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38 Peace Monuments Dedicated in 2010

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January 12, 2010 - Bangladesh Peace Clock, Ouellette Avenue median (north of Wyandotte), Windsor, Ontario (Canada). "Made possible by a generous donation of retired Windsor librarian & active campaigner for world peace Mr. A. Aziz Chowdhury... The cost was $60,000, half of which was supplied by Mr. Chowdhury. Additional donations were graciously made by the clock’s contractors. In keeping with Mr. Chowdhury’s interest in stimulating pedestrian activity in the downtown core, this humble time piece was designed and built at a height that would place it clearly at eye level for people enjoying downtown by foot. The clock is set against a backdrop of three flags: Canada, City of Windsor & Peace flags."

January 16, 2010 - "Peace Monument," Tamuning Park, Tamuning (Guam). "Soka Gakkai International (SGI) members from Guam, the US mainland, Oceania & Japan gathered to mark the 35th anniversary of the establishment of SGI (January 26, 1975) [and] to unveil a monument dedicated to the SGI's founding & to world peace. On one side of the monument are the opening lines from Mr. Ikeda's novel, The Human Revolution: 'Nothing is more barbarous than war. Nothing is more cruel. And yet, the war dragged on.' On the opposite side are the opening lines from The New Human Revolution: 'Nothing is more precious than peace. Nothing brings more happiness. Peace is the most basic starting point for the advancement of humankind.' In the center of the monument are words from Mr. Ikeda, stating 'Rather than seeking after your own praise or glory, I hope that you will dedicate your noble lives to sowing the seeds of peace throughout the entire world. I shall do the same.'"

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January 17, 2010 - Global Vipassana Peace Pagoda, Gorai Creek, Mumbai (India). "Built to promote peace and harmony in the world... In construction for 11 years, is expected to stand as a beacon of Purity which will stand tall for the next 1000 years. Will strengthen India’s image. Towering 325 feet with a 280-feet diameter, one of the largest stone monuments in Asia. Contains the world’s largest stone dome built without any supporting pillars and seats 8000 meditators. More than three times the size of the previously largest masonry structure – the Gol Gumbaz [1659] in Bijapur... Vipassana, an ancient meditation technique of India, was rediscovered by Buddha 2500 years ago but lost its true form since last 2000 years. It was brought back to India and the world by Pujya Shri Goenkaji. This new inning of Vipassana is completing its 40 years this year."

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Early 2010 - Unity Bridge, Ruvuma River, Negomano (Mozambique). Connects Mozambique to Tanzania. Construction was long delayed. Is it complete? NB: No better image found.


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February 1, 2010 - International Civil Rights Center & Museum, in the original 1929 F.W. Woolworth building, South Elm Street, Greensboro, North Carolina (USA). Dedicated on the 50th anniversary of the sit-in movement. Has 14 exhibits focusing on the international struggle for civil and human rights, as well as artifacts from the civil rights era. Centerpiece is the historic lunch counter & original stools where four North Carolina A&T State University freshmen (Ezell Blair Jr., Franklin McCain, David Richmond & Joseph McNeil) sat down in nonviolent protest on Feb. 1, 1960. Co-founded by Melvin “Skip” Alston and Earl Jones. Entry #773 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001).


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February 13, 2010 - People's History Museum, on the Left Bank in Spinningfields, Manchester (England). "Derives its origin from the Trade Union, Labour & Co-operative History Society. From the 1960's the society formed a small collection & between 1975 & 1986 ran a museum in Limehouse Town Hall in London. The museum re-opened in 1990, initially at 103 Princess Street in Manchester. In May 1994 new museum galleries were opened in the Edwardian Pump House on Bridge Street. In October 2007 the museum closed to the public to allow for the start of a multi-million pound re-development scheme. A bigger & better People’s History Museum re-opened on 13 February 2010." /// From Peter van den Dungen 20Jan2012: "The museum is mainly about the growth of universal suffrage; right to unionise; growth of welfare state, etc.). One of the original artefacts is the desk on which Tom Paine wrote 'The Rights of Man.' Also a 1790's painting of Mary Wollstonecraft ('A vindication of the rights of women')." Click here for video. Click here for another video. N.B.: Sculpture in front of the museum is "Doves of Peace" designed by Michael Lyons in 1986 to commemorate Manchester as the World's first nuclear free city."

