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50 Peace Monuments in Africa
(Excluding Egypt & South Africa)

Click here for Egypt. | Click here for South Africa. | Click here for monuments about slavery, including other sites in Africa.

No Peace Monument in Algeria

No peace monument found in Algeria (so far).

2 Peace Monuments in Angola

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April 4, 2011 - Monumento a Paz / Peace Monument, Luena, Moxico Province (Angola). Dedicated on the 9th anniversary of the Luena Accords of 2002 which brought together the FAA & UNITA military forces, ending 27 years of civil war after the death in combat of Jonas Savimbi [1934-2002] on 22 February of the same year. /// "Near the site where Unita rebel leader Jonas Savimbi was killed in battle on February 22, 2002. Savimbi's death paved the way to a peace deal signed in the capital Luanda on April 4, 2002, ending the 27-year civil conflict that erupted soon after independence from Portugal in 1975." The monument is about 30 metres tall & is made up of copper & iron. It has two arms holding a white dove which symbolises Peace." /// Apparently also dedicated on April 4, 2012, by President Jose Eduardo dos Santos.

April 4, 2012 - Monumento a Paz / Peace Monument, Luena, Moxico Province (Angola). "The deposition of wreath is part of the commemorations of the 13th anniversary of the conquest of peace [sic], whose main event takes place in Luena. The act was witnessed by the governor of Moxico, João Ernesto dos Santos, members of the Government & of the National Assembly, representatives of various religious denominations, traditional authorities, among others. The peace monument was inaugurated on April 4, 2012, by the Head of State, José Eduardo dos Santos." /// Probably same as monument said to have been dedicated on April 4, 2011 (qv).

2 Peace Monuments in Benin

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Date? - Gateway of No Return, Ouidah (Benin). "A massive, arched gateway, some 50 feet high, stands alone on the edge of one of the loveliest beaches in West Africa. It is a striking - and in many ways a beautiful - structure, facing out across the Atlantic Ocean towards South America. Yet it is also bleak beyond words. Etched across the top of the arch are two long lines of naked, chained men disappearing into the sea."

2007? - "Reconciliation Triangle," Cotonou? (Benin). Expresses remorse for the slave trade. One of three identical monuments by Stephen Broadbent. The other two are in Liverpool (England) and Richmond, Virginia (USA).

1 Peace Monument in Burundi

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Date? - Pierre de Livingstone et Stanley / Livingstone-Stanley Monument, Mugere (Burundi). "12 km south of the capital Bujumbura, overlooking Lake Tanganyika. Marks location where explorer and missionary Dr. David Livingstone [1813-1973] and journalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley [1841-1904] visited and spent two nights on 25-27 November 1871."

1 Peace Monument in Congo-Kinshasa

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Date? - Monument de la paix, rond-point Nelson Mandela, Kinshasa (Congo). "Le rond-point Mandela a déménagé! Le monument de la paix qui se dressait fièrement au croisement du boulevard du 30 juin et de l’avenue de la libération (ex. 24 novembre) n’est plus. Un grand vide pour les habitués de ce coin de la capitale. La disparition de ce monument tombe comme une annonce nécrologique. C’est le sentiment d’avoir perdu quelqu’un, pour ne pas dire quelque chose de précieux qui m’a assailli lorsque j’ai vu ce repère de toujours, volatilisé. A sa place, rien. Sinon une route plate et dure. Une vraie piste d’atterrissage. Nostalgie ? Sans doute. Ce monument n’est pas le premier bien sûr. Celui dédié à la femme, érigé au rond point Socimat a subi le même sort. Les responsables? Les Chinois bien sûr, metteurs en scène des fameux 5 chantiers. Mais on ne leur en veut pas tellement. Surtout depuis qu’on a remarqué la qualité du travail abattu jusque là. Le seul hic, c’est plutôt du côté quantité. Leur rythme de travail est jugé trop lent. Quand arriveront-ils dans les quartiers résidentiels, se demande-t-on. Et surtout, personne ne connaît le plan selon lequel ils travaillent. C’est comme ça quand on travaille sous le « haut patronage du chef de l’Etat » en RDC. On n’a de comptes à rendre à personne ! La grande colombe de la paix repose désormais sur l’avenue de la justice, au bord de la route, ailes déployées, transportant la terre dans des lauriers. Est-ce temporaire, définitif? Voyons voir."

