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Peace Monuments
in Ontario (Canada)

Click here for Québec. | Click here for British Columbia. | Click here for remainder of Canada. | Click here for monuments of US & Canadian friendship.

Ottawa & Hull

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1856 - Musée canadien des civilisations / Canadian Museum of Civilization, Hull sector, Gatineau, Quebec (Canada). "Canada's national museum of human history. The most popular & most-visited museum in Canada. Directly across the Ottawa River from Canada's Parliament Buildings in Ottawa. Primary purpose is to collect, study, preserve & present material objects that illuminate the human history of Canada & the cultural diversity of its people."
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July 1, 1927 - Peace Tower of Victory & Peace / Tour de la Victoire et de la Paix, Centre Block, Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada). "A focal bell & clock tower, sitting on the central axis of the the Canadian parliament buildings." Innagurated on the national holiday to mark the 60th anniversary of Canadian Confederation. Replaced the Victoria Tower which was destroyed by fire on February 3, 1916. Site of the new tower was dedicated on July 1, 1917, during World War I. Accompanying the Peace Tower clock is a 53-bell carillon, conceived by an act of parliament as a commemoration of the 1918 armistice. Commonly called simply The Peace Tower. Serves as a Canadian icon. Appears on the obverse of the $20 & $50 bills.

Old $1 bill.

May 21, 1939 - "Peace" & "Fredom," National War Memorial of Canada, Confederation Square, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada). Two allegorical figures (also called 'Victory' & 'Liberty' ) at the top of the memorial. "The memorial (also known as 'The Response') is a tall granite cenotaph with acreted bronze sculptures & serves as the federal war memorial for Canada. Originally built to commemorate the First World War, in 1982 it was rededicated to include the Second World War and the Korean War." Designed by Vernon March [1891-1930] of Farnborough (England). Dedicated by King George VI [1895-1952].
1989 - Statue of Lester B. Pearson, West Block, Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada). Sculpted by Danek Mozdzenski. Lester Bowles Pearson [1897-1972] was Prime Minister 1963-1968 & received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for his role in defusing the Suez Crisis through the United Nations.
1972 - Grave of Lester B. Pearson, MacLaren Cemetery, Wakefield, Quebec (Canada). Lester Bowles Pearson [1897-1972] was Prime Minister 1963-1968 & received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for his role in defusing the Suez Crisis through the United Nations.
September 30, 1990 - Canadian Tribute to Human Rights Monument, Lisgar & Elgin Streets, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada). Immediately adjacent to Ottawa City Hall. "Dedicated to the fundamental concepts of personal freedom & respect for the dignity of each individual with the inscription of the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights: 'All human beings are born free and equal in dignity & rights.' The Tribute is the first monument in the world dedicated to universal human rights [sic], & was unveiled by Dalai Lama of Tibet in September of 1990." /// What are "universal human rights?"

1992 - "Plus Jamais la Guerre / War Never Again," (Monument a la Paix et au Souvenir de Hull / Hull Peace & Remembrance Monument), Boulevards Saint-Joseph & Alexandre-Tache, Hull, Quebec (Canada). "Six wall sculptures depict the progress towards the common goal of peace in three materials (concrete, steel & granite)... A collaboration of the Royal Canadian Legion, the City of Hull & the Department of National Defense." Entry #1348 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001). Left image by EWL 12Aug2012.
October 7, 1992 - Sri Chinmoy Peace Plaque, City Hall, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada). A short distance from the Laurier Ave entrance. Text: "The peace-loving people of Ottawa are proud to dedicate their beautiful and gracious City as the world's first national SRI CHINMOY PEACE CAPITAL. In so-doing, they join countless peace-dreamers and peace-builders on earth who have been inspired by the tirelessly self-giving life of Sri Chinmoy, an ambassdor of peace and a brother-friend of humanity..."

October 8, 1992 - Reconcilation (National Peacekeeping Monument), Ottawa, Ontario (Canada). Memorializes Canadian "casques bleus / blue caps" who served in UN peace-keeping missions in Korea (1947), Palestine (1948), Golan Heights, former Yugoslavia, and Somalia. Erected during 125th anniversary of Canadian Confederation (Canada 125). Entry #1302 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001). Click here for an analysis of this monument by Paul Gough.