March 17, 2010 - "Baggage," scattered throughout Leiden (Netherlands). "Six vintage suitcases carved from different rock types... Erected in memory of the Jewish fellow citizens who were killed during World War II. Maker is the Dutch-Israeli artist Ram Katzir. On March 17, 1943 in Leiden & surroundings a raid took place in which all Jews who were not in hiding were arrested & deported. 270 of them were killed in the concentration & extermination camps... By whom are these different suitcases left behind? The two side by side in the Zonneveldstraat forgotten by a mother & child? What stories hides the elegant suitcase at the Vliet? And what happened to the young owner of the basalt suitcase at the Roodenburgstraat? The apparently casually placed suitcases are in fact an anti-monument, with absence in the leading role. The title refers literally to what each of us takes in life, but also what we leave behind. Luggage is an intimate monument which will start the dialogue. And will stimulate young & old thinking about the consequences of exclusion by people from one another. /// Information courtesy of Marten van Harten 04Jan2016.


April 4, 2010 - Monument de la Renaissance africaine / African Renaissance Monument, Collines des Mamelles, Ouakam suburb, Dakar (Senegal). "A 49m tall bronze statue overlooking the Atlantic Ocean. Designed by the Senegalese architect Pierre Goudiaby Atepa after an idea presented by president Abdoulaye Wade & built by Mansudae Overseas Projects, a company from North Korea... Dedication occurred on Senegal's National Day, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the country's independence from France. It is the tallest statue in Africa."


May 3, 2010 - World Peace Monument, Soka Bodhi Tree Garden, on outskirts of New Delhi (India). "One hour's drive away from Delhi International Airport. Spread over 170 acres of land enveloped by a 4.5-kilometer-long boundary wall. The formal opening of the garden took place on September 12, 1993, with the planting of hundreds of bodhi, or peepul, trees. The garden is still being developed. So far approximately 2,500 trees have been planted, many of which have been named after various countries, cities & individuals, including friends of BSG (Bharat Soka Gakkai). Renaissance Hall was the first building to be completed, with a 150-seat capacity. Subsequently, an Open Air Theatre was constructed which seats 2,500. A magnificent building designed by a well-known Indian architect was inaugurated in 1997 and named the BSG Ikeda Friendship Center. In February 2000, the Soka Bodhi Tree Auditorium, seating 800-900 people, was added, along with beautiful lawns and pavilions. The garden has also attracted many rare birds. There are more than 100 peacocks, ducks and pigeons who live there..."

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May 6, 2010 - Documentation Center, Topographie des Terrors / Topography of Terror, Berlin (German). "New exhibition & documentation building & redesigned historic grounds. Prize-winning design by architect Ursula Wilms (Heinle, Wischer und Partner, Berlin) & landscape architect Heinz W. Hallmann (Aachen). Opened by Federal President Horst Köhler on the occasion of the 65th anniversary of the end of World War II." See entry for 1987.

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May 8, 2010 - Olympia-Rafah Solidarity Mural, 119-1/2 Capitol Way North, Olympia, Washington (USA). By mural artist Susan Greene. The Olympia-Rafah Soldarity Mural Project (ORSMP) "furthers Rachel Corrie's dream of building a sister city relationship between Rafah, Gaza Strip (Palestine), where she was killed in 2003, and Olympia, Washington, USA, where she grew up and attended The Evergreen State College." See video.