1 Peace Monument in Cote d'Ivoire

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Date? - Statue de la Paix, Angré, Abidjan (Ivory Coast). "Statue de la Paix, c'est un nom attribué personnellement à cette statue, à cause du rameau de palmier qu'elle tient en main. Ce rameau et le bras gauche de la statue ont été cassés par un fou, dit-on. Ils gagneraient à être réparés."

Egypt

Click here to see Egypt among countries in the Middle East.

2 Peace Monuments in Ethiopia

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June 21, 1936 - "Anti-Air War Memorial," NW of Mornington Road & the High Road, Woodford Green, Essex, near London (England). Bottom image. Sculpted by Eric Benfield in the shape of a bomb for suffrigist (and onetime communist) Sylvia Pankhurst [1882-1960]. Rededicated on July 4, 1936, after being vandalized. "In October 1935, Pankhurst was outraged by Mussolini's assault on Ethiopia, the only part of Africa that remained independent and had joined the League of Nations. Unveiled that same month by a group that included Pankhurst and [Tesfaye] Zaphiro, the secretary of the Imperial Ethiopian Legation, the monument stood prominently outside Red Cottage [which Pankhurst shared with Italian anarchist Silvio Corio] along with a plaque dedicating it ironically to politicians who, at the World Disarmament Conference [which] opened in Geneva in February 1932, 'upheld the right to use bombing planes.'" One of 21 peace monuments named by the PPU website. Named in "A Peace Trail Through London" by Valerie Flessati (1998). See similar monument at Rollins College, Winter Park, Florida (USA).

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After September 27, 1960 - Grave of Sylvia Pankhurst, Holy Trinity Cathedral, Addis Ababa (Ethiopia). "After the liberation of Ethiopia, Sylvia Pankhurst [1882-1960] became a strong supporter of union between Ethiopia & the former Italian Somaliland...In 1948, MI5 considered strategies for 'muzzling the tiresome Miss Sylvia Pankhurst.' She became a friend & adviser to Emperor Haile Selassie [1892-1975] and followed a consistently anti-British stance. She moved to Addis Ababa at Selassie's invitation in 1956, with her son Richard (who continues to live there) and founded a monthly journal, Ethiopia Observer, which reported on many aspects of Ethiopian life and development. She died on September 27, 1960, and was given a full state funeral at which Selassie named her 'an honorary Ethiopian.' She is the only foreigner buried in front of Holy Trinity Cathedral, in the area reserved for patriots of the Italian war."

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July 3, 2007 - Headquarters building, African Union (AU), Addis Ababa (Ethiopia). On site of an infamous prison where former dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam executed 60 top officials of the late Emperor Haile Selassie. Fully financed by the Chinese government for around $150 million. "We wish everyone will like it," said Chinese architect Ren Lizhi at the opening of the 9th AU Summit.

2 Peace Monuments in The Gambia

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N/A - Village of Juffureh, James Island (The Gambia). The village to which Alex Haley traced his ancestor Kunta Kinte. Note Freed Slave Statue at left.

Date? - Freed Slave Statue, Juffureh, James Island (The Gambia). "James Island still holds the ruins of slave fort 'James,' outside Juffureh."

4 Peace Monuments in Ghana

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Date? - St. George's Castle, Elmina (Ghana). Slave fort erected by the Portuguese in 1482. Captured by the Dutch in 1637 and by the British in the early 1870's. Now a popular historical site. Extensively restored by the Ghanaian government in the 1990's.

