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Peace Monuments
Dedicated in 1905-1909

Right click image to enlarge.


1905 - Japanese Shinto-Torii Monument, Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan (USA). "Brought by Govenor Chase Osborn [1860-1949] for use as an entry monument [sic]. It is no longer used for that purpose though. Nearby there is a sign that mentions Sault Ste. Marie's sister city in Japan, Ryuo-Cho, Shiga-Ken. It was built in 1905."

About 1905 - Horfield Quaker Meeting House, 300 Gloucester Road, Horfield, Bristol (England). "A peace garden has been created to celebrate the building's centenary. The latest addition is a panel of colourful tiles [right image], which have transformed a plain brick wall into a work of art. The panel is made up of hand-made tiles spelling out the Quaker principles: 'peace, equality, simplicity, truth,' alongside pictures of animals." Info courtesy of Peter van den Dungen.


1906 - Wilberforce House & Statue, Wilberforce House Museum, 23-25 High Street, Hull (England). "Oldest anti-slavery museum in the world... Explores the history of slavery, abolition and the legacy of slavery today. The birthplace of slavery abolitionist William Wilberforce [1759-1833]." One of only 4 "musuems for peace" in the UK (vs. about 70 in the USA).

1906-1910, 1985 - "The Brown Dog," Battersea, London (England). "The original statue of the brown dog [left image], by Joseph Whitehead, was erected in Battersea in 1906, presumed destroyed in 1910... Led to a street battle in Trafalgar Square on 10 December 1907 between 1,000 medical students, 400 police officers, and crowds of suffragettes & trade unionists... A new statue, by Nicola Hicks [right image], was erected in Battersea Park in 1985... The Brown Dog affair was a political controversy about vivisection that raged in Edwardian England from 1903 until 1910. It involved the infiltration of University of London medical lectures by Swedish women anti-vivisection activists, pitched battles between medical students and the police, police protection for the statue of a dog, a libel trial at the Royal Courts of Justice, and the establishment of a Royal Commission to investigate the use of animals in experiments. The affair became a cause célèbre that reportedly divided the country."

About 1906 - Clock permanently set at 8:00, Union Printers Home, 101 South Union Boulevad, Colorado Springs, Colorado (USA). The International Typographical Union (ITU) built this sanitarium in 1892, won the eight hour day in 1906, and then permanently set the clock on the sanitarium tower at 8:00 o'clock.

August 6, 1906 - El Camino Real, Alta California (USA). "El Camino Real (Spanish for The Royal Road, also known as The King's Highway), sometimes associated with Calle Real, usually refers to the historic 600-mile (966-kilometer) road connecting the former Alta California's 21 missions (along with a number of sub-missions), four presidios & three pueblos, stretching from Mission San Diego de Alcalá in San Diego in the south to Mission San Francisco Solano in Sonoma north. /// Modern El Camino Real was one of the first state highways in California. Given the lack of standardized road signs at the time, it was decided to place distinctive bells along the route, hung on supports in the form of an 11-foot (3.4 m) high shepherd's crook, also described as a 'Franciscan walking stick.' The first of 450 bells were unveiled on August 15, 1906, at the Plaza Church in the Pueblo near Olvera Street in Los Angeles. A California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) restoration program resulted in the installation of 555 El Camino Real Bell Markers in 2005. The original 1906 bell molds were used to fabricate the replacement bells."

September 4, 1906 - William McKinley Memorial, Capitol Square, Columbus, Ohio (USA). Contains symbols of peace representing the presidency of William McKinley [1843-1901].


May 24, 1907 - Statue of Peace, Vicksburg National Military Park, Vicksburg, Mississippi (USA). The 90-foot high monument, constructed of Mt. Airy granite, features the statue of "Peace" that was sculpted by William Couper. In her hands, "Peace" holds a sword and a shield to signify that the soldiers of both armies have placed the weapons of war in her eternal care. Built by State of Minnesota.

1907 - Christian Flag. "Was first conceived on September 26, 1897, at Brighton Chapel on Coney Island in Brooklyn, New York (USA). The superintendent of a Sunday school, Charles C. Overton, gave an impromptu lecture to the gathered students, because the scheduled speaker had failed to arrive for the event. He gave a speech asking the students what a flag representing Christianity would look like. Overton thought about his improvised speech for many years afterward. In 1907, he & Ralph Diffendorfer [1879-1951], secretary of the Methodist Young People's Missionary Movement, designed & began promoting the flag."

1907 - Flag of Peace. US flag with white border overlain with inscription "Peace for all Nations." /// "New York City became the national focal point of the peace movement in 1907, when Andrew Carnegie [1835-1919] presided over the National Arbitration and Peace Congress. Two American "Peace Flags" hung above the speakers' podium. Following the proceedings, Mary Baker Eddy [1821-1910]was presented with one of them..." /// This flag was "presented to Carnegie by the Daughters of the American Revolution [DAR]. New York Public Library." /// "Mr. Carnegie: We, Helen Beach Tillottson and Richmond P. Hobson, are authorized and instructed by the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, in National Convention assembled in Washington, D.C., to present to you this flag of peace now floating over this Congress, in token of their affectionate appreciation of your bountiful labor of love in the holy cause of peace. "

September 30, 1907 - William McKinley Memorial Mausoleum, Canton, Ohio (USA). Contains symbols of peace representing the presidency of William McKinley [1843-1901].

October 12, 1907 - George Fox Stone, opposite old Browne homestead, Bowne Avenue, Flushing, Queens Borough, New York, New York (USA). "A large granite monument...was dedicated yesterday to the memory of George Fox [1624-1691], the noted Quaker preacher. Members of the Flushing Historical Society and many Friends were present. The stone bears this inscription: 'Here stood the Fox Oaks, beneath whose branches George Fox, founder of the Society of Friends, preached, June 7, 1672.'" Click here for a description of the historic neighborhood around the stone.


June 1908 - Maine Monument, Salisbury National Cemetery, 202 Government Road, Salisbury, North Carolina (USA). 25-foot high granite monument topped by a soldier. This & the Pennsylvania monument were built because of the significant number of federal soldiers from those states who perished at Salisbury Prison during the Civil War. Inscription says: "They fought for peace. For peace they fell. They sleep in peace. And all is well." [This is from the poem "A Song of Peace" by Joaquin Miller, in "Angel of Peace," Boston, August 1876]

1908 - Grave of Randal Cremer, Hampstead Cemetery (plot H9/40), London (England). Randal Cremer [1828-1908] received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1903. He died at his home, 11 Lincoln's Inn Fields, London.

Circa 1908 - "Peace Park," Hopkinsville, Kentucky (USA). Entire block in central Hopkinsville near railroad station. Park is bequest by Hopkinsville native John C. Latham [1845-1908] of New York, whose large tobacco warehouse on this site was destroyed by disgruntled tobacco growers (Night Raiders) on December 8, 1907. Identified by Kentucky state historical marker. Click here for web page showing showing this to be one of the earliest "peace parks" anywhere in the world. Visited by EWL.

August 13, 1908 - Elihu Burritt Memorial, The Green, New Marlborough, Massachusetts (USA). Inscribed "'The Learned Blacksmith.' Linguist and Apostle of Peace. Organizer of 'the League of Universal Brotherhood.' Author of the "Congress of Nations.' Advocate of low rate ocean postage. Followed his trade and studied at the Forge in New Marlboro 1821-1833." /// Monument has blacksmith's anvil on top.

1909 - No known peace monument

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