21 Notable Peacemakers in Austria
= Resiter or victim of Nazi Holocaust.
Click here for peace monuments in Austria. |Click here for notable peacemakers in Germany.
Click here for return to worldwide list of notable peacemakers (& for meaning of symbols).
1843-1914 - Baroness Bertha von Suttner - Radical pacifist. First woman to receive Nobel Peace Prize. Wrote "Lay Down Your Arms!" in 1889. P 1905 Conf
1853-1920 - Heinrich Lammasch - Scholar, publicist & diplomat. Professor of penal & intl law. Last PM of imperial Austria. Strongly linked to peace movement.
1863-1914 - Archduke Franz Ferdinand - Heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. His assassination in Sarajevo precipitated World War I. Wife also killed.
1864-1921 - Alfred Hermann Fried - Pacifist, publicist & journalist. Co-founded German peace movement. P Conf 1911 with Tobias Asser
1874-1936 - Karl Kraus - Writer, journalist, playwright & poet. Foremost satirist. Wrote witty criticism of the press, German culture & politics.
1878-1965 - Martin Buber - Philosopher. Best known for the I-Thou & I-It distinctions. Moved to Israel.
1881-1942 - Stefan Zweig - Novelist, playwright, journalist & biographer. One of the most famous writers in the world. Left Austria 1934. Arrived Brazil 1940. Suicide. P
1894-1972 - Richard Nikolaus Coudenhove-Kalergi - Geopolitician & philosopher. Founder of Paneuropean Union. Model for Victor Laszlo in film "Casablanca."
Johann Nobis - Conscientious objector. Executed in Plötzensee Prison (Berlin, Germany) with five other Jehovah's Witnesses. CO
1899-1992 - Friedrich Hayek - Economist & philosopher. Defended classical liberalism & free-market capitalism. 1974 with Gunnar Myrdal
1900-1940 - Rudolf Redlinghofer - Jehovah's Witness draft resister. Executed in Plotzensee Prison. Rehabilited in 1998.
1905-1997 - Viktor E. Frankl - Neurologist & psychiatrist. Holocaust survivor. Founded logotherapy. See "Statue of Responsibility."
1907-1943 - Franz Jägerstätter - Nazis executed. RC Church beatified in 2007. Monuments in Austria, Germany & USA (Philadephia). CO
1908-2005 - Simon Wiesenthal - "Nazi hunter" in Linz & Vienna. Click here for peace monuments related to the Holocaust.
1910-1993 - Leo Pfeffer - Scholar, humanist & lawyer. Supported religious freedom in the USA. 1988
1917-1994 - Heinz Heger - Pen name of Josef Kohout. Nazi concentration camp survivor. Author of "Die Männer mit dem rosa Winkel/The Men With the Pink Triangle" (1972).
1918-2007 - Kurt Waldheim - Wehrmacht intelligence officer during WW-II (causing controversy in 1985). Diplomat. 4th UN Secretary General 1972-1981.
1929-2009 - Franz Deutsch - Founded the First Austrian Peace Museum, Wolfsegg (Austria), in 1993.
1930-Alive - Hildegard Goss-Mayr - Hon. president of Intl FOR. Sponsor of Intl Decade for Culture of Peace. Wife of Jean Goss (qv).
c1937-Alive - Riane Eisler - Scholar, writer & social activist. President of Center for Partnership Studies.
1969-Alive - Cordula Wohlmuther - UN World Tourism Organization researcher. Co-editor of "UN International Handbook of Peace & Toursm" (2014).
Please email your comments & questions to geovisual @ comcast.net. Thank you.
Click here to return to Peace Monuments main page.