77 Notable Peacemakers Click here for notable Muslim peacemakerss.
1860-1904 - Theodor Herzl - Journalist, playwright, political activist, georgist & writer. Father of modern political Zionism. Formed World Zionist Organization & promoted Jewish migration to Palestine.
1863-1944 - Victor Basch - Professor & Zionist. President of Ligue des droits de l'homme 1926-1944.
1871-1945 - Hermann Kallenbach - Architect & Zionist. Had intimate & long lasting friendship Mahatma Gandhi starting in South Africa.
1878-1965 - Martin Buber - Philosopher. Best known for the I-Thou & I-It distinctions. Moved to Israel.
1887-1985 - Marc Chagall - Stained glass peace windows in Jerusalem, France & New York City (United Nations).
1895-1948 - Folke Bernadotte - Middle East peace mediator. Assassinated by militant Zionist group Lehi.
1896-1948 - Thomas C. Wasson - US Consul General in Jerusalem. Murdered while returning from meeting of the UN Truce Commission.
1897-1957 - Shoghi Effendi - Guardian of the Baha'i Faith. Developed the Baha'i World Centre in Haifa (Israel). P
1903-1971 - Ralph Bunche - Political scientist & diplomat. Mediated in Palestine. First person of color to receive Nobel Prize. 1950 1963
1903-1994 - Yeshayahu Leibowitz - MD & polymath. For separation of religion & state. Said occupation would cause Israel's moral stature to decline.
1906-1957 - Rudolf Kastner - Zionist leader. Negotiated "Kasztner train" with the Nazis. Tried in Israel. Assassinated in Tel Aviv.
1908-1974 - Oskar Schindler - Industrialist credited with saving over 1,100 Jews. Buried in Israel. Subject of the film "Schindler's List."
1908-2005 - Simon Wiesenthal - "Nazi hunter" in Linz & Vienna. Click here for peace monuments related to the Holocaust.
1911-1996 - Bruno Hussar - Founded Neve Shalom/Wahat al-Salam/Oasis of Peace, a Christian/Muslim/Jewish village near Latrun (Israel).
1913-Alive - Landrum Bolling - President of Earlham College 1958-73. Leading expert & activist for peaceful resolution of conflict in the Middle East.
1913-1992 - Menachem Begin - Led Zionist underground. PM 1977-83. Signed Camp David Accords in 1978. 1978 w/Anwar al-Sadat
1915-Alive - Joseph Abileah - Israel’s first conscientious objector. Biography by Anthony Bing. P CO
1916-1994 - Hind al-Husseini - Educator & feminist. Rescued 55 orphans of Deir Yassin massacre in 1948. Started orphanage & women's college.
1917-1976 - Francis Edward Meloy, Jr. - American ambassdor to Lebanon. Assassinated by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.
1918-1981 - Anwar al-Sadat - Visited Israel. Signed Camp David Accords in 1978. 1978 w/Menachem Begin 1984 Posthumous
1920-2010 - Richard N. Goldman - Environmentalist & philanthropist. Paid for Goldman Environmental Prize (the "Green Nobel") & "Peace Park" on Goldman Promenade in Jerusalem (Israel).
1922-1995 - Yitzhak Rabin. - Israel PM 1974-77 & 1992-95. Signed Oslo Accords in 1993. 1994 with Yasser Arafat & Shimon Peres 1995
1923-1995 - Mattiyahu (Matti) Peled - Major General in the IDF, Head of Arabic Language & Literature Dept of Tel Aviv Univ, peace activist & proponent of Israeli/PLO dialogue. Father of Miko Peled (qv).
1923-Alive - Shimon Peres - Israel PM 3x. Supported Oslo Accords in 1993. 1994 with Yasser Arafat & Yitzhak Rabin
1924-Alive - Jimmy Carter - Navy officer, peanut farmer & Georgia Governor. 39th US President. Founded Carter Center 1982. 1987 1994 1999 2002
1927-2008 - Abie Nathan - Humanitarian & peace activist. Operated Voice of Peace radio station offshore Tel Aviv 1973-1993.
1929-2004 - Yassar Arafat. - Chairman of Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). Signed Oslo Accords in 1993. 1994 with Shimon Peres & Yitzha Rabin
1929-1995 - Arna Mer-Khamis - Human rights activist. Mother of Juliano Mer-Khamis (qv). "Arna's Children" shows her work at Freedom Theatre in Jenin (West Bank). 1993
1930-Alive - Dani Karavan - Created peace monuments in Nuremberg (Germany), Jerusalem & Negev Desert.