November 4, 1996 - World Peace Bell, City Hall, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada). One of more than 20 bells placed in various countries around the world by the World Peace Bell Foundation (WPBF) of Tokyo (Japan). Scanned left image courtesy of WPBA.

June 1, 1998 - International Peace Garden, Rideau Canal, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada). One of many International Peace Gardens in different countries.
2000 - "Victoria Tower Bell," Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada). "The original bell from the Victoria Tower, and is canted to recall the way in which it was found after it fell from its perch in the fire of February 3, 1916." Cast in 1875 & installed in the tower in 1877. The Victoria Tower was replaced with the Peace Tower in 1927 (qv).
2000 - "The Famous Five," Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada). Also called "The Valiant Five." "Built in the memory of Emily Murphy, Irene Marryat Parlby, Nellie Mooney McClung, Louise Crummy McKinney & Henrietta Muir Edwards. The five women from Alberta became famous for asking the Supreme Court of Canada if the word ‘Persons’ in section 24 of the British North America Act, 1867, includes female persons, thus starting the women’s rights movement in Canada in the 1920's" and leading to female suffrage.

Toronto & Vicinity

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September 14, 1929 - Peace Fountain, Amsterdam Park, St. Clair Avenue W at Avenue Road, Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Inscribed: "[Replica of] the fountain at [the Peace] Palace, The Hague. Presented by H.H. Williams...as a mark of his love [for peace]." /// A very successful Realtor who lived nearby, H. H. Williams donated the land for this park & the fountain in it. He went to Europe in search of a suitable fountain for the park & found what he wanted, a wall fountain near the entrance to the Peace Palace at The Hague. The Peace Palace had been built as a meeting place for all nations, in the hope of preventing any further world-wide wars. Williams had a replica built here which was unveiled the same day that the Peter Pan statue was dedicated across the road. The fountain has recently been restored. The park received its present name in 1974 when Toronto & Amsterdam became twin cities.
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August 28, 1913 - Peace Fountain, Peace Palace, The Hague (Netherlands). Inscription names Abraham Pieter Cornelis van Karnebeek [1836-1925] & others responsible for creating the Peace Palace.
June 12, 1930 - Angel of Peace, Shrine Peace Memorial, Exposition Park, 2 Strachan Avenue, Toronto, Ontario (Canada). "Presented to the people of Canada by Imperial Potentate, Noble Leo V. Youngworth, on behalf of the 600,000 members of the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine (Shriners) to commemorate the peaceful relationships existing for over a century between Canada & the USA." By American sculptor Charles Keck [1875-1951]. Unveiled during Canadian National Exposition. 1 of 40 monuments in "Peace Symbols" by Zonia Baber (1948), pp. 70-71. Baber called this the "Universal Peace Statue." "A limestone seat just back of the monument is inscribed 'Peace be on You - On You be the Peace."" Entry #1333 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).

October 1984 - Peace Garden, Nathan Phillips Square, Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Created for Toronto's sesquicentennial. "Measures 60 square metres & consists of a small sculptured structure, an Eternal Flame of Peace, a pool, stone platforms & wall. In September 1984, His Holiness Pope John Paul II lit the flame using a torch ignited at the Hiroshima Peace Shrine & poured water into the pool that was taken from the river that flows through Nagasaki. The Peace Garden was formally dedicated a month later by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II." /// "The sundial, which was installed on Nathan Phillips Square in 1969, was designed by G.R. Johnson (in consultation with City Property Commissioner H.H. Rogers & architect John C. Parkin) and fabricated by F. Caruk, Master Welding Limited." Entry #1330 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).
July 1, 1985 - Monument to Multiculturalism, Union Station, 65 Front Street West, Toronto, Ontario (Canada). "Presented to Toronto on the occasion of its sesquicentennial by the national congress of Italian Canadians on behalf of the Italian Canadian Community. Unveiled on Canada Day by the mayor of the city of Toronto, Arthur Eggleton, in the presence of the premier of the Province of Ontario, David Peterson." Sculpted by Italian artist Francesco Perilli. Four identical sculptures are located in Buffalo City (South Africa), Changchun (China), Sarajevo (Bosnia) & Sydney (Australia). A sixth has recently been added in San Diego, California (USA).

