& Voting Rights
|1869? - Statue of Liberty, Maceió, Alagoas
Date? - Monumento a Pinheiro Machado, Praça da Paz, Ipanema, Rio de Janeiro
2013 - Statue of Liberty, Havan Várzea Grande, Mato Grosso
|The Statue of Libery is now a universal symbol (and is probably no longer automatically associated with France or the USA), but what do Brazilians think it symbolizes? Freedom? Was there ever a suffrage movement in Brazil?
& Nuclear Weapons
|1988 - "Monument of Peace" (from Brazil), Peace Symbols Zone, Nagasaki Peace Park, Nagasaki (Japan)
2002 - Peace Monument, Frei Rogerio, Parque Sino da Paz / Japanese Peace Park, Santa Catarina
|Only Japan has anti-nuke monuments. Brazil doesn't have any because it's not worried about the bomb, thanks to the 1967 Treaty of Tlatelolco. The USA only has one or two, probably due to denial.
||1988 - Monumento à Paz (Earth Summit), Bosque dos Buritis, Goiânia, Goiás
1992 - Monumento à Paz Mundial / World Peace Monument (Earth Summit), Brasilia
1992 - Monumento à Paz Mundial / World Peace Monument (Earth Summit), Praça 22 de Abril, Rio de Janeiro
|Here's a mystery I don't understand. Are these three monuments identical? If so, why did the Baha'i faith construct identical monuments in three different cities for the UN Conference on Environment & Development (Earth Summit) in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro?
& the Holocaust
|1974 - Homenagem em Memoria as Vitimas do Nazismo, Av. Eng. Heitor Antonio Eiras Garcia, São Paulo
2000 - "Marca da Paz / Mark of Peace" (Peace Bell), Centro, São Paulo
2014 - Monumento Marco da Paz / Peace Marco Monument (Peace Bell), Arcari, Rio Grande do Norte
|Holocaust monuments exist everywhere in proportion to the number of Jewish residents. I assume therefore that São Paulo has the largest such community in Brazil.
& Women's Rights
| 2014 - "Onde há respeito, há paz / Where There is Respect, There is Peace," Rua Lavradio, Centro, Rio de Janeiro
||Brazil must have many human rights issues -- alll large countries do -- and am I surprized that this monument is the only human or women's rights monument I can find. In the USA, this peace story is represented by many civil rights monuments. Has Brazil experienced anything comparable?
& Ethnic Diversity
| 1920 - Idilio ou o Beijo Eterno / Idyll or Eternal Kiss, Igreja da Ordem Terceira da Penitência / Church of the Penitents , São Paulo
1953 - Bandeiras Monument, entrance to Ibirapuera Park, São Paulo
1968 - Monumento às Três Raças, Plaza Dr. Pedro Ludovico Teixeira, Goiânia, Goiás
1973 - Monumento aos Acorianos / Azorean Monument, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul
- Monumento à Paz / Peace Monument, Praça do Imigrante / Immigrant Square, Novo Hamburgo, Rio Grande do Sul
2001 - Monumento a Barca, Avenue José Vieira, City Hall, Centro, Joinville, Santa Catarina
2004 - As Meninas de Brasil / Girls of Brazil, median of Adhemar de Barros Avenue, Ondine, Salvador, Bahia
2005 - Monumento aos Imigrantes Italianos / Italian Immigrants Monument, Bento Gonçalves, Rio Grande do Sul
Date? - Monumento à Imigração Japonesa / Monument to Japanese Immigration, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul
2008? - Praça Centenário da Imigração Japonesa no Brasil / Square of the Centennial of Japanese Immigration, Londrina, Paraná
2008? - Monumento ao centenário da imigração japonesa / Monument to the Centennial of Japanese Immigration, Santos, São Paulo .