1931-2013 - David Hartman - Rabbi & philosopher. Moved to Israel in 1971 & founded Shalom Hartman Institute. Helped build a more pluralistic & tolerant Israeli society.
1935-2003 - Edward Said - Palestinian-American literary theorist & advocate for Palestinian rights. A founding figure in postcolonialism.
c1935-Alive - Dorothy Naor - Activist with New Profile (a feminist & anti-militarist group) & Israeli Cte for Residency Rights (which helps Palestinians). Lives in Herzliah, near Tel Aviv.
1936-2005 - Dahlia Ravikovitch - Poet, translator & peace activist. Her poetry has been translated into 23 languages.
c1936-Alive - Anthony Bing - Professor of English & peace studies. President of Peace & Justice Studies Assn. Expert in the Israel/Palestine conflict.
1936-Alive - A. B. Yehoshua - Novelist, playwright & professor. Active in Israeli Peace Movement. Attended signing of Geneva Accord in 2003. Critic of Israeli occupation.
1938-2013 - Aleksander Gudzowaty - Businessman. Gave $4 million for Tolerance Park & Monument on Haas Promenade, Jerusalem, to promote peace & tolerance.
1938-Alive - Moshe Safdie - Architect of Holocaust Museum at Yad Vashem in Jerusalem, US Initute of Peace in Washington, DC, etc.
1939-2004 - Toma Sik - "Peace activist, anarchist, libertarian socialist, vegan, world citizen & pioneer of the Israeli-Palestinian search for peace." CO
1939-Alive - Elias Chacour - Archbishop in Haifa (Melkite Eastern Catholic Church). Promotes Arab-Israeli reconciliation. Author of "Blood Brothers."
1939-Alive - Amos Oz - Novelist & journalist. Prof at Ben-Gurion Univ in Be'er Sheva. Advocate of a 2-state solution to the Palestinian conflict.
c1940-Alive - Amos Gvirtz - Leader of Gush Shalom. A founder of Israelis & Palestinians for Non-Violence. Israeli rep of Intl Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR). Chairs Israeli Cte Against House Demolitions (ICAHD).
1940-Alive - Jean Zaru - Founding member of Sabeel (an ecumenical Palestinian Liberation Theology Center in Jerusalem). Clerk of Friends Meeting & Intl Center in Ramallah.
1943-Alive - Mubarak Awad - Psychologist. Founded Palestinian Ctr for Study of Nonviolence (now Holy Land Trust) in 1985. Father of Sami Awad (qv).
1944-1985 - Alex Odeh - Regional director of American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC). Killed by bomb as he opened his office door in Santa Ana, CA.
c1945-Alive - Franklin Lamb - Journalist in Beirut (Lebanon). Former prof of intl law at Northwestern College of Law in Oregon. Partner of Janet Lee Stevens (qv).
1946-Alive - Hanan Ashrawi - Christian legislator, activist & scholar. Protégé of Edward Said (qv).
1946-Alive - Jeff Halper - Anthropologist, author & political activist. Co-founded Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions (ICAHD).
1947-1983 - Emil Grunzweig - Peace activist. Member of Peace Now. Killed by grenade thown at a peace rally in Jerusalem.
1951-1983 - Janet Lee Stevens - Journalist in Beirut (Lebanon). Proved Israel responsible for Sabra & Shatila massacre. Pregnant when killed in US embassy bombing.
1952-Alive - Salam Fayyad - Economist. Prime minister of Palestine 2007-2013. US & Israeli retaliation for Palestine's bid for UN membership led to his resignation.
1954-Alive - Mustafa Barghouti -
Democracy activist. Ran for Palestinian president in 2005 & finished 2nd to Mahmoud Abbas.
1954-Alive - David Grossman - Novelist, essayist & peace activist. Wrote the anti-war novel "To the end of the land" in 2010.
1954-Alive - Mordechai Vanunu - Nuclear technician. Revealed Israeli nuclear program in 1986. CND headquarters named for him in London. 1987
1955-Alive - Adam Keller - Israeli "refusenik." Cofounder of & spokesman for Gush Shalom / Peace Bloc. Lives in Tel Aviv. CO
1956-Alive - Nafez Assaily - Founded Library on Wheels for Nonviolence & Peace (LOWNP) in Hebron (Palestine).
