of the Sun Golden Gate Intl Expo, San Francisco, CA USA
107 352 1915 Perry's Victory & International Peace Memorial, Put-in-Bay South Bass Island, Lake Erie, Ohio USA
103 337 1956 Tsutenkaku ("Tower Reaching Heaven") - For comparison Shinsekai District, Osaka Japan
102 335 1958 "Atomium" (World's Fair) Expo '58, Brussels Belgium
101 333 1932 George Washington Masonic National Memorial - For comparison Shooter's Hill, 101 Callahan Dr, Alexandria, VA USA
99 325 2010 Global Vipassana Peace Pagoda Gorai Creek, Mumbai India
93 305 1886 Statue of Liberty (by Frédéric Bartholdi) Liberty Island, NY City, New York USA
92 303 1927 Peace Tower Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario Canada
91 300 Future Statue of Responsibility (by Gary Lee Price) West Coast Port or Utah USA
91 299 1913 Völkerschlachtdenkmal - For comparison Leipzig Germany
87 285 1901 Indiana Soldiers and Sailors Monument - For comparison Monument Circle, Indianapolis, Indiana USA
84 276 1930 IJzertoren/Yser Tower Diksmuide/Dixmude Belgium
83 272 2001 Cruz del Tercer Milenio / Third Millennium Cross El Vigía Hill, Coquimbo Chile
82 270 1957 Tower of Peace (now called Citrus Tower) Clermont, Florida USA
81 266 1982 SunSphere (World's Fair) World's Fair Park, Knoxville, Tennessee USA
80 262 1913 Vredespaleis/Peace Palace The Hague Netherlands
79 260 c1450-c1860 Bao'ensi/Temple of Gratitude (Porcelain Tower) Yangtze River China
79 260 1966 Great Cross, Prince of Peace Church St. Augustine, Florida USA
77 253 2006 Pyramid of Peace & Accord Astana Kazakhstan
75 264 1938-1942 Monument à la gloire des Américains Point-de-Grave, Le Verdon France
70 230 1967 Memorial to the Civilian Victims of the Japanese Occupation Singapore Singapore
66 217 1926 Liberty Memorial Kansas City, Missouri USA
64 210 c1940 Indiana World War Memorial Indianapolis, Indiana USA
62 205 1190's Minaret of Jam Ghowr Province Afghanistan
62 205 1929 Bok Tower "Iron Mountain," Lake Wales, Florida USA
61 200 Future US Peace Memorial (proposed by Prof Michael Knox) Washington, DC USA
60 198 2001 Cross Interstate Highway 57 & 70, Effingham, Illinois USA
58 190 1995 Cross of Our Lord Jesus Christ Ministries Interstate Highway 40, Groom, Texas USA
55 180 19th century Mahabodhi Temple ("Great Awakening Temple") Bodh Gaya, Gaya, near Patna, Bihar, India India
52 169 1843 Nelson Column - For comparison Trafalgar Square, London England
51 166 1993 Saitama Peace Museum & Tower Saitama-ken Heiwa Shiryokan Japan
50 165 1939 Birla Mandir/Birla Temple (proposed by MH Gandhi) New Delhi India
50 164 1836 Arc de Triomphe - For comparison Rondpoint l'Etoile, Paris France
50 164 2000 Great Stupa for World Peace Golok Tibet
49 161 2010 African Renaissance Monument Dakar Senegal
47 153 1983 Virgen de la Paz/Virgin of Peace Trujullo Venezuela
46 150 1954 Mem Cathedral for World Peace (by Hugo Enomiya-Lassalle) Nobori-cho, Hiroshima Japan
46 150 Future Liberia Reconciliation Monument Providence Island, Monrovia Liberia
45 148 1910 Angel de la Independencia/Angel of Independence Paseo de la Reforma, Mexico City Mexico
44 144 500 BCE Dhamek Stupa (Buddha) Sarnath, near Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh India
44 144 1968 Tsitsernakapert Erevan/Armenian Genocide Memorial Yerevan Armenia
40 130 1971 Cross above Capilla de la Paz/Chapel of Peace Fraccionamiento Las Brisas, Acapulco Mexico
40 130 1931 O Cristo Redentor/Christ the Redeemer Corcovado Mountain, Rio de Janeiro Brazil
38 125 1899 Friedensengel/Angel of Peace Stadtteil Bogenhausen, Munich Germany
37 121 1814 Stoodley Pike Monument Todmorden, West Yorkshire England