1992-August 2011 - "Goddess of Democracy," foyer of the Student Centre, Keele Campus, York University, Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Removed in August 2011. "A York administrator said the statue was in a state of disrepair and the board of the student centre decided to remove it and replace it with a permanent plaque. 'The materials used in its construction have exceeded their life expectancy...the maltreatment by the general population on campus has taken its toll on the general esthetics of the statue,' wrote Scott Jarvis, the centre’s executive director. 'The holes in the exterior cladding allowed for debris to be put inside the cavity leading to health and safety concerns.' Cheuk Kwan said the Chinese community feels a memorial plaque will not have the same meaning as the goddess & has offered to donate a bronze replica to be placed in the same spot as the old statue."

1993 - International Holistic Tourism Education Centre (IHTEC) & International School Peace Gardens (ISPG), 3343 Masthead Crescent, Mississauga, Ontario (Canada). Dame Julia Morton-Marr founded IHTEC in 1993 & ISPG in 1994 following the "Peace Parks Across Canada" initiative of Louis D'Amore (qv) in 1992. See video. Entry #1288 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).
1993 - Peace Garden, West Humber Collegiate Institute, 1675 Martin Grove Road, Etobicoke, Tononto, Ontario (Canada). "First garden of Louis D'Amore's 'Peace Parks Across Canada' initiative." /// "Ontario’s Environmental Bill of Rights was signed on February 15th, 1994, at West Humber Collegiate Institute. The EBR was the first of its kind in Canada & was linked to the International School Peace Gardens project by students at the EBR launch... The first Peace Tree was presented to the Premier & subsequently planted in West Humber's School Peace Garden." Entry #1288 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).
1995 - Peace Grove, Erindale Park, Mississauga, Ontario (Canada). "Mississauga City Council has planted half a peace grove in Erindale Park, on the flood plain of the Credit River. Visitors to the grove will position themselves to complete the oval when it is used. Froebel School in Mississauga, is using this grove for their programmes." Entry #1289 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).
May 1996 - United Nations Peace Water Garden, University of Toronto at Scarborough, Scarborouigh, Ontario (Canada). Adjacent to Bladen Library. Entry #1312 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001). "A bog & pond to teach students about the environment & responsiblity for the ecosphere."

2000 - Children’s Peace Theatre (CPT), 305 Dawes Road, Toronto, Ontario (USA). "Mission is to create a culture of peace by engaging children & young people through the practice of theatre. Award-winning theatre artist Robert Morgan created CPT in 2000 to honour the United Nations’ Declaration of the International Decade for a Culture of Peace & Non-violence for the Children of the World. As their work gained international attention, CPT was invited to perform at the Declaration announcement at UN Headquarers in New York. But the 25 CPT children, youth & adults were turned back at the US border. The date was September 11th, 2001."

2004 - Canadian Museum of Hindu Civilization (CMOHC) & Vishnu Mandir Temple, 8640 Yonge Street, Richmond Hill, Ontario (Canada). "Dedicated to world peace." "North America’s first museum dedicated to giving visitors a multifaceted look at Hinduism’s many contributions to philosophy, the arts & science." /// Reopened on June 10, 2012?
November 8, 2005 - Parkdale World Peace Monument & Fountain, next to Parkdale branch, Toronto Public Library, 1303 Queen Street West, Parkdale, Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Globe designed by Halifax artist Peter Dykhuis.

February 27, 2009 - "Peace," Yorkwoods Public School, Toronto, Ontario (Canada). "Students unveiled a beautiful eggshell mosaic entitled 'Peace' in the school’s front foyer. They came up with the idea of creating the mosaic as a way to show how by being peaceful at school, children from the 27 different cultures represented at the school can get along & be friends. Students chose the dove of peace as the central focus for the mural. Grades 1 to 5 students in the Yorkwoods Public School Art Club worked under the guidance of art teacher Alla Saidakovsky to produce the piece by painstakingly gluing each piece of eggshell--one tiny piece at a time--to their working board." Links courtesy of Alla Saidakovsky 08Dec2013.