2008? - Peace Monument, Arujá, Bastos, São Paulo . Represents a tsuru / peace crane.
|Immigration looms large in Brazilian history, and these monuments bolster the status of significant national minorities. Are there others, e.g. German & Spanish speaking minorities?
||1972 - Monumento a Ludwig Zamenhof (criador do Esperanto), Curitiba, Paraná
Dates? - Tríplice Fronteira / Triple Frontera / Triple Frontier, near Foz do Iguacu, Paraná
Hito Tres Fronteras, Tres Fronteras Avenue, Puerto Iguazu (Argentina)
Date? - Monumento da Paz / Peace Monument, Praça Internacional, Santana do Livramento, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil) / Rivera (Uruguay)
Date? - Border Monument Divisa Brasil e Argentina, Barracao, Paraná , Dionisio Cerqueira, Santa Catarina
Border Monument, Dionisio Cerqueira, Santa Catarina (Brazil), Shed, Paraná & Bernardo de Irigoyen, Missions (Argentina)
1965 - Ponte da Amizade / Puente de la Amistad / Friendship Bridge,
Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná
Monumento por la Paz y la Amistad de los Pueblos / Monument for Peace & Friendship of Peoples, Corrientes (Argentina)
Espaço das Américas / Space of the Americas, Avenida General Meira, Port Meira, Foz do Iguacu, Paraná
- Monumento e Laboratório da Paz / Monument & Laboratory of Peace, Rua Rui Barbosa 820, Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná
|Most of these monuments are on or near national borders, and the populous of Paraná has the lion's share.
|Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual|
& Transgender (LGBT)
||This is a growing category of peace monuments in Europe & the USA. What's the situation in Brazil & other Latin American countries?
|| 1993 - Monumento "Tortura Nunca Mais" / "Torture Never Again" Monument, Rua da Aurora, Boa Vista, Recife, Pernambuco
1994 - Catedral Militar Rainha da Paz / Military Queen of Peace Cathedral, Brasilia
2002 - Núcleo de Preservação da Memória Política / Preservation Center for Political Memory (NM), Osorio, São Paulo
2014 - Monumento ao Nunca Mais / Monument to Never Again, Rua da Aurora, Boa Vista, Recife, Pernambuco
|The 1964-1985 military dictatorship abused many of Brazil's citizens, but not many monuments of reconciliation have resulted, e.g. only one memory preservation center (museum?). Brazil lags Argentina, Chile & South Africa in reconciliation. A non-punitive National Truth Commission (Comissão Nacional da Verdade) was approved in late 2011 & has apparently not yet taken any action. Why are two of the monuments in Recife? Is there a local activist group there?
||1967 - Museu do Indio / Museum of the Indian, Rua das Palmeiras 55, Botafogo, Rio de Janeiro
1987 - Memorial dos Povos Indígenas / Memorial Museum of the Indigenous Peoples, Braslia
1992 - Monumento às Nações Indígenas / Monument to Indigenous Nations, Aparecida de Goiania, Buriti Serene Garden, Rio de Janeiro?
|Brazil's multiculturalism is widely celebrated, but city dwellers know relatively little about the indigenous population, and there probably is room for additional museums & monuments.
& Workers' Rights
|Date? - Chico Mendes Museum, Casa Chico Mendes, Xapuri, Acre
||Chico Mendes is known worldwide. Have the achievements of any other
Brazilian labor movement leaders resulted in monuments or museums?
|Pacifism & Contien-|
||There's probably not much of an anti-war movement in Brazil. In 2014, the Global Peace Index rated Brazil #91 among a total 161 countries (the USA was #101).
at the End of War
||In the USA some Civil War monuments celebrate the Peace & prosperity expected to follow the war. Brazil has had no such experience. Apparently not even Brazil's participation in World War I is celebrated with a peace monument.
|Slavery & Abolition
||c1840 - Cais do Valongo / Valongo Wharf (unintentional monument), Rio de Janeiro
1953 - Monumento à Mãe Preta / Monument to the Black Mother, São Paulo
Date? - Bronze head of Zumbi, Praça Zumbi dos Palmares, Setor de Diversões Sul, Brasilia DF
1986 - Homenagem a Zumbi do Palmares / Homage to Zumbi of Palmares, Rio de Janeiro
|Slavery was an unfortunate feature of the Brazilian society & economy for many years, but its memory was repressed, and very few physical reminders remain. The same thing happened in the USA, but a large national museum is now under construction which should help heal the remaining wounds of slavery.
