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38 Peace Monuments
Related to Martin Luther King, Jr.

http://cmsimg.mansfieldnewsjournal.com/apps/pbcsi.dll/bilde?Site=B7&Date=20090120&Category=NEWS01&ArtNo=301200005&Ref=AR&Profile=1002&MaxW=318&Border=0">MLK Monument, Central Park, Mansfield, Ohio (USA).

Click here for biography of Martin Luther King, Jr. [1929-1968] from Wikipedia.
Click here for MLK quotations from Wikiquote.
Click here for website of The King Center, Atlanta, Georgia (USA).
Click here for other momuments of the US Civil Rights Movement (1954-1968).
Tilove, Jonathan (November 4, 2003), "Along Martin Luther King: Travels on Black America's Main Street," Random House, New York. With photographs by Michael Falco. Click here for the Wikipedia article about streets named after Martin Luther King, Jr.

Right click image to enlarge.
1954 - Dexter Avenue King Memorial Baptist Church, Dexter Avenue, Montgomery, Alabama (USA). Constructed in 1877. Became an "unintentional monument" in 1954-1960 during pastorate of Martin Luther King, Jr. [1929-1968] who ran the successful 385-day Montgomery Bus Boycott from his basement office. King also preached here in 1968 four months before his assassination. Name changed to honor King in 1978. Only Civil Rights Movement church to be designated a National Historic Landmark. Entry #008 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001). Visited by EWL.


August 28, 1963 - Steps of the Lincoln Memorial, Washington, DC (USA). Unintentional monument. Where Martin Luther King, Jr., stood when he delivered his famous "I have a dream" speech. Inscription cut into the exact step now marks the famous spot.


April 4, 1968 - Lorraine Motel, 450 Mulberry Street, Memphis, Tennessee (USA). Unintentional monument. Where Martin Luther King, Jr. [1929-1968] was killed. Motel sign & facade, King's room, his two cars & boarding house across the street from which the fatal shot was fired were preserved in 1991 as part of the National Civil Rights Museum (qv).

1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Includes King's tomb (in lake in photo), an eternal flame, Rosa Parks room, and Mahatma Gandhi room. Click here for additional information. Entry #242 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001). (Martin Luther King, Jr. received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4, 1968.)


February 27, 1971 - Broken Obelisk, Rothko Chapel, Houston, Texas (USA). First exhibited in front of the Seagram Building in New York City, and then the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, DC. In 1969, Houson city officials said they would reject this as a public memorial to Martin Luther King Jr. [1929-1968]. So Dominique & John de Menil proposed that it be placed in front of City Hall with the words "Forgive Them, for They Know Not What They Do," then erected it permanently at the Rothko Chapel (qv). One of four identical monuments by Barnett Newman [1905-1970]. Each is 6,000 pounds of Corten steel more than 25 feet high -- a pyramid topped by a reversed obelisk ascending yet torn, or 'broken,' at its top, obviously some kind of symbolic object roughly resembling traditional monuments of combined pyramid and obelisk. Newman himself described the sculpture in terms conventional to his art: 'It is concerned with life, and I hope I have transformed its tragic content into a glimpse of the sublime.'" Others in New York City (USA), Seattle (USA) & Berlin (Germany).



1977 - Martin Luther King, Jr., Memorial, Martin Luther King, Jr., Park, Near Best Street, Buffalo, New York (USA). Plaque reads: "I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed, 'We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal.' M.L.K. Jr. 1929-1968."


October 10, 1980 - Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historic Site & Sweet Auburn Preservation District, National Park Service (NPS), Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Includes King's birth home and Ebenezer Baptist Church. Click here for the Wikipedia article. Entries #237, 239 & 241 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).


1985 - "Three Minutes to Midnight," Seminole Avenue, Little Five Points, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Mural by David Fichter of Cambridge MA. "Painted as part of a cultural festival for nuclear disarmament called 'Three Minutes to Midnight' which organized several events around the city in October 1984." Second image shows portion of the mural depicting Leó Szilárd & 70 other atomic scientists petitioning for a demonstration of the atomic bomb before using it on human beings, US officials playing deaf and dumb, and three weeping "Hiroshima maidens".