1920's - Cape Coast Castle Museum, Victoria Road, Cape Coast, (Ghana). "Built for the trade in timber and gold and later used in the trans-Atlantic slave trade." Swedish in 1653, then Danish, then British in 1664. Became the seat of the colonial Government of the British Gold Coast in 1844. First restored in the 1920's by the British Public Works Department." The Ghanaian government restored it again in 1957. Until 1993, part was used as a prison.


1957? - Freedom & Justice Monument, Liberation Square, Accra (Ghana). Also known as Independence Arch & Black Star Monument.


September 21, 2007 - Peace Pole, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology (KNUST), Kumasi (Ghana). "Erected on the International Day of Peace. Creates & preserves a monumental legacy for peace on the University campus, in Ghana and Africa as a whole. Made of a 105 years old Sapele tree which used to stand in the University's botanical garden. The pole is 16.7 m (55 feet) tall, currently the tallest [peace pole] in the world. Various indigenous symbols have been carved on the pole. Five languages (Twi--a local language in Ghana, Hindi, Chinese, Swahili, and Arabic) have been used to express the peace prayer on the pole: 'MAY PEACE BE ON EARTH.'"

4 Peace Monuments in Kenya

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Date? - "Amani, Upendo & Umoja / Peace, Love & Unity Fountain," Uhuhru / Freedom Park, Nairobi (Kenya). Erected by president Daniel arap Moi [b.1924] where Kenyan independance was declared in 1963. "In practice, the Moi regime became repressive, and 'peace, love & unity' often meant acquiescing to Moi & his ruling party." /// This is "Monday's Monument" #71.


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March 13, 1999 - Garden for Peace (GFP) #6, Pastoral Institute, Nairobi (Kenya). One of many gardens in different countries named by Gardens for Peace, Atlanta, Georgia (USA).


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2000 - Abasuba Community Peace Museum, Mfangano Island, Lake Victoria (Kenya). "A community initiative to promote and protect the cultural and natural heritage of the Abasuba." One of several "community peace museums" in Kenya, Sultan Somjee, ethnographer & founder.

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2003? - Uhuru Monument, Uhuru Gardens, along Langata road, Nairobi (Kenya). Near Wilson Airport. Built on the spot where Uhuru / Freedom was gained from British rule & declared at midnight on December 12, 1963. The column of the Uhuru monument stands 24 meters high & supports a pair of clasped hands as well as the dove of peace plus the column of the statue of a group of freedom fighters raising the flag. Uhuru Gardens is Kenya's largest memorial park. They "are the biggest home to Nairobi memorial tombs of all the Independence freedom fighters. In 2003 however, the Uhuru Gardens was the site of a public damage of arms [sic]. This representational ceremony took place on the third anniversary of the signature [on March 15, 2000] of the Nairobi Declaration on Small Arms & Light Weapons." ("One of the things that brought Professor Wangari Maathai to fame leading to a Nobel peace award [in 2004] was her fight to protect the park when the government attempted to construct office buildings at the park.")

1 Peace Monument in Liberia

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1999? – Red Cross Monument, Monrovia? (Liberia). Inscribed "50th Anniversary of the Geneva Conventions, Jun. 12, 1949-1999."

1 Peace Monument in Libya

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1806-1860 - Tripoli Monument or Peace Monument, Navy Yard, Washington, DC (USA). Made in Italy by Charles Micali. Damaged by fire during the War of 1812. Moved to West Grounds of the US Capitol in 1831. Moved to US Naval Academy (USNA), Annapolis, Maryland (USA) in 1861 (qv). Plaque: "The oldest military monument in the United States honors heroes of the War against the Barbary Coast Pirates [1801-1805], the new republic's first war..." Renovated in June 2000.


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December 24, 2011 - Unhate Dove, University of Tripoli, Tripoli (Libyas). "Following on from the launch of its Unhate Project in November, Benetton has unveiled its first monument to peace through Colors Magazine. The publication donated the large dove sculpture to the Libyan capital on Saturday, which marked the country's first Independence Day in 42 years. Made by Fabrica, the Unhate Dove art installation is composed of over 15,000 spent shell cartridges picked up in the world’s 'hot spots' & symbolises newfound peace in the region. 'The official handing-over of the dove is the UNHATE Foundation’s first act, both concrete and symbolic,' said Alessandro Benetton, Benetton Group’s executive deputy chairman, on behalf of the Foundation."