Windsor

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1967 - Knights of Columbus Peace Monument, West End of Dieppe Park, Windsor, Ontario (Canada). Three modernistic columns representing the three persons of the Trinity as they look down on a troubled, war-torn world. Inscribed "Pray for Peace." Designed by Donald Ailles & produced by the Smith Monument Company of Toronto. Erected in Canada's Centennial Year of 1967 by the Knights of Columbus of Ontario "as an inspiration to world peace, 1867-1967."
1992 - Charlie Brooks Memorial Peace Fountain, Peace Park, Detroit River, Windsor, Ontario (Canada). At former Coventry Gardens. Entry #1342 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).

October 20, 2001 - Tower of Freedom, 100 Pitt Street East, Windsor, Ontario (Canada). "Faces the Gateway to Freedom monument across the Detroit River and together are called the International Memorial to the Underground Railroad. A 22 foot tower with a bronze Flame of Freedom created by Denver based sculptor Ed Dwight. The monument honours the harrowing journey made by thousands in search of freedom and pays tribute to Ontario’s role in the Underground Railroad."

October 20, 2001 - Gateway to Freedom, Hart Plaza, Detroit, Michigan (USA). Depicts a group of slaves on US soil looking towards Canada and freedom. Detroit was on the central route to freedom, the "underground railroad." Sculpted by Ed Dwight. A collaboration of "Detroit 300" & the International Underground Railroad Monument Collaborative.
2003 - Rotary International Peace Monument, Charles J. Clark Square, Windsor, Ontario (Canada). Erected by Rotary Club of Windsor-Roseland. Photo shows portion of the monument with Caesars Windsor (casino) in the immediate background and the Renaissance Center in Detroit, Michigan (USA), in the distance.

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January 12, 2010 - Bangladesh Peace Clock, Ouellette Avenue median (north of Wyandotte), Windsor, Ontario (Canada). "Made possible by a generous donation of retired Windsor librarian & active campaigner for world peace Mr. A. Aziz Chowdhury... The cost was $60,000, half of which was supplied by Mr. Chowdhury. Additional donations were graciously made by the clock’s contractors. In keeping with Mr. Chowdhury’s interest in stimulating pedestrian activity in the downtown core, this humble time piece was designed and built at a height that would place it clearly at eye level for people enjoying downtown by foot. The clock is set against a backdrop of three flags: Canada, City of Windsor & Peace flags."

Remainder of Ontario

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About 1849 - Uncle Tom's Cabin Historic Site, Dawn, near Dresden, Kent County, Ontario (Canada). "This humble house became a crucial link in the Underground Railroad when it was settled by Josiah Henson [1789-1883], who escaped slavery in Kentucky in 1830. His autobiography in 1849 inspired Harriet Beecher Stowe to pen Uncle Tom's Cabin in 1852. Ner novel was credited by President Abraham Lincoln as a catalyst of the American Civil War."
Date? - Harriet Beecher Stowe House, Hartford, Connecticut (USA).
1921 - Peace Memorial School, 85 East 36th Street, Hamilton, Ontario (Canada). Only the portico (in the shape of a triumphal or memorial arch) was preserved when the 84-year old school was demolished in the Summer of 2005. The site is now called Peace Memorial Park and is under development.
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Future - Peace Memorial Park, 85 East 36th Street, Hamilton, Ontario (Canada). "This 2.17 hectare (5.37 acre) former Peace Memorial School site is being re-developed as a passive neighbourhood park. Peace Memorial School [qv] was constructed in 1918 [sic] as a memorial to those who gave their lives during the First World War."
Date? - Rush-Bagot Treaty plaque, Royal Military College of Canada, General Crerar Crescent & Valour Road, Point Frederick, Kingston, Ontario (Canada). Placed by Ontario Heritage Trust.
April 29, 1935 - Rush-Bagot Memorial Tablet, Columbia Residences (former Columbia Hospital for Women), 2425 L Street, NW, Washington, DC (USA). Marks place where the Rush-Bagot agreement was signed April 18-19, 1817, to bring about the removal of armed vessels from the Great Lakes. Erected by Kiwanis International. One of 40 peace monuments on Zonia Baber's world map c.1948. Entry #1162 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001). 1 of 13 named by Baber after Ambassdor Bridge.
September 12, 1955 - Cairn of Peace & Golden Plough, Elgin & Burnham Streets, Cobourg, Ontario (Canada). "Stands on the Northumberland County property. A symbol of peace & unity for world peace." Plaque reads: "This Cairn of Peace And The Golden Plough Honours The First World Ploughing Match Held Here October 8-9, 1953. Similar Cairns are Reaching Across the World That Man May use the Plough To Cultivate Peace and Plenty."