April 25, 1987 - El Centro Memorial Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (CMMLK), Havana (Cuba). "Arises from a process initiated in 1971 by the Ebenezer Baptist Church, Marianao municipality in the City of Havana. It was founded April 25, 1987 as a simple tribute to the memory of the black Baptist pastor and fighter for civil rights in the United States, assassinated on April 4, 1968."

1988 - Martin Luther King, Jr., Bridge, Cherry Street, Maumee River," Toledo, Ohio (USA). Constructed for only $1.3 million in 1910-1914. Renamed for Martin Luther King, Jr. [1929-1968] in 1988. Rehabilitated in 2007 for half again as long as the original construction and costing 40 times as much.
September 1989 - "Radiance,", Martin Luther King, Jr., Memorial Bridge, Toledo, Ohio (USA). "A six-foot bronze & stainless steel sculpture. Wil was a primary designer and sculptor of the work, which became the 'run-away favorite' in an invitational competition sponsored by the Arts Commission of Greater Toledo. 'Radiance'" features four strongly modeled heads of Dr. King mounted on a highly polished steel sphere. Viewers' reflections are a reminder that we are all one people." /// "Martin Luther King Jr. has been memorialized everywhere from Milwaukee to Westminster Abbey. But this depiction, by Constancia Gaffeney & Wil Clay [1938-2011] is the one that has really stuck with us the most (by earning itself a rightful place in our nightmares, that is). Stop for a minute and take in everything that's wrong with it: the dark, vacant eyes, the dead expression, the four dismembered MLK. heads super-glued around a globe. And let's not ignore the uncanny resemblance to the Necromongers from The Chronicles of Riddick."

July 1988 - Freedom Quilt Mural, Southeast Regional Office, American Friends Service Committee (AFSC), 92 Piedmont Avenue, NE, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Mural by David Fichter. Features Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Jr., and 14 other famous peacemakers. Created as part of Rainbow Coalition events during the 1988 Democratic National Convention. Click here for further information. Entry #240 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).

1990 - Peace Garden, Fresno State University, Fresno, California (USA). Created by Prof. Sudarshan Kapoor. Includes statues of Mahatma Gandhi, Cesar Chavez & Martin Luther King, Jr. Entry #65 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).


1990 - "Behold", Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historic Site, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Depicts Kunta Kinte from the novel Roots by Alex Haley. Kinte is performing a Mandinka ceremony for his first-born, Kizzy: "Behold, the only thing greater than yourself." Sculpted by Patrick Morelli. Dedicated by Coretta Scott King. There are Alex Haley statues in Annapolis, Maryland, and Knoxville, Tennessee.


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September 28, 1991 - National Civil Rights Museum (NCRM), 450 Mulberry Street, Memphis, Tennessee (USA). Includes sign, facade & balcony of Lorraine Motel where Martin Luther King, Jr., was assassinated on April 4, 1968. Lobby contains World Peace Flame from the Netherlands (qv). Click here for the Wikipedia article. Entry #932 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001). Described on pages 321-322 of "A Traveller's Guide to the Civil Rights Movement" by Jim Carrier (2004). One of 27 US museums in "Museums for Peace Worldwide" edited by Kazuyo Yamane (2008). Visited by EWL.


November 16, 1991 - Martin Luther King, Jr., Memorial, Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Park, Martin Luther King, Jr., Way (between South Walker & South Bayview Streets), Seattle, Washington (USA). A 4.5 acre park surrounding a dramatic 30-foot black granite 'mountain'scupted by Robert Kelly and inspired by MLK's 'I've Been to the Mountaintop' speech, made the day before he was assassinated in 1968.
Date? - "I Have a Dream" Mural, Newtown Precinct, Sydney (what country?).

1993 - Martin Luther King, Jr., Memorial, Yerba Buena Gardens, San Francisco, California (USA). "Fountain & waterfall 50 feet high and 20 feet wide which cascades over Sierra granite. Iincludes back-lit photos from the civil rights movement and twelve shimmering glass panels set in granite and inscribed with Dr. King's inspiring words. Second largest MLK, Jr., memorial after the King Center in Atlanta, Georgia (USA)."

1993 - Statue of Martin Luther King, Jr., Lincoln Park, Albany, New York (USA). Photo taken after ice storm on January 15, 2007. Entry #624 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).