37 121 1940 Heiwadai Koen/Peace Tower (by Imperial Japan) Miyazaki, Kyushu Island Japan
37 120 1982 Dual Peace Towers at International Peace Garden Boissevain, Manitoba
Dunseith, North Dakota
Canada
USA
36 118 1804 Pyramid of Austerlitz - For comparison Woudenberg Netherlands
35 115 1913 National Women’s Monument (by Frans Soff & others) Bloemfontein South Africa
35 115 1653 Taj Mahal - For comparison Agra India
34 112 1993 Tian Tan Buddha (aka Big Buddha) Ngong Ping, Lantau Island, in Hong Kong China
34 111 1963 Bald Knob Cross of Peace Shawnee National Forest, Alto Pass, Illinois USA
34 110 1998 Irish Peace Tower, Island of Ireland Peace Park Messen/Messines, near Ypres, Flanders Belgium
32 105 1995 "Tanks" Peace Tower (by Arman) Beirut Lebanon
30 98 2003 Tower of Peace (by Clara Halter) Sennaya Ploschad, St. Petersburg Russia
30 98 2001 Arch of Reunification Pyongyang North Korea
29 95 1910 New York Peace Monument Lookout Mountain, Tennessee USA
28 92 1933 Peace MonumentMount Greylock, Massachusetts USA
28 92 1967 Friedland Gedächnisstätte/All Nations Peace & Reconciliation Mem Above Friedland, Göttingen, Lower Saxony Germany
27 89 1975 Friendship Tower (by Rissho Kosei-kai) Bagac, Bataan Philippines
26 85 1940 Nancy Brown Peace Carillion (by Clarence Day) Belle Isle Park, Detroit River, Michigan USA
26 85 1791"Peace" atop Brandenburger Tor Berlin Germany
26 85 1912 Pamatnik Mohyla Míru/Peace Cairn & Muzeum Brnenska Prace, Moravia Czech Republic
21 70 1939"Peace" atop National War Memorial Ottawa, Ontario Canada
21 70 2008 Millennium Gate Atlanta, Georgia USA
<21 <70 1912"Angel of Peace" atop Wellington Arch Hyde Park Corner, London England
20 66 1793"Goddess of Peace" on Quadriga Brandenburger Tor, Berlin Germany
20 66 1967 Peace Clock Tower Peace Memorial Park, Hiroshima Japan
18 59 1914 Fredsmonument/Peace Monument Morokulien Norway
Sweden
18 59 2003-2010 Peace Tower (by Clara Halter & Jean-Michel Wilmotte) Sennaya Square, St. Petersburg Russia
16 52 2005 Peace Pole (tallest?) Rockport Park Peace Park, Janesville, WI USA
14 46 1964 "Peace Arising from Flames of War" (by Marshall Fredericks) Veterans’ Memorial Plaza, Cleveland, Ohio USA
12 41 1998 J. William Fulbright Memorial Peace Fountain University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR USA
12 38 1967 Memorial Tower to Mobilized Students w/Goddess of Peace Motoyasu-gawa River, Hiroshima Japan
12 38 1936 "Vision of Peace" (by Carl Milles) City Hall, St. Paul, Minnesota USA
11 36 2011 Beacon for Hope & Peace (by WAND) North Little Rock, Arkansas USA
10 34 1827 Washington Monument - For comparison Monument Knob, South Mountain, Maryland USA
_?_ _?_ 1925 Frank A. Miller Testimonial Peace Tower Mount Rubidoux, Riverside, California USA
9 30 1912 Peace Statue (by Newbury Abbot Trent)Between Brighton & Hove, Sussex England
9 30 2011 Statue of Martin Luther King, Jr. (by Lei Yixin) West Potomac Park, Washington, DC USA
8 27 2008 Bell Tower, East Tennessee Veterans Memorial Worlds Fair Park, Knoxville, Tennessee USA
8 26 c1500 BCE Stonehenge - For comparison Salisbury Plain England
8 26 1904 Cristo Redentor de los Andes/Christ of the Andes Uspallata Pass, Andes Mountains Argentina
Chile
8 26 1991 "Chain Reaction" (by Paul Conrad) Civic Center, Santa Monica, California USA
8 25 1987 Whispering Giant "Chief Kno-Tah" (by Peter Wolf Toth) Shute Park, Hillsboro, Oregon USA
? ? Year? Japanese Peace Monument World Peace Praying Park, Muntinlupa Philippines
? ? 1939-1940 Tower of Peace & Temple of Religion Golden Gate Intl Expo, San Francisco, CA USA
? ? 1932 Peace Tower, Myron Taylor Hall Cornell University Law School, Ithaca, New York USA