2 Peace Monuments in Mali

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1992 - Monument de la Paix / Peace Monument, Central City, Bamako (Mali). Commemorates end of an internal rebellion. Arch is two arms supporting a globe showing Mali topped with a dove of peace. Photograph courtesy of Lowell & Marge Owens.

2000 - Monument de la Paix / Peace Monument, Timbuktu (Mali). Steps to the monument are covered with welded small arms laid down by warring factions. Also called Flamme de la Paix.

No Peace Monument in Morocco

No peace monument found in Morocco (so far).

4 Peace Monuments in Mozambique

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2001 - Throne of Weapons, Maputo (Mozambique). By Cristovao (Kester) Estevao. "Bought by the British Museum from the 2002 Christian Aid exhibition ‘Swords into Ploughshares.’ It has travelled the length and breadth of the UK this year, being displayed in schools, churches, youth centres and a prison, as well as in museums, to represent Africa in 2005 as a symbol of a positive, forward-looking future." Click here for a PDF description of the chair from the British Museum.

Date? - Gong Perdamaian Dunia / World Peace Gong (WPG) (Mozambique). From World Peace Committee, Jakarta (Indonesia).

- Peace Park (Mozambique, South Africa & Zimbabwe). See South Africa.

Date? - "Mozambique Tree of Life" "is also on display in the downstairs African rooms. This impressive "tree" was made from decommissioned weapons which were handed in after the bloody 16 year war there. It was made under the umbrella of the "Transforming Arms into Tools" project in 2005, an initiative whose aim is to collect as many arms as possible from among the population and to destroy them, preventing them from finding their way back into use again at knock down prices. The guns are exchanged for tools which can be used to rebuild homes, farms and livelihoods. The success of this campaign led to an associated project to turn the decommissioned arms into works of art. It's a striking and poignant work, a tribute to the many dead and wounded in the 16 year conflict and for those involved in the project a glimmer of hope of a better future. This extract and the images are from the Africa Focus website "Mozambican artists spent three months creating the three-metre-high sculpture, made entirely out of weapons such as AK-47s, pistols and rocket-propelled grenade launchers. They see it as a way of using their art to promote peace. There are still millions of arms hidden throughout Mozambique - a legacy of the 16-year-long civil war that ended in 1992. In the last nine years the project, which employs some former child soldiers, has collected and dismantled more than 600,000 weapons. Bishop Dom Dinis Sengulane is the founder of Transforming Arms into Tools, which is supported by Christian Aid. He said: 'I tell people that sleeping with a gun in your bedroom is like sleeping with a snake - one day it will turn round and bite you.' Dr Daleep Mukarji, director of Christian Aid, said: 'It's amazing to see how Mozambican artists build a culture of peace through creating fascinating sculptures from dismantled killing machines. This project encourages people to exchange tools of death with tools for living.' The Transforming Arms into Tools project has been so successful in collecting guns from former soldiers that other African governments are considering implementing similar schemes. Neil MacGregor, director of the British Museum, said: 'The Tree of Life is an extraordinary, thought-provoking sculpture which is a potent emblem of the complexities linking Africa to the rest of the world. Mozambique is one of the poorest countries in the world with more than three quarters of the population living on less than $2 a day. Such extreme poverty can fuel crime. As long as the guns are still usable there is a danger that they could end up in the wrong hands and cause even more death and suffering. Filipe Tauzene, a former child soldier, said: 'The life I have now is much better as before I didn't have the bicycle to move and go to town and sell things in my shop. I didn't have iron sheets to cover my house. I have been given very useful things, which means I can get on with my life.'"

No Peace Monument in Namibia

No peace monument found in Namibia (so far).