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About 1995 - "World Wall for Peace" (WWFP), between Plassman & Hennepin Hall, Siena College, Loudenville, New York (USA). "Recreated" on September 21, 2010. Image (showing Martin Luther King, Jr., & the words "I have a dream that one day...") is only a few tiles of a much larger mural. One of about 20 WWFP's inspired by Carolyna Marks of Berkeley, California (USA) & created in California, Georgia, Michigan, New York, South Carolina, Tennessee, Japan, Palestine, Russia & South Africa.


1996 – Visitors Center, Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historic Site (NPS), Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Museum about Martin Luther King, Jr., and the civil rights movement. Opened in time for the Olympic Games in the Summer of 1996.

1996 -- International Peace Fountain, Woodruff Park, Five Points, Peachtree Street & Auburn Avenue, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Includes "Phoenix Rising from the Ashes" by Gamba Quirino (1967). "Commemorates Atlanta’s pivotal role in the world wide human and civil rights movement." Created in time for the Olympic Games in the Summer of 1996.

1996 - "A Landmark for Peace," MLK Park, one block west of 17th Street & College Avenue, Indianapolis, Indiana (USA). Marks the spot where presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy [1926-1968] announced on April 4, 1968, to a large, mostly Black audience that Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. [1929-1968] had just been assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. (Kennedy was assassinated on June 6, 1968.) Designed by Indiana artist Greg Perry, the monument includes busts of King & Kennedy sculpted by controversial artist Daniel Edwards from handguns melted down after a police buy back program. Click here for a description by Rev. Chris Buice of Knoxville, Tennessee, including text of Kennedy's speech which helped prevent race riots as occured in at least 110 other US cities. Click here for a 2009 video about the event and monument. Click here for air view of the park & monument. A plaque credits Diane Meyer Simon and various Simon family interests as major contributors. The plaque also says that the monument is "Dedicated to the memory of Larry Conrad" but says nothing about Conrad (a local lawyer and Democratic politician who died in 1990). Visited by EWL 08Aug09.

July 9, 1998 - Ten Martyrs of the 20th Century, Great West Door, Westminister Abbey, London (England). Image shows Mother Elizabeth of Russia, Reverend Martin Luther King Jr., Archbishop Oscar Romero & Pastor Dietrich Bonhoeffer. Named in "A Peace Trail Through London" by Valerie Flessati (1998).


1999 - Statue of Martin Luther King, Jr., University of Texas, Austin, Texas (USA). King depicted in doctoral robe. Statue by Jeffrey Varilla & Anna Koh-Varilla of Chicago. Entry #950 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).


June 2000 - "Further the Dream" Mural, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. School, 100 Putnam Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA). "Portrays the legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The project was sponsored by the King Open & King Arts Committee and completed in June of 2000. Designed and painted by the students of King Open & King Schools, with assistance from teachers, families and residents.Martin Luther King, Jr. mural The mural project was directed by Kelley Mowers and David Fichter—funded by the Massachusetts Cultural Council, The Cambridge Arts Council, The Cambridge Community Foundation, Foley, Hoac & Eliot Foundations, Draper Labs, Friends of King Open and the City of Cambridge School Department."

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2000's - Olive Trees, park near the Central railway Station, Tel Peut district, Jerusalem (Israel). "The most revolting action taken by Israel in this regard was the uprooting of a large number of olive trees & then replanting them in a park named after the legendary Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.. They wanted to pay tribute for this human rights advocate by planting stolen trees in his honor!!!!" /// According to the Land Research Center (LRC) & Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem (ARIJ), "Israel continues to steal olive trees & replant them either inside its settlements in the Palestinian Territories or inside Israel. Such a policy started as early as 1967, following the Israeli occupation of the West Bank & Gaza Strip. The second half of the 1980's witnessed a marked increase in the implementation of this policy as Israel carried out a campaign against olive trees located in confiscated lands for the declared purpose of expanding its settlement area. Examples included the villages of Qattana & Kharrab Al Lahem to the northwest of Jerusalem, where 3,000 olive trees were uprooted & in Al Madya village to the west of Ramallah where 2,000 olive trees were uprooted. /// Images show a few of the many olive trees transplanted in recent years to decorate Israeli parks & traffic circles. They were made June 24, 2011, in Ma'aleh Adummim Settlement, just east of Jerusalem (Occupied West Bank). Ma'aleh Adummim is a huge settlement extending Israel's illegal occupation from Jerusalem almost halfway to Jericho & the Dead Sea, thus dividing Palestinian Territory.