May 14, 2010 - Mural, "The New Picket," Liverpool (England). "On my arty travels last night, I came across The Picket which I knew had moved, but not to just off Jamaica Street. I went back today to take a photograph of this marvellous & detailed mural. Painted by Belfast Loyalist Mark Ervine & Republican artist Danny Devenny with the help of local community groups. Characters on the mural include Kitty Wilkinson [1786-1860], champion of the poor who set up wash houses for all in the city, & Irish born Agnes Jones [1832-1868], who made an outstanding contribution to nursing, becoming the first trained Nursing Superintendent at Liverpool's Workhouse Infirmary. Her work for the sick paupers was enormous, but took its toll as she died at the age of just 35 from typhus fever. The mural is a true work of art, which many probably missed last night. I didn't go in but I hope the atmosphere is still the same as the old Picket which was always a welcoming place to debate your politics without fear of recrimination. Long live the Picket." /// "2011 marks 25 years since Pete Townshend officially opened the recording studio at the Merseyside Unemployed Resource Centre, which would later become known as the Picket. The legendary Liverpool venue has been supported by a string of some of Britain’s most famous musicians from Elvis Costello, Paul McCartney & Yoko Ono to Paul Weller, Peter Gabriel & Suggs from Madness."

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May 18, 2010 - United Nations Flag Parade, Johan de Wittlaan, The Hague (Netherlands). "In 2010 The Hague, in addition to other key UN cities, was granted [by whom?] its own, permanent flag parade consisting of 200 flags. The Hague is home to the highest number of international organisations, such as the International Court of Justice & the International Criminal Court, in the Netherlands... Extends [in front of the OPCW & World Forum convention center] from Rooseveltplantsoen to Bel Air Hotel. Lights in the ground illuminate the flags when it is dark. The parade consists of the flags of the 192 UN Member States, the flag of The Hague, and the flag of the United Nations. Unveiled by Alderman Frits Huffnagel &a group of international students. UN Flag Parades are also located in, among other cities, New York, home to the headquarters of the United Nations, and Geneva."

May 25, 2010 - Hiroshima Stone of Peace, Riga Castle, Riga (Latvia). "A granite plaque made of one of the tram track paving stones that was at ground zero on the day when an atomic bomb exploded in Hiroshima. Shows a goddess in prayer & has the text 'From Hiroshima.' Attached to a large field stone from Latvia. Will be temporary installed in the garden of the Riga Castle until the Garden of Destiny is finished & the stone is moved there. President Valdis Zatlers received the stone from the Hiroshima Stone of Peace Association (HSPA) which has presented the stone to more than 100 heads of state & government in the world, but this is the first ti the Stone of Peace is being presented in the Baltic States. The HSPA was established in 1991 to promote peace in the world. Its aim is to present a stone to a head of state or government in every country in the world. A Japanese news agency, Kyodo News, has served as the secretariat for the HSPA ever since its establishment 19 years ago."

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May 31, 2010 - MV Mavi Marmara. Unintentional monument. Owned by the Islamic charity Insani Yardim Vakfi / Foundation for Human Rights & Freedom & Humanitarian Relief (IHH). Israeli commandos attacked the Turkish ship in international waters with about 600 peace activsts on board as it and five other vessels were en route to Gaza with 10,000 tons of construction materials and humanitrian supplies. Israel has blockaded Gaza since 2007.

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June 4, 2010 - Memorial Peace Garden, International School of Minnesota (ISM), 6385 Beach Road, Eden Prairie, Minnesota (USA). "Last Fall, ISM inaugurated its Memorial Peace Garden in conjunction with "...celebrating the 125th anniversary of the founding of SABIS® [International School Network]. The Garden was for a brief time a focus of our attention, but the weather soon changed, ushering in, what to many of us has seemed, an exceptionally long winter. As the Peace Garden lay under its blanket of snow, the idea of a network of gardeners, would-be gardeners, or simply folks who enjoy taking a rake in hand from time to time, began to germinate. And so it was that the 'Friends of the Peace Garden' volunteer group took shape, & an initial call for volunteers was made at the May [2011] all-staff meeting, with 15 or so individuals signing up & others expressing their possible interest. As the Peace Garden belongs to the entire ISM community, it seems only right that we cast a wide net amongst our ISM families & alumni for persons who might be interested in joining this association..."


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June 13, 2010 - Statue of Sri Chinmoy, Vassa (Finland). Holds the World Harmony Run Torch. In a park on the outskirts of the city of Vaasa on the west coast of Finland overlooking the Bothnian Bay. Vaasa is a bilingual city with street signs in Finnish and Swedish, and about 1/4 of the city’s residents speak Swedish rather than Finnish. Click here for other Sri Chinmoy peace monuements.