Right click image to enlarge.
1190's AD - Minaret of Jam, Ghowr Province (Afghanistan). "A UNESCO world heritage site. Forgotten to the outside world until 1957." /// "One of the great wonders of the medieval world. A very tall, heavily ornamented minaret nestled in a green valley at the edge of the Jam River. Often called the Minaret of Jam, the monument was almost a millenium ago illuminated by a torch at its top, and surrounded by a thriving town with small industries & outlying farms. What's remarkable is that the writing on the minaret & archaeological remains nearby strongly suggest that the city harbored a population of Muslims, Christians & Jews. Writing on the minaret is a detailed transcription from the Koran that celebrates the life of Mary, mother of Jesus, highlighting the connections between Islam & other religions. Nearby there is a Jewish graveyard, which is another hint that people of different religions were living peacefully together. Was this lost city once a bastion of medieval tolerance?"

15th Century - Bao'ensi / Temple of Gratitude, Buddhist Pagoda known as The Porcelain Tower, South Bank of Yangtze River, Nanjing Territory (China). No longer exists, but is being reconstructed. Was 260 feet high, octagonal (with eight corners) & 97 feet in diameter. Was largest building in China. Radiated sunrays & functioned as a center of pilgrimage. Destroyed about 1860 during the Taiping Rebellion.


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February 21, 1885 - Washington Monument, The Mall, Washington, DC (USA). Construction began in 1845. 555 feet tall. World's tallest obelisk. World's tallest masonry structure. Exterior is plain, but interior stairway (no longer accessible to public) contains 193 plaques from every state & from many foreign countries. (One plaque is said to have been donated by the pope but was ripped out & trashed by US soldiers.).


1910 - New York Peace Monument, Point Park, Lookout Mountain, Chattanooga, Tennessee (USA). Depicts soldiers from North and South shaking hands. Built by State of New York.

1913 - Nasionale Vrouemonument / National Women’s Monument, Bloemfontein (South Africa). "Dedicated to more than 27,000 martyr women who died during the Boer War [1899-1902] in British concentration camps. A 115 foot obelisk & two bas-relief panels depicting women being herded into a concentration camp clutching their few paltry possessions and a weakened child dying while a woman kneels at his bedside." "For 80 years the only monument in the world dedicated solely to women and children."

August 28, 1913 - Vredespaleis / Peace Palace, The Hague (Netherlands). Constructed and still owned by the Carnegie Foundation. Now home of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) or World Court, the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), the Peace Palace Library, and the Hague Academy of International Law.


August 16, 1914 - Fredsmonument / Peace Monument, Morokulien, between Magnor (Norway) and Eda (Sweden). 18-meter monument commemorating the 1905 negotiations which created peace between Norway & Sweden and led to Norwegian independence ("dissolution of the union"). On top of two white granite pillars stand two men, on each side of the boundary, shaking hands. Base is inscribed: "War between Scandinavian brothers is henceforth an impopssibility" [Swedish King Oscar I] & "Norwegian and Swedish peace activits raised this monument in 1914 in thanks for 100 years of peace." /// Morokulien is a tiny international territory. Its name combines the Norwegian & Swedish words for "fun" & was coined during a radio show in 1959. Right image (courtesy of Christina Öster) shows the Morokulien daler used during two short periods.

June 13, 1915 - Perry's Victory & International Peace Memorial, Put-in-Bay, South Bass Island, Ohio (USA). "Established to honor those who fought in the Battle of Lake Erie, during the war of 1812, but in equal part it is here to celebrate the long-lasting peace between Britain, Canada, and the US [hence the three flags seen in image]." Reopened July 4, 2012, after two or more years of repairs.


1917 - Ohio Peace Monument, Cravens House, Lookout Mountain, Chattanooga, Tennessee (USA). Base of monument depicts a female figure surrounded with grain, machinery, and other fruits of peace. Click here for other Civil War peace monuments. Built by State of Ohio.