June 27, 2003 - Carter-King Peace Walk, Freedom Park (National Park Service), Atlanta, Georgia (USA). 1.5 mile trail with six outdoor exhibits. Honors two Nobel Peace Prize laureates: Martin Luther King, Jr. [1929-1968] and Jimmy Carter [born 1924]. Links the Carter Center & Library with the Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historical Site. Image shows former President Jimmy Carter & Coretta Scott King during the dedication of the Peace Walk.


November 3, 2003 - "Along Martin Luther King: Travels on Black America's Main Street" by Jonathan Tilove, Random House, New York. With photographs by Michael Falco. Click here for the Wikipedia article about streets named after Martin Luther King, Jr.

2005 - Martin Luther King, Jr. Globe, Cultural Plaza, Lake Worth, Florida (USA). "Designed in 2003 & completed in 2005. Original project was organized by the Lake Worth Kiwanis Club, & donations came from a variety of sources... The globe never worked as intended. Residents could manually spin the Globe, but it did not spin on its own, as originally designed. The instillation lacked a filter cartridge, causing the water to become dirty over time. Undersized plumbing & faulty pipes, among other flaws, contributed to the problem. All of these problems were addressed in the recent repairs... Quotes on each side of the Globe’s pedestal, by Martin Luther King Jr., have been re-etched for increased clarity. One side reads, 'We will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream. Sooner or later all people of the world will have to discover a way to live together in peace.' Additionally, the entire Globe has been re-etched adding definition to all of the seven Continents."

2006 - Coretta Scott King Center for Cultural & Intellectual Freedom (CSKC), Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio (USA). Director is Rev. Derrick Weston, a pastor at the First Presbyterian Church of Yellow Springs. Coretta Scott King [1927-2006] "enrolled in Antioch in 1945. Her older sister Edythe already attended Antioch as part of the Antioch Program for Interracial Education, which recruited non-white students and gave them full scholarships in an attempt to diversify the historically white campus. Coretta said of her first college: 'Antioch had envisioned itself as a laboratory in democracy, but had no black students. (Edythe) became the first African American to attend Antioch on a completely integrated basis, and was joined by two other black female students in the fall of 1943."


June 15, 2007 - MLK Memorial & Statue, Central Park, Mansfield, Ohio (USA). Right image shows snow & some of the yellow paint poured on the statue by vandals in January 2009.

September 8, 2007 - Coretta Scott King Memorial Monument, Mt. Tabor AME Zion Church, Coretta Scott King Memorial Highway, Heiberger, North Perry County, Alabama (USA). Inscribed "First lady of the modern day civil rights movement." One of 13 Heritage Tour Memorials erected by Mrs. Evelyn G. Lowery & SCLC/WOMEN INC. Click here for video of unveiling. Born in Heiberger (10 miles north of Marion, Alabama), Coretta Scott King [1927-2006] was an author, activist & civil rights leader. "As the widow of Martin Luther King, Jr., she helped lead the African-American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960's."

December 9, 2007 - Statue of Martrin Luther King, Jt., Houston Garden Center, Hermann Park, Houston, Texas (USA). Opposite the statue of Mahatma Gandhi. "Work of well-known Denver artist Ed Dwight."

October 2, 2003 - Statue of Mahatma Gandhi, Houston Garden Center, Hermann Park, Houston, Texas (USA). Donated by the Government of India. Dedicated on Gandhi"s birthday.


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October 31, 2008 - Martin Luther King Plaza, University of Maine, Orono, Maine (USA). Next to the Student Union. "University of Maine football standouts Jovan Belcher & Brandon McLaughlin were members of a planning committee for the new plaza & helped pick out quotes that symbolized the life and times of Martin Luther King. Ten quotes are displayed throughout the gathering area that can be read by visitors." "A small plaza [which serves as] a rallying place & a place for walking & thinking." Info courtesy of Kristina Neilson.

Date? - "Laura Pollan, of the so-called Damas de Blanco participates in a wreath laying ceremony at the Martin Luther King memorial in commemoration of the International Human Rights Day December 10, 2007 in Havana, Cuba. This year UN Human Rights Day marks the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Damas de Blanco are asking for liberty for their husbands, fathers and brothers, who are, according to them prisoners of consciousness."