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June 30, 2010 - Glick Peace Walk, Walnut Street (between Meridian Street & Capitol Avenue), Indianapolis, Indiana (USA). Adjacent to Scottish Rite Cathedral and within sight of American Legion headquarters building. Has 12-foot illuminated steel-and-glass scuptures honoring Susan B. Anthony, Andrew Carnegie, Thomas Edison, Albert Einstein, Benjamin Franklin, Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King, Jr., Franklin D. & Eleanor Roosevelt, Jonas Salk, Mark Twain, Booker T. Washington, and the Wright Brothers. From article dated June 26, 2009: "Indianapolis real estate mogul Gene Glick always wanted to build an homage to peace in a city whose icon is the Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Monument." The Peace Walk will be a segment of the 8-mile, $55 million "Indianapolis Cultural Trail: A Legacy of Gene & Marilyn Glick" which is now under construction and toward which Glick donated $15 million. Visited by EWL 08Aug09.

2010 - Martin Luther King, Jr., Statue & Memorial Promenade, Binghamton, Broome County, New York (USA). At Peacemaker's Stage. Adjacent to the Chenango River & just north of Court Street. Nearby plaque says: "George Haeseler, Broome County Peace Action, 'Peacemakers, you are my church.' Dr. George Haeseler, 2012." /// "Broome County Peace Action & Broome County Veterans for Peace hold combined meetings at 6:30 pm on the second Wednesday of each month at the Unitarian Universalist Congregation on Riverside Drive in Binghamton."

2010 - Bridge of Peace, Mtkvari River, Tbilisi (Georgia). "490 foot-long bow-shaped pedestrian bridge. Connects Old Tbilisi with the new district. Shimmers with an interactive light display at night generated by thousands of white LED's. The pulsating lights communicate, in Morse code, chemical elements from Mendeleev’s periodic table of the elements that make up a human body. The concept of the Italian designer Michele De Lucchi was 'the anthem of life & peace among people & nations.'" This is "Monday's Monument" #75.

2010 - Statue of Mahatma Gandhi, Canadian Museum of Human Rights, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada). "The Government of India presented the statue as a gift to the Friends of CMHR in 2004. The sculpture was created by renowned sculptor Ram Vanji Sutor & has been on display at the Fork Market Building for the past six years..."

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2010 - "Remember Them," park next to Fox Theater, Oakland, California (USA). ''$7 million monument, featuring 25 famous people who fought [sic] for peace or human rights. They're an unlikely crew, ranging from Winston Churchill to Malcolm X to Harvey Milk to Mother Teresa. Will be one of the largest bronze sculptures in the USA -- three stories tall, weigh about 25 tons and span 90 feet. 'People don't usually pay attention to public artwork. But the artwork that people get excited about - it's big,' said Oakland artist Mario Chiodo, 48, who until now was best known for his horror masks and Las Vegas sculptures. 'If I had my way, it would have 300 people. But you've got to start someplace.'"

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2010 - Statue (by Gabriel Koren) and memorial (designed by Algernon Miller) of Douglass were unveiled at Frederick Douglass Circle at the northwest corner of Central Park in New York City, New York (USA). "Although a ceremony was held to name the circle after Frederick Douglass on September 17, 1950, the pedestrian plaza in the center of the intersection was not completed until June 2, 2010. In 1993, local residents & the Central Park Conservancy began developing plans to redesign the circle & make it symmetrical with Duke Ellington Circle at the Northeast corner of Central Park. Construction on the pedestrian plaza began in 2004 & was to be completed in one year. However, due to numerous construction delays, the plaza was not completed until June 2, 2010. The traffic circle features a complex colored paving pattern that alludes to traditional African American quilt designs. Harlem-based artist Algernon Miller designed the paving. Additional features, including wrought-iron symbolic & decorative elements, a water wall & inscribed historical details & quotations representing the life of Frederick Douglass & the slaves’ passage to freedom. A central bronze sculpture, depicting a standing Frederick Douglass, was crafted by Hungarian-born artist Gabriel Koren."