1988-1990-2009 - Reichs[anti]kolonialehrendenkmal, Bremen (Germany). "This ten-meter high structure was completed in 1931 as a monument to the German colonies which then included Cameroon, Togo, Deutsch-Ostafrika [Tanzania], Deutsch-Südwestafrika [Namibia] & several islands. For decades the Reichskolonialehrendenkmal / ______ stood as a powerful symbol of German colonial ambition. The allied forces chiseled off the inscriptions on the outside, but the plaques on the inside of “der elefant” remained, including a list of 1,400 colonial soldiers & officials who died defending the German empire. In 1988, a metal sign was created next to the elephant by the youth wing of the Bremen metal workers union in support of the Anti-Apartheid movement. In 1990, with the celebration of Namibian independence from South Africa, the elephant itself was re-dedicated as the “Bremen anti colonial monument” thereby attempting to invert its historical meaning yet retaining the original design. And in 2009 a new monument was created next to the elephant to the victims of German genocide. /// This is "Monday's Monument" #69.

2 Peace Monuments in Nigeria

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January 13, 1970 - Home of chief Benjamin Obijiofor Atuchukwu [1917-2009], Amichi town, Nnewi South Local Government Area, Anambra State (Nigeria). Site of the peace accord which ended the Nigerian Civil War. Signed by Col. Olusegun Obasanjo for Nigeria & Col. Philip Effiong for Biafra. "The policy of 'no victor no vanquished' announced by the then Head of State Gen.Yakubu Gowan has been a matter of contention ever since." When President Olusegun Obasanjo visited Amichi in 2006, he announced that the home would be converted to a Museum of National Peace. Click here for 2011 update.


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Future - International Peace Park, Abuja (Nigeria). Site dedicated on last day of the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in 2003. Logo represents Academic Associates PeaceWorks (AAPW). "On Monday, November 20, 2006, at about 1:45 PM a group of five gunmen entered the AAPW office compound at 116/118 Woji Road, GRA Phase II, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, and killed two individuals."

1 Peace Monument in Rwanda

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April 2004 - Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre, Kigali (Rwanda). "A reminder of the horrors of genocide in an attempt to stop history from repeating itself. The first floor retraces the events leading up to the 1994 genocide and details the heinous event itself. On the second floor is an area devoted to children who were killed in the genocide. Outside are the graves of over 250,000 people, and more are still being created as remains continue to be found."

4 Peace Monuments in Senegal

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Date? - Maison des Esclaves / House of Slaves, Île de Gorée (Senegal). Frequently visited UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Date? - Slavery Freedom Monument, Île de Gorée (Senegal).

April 3, 2001 - Porte du Troisième millénaire / Door of the Third Millenium, Grande-Corniche, Dakar (Senegal). Designed by Senegalese architect Pierre Goudiaby Atepa. Image includes Seydou Nourou Tall mosque at left.


April 4, 2010 - Monument de la Renaissance africaine / African Renaissance Monument, Collines des Mamelles, Ouakam suburb, Dakar (Senegal). "A 49m tall bronze statue overlooking the Atlantic Ocean. Designed by the Senegalese architect Pierre Goudiaby Atepa after an idea presented by president Abdoulaye Wade & built by Mansudae Overseas Projects, a company from North Korea... Dedication occurred on Senegal's National Day, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the country's independence from France. It is the tallest statue in Africa."

3 Peace Monuments in Sierra Leone

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N/A - Bunce Island Slave Castle, Sierra Leone River (Sierra Leone). "Where Sierra Leonean slaves skilled in rice cultivation destined for North America were held. Today little more than an abandoned set of ruins, crumbling stones clutched by ivy roots and overgrown weeds on a 500-metre strip of land in the muddy waters of the river. Opala has worked for 30 years on the links between descendants of slaves and their West African origins. 'Sierra Leone is the most frequent result for DNA tests in the U.S.,' he said."


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2003 - Peace Bridge, Freetown (Sierra Leone). The Truth & Reconciliation Commission renamed the Congo Cross Bridge to mark the place where the invasion of Freetown on 6 January1999 was stopped. The Peace Bridge reminds the people of Sierra Leone that the war was overcome. And it gives hope that peace will become the bridge to the future.