1963? - Peace Cairn, Caledon, Regional Municipality of Peel, Ontario (Canada). Near Toronto. Commemorates the World Ploughing Championship held here in 1963.
July 17, 1958 - Peace Monument, Robert Moses-Robert H. Saunders Power House & Dam, St. Lawrence-Franklin Deleno Roosevelt Power Project, St. Lawrence River between Massena, New York (USA), and Cornwall, Ontario (Canada). The dam's 32 turbine-generators are divided equally by the international border, with the two sections operated independently by the NY Power Authorty (NYPA) and Ontario Power Generation (OPG). Queen Elizabeth II dedicated the monument on the international border inside the power house.

1965 - International Friendship Garden, Thunder Bay, Ontario (Canada). "A city park located at the south end of Chapples Park, at the corners of Victoria Avenue & Hyde Park Avenue. Organised in 1967 [sic] as a Centennial gift by the Soroptimist Club of Fort William-Port Arthur. Showcases unique monuments representing 18 ethnic groups in the Thunder Bay area, laid out in a 15-acre (61,000 m2) garden featuring man made ponds, floral displays, picnic tables, benches & walking trails." Images show the Italian & Polish monuments. Entry #1318 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).

1967 - Lester B. Pearson Peace Park, 108087 Highway 7 (Trans Canada Highway), Tweed, Ontario (Canada). "The Centennial project of Roy Cadwell & Priscilla Cadwell who donated the land. It was part of the Madoc/Tweed Art Centre of which they were the owners & directors." /// "The site of war memorials, trails & flower gardens that a 5-member board headed by Jim Burns (613-478-2744) has been slowly restoring since 2002." Lester B. Pearson [1897-1972] was a Canadian professor, historian, civil servant, statesman, diplomat & politician, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for organizing the UN Emergency Force to resolve the Suez Canal Crisis. Entry #1336 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).
1983 - Peace Garden, Spirit of the Earth Centre, 5871 Bells Road, London, Ontario (Canada). "An organic 50 acre sanctuary. The Centre offers the most comprehensive Ayurvedic Live-Food Lifestyle training in Canada." /// "A peace pole is in the center of their Peace Garden. Entry #1285 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).

1986 - International Institute for Peace through Tourism / Institut International pour la Paix par le Tourisme (IIPT), Fox Hill 13, Cottage Club Road, Stowe, Vermont (USA). Founded (in Canada?) by tourism consultant Louis D'Amore. Promoted "Peace Parks Across Canada" in 1992 (125th anniversary of Canadian Confederation on July 1, 1867). Has also erected peace monuments in several other countries. Entry #1007 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).

October 24, 1987 - London Peace Garden, near the Forks of the Thames, London, Ontario (Canada). Plaque: "Dedicated to global peace based on justice, freedom, truth and love. Oct. 24, 1987. United Nations Day. Initiated by Ploughshares London. Funded by citizens of Greater London. Designed by Winnie Lee..." /// First envisioned by London community activist Joe Bath. Entry #1284 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).