2010 - Peace Monument, Bazdarana, Prizren (Kosovo). "Kosovo Albanian separatists have erected a NATO monument in Serbian city of Prizren thankful to that military organization for facilitating ethnic cleansing of Serbs & destruction of Serbian heritage. The monument is erected in the Prizren suburb of Bazdarana where a road for Suva Reka begins. Separatists have paid 54,651 EUROS for the pile of steel & concrete, and it is called Monument of Peace (kudos to Pavle Dejanovic from Belgrade for the info). Given the name of this monument, it stands to reason that any organized & premeditated murdering of Serbs or facilitation thereof is described as 'peace' by the perpetrators. Guess we are still waiting for the Monument of War to commemorate all the Serbs murdered by Albanian separatists & NATO."


Summer 2010 - New stainless steel markers at graves of the "Alcatraz Martyrs," Friedhof/Cemetery, Rockport Colony (Hutterite), Hanson County, South Dakoka (USA). 18 miles from Alexandria, SD. Hutterites Joseph Hofer [1894-1918] & Michael Hofer [1893-1918] died as a result of "persecution [in Alcatraz & Leavenworth prisons] for their religious beliefs during World War I, in an era before alternative service was effectively implemented for conscientious objectors... The deaths of the brothers were a main catalyst for the mass movement of Hutterites [from the USA] to Canada." See books by Joanita Kant (2011) & Duane Stolzfus (2013).

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August 7, 2010 - James E. Davis Multicultural Museum of Peace, Crown Heights, Brooklyn, New York City, New York (USA). "A storefront shrine to dialog & reconciliation. So it's both ironic & appropriate that it stands mere meters away from the spot where the child of two West Indian immigrants was accidentally killed by a car driven by an Orthodox Jew from the Chabad Hasidic sect, whose world headquarters are a mere block away. The incident sparked three days of violence in 1991 that pitted the area's African American & Caribbean communities against the area's sizable Orthodox Jewish population. It resulted in a young Jew being killed in reprisal & millions of dollars worth of property destroyed. Named after James E. Davis [1962-2003], the late African American New York City councilman & co-founder [in 1990] of the 'Love Yourself Stop the Violence' organization, the museum's walls are covered in photos in his honor in hopes of educating people on the importance of standing together against violence." Founded by J.E. Davis' brother Geoffrey A. Davis.


August 7, 2010 - Pacific Rim Park #6, Jeju (South Korea). Sixth of seven parks sponsored by the Pacific Rim Park Project of San Diego, California (USA)."Sits at the edge of the sea, with its back against the memory of war, which reaches back to the past. On the east side of the park, the spiral contains a sculpture of the grandmother stone who is connected to the sea. On the west side of the park is a earth mound with a stone courtyard facing the Pacific. In the center is a large white pearl placed as a gift to the future of our Pacific. We hope our work will help in Jeju’s quest for peace."

August, 2010 - (Australia) Memorial monument for the Assyrian genocide, Bonnyrigg (suburb of Sydney), New South Wales (Australia). "4.5 meters tall. Designed as a hand of a martyr draped in an Assyrian flag. Fairfield Council received more than 100 submissions, including some from overseas, and two petitions. The proposal was condemned by the Turkish community. Turkey's consul general to Sydney expressed resentment about the monument, while acknowledging that tragedies had occurred to Assyrians in the period as well as Turks." /// "The Assyrian genocide (also known as Sayfo or Seyfo) refers to the mass slaughter of the Assyrian population of the Ottoman Empire & those in neighbouring Persia by Ottoman troops during the First World War, in conjunction with the Armenian & Greek genocides." HANDS SPHERES AUSTRALIA GENOCIDE


September 12, 2010 - Two Robert F. Kennedy Murals, Paul Schrade Library Robert F. Kennedy Community Schools, Los Angeles, California (USA). By Professor Judy Baca. Named "Tiny Ripples of Hope" & "See Through Others Eyes" (RFK with Caesar Chavez [1927-1993]). "The schools are a K-12 complex located on the site of the Ambassador Hotel where Senator Robert F. Kennedy [1925-1968] was assassinated on June 5, 1968. Schools in the RFK Network embody Kennedy's social justice legacy." Paul Schrade was wounded in the same shooting.