1957-Alive - Mazin Qumsiyeh - Geneticist, teacher & spokesperson for Palestinian rights. Professor at Duke, Yale & 3 Palestinian universities. Lives in Bethlehem.
1958-2011 - Juliano Mer-Khamis - Actor & political activist. Murdered in Janin (Occupied West Bank) at Freedom Theatre which he founded in 2006.
1960-Alive - Rabbi Arik Ascherman - Moved to Israel in 1994. Now Executive Director of Rabbis for Human Rights (RHR).
1960-Alive - Eitan Bronstein - Refusnik. Lived at Neve Shalom. Helped found Zochrot in 2002. It identifies villages cleared during the Nakba. Described in July 2012 issue of "Peace & Change."
1961-Alive - Miko Peled - Peace activist, author & karate instructor. Opposes the wall. Advocates one nation for Jews & Palestinians. Son of Matti Peled (qv).
1962-Alive - Kahled Kasab Mahameed - Lawyer. Teaches Shoah to Palestinians, e.g. by exhibiting Yad Vashem photos in Ni'lin. Described in July 2012 issue of "Peace & Change."
1961-Alive - Miko Peled - Peace activist, author & karate instructor. Opposes the wall. Advocates one nation for Jews & Palestinians.
1964-Alive - Omar Barghouti - A founder of Palestinian Campaign for Academic & Cultural Boycott of Israel (PACBI). Born in Qatar, raised in Egypt, moved to Ramallah.
c1965-Alive - Angela Godfrey Goldstein - Policy officer for Israli Cte Against House Demolitions. Member of "Free Gaza Movement" & Machsom Watch. Concerned for Bedouins. Lives in Jerusalem.
c1967-Alive - Bassem al-Tamimi - Teacher. Convicted by Israeli military of "sending people to throw stones." Called "human rights defender" by EU & "prisoner of conscience" by Amnesty Intl.
c1970-Alive - Sami Awad - Executive Director of Holy Land Trust (HLT), a Palestinian nonprofit organization which he founded in 1998 in Bethlehem. Son of Mubarak Awad (qv).
1970-Alive - Daoud Nassar - Farmer near Bethlehem. Founded "Tent of Nations" with brother Daher & sister Almer to resist Israeli takeover of their family's land.
1973-Alive - Rula Jebreal - Physiotherapist, journalist, novelist, screenwriter & commentator for MSNBC. Wrote the semi-autobiographical film Miral in 2010.
1973-Alive - Orly Noy - Spokesperson of Ir Amim. Worked for All For Peace radio (with Israelis & Palestinians) until shut down in 2011. Translates Farsi literature into Hebrew.
1974-Alive - Banksy - Graffiti artist, political activist, film director & painter. Known for satirical murals in slums, Palestine, etc. Click here for his website.
1976-Alive - Huwaida Arraf - Lawyer in Ramallah, West Bank. Human rights activist. Co-founder of nonviolent International Solidarity Movement (ISM).
1976-Alive - Mohammad Othman - Nonviolent peace activist. Works against the Israeli wall.
1979-2003 - Rachel Corrie - Member of International Solidarity Movement (ISM). Killed by Israeli bulldozer while protecting a Palestinian home.
1979-Alive - Anna Baltzer - Activist for Palestinian human rights. Opposes Israeli occupation. Depicted in "Palestinian Pietŕ."
1979-Alive - Samer Tariq Issawi - Prisoner of conscience. Popular Front for Liberation of Palestine. Captured by Israel in 2002, released in 2011, rearrested in 2012. Now on hunger strike.
1983-2000 - Asel Asleh - Arab Israeli. Member of Seeds of Peace (SOP) since 1997. Killed by Israeli forces at onset of Second Intifada while wearing SOP t-shirt.
1988-2000 - Muhammad al-Durrah - Killed by Israeli forces on 2nd day of Second Intifada while cowering with his father. Photographed by Abu Rahma. Monument in Bamako (Mali).
1989-Alive - Mohammad Assaf - Refugee from Gaza. Sings patriotic songs with beautiful voice. Named "goodwill ambassador for peace" by UNRWA.
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