August 30, 1921 - Albert K. Smiley Memorial Tower, Sky Top Mohonk, above Mohonk Mountain House, New Paltz, New York (USA). "Smiley's Quaker beliefs led him to...the cause of peace. In 1895, he convened the first of many annual conferences on International Arbitration, held at Mohonk Mountain House. Their purpose was to provide a forum for national & international leaders to meet & discuss world problems in an effort to find alternatives to war. The conferences continued through 1916, & included notable attendees such as President William Howard Taft, William Jennings Bryan & Secretaries of State of successive administrations. These conferences highlighted a concern for peaceful conflict resolution that has been credited with giving impetus to the Hague Conference movement. The United Nations of today can trace its roots back to the Hague Conferences." Click here for source of this information.


1922 - Peace Tower, Peace Exhibition / Heiwa kinen Tokyo hakurankai kyosankai, Ueno Park, Tokyo (Japan). "At the Peace Commemorative Tokyo Exposition in 1922, a seaplane that sped around on the Shinobazu pond surface was very popular. After the Great Kanto Earthquake in September 1922, The park was used as a place of refuge, serving to make people aware of the importance of parks in large cities. Four months later, in January 1923, Ueno Park was presented to Tokyo City to celebrate the wedding of the crown prince. Since then, the park has been one of the most popular places in Tokyo."

December 13, 1925 - Frank A. Miller Testimonial Peace Tower, Frank A. Miller Mount Rubidoux Memorial Park, Mount Rubidoux, Riverside, California (USA). Frank Augustus Miller [1857-1935] founded the Institute of World Affairs which is now the World Affairs Council of Inland Southern California. Designed by Arthur Benton, the tower bears the names & coats of arms of all nations as of 1925. "The cause of world peace was associated with both the mountain & the Inn… [Miller] staged a peace conference in Riverside in 1911 with the help of the Andrew Carnegie Peace Foundation and a number of prominent men..." The park was closed to motor vehicles in 1992. Click here for video. /// "DeWitt Hutchings, Miller’s son-in-law wrote (Hutchings, n.d., p. 18), "The statement was made that the Peace Tower was the first monument to be dedicated to the “Ideal of International Peace.” This tower will point the way to much new and vital thought and work seeking to find some better way than war." " Entry #111 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).

November 11, 1926 - Liberty Memorial, Kansas City, Missouri (USA). Houses the National World War I Museum

1927 - Peace Tower, Centre Block, Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada). Image by EWL 11August2012.

1929 - Bok Tower & Gardens, Historic Bok Sanctuary, Lake Wales, Florida (USA). National Historic Landmark. Gardens by Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. "Symbolize Edward Bok's concern for World Peace & Beauty, themes which are interwoven throughout his concept for creating this gift, the overall design including landscape & architecture, & in the small details. The dove, a symbol of peace, recurs in many styles & materials throughout the tower & gardens." (Stephenson 1990)


1930 - IJzertoren Museum of War, Peace & Flemish Emancipation, IJzerdijk 49, Diksmuide / Dixmude, Flanders (Belgium). IJzertoren / Yser Tower is named after the Yser River which formed the frontline during most of World War I. The 84-meter tower was iIllegally demolished the night of March 15-16, 1946. The perpetrators were never caught but were thought to involve Belgian military and former resistance fighters in an atmosphere of post WW-II repression. Site of 4th International Conference of the International Network of Museums for Peace (INMP) in 2003. Images show the rebuilt tower. Left image is brochure for the 4th conference.

1932 - Peace Tower, Myron Taylor Hall, Law School, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York (USA). "Symbol of the post-World War I aspirations of Cornell's faculty – 'world peace through international law.'" Donated by Myron C. Taylor, Chairman of US Steel Corporation.



September 4, 1938, to May 30, 1942 - Monument à la gloire des Américains / Monument to the Glory of the Americans, Point-de-Grave (mouth of Gironde River), Le Verdon (France). Thanked US for help during World War I. 75 meters tall (vs. 45.5 meter Statue of Liberty). Cornerstone laid Sept. 6, 1919, by French President Raymond Poincaré [1860-1934]. Dedication (lower left image) attended by John F. Kennedy [1917-1963] representing his father, US Ambassador in London. Lower right image shows a stele (plaque) about 10 meters high erected in 1947. Its inscription reads: "Ici s'élevait le monument érigé à la gloire des Américains - Aux soldats du général Pershing défenseurs du même idéal de droit et de liberté qui conduisit en Amérique La Fayette et ses volontaires partis de ce rivage en 1777 - Le monument symbolisait la fraternité d'armes et l'amitié franco-américaine - Il fut détruit le 30 mai 1942 par les troupes d'occupation allemandes - Il sera réédifié par le peuple français - They have destroyed it, we shall restore it." Simultaneous 70th anniversary of Pershing's arrival & 210th of LaFayette's departure observed here in 1987.