September 2010 - Statue of Sir Nicholas Winton, Railway Station, Maidenhead (England). "The 101-year-old Rotarian joined members of his club at the unveiling of a life-size statue in his honor. The bronze work by Maidenhead sculptor Lydia Karpinska shows Sir Nicholas sitting on a bench reading a book. The book depicts images of nearly 700 children - most of them Jewish – who he helped to flee from Prague (Czechoslovakia) to Britain on eight kindertransport trains between 13 March & 2 August 1939, ahead of the Nazi invasion. A ninth train with 250 children was due to depart on the day war was declared, 3 September 1939. None of those children survived."


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September 21, 2010 - Peace Plaque, New Road Baptist Church, Bonn Square, Oxford (England). Veteran peace campaigner >Bruce Kent unveiled a plaque to promote the message of peace. The plaque reads: “Peace – to honour those who seek another path in place of violence and war.” David Partridge, an inter-faith worker in Oxford and retired priest, said the plaque had been a long time in the planning. Mr Partridge said: “The idea started back in 2003 after the invasion of Iraq, when lots of people around Oxford in small groups protested against the war. “We wanted to commemorate that and show people there is another way.” Mr Partridge hoped the plaque would stay there to promote peace for a long time.

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September 25, 2010 - "Path of peace," Mile Marker 99, Key Largo, Florida (USA). "[First of] a string of 22 outdoor sites throughout the Florida Keys where people can relax, gather their thoughts & re-energize their souls. 'They will be spaces for people to go who are in distress, or just so they can get away from computers, televisions and cell phones,' said Denise Downing, a member of the Keys to Peace leadership team. 'The sites will be a place to go & focus on gathering more inner peace.' The idea is to build peace parks from Key Largo to Key West, & Downing said Keys to Peace has had initial talks with the Key West Tropical Forest & Botanical Gardens. In fact, Downing said she envisions a 'peace trail' that links one peace park to another along the Keys. /// "Each park will feature a peace bell made from a recycled dive tank, an identification plaque ("Community Peace Park – We are ALL the Keys To Peace.") & seating. Keys To Peace will provide host sites with a bell primed & ready for custom artwork. Mounting of the bells & installation of additional enhancements (sculpture, wind chimes, peace poles, labyrinths, water features, etc.) will vary by location." April 9, 2011 - Southernmost Peace Park, West Martello Tower, Key West, Florida (USA).


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October 9, 2010 - "Peace & Harmony" (John Lennon Peace Monument), One Park West, Liverpool (England). "18-foot monument by by 19-year-old American artist Lauren Voiers. Unveiled by Lennon’s son Julian as part of Liverpool's two-month season of events commemorating the former Beatle’s 70th birthday and 30th anniversary of his murder. Second of a series of monuments commissioned by California-based organisation Global Peace Initiative. (The first monument was by Romanian-American artist Alexandra Nechita and was presented to Singapore on behalf of the people of Asia in 2005.) Presented to The Beatles Story, which came up with the idea of a landmark in Liverpool, and sited in a prominent city centre location yet to be agreed."


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October 2010 - Museo Memoria y Tolerancia / Museum of Memory & Tolerance, Plaza Juarez, Centro Historico | Frente al Hemiciclo a Juárez de la Alameda central, Mexico City (Mexico). "Dedicated to two topics. The first 'Memory' part tells horrible story of Nazi Hollocaust. This is followed by stories of genocides in Rwanda, Bosnia, Armenia & others. The second section on 'Tolearance' makes you think about current issues and encourages more tolerance." http://us.kace.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/%EA%B8%B0%EB%A6%BC%EB%B9%84-%EB%A7%90%EB%9A%9D.jpg