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Future - Sierra Leone Peace Museum, Special Court for Sierra Leone, Jomo Kenyatta Road, New England, Freetown (Sierra Leone). "Will tell the story of Sierra Leone’s decade-long civil war [1991-2002] and its return to peace, and honour the victims of the conflict. It will also contain an archive of war-related materials, including the permanent archives of the Special Court."

1 Peace Monument in Somalia

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Early 2012 - Painting of peace & war, Mogadishu (Somalia). By Somali artist Abdullah Abdirahman Abdullah Alif. "A teenage boy - half flesh, half skeleton - stands in the middle of the painting, one hand clutching a dove, the other a rifle. Behind him are two very different futures: verdant fields, juicy melons & pretty buildings versus flames, graves, vultures & fire. 'We made this real simple,' explained Mr. Alif. 'A young boy is the backbone of society, & we want young boys to look at this & understand they have a choice right now, death & destruction or peace.' Mr. Alif, 40, is part of a team of artists who just emerged from years in hiding & have been commissioned, by a Somali nonprofit group, for the respectable wage of $400 a month to make giant paintings promoting peace. Their work will be displayed on busy street corners, the two-dimensional equivalent of a public service advertisement in a society without many TVs. During the Shabab years, Mr. Alif had a price on his head for drawings that were deemed un-Islamic. When he finally fled his neighborhood, looters snatched his file cabinets housing all his artwork. 'Twenty-six thousand drawings,' he said. 'Gone.'"

South Africa

Click here to see South Africa in its own file.

No Peace Monument in South Sudan

No peace monument found so far in South Sudan.

1 Peace Monument in Sudan

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1898 - Gunboat Melik, Nile riverbank, Khartoum (Sudan). "An unlikely symbol of Anglo-Sudanese co-operation, the Melik was a Victorian weapon of high technology and fearsome power, intended to terrorise the Sudanese rebels and to kill as many as possible. It was built in Chiswick (England) in 1896, then shipped in pieces to Egypt, taken by rail across the Nubian Desert, and reassembled at Abadieh on the Nile. From there it led a flotilla of heavily armed gunboats, a vital element in Kitchener's reconquest of Khartoum in 1898... Today the gunboat sits in a bed of dried mud and sand in a grove of mahogany trees, its decks tipped at an angle, the roof collapsing."

3 Peace Monuments in Tanzania

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1874 - "Former Slave Market Site," Anglican Christ Church Cathedral, Stone Town, Zanzibar (Tanzania). The sign reads: "You are now standing at the former slave market site. The world's last open slave market and notorious place, where slaves from East and Central Africa regions were bought and sold. // The trade in man [sic], women and children was stopped by decree from the Sultan of Zanziber One June 1873, following the appeal made by Dr. David Livingston in 1857 to the men of the great English universities of Oxford and Cambridge to liberate Africa from slavery. // The Cathedral Church of Christ was built by Bishop Edward Steere in 1874. The cathedral stands exactly on the site of the former slave market and the high altar marks the location of the old whipping post ! // Please purchase your ticket at the front gate to enable you to explore more about slavery and its abolition. // Enjoy your tour."


1925 - Beit el-Amani / Peace Memorial Museum, Mnazi Moja, Stone Town (Zanzibar). Built in memory of those who died in World War I. " the British extended their ideas of ‘indirect rule’ even to the architecture of the early colonial monumental buildings. The museum was therefore designed [by British architect J.H. Sinclair] as an oriental Islamic structure, reminiscent of the Aya Sophia Mosque in Istanbul, a hexagonal building with a huge central dome and smaller domes at the corners." Now [contains] traditional crafts and household items from residents of Zanzibar, sultans, slave traders, European explorers and missionaries. Displays feature David Livingstone's medical chest, information about the harvesting of cloves, and the story of the German battleship Konigsberg which sunk during World War I. /// "This is an architecturally impressive building which was meant to commemorate Peace. Unfortunately, the interior is not really kept up. When we were there, there was an exhibit about the life of a well-known Zanzibaran princess. The exhibit was repetitive and not impressive in any way. The gov't really should put more focus on this supposed attraction." /// Click here for all examples of the phrase "peace memorial."