July 3, 1938 - Peace Light Memorial, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (USA). Dedicated by President Franklin Deleno Roosevelt on 75th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg in presence of elderly veterans from both sides of the Civil War. Also known as Eternal Light Peace Memorial.

1939-1940 - Temple of Religion & Tower of Peace, Golden Gate International Exposition (California World's Fair), Treasure Island, San Francisco, California (USA). "Representation of various world religions certainly occurred at earlier expositions. What is notable about this exposition's presentation is the theme of religious unity. Along with more typical Christian groups, the Fair included representations of Buddhists, Bahai'is, Christian Scientists, Jews, Mormons, Protestants & others. This is particularly interesting in light of the impending World War that would embroil nations in a struggle that emphasized disunity & differences. Rabbi Rudolph I. Coffee states, 'Unitedly we embarked on this spiritual adventure, & in working together, we learned to know & love one another.'"

1939-1940 - "The Peacemakers" mural, Court of Pacifica, Golden Gate International Exposition (California World's Fair), Treasure Island, San Francisco, California (USA). By the three Bruton Sisters (Helen, Esther & Margaret) [1894-1992], as seen behind mural portion in the lower image. The fair lasted two years (1939-1940).

June 17, 1940 - Peace Carillion, Belle Isle Park, Detroit River, Detroit, Michigan (USA). 85-foot tower designed by Clarence Day. Funds raised by journalist Nancy Brown who wrote a column for the Detroit News called "Experience" from 1919 to 1942. The 49-bell carillon was restored and computer automated in 2005. Entry #498 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).


1940 - Peace Tower, Heiwadai Koen / Park, 6146 Koshigasako, Shimokitakatamachi, Miyazaki-shi, Miyazaki, Kyushu Island (Japan). 37-meter tower erected to promote "the unification of the eight corners of the world under one roof" (hakko ichiu) & celebrate 2,600th anniversary of the mythological foundation of Japan. "Purportedly contains artifacts that once belonged to the first emperor. Pedestal made with stones donated by Japanese expatriates from all over the world. Copper door created with coins donated by Japanese children. It may seem ironic that a peace tower was erected at a time when Japan was busy colonizing much of Asia; [but] the intention was to show that the world could live peaceably, albeit with Japan as leader. Figures on the tower depict the guardians of fishery, agriculture, self-defense, and commerce." Ten Yen note shows Imperial crisantemum (not used after WW-II).

August 6, 1948 - Third Anniversary of the Atomic Bomb (fourth anniversary according to Japanese custom): "Mayor Hamai, in the second Peace Festival, read his [second] Peace Declaration: 'We pray in sincerity that there may never be another Hiroshima in any part of the world.' His words were translated into English and written on the Peace Tower in huge letters. Thus he expressed his determination to make Hiroshima a Mecca for world peace." Same peace tower as in 1947?

1948 - Peace Monument, Potter's Field, Hart Island, East River, Bronx, New York City, New York (USA). "The inmates on the island who spent long hours digging grave petitioned for permission to build a monument for those interred on the island. With permission granted, both prisoners and staff cooperated to create a thirty-foot memorial in 1948.The Hart Island memorial monument some decades ago. The word "peace" is inscribed on one side and a simple cross on the other."

1950 - United Nations Headquarters Building, East River, New York City, New York (USA).


1957 - Tower of Peace, US Highway 27, Clermont, Florida (USA). 270-foot tourist attraction. World's tallest concrete block tower. Originally called Placid Tower. Then Tower of Peace. Then Happiness Tower. Now marketed as Citrus Tower. Click here for unfavorable review from Roadside America.



1962 - "Peace," Timber Cove Inn, near Jenner, Sonoma County, California (USA). 72-foot tall obelisk by the naive/abstract Italian-born San Francisco sculptor Beniamino (Benny) Bufano [1998-1970]. Officially named "The Expanding Universe." Begun in September 1962, just weeks before the Cuban Missile Crisis, the 93-foot-tall [sic] concrete, lead, & mosaic sculpture is adorned with elements of the Madonna, Universal Child & a large, open hand -- themes of peace... From Bufano's perspective, a symbolic 'projectile' recalling the cold war's intercontinental ballistic missiles that in 1962 threatened life on earth... Bufano believed in peace, but he was...eclectic, suspicious, egotistical, occasionally hostile... Yet, Bufano's sculptures still survive &, given their hard material constituents and public ownership, will for years to come. [They] remind us of Bufano's challenge to remain vigilant in our defense of democracy, to cherish world peace, and to honor & protect the planet's children..." Click here for source of this quote.

