Argentina - Bolivia - Brazil - Chile - Columbia

Ecuador - Paraguay - Peru - Uruguay - Venezuela

32 Notable Peacemakers in South America

Click here for peace monuments in South America.
Click here for return to worldwide list of notable peacemakers (& for meaning of symbols).

1576-1628 - Roque González de Santa Cruz - Jesuit priest, doctor, engineer, architect, farmer & pastor. Protected indigenous Indians from the slave trade.

1781-1865 - Andrés Bello - Humanist, poet, legislator, philosopher, educator & philologist.


1849-1923 - Rui Barbosa - Senator, Minister of Finance & diplomat. Earned the nickname "Eagle of The Hague" at the 2nd Hague Peace Conference in 1899. Conf

1878-1955 - Mateo Alonzo - Sculpted Cristo Redentor de los Andes / Christ of the Andes in 1904 (replica in Peace Palace, The Hague, 1913).

1881-1942 - Stefan Zweig - Novelist, playwright, journalist & biographer. One of the most famous writers in the world. Left Austria 1934. Arrived Brazil 1940. Suicide. P


1909-1999 - Dom Helder Camara - Archbishop, social worker & human rights organizer. Advocate of liberation theology.

1920-Alive - Javier Pérez de Cuéllar - Diplomat. 5th Secretary General of the United Nations 1982-1991. Member of Club de Madrid.

1921-1976 - Zuzu Angel - Fashion designer. Famous for opposing Brazilian military dictatorship after forced disappearance of her son Stuart. Killed in suspicious car crash.
1921-1997 - Paulo Freire - Educator & theorist of critical pedagogy. Wrote "Pedagogy of the Oppressed" in 1970. Published conversation with Myles Horton (qv).

1923-2014 - Carlos Paez Vilaró - Muralist. Painted 200-foot "Raíces de la Paz"/"Roots of Peace" at Org of American States in Washington, DC. World's widest mural?

1924-1977 - Azucena Villaflor - Social activist. A founder of Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo which looked for desaparecidos (victims of forced disappearance during the Dirty War 1976-83).
1924-2008 - Pierre Weil - Psychologist, author & educator. Founded City of Peace Foundation in Brazil in 1986.

1928-1967 - Ernesto (Che) Guevara - Marxist revolutionary, physician, & guerrilla. Fought in Cuba, Congo & Bolivia. A ubiquitous countercultural symbol of rebellion in popular culture.
1928-Alive? - Farid Mattar - Artist. Founded Fundación Internacional Planeta Libre. "El Monumento de la Paz es un Templo de Entendimiento que simboliza la educación para la Libertad y la Paz."

c1930-Alive - Tomijiro Yoshida - Businessman. Founded World Peace Bell Association in 1982. Gave World Peace Bells to Brasilia in 1997, Buenos Aires in 1998 & Quito in 1999.

1931-2005 - Dorothy Stang - Sister of Notre Dame de Namur. Outspoken on behalf of the poor & environment. Received death threats & murdered in Amazon Basin.
1931-Alive - Fernando Henrique Cardosa - Sociologist & professor. President of Brazil 1995-2003. Called "FHC."
1931-Alive - Adolfo Perez Esquivel - Sculptor, architect & pacifist. Protested against FTAA & Argentine paramilitary squads. P 1980

1932-1976 - Orlando Letelier - Economist, politician & diplomat under Socialist Pres. Salvador Allende. Assassinated in Washington, DC, w/his assistant by Pinochet agents.

1933-Alive - Giuseppe Grattapaglia - FIAT executive. Works at Bona Espero in Brazil since 1974. Secretary of Esperanto Rotarian Fellowship (RADE).
1933-Alive - Ursula Grattapaglia - Esperantist. Works at Bona Espero in Brazil since 1974. Active in Esperanto Rotarian Fellowship (RADE).

1937-2011 - Facundo Cabral - Argentine folksinger & peace activist. UN Messenger of Peace. Assassinated in Guatemala City.

c1940-Alive - Sybila Arredondo - Anthropologist. Imprisoned in Peru as human rights activist.

1944-1988 - Chico Mendes - Rubber tapper, trade unionist & environmentalist. Fought for Amazon rainforest & advocated for indigenous peoples. Assassinated by a rancher.

1948-2003 - Sérgio Vieira de Mello - UN peacekeeper. Killed in Iraq. Click here for UN peace monuments.

1949-Alive - Holly Near - Singer song-writer & anti-war activist. Invited to sing her song Hay Una Mujer Decaparecida at Parque por la Paz Villa Grimaldi in Santiago (Chile).


19??-Alive - Maria Alice Setubal - Inherited banking fortune. Founded Center for Studies & Research in Education, Culture & Community Action. Click here for her TED talk.

1967-Alive - Glenn Greenwald - Journalist, blogger & author. Columnist for Guardian US 2012-2013. Publicized security leaks by Edward Snowden (qv).

1980-Alive - Julia Bacha - Filmmaker. TED lecture: "Pay attention to nonviolence" about 2003 protest in Budrus (Palestine).
c1980-Alive - Anderson Sa - Musician & activist. Led Brazilian youth away from drug cartels. Received Reebok Human Rights Award in 2007.

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