||1874 - Theatro da Paz / Peace Theater, Belém, Pará
1919 - Gruta da Paz / Cave of Peace, Limeira, São Paulo
1989 - Templo da Boa Vontade / Temple of Good Will, Brasilia
1990-2013 - Escaleras Selarón / Selarón Staircase, Teotônio Regadas & Joaquim Silva, Santa Teresa, Lapa, Rio de Janeiro
1992 - Monumento à Paz / Peace Monument,
Avenida Beira-Mar Norte, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina
Date? - Pagoda-Monumento pela Paz / Peace Pagoda,
Clube da APM, Estrada de Santa Inês, Km 10, Caieiras, São Paulo
Date? - Monumento a Paz / Peace Monument, Parque Infantil / Playground "Leonor Mendes de Barros," Araraquara, São Paulo
2003 - Watercolors by Sonia Madruga, Rio de Janeiro
2014 - Praça da Paz / Peace Square, Boqueirão neighborhood, Praia Grande, São Paulo
|This is a catch-all category for various monuments which evoke a general feeling of peace and/or tranquility. I am surprized that there are not more "peace parks" or "peace gardens" in Brazil. In fact, I have not found a single "peace garden." Except for the Baha'i faith & Esperanto speakers, Brazil has few peace monuments planted by international peace organizations, e.g. peace garden groups & various Buddhist sects.
|United Nations Peacekeeping
||1989 - Monumento aos Soldados da Paz / Monument to Soldiers of Peace, Praça das Nações, Curitiba, Paraná
2003 - Jardin de la Paix / Peace Garden, Domaine de Trembley, rue Moillebeau, Geneva (Switzerland).
- Peace Monument, Praça da Paz / Square of Peace, Setor Sambaqui, Parque da Cidade, Joinville, Santa Catarina
|Brazil is proud to have participated in several UN peacekeeping operations & has at least two monuments to express such pride -- but fewer than Canada.
& World Federalism
|?||These are scattered in other countries. The movement peaked in the mid-20th century. Was it movement underrepresented in Brazil?
||1913 - Rosewood Paneling, De Japanse zaal / Japanese Room, Vredespaleis / Peace Palace, The Hague (Netherlands)
1957 - "Guerra e Paz / War & Peace," Delegates' Hall, Security Council, UN Headquarters, New York City, NY (USA)
1981 - Monumento à Paz Universal / Monument to Universal Peace, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais
1983 - Monumento à Paz / Peace Monument - Praça do Papa, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais
1987 - Ano International de Paz / International Year of Peace, Avenida Saturmino de Brito, Vitória, Espírito Santo
1993 - Peace Monument, Bona Espero / Good Hope, Alto Paraiso de Goias, Goias
1997 - World Peace Bell,
International Peace Univ./International Holistic Univ., Brasília
Date? - Monumento da Paz / Peace Monument, Guarapari, Espirito Santo
- Peace Monument, Praça da Paz / Square of Peace, Blumenau, Santa Catarina
2014 - Poste da Paz / Peace Pole, Santo Andre, São Paulo
2014 - Caminho da Paz / Way of Peace, São Paulo
2014 - BRICS 6th Summit Monument, Fortaleza? (for summit of Brazil, Russia, India, China & South Africa)
|Brazil seems to have its share of monuments aspiring to promote world peace, including two official gifts by Braail to international organizations (in The Hague and at UN Headquarters in New York City) and one World Peace Bell (a private donation from Japan). There are peace poles in São Paulo , at Iguazu Falls & in Alto Paraiso de Goias, but the peace pole phenomenon has apparently not caught on in Brazil (at least as evidenced by Brazilian web sites).