May 1989 - Peace Memorial Statue, City Hall (lower lobby), Burlington, Ontario (Canada). "Nagasaki-born Seibo Kitamura [1884-1987], a famous Japanese sculptor, sculpted this bronze statue for Burlington from Mayor Keizo Kurihara of Itabashi (Japan) on the occasion of a twin city agreement in May 1989. By creating international relationships through twinning, the Japanese hope to promote world peace... The sculptor’s words explain the symbolism: "The right hand implies the atomic bombing, the left hand suggests desire for the world peace, and the face prays the bombing victims' souls may rest in peace."
1989 - Peace Park, Spiritual Assembly of the Baha'is, Gloucester, Ontario (Canada). "A small green space between the sports arena & the police station." Entry #1278 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).

April 15, 1992 - Plaque entitled "Sri Chinmoy International Peace Falls," Niagara Falls, Ontario (Canada). Text: "The Falls of Niagara joins hundreds of beautiful, significant and inspiring sites throughout the world which have been dedicated to the cause of peace and international friendship. With its thunderous majesty, Niagara reminds of the boundless energizing power of a higher force. Such will one day be the power of peace on earth. When human beings everywhere aspire and strive for peace based on love and the feeling of oneness, the cascading power of this peace will transform the fate of humanity. A Sri Chinmoy Peace Site is born of the spirit of oneness. It exists for one reason: to inspire a stronger sense of internationalism and fellowship among peoples in all countries. It takes its name from a man who has dedicated his life to this goal. Sri Chinmoy is an international ambassador of peace who has dedicated his life to the pursuit of world harmony and the fulfilment of the unlimited potential of the human spirit. Niagara Falls a spectacular natural wonder. World peace an unprecedented human achievement. The Niagara Parks Commission 1992." Image & information courtesy of Ed Buckner, president of American Atheists.
1992 - Peace Grove, Cane Parkway, Newmarket, Ontario (Canada). "A circle of 12 trees with a bench & flagpole in the center. Plaque: 'We believe that World Peace is inevitable.'" Originated by the Baha'is. Entry #1290 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).
1992 - Stouffville Peace Park, Whitchurch–Stouffville, Ontario (Canada). "A grove of 12 Empress Queen maples representing each of Canada's provinces & territories... Celebrates Canada's 125th birthday & peacekeeping duries for the U.N. Originating the park was Casey Van Meer, the Baha'i Community & Louis D'Amore (IIPT)." /// "The dove of peace, the original seal of Whitchurch Township, is at the crest, recalling the pacifist Quaker & Mennonite settlers who founded many of the town's communities, including Stouffville." Entry #1313 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).
1996 - Peace Garden, Saint Agnes Catholic School, Chatham, Ontario (Canada). Entry #1274 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).
April 21, 1997 - Peace Garden, Johnsview Village Public School, Thornhill, Ontario (Canada). "Our school's millennium project to honour & celebrate 'peace' in our world & in our schools... We began with a Sod-Turning Ceremony on April 21, 1997. Since then, the garden has grown into a beautiful outdoor classroom..." Entry #1317 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).
1998 - Peace Garden, Civic Centre, Georgina, Ontario (Canada). "David Hoar assisted in bringing together children, Baha'is, the local Horticultural Society & othrs to create a peace garden." /// "The Civic Centre was originally built in 1958 by the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer. The building was constructed for and operated as a Novitiate from this date until the early 1970's." Entry #1277 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).
1999 - Peace Pole & Garden, Wanup Public School, Sudbury, Ontario (Canada). Entry #1315 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).
2005. - Rotary International Peace Park, RIM Park, Waterloo, Ontario (Canada). "RIM Park [sic] is the City of Waterloo's premier 500-acre park and recreation facility." "The name was selected by the park's largest donor, the employees of Research In Motion, who contributed $2 million in 2001."

October 22, 2006 - Peace Monument, Our Lady of Lourdes Shrine, 271 Van Horne Street, Sudbury, Ontario (Canada). Stainless steel. Erected by Les Jésuites de Sudbury in celebration of a triple jubilee: The 450th anniversary of the death of the founder of the Jesuits, Ignatius of Loyola, as well as the 500th anniversary of the birthday of two well-known Jesuits, Francis-Xavier and Pierre Favre. Peace is represented by a dove, a Christian Cross, and symbols in the letters A(lpha) and O(mega) representing the 12 world religions. The dove and Cross are distinctly at the top.