Date? - Uhura / Peace Monument, Arusha (Tanzania).

2 Peace Monuments in Togo

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1982? - La Columbe de la Paix / Peace Dove, Place de la Colombe de la Paix, Lomé (Togo). "C’est l’un des endroits les plus touristique de Lomé par son monument dédié à la Paix symbolisant une colombe perchée sur un globe, tenant un brin de laurier dans son bec. C’est aussi un gros carrefour reliant quatre des plus grands axes de Lomé : Le boulevard du Mono, le boulevard des armées, le route de l’aéroport et l’avenue Maman N’danida. Le voyageur pénètrant dans la capitale risque fortement d’y passer ce carrefour étant situé juste à l’entrée de la ville." /// "Lomé abrite depuis 1982 le Bureau régional de l’Afrique de l’Ouest de l’Agence intergouvernementale de la francophonie." /// From "Togo Today and in 1970" by Mark G. Wentling (Foreign Service Journal, October 2013, page 42): "The Dove of Peace statue on the road leading to the airport still stands, as if it is waiting for a genuine period of peace that has not yet arrived."

Date? - Siège de la CEDEAO / CEDEAO Headquarters, Lomé (Togo). Designed by Senegalese architect Pierre Goudiaby Atepa. "Composé de deux bâtiments reliés par un pont qui symbolise le lien entre les 16 pays membres. Un édifice de 13 étages prend lui-même appui sur 16 éléments qui constituent la structure de base. Il est dédié à la femme africaine, représentée par une sculpture de trois mètres d'envergure. La rotonde de la salle de conférences suggère une calebasse retournée et un point d'eau rappelle cet élément essentiel en Afrique." CEDEAO = Communauté économique des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest.

3 Peace Monuments in Uganda

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Before 1999 - Statue of Mahatma Gandhi, Memorial Garden, Jinga (Uganda). At or near place where Gandhi's ashes were spread in the Nile River in August 1948.


Date? - Bust of Mahatma Gandhi, Hindu Temple, Jinga (Uganda).

July 15, 2009 - Peace Monument, Kampala & Juba Road, Gulu (Uganda). To commemorate education’s importance in ensuring peace, The Dutch Embassy commissioned a sculpture conisting of three destroyed guns at the feet of a girl and boy reading a pile of text books. After speaking at length about education’s role in a post-conflict environment, the Dutch Ambassador, Jeroen Verheul, celebrated the sculpture’s unveiling by hosting a lunch for local community leaders. The books, Verheul noted, portrayed education as a pillar of knowledge, an instrument of reconciliation and a basis for moral building.

1 Peace Monument in Zambia

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1981 - Dag Hammarskjöld Memorial & Museum, Ndola/Kitwe road, 10 kilometers from Ndola (Zambia). Where Hammarskjöld's plane crashed on September 18, 1961. "The museum is located on site, opposite the ant hill at the foot of which Dag Hammarskjold's body was found. It was opened by Dr Kenneth Kaunda in 1981. A gazebo has been erected on top of the anthill. In the central opening is a pillar surrounded by plaques left by different heads of state & dignitaries who have visited the site. These include: H.E. Mr Kofi Annan, Joseph Kabila, Dr Salim Ahmed Salim, Mrs Lee Goldman & HRH The Duke of Gloucester." Dag Hammarskjöld [1905-1961] received the 1961 Nobel Peace Prize.

1 Peace Monument in Zimbabwe

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Future - Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park (Mozambique, South Africa & Zimbabwe). The three Ministers for the Environment signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to initiate the park on November 10, 2000. This is one of several projects of the Peace Parks Foundation (PPF) of Stellenbosch (South Africa).

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