February 15, 1967 - Memorial to the Civilian Victims of the Japanese Occupation, War Memorial Park (Singapore). Tower is 70 meters tall. "One of Singapore's most famous heritage landmarks... Has also been affectionately described by some as resembling four giant chopsticks. Unseen to the eye, the remains of unidentified war victims are buried beneath the monument..."

July 15, 1967 - Memorial Tower to the Mobilized Students, on left bank of Motoyasu-gawa River, Hiroshima (Japan). #42 of 56 "cenotaphs & monuments" on the Virtual E-Tour.

October 28, 1967 - Clock Tower of Peace, Peace Memoial Park (northern end), Hiroshima (Japan). Constructed by the Hiroshima Rijo Lions Club. #07 of 56 "cenotaphs & monuments" on the Virtual E-Tour.


1968 - Peace Pagoda, Nihonmachi/Japantown, San Francisco, California (USA). Designed by Japanese architect Yoshiro Taniguchi and presented to San Francisco by the people of Osaka (Japan).

1968 - Tsitsernakapert Erevan / Tsitsernakaberd Armenian Genocide Memorial, Yerevan (Armenia). "44 meter stele symbolizing the national rebirth of Armenians. 12 slabs are positioned in a circle, representing the 12 lost provinces in present day Turkey. In the center of the circle, at a depth of 1.5 meters, there is an eternal flame."

1970 Tower for World Peace, Church of Perfect Liberty (PL), Osaka (Japan). "Reaching to 180 metres (590 feet) in height,..the symbol and quintessence of the most sophisticated contemporary technology (sprayed concrete). It can be seen as far away as Kobe City. The unique shape, originally designed in clay by PL's late Second Founder. It's unique pointing finger-like shape symbolizes the Second Founder's revelation that 'the truth is one'– an understanding that's basic to realizing the desire for the eternal peace and welfare of humankind."


October 30, 1974 - Tower of Peace, in front of Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum, Hiroshima (Japan). What is this monument? It is not shown in the Virtual E-Tour, and its inscription is only in Japanese.


April 8, 1975 - Friendship Tower, Bagac (Philippines). Built by Rissho Kosei-kai of Japan as a sign of friendship and peace between the Philippines and Japan. Helps mark the places where the Bataan Death March started in 1942 (one in Bagac and the other in Mariveles). Dedication coincided with date on which Rissho Kosei-kai celebrates the birth of the Buddha Shakyamuni, founder of Buddhism.

1982 Peace Towers, International Peace Garden, Dunseith, North Dakota (USA) and Boissevain, Manitoba (Canada). 120 foot (36.6 meters) tall with four columns representing people from the four corners of the world coming together to form two similar but distinct nations with a common base of democracy and beliefs.

May 31, 1982 - SunSphere, 1982 World's Fair, Knoxville, Tennessee (USA). Theme structure of the 1982 World's Fair.



Date? - Japanese peace monument, "World Peace Praying Park," New Bilibid Prisons Reservation (NBP), Muntinlupa City, near Manila (Philippines). Twin towers with simple medalion featuring a dove of peace (zoom image to see detail). Adjacent to Japanese bell, peace pole, historic Japanese Cemetery & shrine for Japanese dead. Sign above bell says "Ring the bell, praying for world peace" in Japanese. At Muntinlupa Prison in which Japanese prisoners were incarcerated after World War II. Information courtesy of Michio Hamaji, Tokyo, 13-17Mar2016. Images from website of Bureau of Corrections & Michio Hamaji. /// FYI: "A poem by two Japanese prisoners of war was made into a song [entitled "Muntinlupa"] by popular Japanese artist Hamako Watanabe [1910-1999] in the 1950’s. The poem was dedicated by prisoners Gintaro Shirota & Masayuso Ito to their executed comrades in the hills of Muntinlupa. The song, was said to have been the reason President Elpidio Quirino [1890-1956] pardoned the remaining Japanese prisoners (at time of the signing he was in the US seeking medical attention). He was quoted saying 'We share the destiny to be good neighboring countries' after signing the release papers."