April 4, 2009 - “Ahimsa Painting,” Hyderabad (India). "Marking the assassination day of Martin Luther King Jr & the golden jubilee of his pilgrimage to India. The oil on canvas work depicting Gandhi, MLK & President Barak Obama, was done by ahimsa artist Ignatius Xavier Joseph." "4th April happens to make the MAGIC figure 44, the 44th President of America, Barak Obama, fulfilling the Dream of Martin Luther King Jr."


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2010? - Martin Luther King Street, Jerusalem (Israel). "The United States just celebrated a federal holiday in memory of Martin Luther King Junior. In Jerusalem a street has beem named for him. Not a long street, but a new one in one of the best neighborhoods, off of Emek Refaim near the Liberty Bell Park [qv]. A few meters away is this sign in memory of the eight people who were killed there in a bus terrorist attack in February 2004."

October 16, 2011 - Washington, DC Martin Luther King, Jr., National Memorial, 4-acre site on the Tidal Basin, Washington, DC (USA). Designed by Roma Design Group, San Francisco, California (USA). A project of the Washington, DC Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial Project Foundation, Inc. Ceremonial groundbreaking took place November 13, 2006, in West Potomac Park. Opened to the public on August 22, 2011. The official dedication was scheduled for August 28, 2011, but had to be postponed due to Hurricane Irene. Click here for the Wikipedia article.
August 2011 - Statue of Martin Luther King, Jr., Washington, DC (USA). NYTimes, May 18, 2008: "Twenty-eight feet tall & carved from Chinese granite, the statue [sculpted by Lei Yixin] could resist almost any attack but the one that came recently from the panel whose approval it needs to proceed. The US Commission of Fine Arts, which must sign off on every inch of the $100 million memorial, from typeface to tree variety to color scheme, said in a letter that 'the colossal scale & Social Realist style of the proposed sculpture recalls a genre of political sculpture that has recently been pulled down in other countries.'"
"I was a drum major for peace, justice and righteousness." "Renowned poet Maya Angelou told The Washington Post, 'The quote makes MLK look like an arrogant twit. The full quote is "If you want to say that I was a drum major, say that I was a drum major for justice. Say that I was a drum major for peace. I was a drum major for righteousness. And all of the other shallow things will not matter." Angelou says not only did the memorial officials remove the 'if you want to say' part, but they condensed the entire quote, which is not what the historians charged with choosing which quote should be on the memorial had in mind, as they chose the quote in its entirety."

July 29, 2015 - Pittman-Sullivan Park, San Antonio, Texas (USA). "32-foot tall sculpture inspired by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s message of non-violence. Perforated steel & metal tubing depicting an open hand with two internal 5-foot diameter openings. By artist Douglas Kornfeld of Boston. As one steps through the lower stainless steel ring, one’s hand is open, mimicking the open hand of the sculpture. This action symbolically connects the visitor to the piece & the non-violent philosophy of Dr. King, according to Kornfeld."

Future - Martin Luther King, Jr., Monument, Stone Mountain, Georgia (USA). From Atlanta Journal Constitution, October 12, 2015: "On the summit of Stone Mountain, yards away from where Ku Klux Klansmen once burned giant crosses, just above & beyond the behemoth carving of three Confederate heroes, state authorities have agreed to erect a monument to the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. Specifically, an elevated tower -- featuring a replica of the Liberty Bell -- would celebrate the single line in the civil rights martyr’s 1963 'I Have a Dream' speech that makes reference to the 825-foot-tall hunk of granite: '“Let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia.' 'It is one of the best-known speeches in U.S. history,' said Bill Stephens, the chief executive officer of the Stone Mountain Memorial Association. 'We think it’s a great addition to the historical offerings we have here.' The 'freedom bell' will, in fact, sound from the mountaintop. How often, or when, hasn’t been determined. Also in the works at the state-owned, privately operated park: a permanent exhibit on African-American soldiers in the Civil War. Both the monument & the exhibit would be financed with park revenue -- chiefly parking and entrance fees. (A Deal initiative to place an MLK statue on the grounds of the state Capitol remains in the works, delayed by the death of the sculptor originally chosen for the job.)" TOWER CIVIL_RIGHTS BELLS QUOTATIONS GEORGIA

Future - Coretta's Global Peace Garden, former Bellwood Quarry, Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Proposed July 23, 2006. Would be world's largest peace garden. Named for Coretta Scott King. A project of Atlanta: City of Peace.

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