2010 - War of 1812 Bicentennial Peace Garden, 468 Elizabeth Street, Grimsby, Ontario (Canada). "Many annual & perennial plants, including native varieties, grow in this public garden, located on the site of a crucial encounter – the Engagement at the Forty – that occurred in June 1813 between opposing forces in the War of 1812. The garden also has a period gazebo & is the starting point of the Forty Mile Creek Trail. Architect: J.A. Irish/B. Atkinson."

December 14, 2010 - Inukshuk, Lamoureux Park, Cornwall, Ontario (Canadqa). On St. Lawrence River. "The first anniversary of the passing of the Olympic torch in Cornwall was celebrated on December 14 with the unveiling of a commemorative Inukshuk & plaque beside the Clock Tower at Lamoureux Park. The Inukshuk was the welcoming symbol for the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver. On December 14, 2009, the Olympic Flame came to Cornwall as thousands of citizens gathered at Lamoureux Park to witness the final bearer, Rik Saaltink, who lit the cauldron in honour of his daughter Heather. The Inukshuk symbolizes friendship, hope, hospitality, energy & team spirit. 'It will continue to remind us of the wonderful event we shared,' said Cornwall Mayor Bob Kilger during the ceremony. The City of Cornwall partnered with the Ontario Power Generation (OPG) for the Inukshuk & plaque." /// May 2011 : "An Inukshuk placed in Lamoureux Park to commemorate the 2010 Olympic Torch Relay has been destroyed. All that stands of the symbolic statue are two cement blocks. 'It's a horrible thing,' says Pam Maloney, co-chair of the Torch Relay task force. 'It's disheartening that something that was symbolic of a really wonderful day for our community has been destroyed in this way.' Maloney says she is unsure as to how the Inukshuk was destroyed. 'Vandalism doesn't really prove anything,' she says. 'I'm sure we'll replace it. The memory of that event will carry on, no matter what. It sounds like it was just irresponsible people getting their kick.'"

August 24, 2011 - Aqsa Parvez Memorial Grove, American Independence Park, Jerusalem Hills (Israel). On land of the Jewish National Fund (JNF or KKL) "up the hill from the village of Ein Kerem." /// "Honors killing victims worldwide. The first initiative of its kind. Dedicated to calling attention to this enforcement of the most savage elements of Islamic law against women: wives, daughters & sisters. One can't even begin to fathom the lost dreams & ideals & promises & hopes for a full life extinguished by the tyrannical, hatemongering macho culture of Islamic supremacism. Demand the world's condemnation of Islamic misogyny, gender apartheid & the dehumanization of women. Should be the first of tens of thousands of memorials, but the point of the memorials does not end simply with the memorials themselves. The memorials show that we have not forgotten & will not forget these girls. And the memorials are just a part of a larger determination to show the Islamic world that we simply will not allow this barbaric practice of Islamic honor killing to stand in the West. We will plant millions of groves." /// Click here for video of dedication by Pamela Geller & Robert Spencer. /// Aqsa Parvez [1991-2007] was the victim of an honour killing in Mississauga, Ontario (Canada).

Future - Peace Monuments, Lamoureux Park, Cornwall, Ontario (Canada). On St. Lawrence River. "Twenty sculptures erected in Lamoureux Park could become the first stop in 'the largest monument in the world' stretching from Canada to Chile. It's a big ambition, but Ottawa sculptor Shaukat Chaney is moving full-speed ahead on the project, which would see 11 sites in 12 countries pay homage to those who have died for peace. He presented his idea to Cornwall council [in 2010], offering to donate 15 to 20 sculptures — each six feet high & weighing a couple tons — if the city would contribute $30,000 for bases & signage. Though each sculptor will donate their time, Chaney said he needs to raise $100,000 to pay for accommodations, food, equipment & supplies. He hopes to collect another $50,000 to get started on the second site, which will be on the Mexican border in Arizona or Texas, with artisans from both sides contributing their talent. After the States, monuments will be erected in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Brazil, Argentina & Chile — if all goes according to plan. If one site is completed each year, Chaney expects to wrap up by 2023. 'Peace is the theme,' he said."

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