1995 - Tour de la Paix / Peace Tower, Beirut (Lebanon). Concrete tower embedding old guns and tanks. "Accumulation de chars et de canons dans du béton, 32 m de haut et d'un poids de 6 000 tonnes. La plus grande sculpture faite par Arman [1928-2005] à ce jour. Une des plus grandes sculptures contemporaines dans le monde." "Sur la route de Beyrouth à Damas, il y a ce curieux monument, cadeau de la France au Liban. Les carcasses de chars et de canons couléées dans le béton symbolisent la paix retrouvée. Le monument est haut de 32 m et pèse 6 000 tonnes. Mais on peut aussi y voir une sorte de super-fortification et un ouvrage militaire. De plus, il est à coté du Ministère de la défense, sur la route de Damas et il est interdit de le photographier. Curieux monument à la paix retrouvée, qui ressemble vraiment à un ouvrage militaire. Note du 24/10/2005 : L’auteur de ce monument est le sculpteur français ARMAN, qui vient de mourir à New York le samedi 22 octobre. Il avait 76 ans et avait choisi la nationalité américaine en 1973."

1995 - National Monument for Peace, Narvik (Norway). Also known as "Trinigon." Erected by the Norwegian government on the 50th anniversary of the liberation of Norway. Rebuilt in 2005. "The brightest 8 mm steel polished plates in the world -- true mirror quality." One of three peace sculptures in Narvik. Dedicated in 1956, 1995 and 2006. Narkik is known as a city of peace.


September 21, 1997 - Pax-Stien / "Pax" (Peace Memorial), near Lindesnes, Vest-Agder (Norway). At southernmost point of the Norwegian mainland. "On 21st October 1942, M/S Palatea, a German ship carrying prisoners of war, was torpedoed off Lindesnes lighthouse. 915 Russian prisoners & 71 Germans perished." /// "Unveiled by King Harald V of Norway, the memorial monument was designed by sculptor Arne Vinje Gunnerud [1930-2007]. It consists of a Common Buzzard in bronze with unfolded wings, on a platform of natural rock. A 986-strong choir, one singer for every life lost on the ship, sang at the unveiling of the monument." /// "The statue is of 'Russian bird' of the kind woodcut by so many russian prisoners-of-war during the war [sic]."


October 24, 1998 - J. William Fulbright Peace Fountain, Old Main, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas (USA). Designed by Fay Jones & Maurice Jennings. Fulbright was president of this university. As US Senator, he chaired the Committee on Foreign Relations. Entry #28 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).
November 11, 1998 - Páirc Síochána d'Oileán na h'Éireann / Island of Ireland Peace Park, Mesen / Messines, near Ypres, Flanders (Belgium). A a war memorial to the soldiers of the island of Ireland who died, were wounded or are missing from World War I.Includes the Irish Peace Tower, a symbolic Irish round tower.


Date? - Peace Tower, Lüshun (former Port Arthur), ShunKou District (China). "Lushun is state-grade State-level scenic spot, nature reserves, and forest park... The railway from Dalian to Lushun is 61 miles long, has nearly 100 years history from its operation. Now it takes only 30 minutes to get Lushun by bus, so people changed to take bus instead of train, the 100 years railway is getting to be forgotten by people. Now only 2 pairs of slow train on the line." (Information from "Official Tour Wed Site of Dalian Lv ShunKou District.")


September 11, 2001 - Holocaust Tower, Jüdisches Museum Berlin/Jewish Museum Berlin, Berlin (Germany).
September 11, 2001 - Jüdisches Museum Berlin/Jewish Museum Berlin, Berlin (Germany). Museum director is German-American W. Michael Blumenthal, and the newer of the museum's two buildings was designed by Polish-American architect Daniel Libeskind.


May 28, 2003 - Tower of Peace, Sennaya Ploschad, St. Petersburg (Russia). Designed by French sculptor Clara Halter for St. Petersburg's 300th anniversary. Related to Halter's wall of peace in Paris, gates of peace in Hiroshima, and tents of peace in Jerusalem (qv).

February 2006 - The Peace Tower, Whitney Museum of American Art, Sculpture Court, Madison Avenue at 75th Street, New York City, New York (USA). Created for the 2006 Whitney Biennial by Mark Di Suvero & Rirkrit Tiravanija. Two hundred other artists each contributed a 2x2 foot panel. Right image shows the new tower; left image shows "The Artists' Tower of Protest" (aka Peace Tower) against the War in Viet Nam as conscructed by Di Suvero in Los Angeles in 1966. Click here for a journalistic account.