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November 4, 2010 - Manchester City Centre Peace & Social Justice Trail, Manchester (England). Begins in a site close to Manchester Piccadilly Train Station ends in the centre of Piccadilly Gardens. (A separate Children’s Trail is also available for schools to use.) Seventeen highlights: 1. Remembering the Depression (e.g. Red plaque in London Road). 2. Campaign for tolerance fairness for gay rights (e.g. Alan Turing memorial statue). 3. Education origins and founding of the Trade Union movement (e.g. Mechanics Institute). 4. An international city open to all (e.g. Friendship Arch). 5. Manchester – a true ‘City of Peace’ (e.g. Manchester Peace Gardens). 6. Learning for all – the Central Library. 7. We shall remember them – the city war memorial (Manchester Cenotaph). 8. The Free Trade Hall & Peterloo – a centre of dissent and discontent. 9. Citadel for peace – the Friends Meeting House. 10. Manchester Town Hall – the neo-Gothic masterpiece. 11. John Bright – radical MP and peace campaigner (e.g. statue of John Bright). 12. A city of religious tolerance (e.g. St. Mary’s Church). 13. Campaigning for justice elsewhere – Manchester leads the way (e.g. Abraham Lincoln statue). 14. Votes for Women! (e.g. Elliot House & Pankhurst Centre). 15. Workers of the World Unite! (e.g. People’s History Museum). 16. Chronicler of the very poor – Elizabeth Gaskell and Manchester (e.g. Cross Street Unitarian Chapel). 17. Slavery, Guernica and reconstruction – Medieval Manchester (e.g. Manchester Cathedral). 17. Home of the Co-op – a worldwide movement (e.g. Robert Owen). 18. Peace Trees in Piccadilly

November 29, 2010 - Peace Monument, Barangay Sta. Maria, Zamboanga, Mindanao (Phillippines). In front of Edwin Andrews Air Base. "Led by Peace Advocates Zamboanga (PAZ) & Interreligious Solidarity Movement for Peace (IRSMP)." At the dedication, one of the organizers said, "we commit to live in a new space for peace, peace within ourselves, peace among our neighbors, peace with nature & peace with our Great Provider." Local newspaper said this is "the first ever peace monument in the country... The 'First Peace Monument' was created by Tausug artist Rameer Tawasil [a Muslim]. It is shaped like a peace dove & hand extending peace."


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December 9, 2010 - Humanity House (HH), Prinsegracht 8, The Hague (Netherlands). "Tells you more than simply the story of emergency aid & international humanitarian law. Visitors hear, see & experience the true stories of victims of disasters & conflicts all over the world... A spectacular journey of discovery makes the unimaginable imaginable. Humanity House is not only a museum but also a platform that regularly hosts lectures, debates, workshops, exhibitions & film evenings. Humanity House offers schools an educational programme that confronts children aged 10 & older with life in a refugee camp."

December 14, 2010 - Destroyed in May 2011 - Inukshuk, Lamoureux Park, Cornwall, Ontario (Canadqa). On St. Lawrence River. "The first anniversary of the passing of the Olympic torch in Cornwall was celebrated on December 14 with the unveiling of a commemorative Inukshuk & plaque beside the Clock Tower at Lamoureux Park. The Inukshuk was the welcoming symbol for the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver. On December 14, 2009, the Olympic Flame came to Cornwall as thousands of citizens gathered at Lamoureux Park to witness the final bearer, Rik Saaltink, who lit the cauldron in honour of his daughter Heather. The Inukshuk symbolizes friendship, hope, hospitality, energy & team spirit. 'It will continue to remind us of the wonderful event we shared,' said Cornwall Mayor Bob Kilger during the ceremony. The City of Cornwall partnered with the Ontario Power Generation (OPG) for the Inukshuk & plaque." /// May 2011 : "An Inukshuk placed in Lamoureux Park to commemorate the 2010 Olympic Torch Relay has been destroyed. All that stands of the symbolic statue are two cement blocks. 'It's a horrible thing,' says Pam Maloney, co-chair of the Torch Relay task force. 'It's disheartening that something that was symbolic of a really wonderful day for our community has been destroyed in this way.' Maloney says she is unsure as to how the Inukshuk was destroyed. 'Vandalism doesn't really prove anything,' she says. 'I'm sure we'll replace it. The memory of that event will carry on, no matter what. It sounds like it was just irresponsible people getting their kick.'"

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