September 11, 2006 - Grief Tear Memorial, Bayonne, New Jersey (USA). "...opened to the anthems of Russia & USA. On the bank of the Hudson River. A split 30-meter bronze plate with a giant tear made of titanium. The names of almost 3 thousand people killed on September, 11, 2001, are engraved... Gift of Russian people, so sculptor Zurab Tsereteli and his colleagues took all the expenses on its erection up [sic]."

October 9, 2007 - Lennon "Imagine Peace" Tower, Videy Island, Reykjavik (Iceland). Dedicated by Yoko Ono on John Lennon’s 67th birthday. John Lennon (1980): "If you can imagine a world of peace. If you can imagine the possibility. Then it can be true." Click here for Wikipedia article.


November 15, 2008 - Bell Tower, East Tennesse Veterans Memorial, World's Fair Park, Knoxville, Tennessee (USA) . 27-foot high. "On each of the four sides of the tower is inscribed one of the Four Essential Freedoms as enunciated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in a speech to Congress on January 6, 1941 – freedom of speech and expression, freedom to worship, freedom from want, and freedom from fear."


Future - Peace & Love Tower, downtown Manhattan, New York City, New York (USA). UnGun.org has been collecting guns for over 3 years, and the main structure will be supported by 5,000,000 guns that have been donated to the cause. The structure will feature a top heavy design and the walls will act as one large greenhouse. Choski & Associates won the contract to build the structure in 2006.


Future - Khalifa Olympic Peace Tower, Doha (Qatar). Projected 300-meter tower.


Future - World Peace Monument, on top of Mount Ora, eight kilometres southwest of Jerusalem and over looking Bethlehem. By French architect Jean Nouvel. "Association for a World Peace Monument [WPM] is a Swiss based institution... Monument will include a congress and communications centre. With a height of 100 meters and a diameter of 40 meters, this unique peace tower is not to overlook [sic]."



Future - Manarat al Salam / Lighthouse of Peace, Strait of Hormuz (Iran & United Arab Emirates). "During a Meeting in Montreal (Canada) on December 9th 2010, Roger Melka, co-Founder of Lighthouses of Peace Project emphasized the positive timely contribution of this Peace Project in dispelling the ill effects of WikiLeaks indiscretions, “There is nothing”, he said, “that cannot be forgiven and forgotten amongst friends in pursuit of a shared Peace and Prosperity”. “The important”, he added, “Is to make an effort towards Reconciliation and talk Peace”. Queried about how this Project could neutralize these indiscretions, Roger said that, “We decided to erect the first Lighthouse of Peace Monument near the Strait of Hormuz, within sight of the two largest branches of Islam, as a prelude to a sincere desire of Reconciliation and as a tribute to all Parties’ willingness to live with each other, and with the rest of the World, in Peace and Harmony in spite of all differences and separate priorities.” In response to a question about this Project of Peace, Jacques Duval, Co-Founder of Lighthouses of Peace replied that,” Our Project proposes the Construction around the World of a Network of Powerful Lighthouses, all in Structural Glass, covered with Islamic Graphic Designs in the Traditional Islamic Colors, and made up entirely of multi-facets colored stained-glass. These Towers of Lights, higher than the Eiffel Tower, symbolize Islam’s Promise of Peace and a friendly Co-Existence.” Queried about how this Project could bring Peace, Roger replied, “We believe that once built, these Magnificent Monuments to Peace shall be a Living Covenant to a United and Peaceful Islam, offering to the entire World an open hand to Reconciliation.” Adding,” Like Rainbows are generally perceived as Nature’s Promise of no more Floods; these Magnificent Lighthouses shall equally be perceived, by everyone around the World, as a Solemn Promise of Peace and as Islam’s firm Commitment to a Harmonious Co-Existence”. “Not only”, he added, “Between Islam and the rest of the World only, but within Islam itself”.

Future - Liberia Reconciliation Monument, Providence Island, Port of Monrovia (Liberia). "Honors the fallen victims of the recent civil uprising that resulted in many thousands of deaths of Liberian Citizens. Requested by the Minister of Information and Culture, the International Management Corporation (IMC) submitted a proposal to design and build... A laser beacon with alternating red, blue and white beams will be placed on top of the 150 ft monument. The base of the monument will serve as a respite for viewers to read and admire the inscriptions by notable statesmen."

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