Notable Peacemakers by Year of Death
4 Peacemakers Who Died in 2017:
1926-2017 - Christopher Weeramantry - Barrister & prof. Ceylon Supreme Court 1967-72. World Court 1991-2000. Info courtesy of Peter van den Dungen.
1929-2017 - Glenn D. Paige - Professor of political science at the University of Hawai‘i. Developed concept of nonkilling. Chair of Governing Council of the Center for Global Nonkilling (CGNK). Info courtesy of Peter van den Dungen.
1935-2017 - Jeremy Stone - Led arms control & human rights initiatives for Federation of American Scientists. Son of I.F. Stone. Info courtesy of Peter van den Dungen.
1948-2016 - Hans Rosling - Medical doctor, academic & statistician. Acclaimed TED lecturer. Founded Gapminder Foundation.
17 Peacemakers Who Died in 2016:
1921-2016 - Daniel Berrigan - RC priest, peace activist & Christian anarchist. Baltimore Four & Catonsville Nine. Brother of Philip Berrigan (qv).
1922-2016 - Boutros Boutros-Ghali - UN Secretry General 1992-1997. Issued "An Agenda for Peace" in 1992.
1923-2016 - Robert Hinde - Leader of British Pugwash. Headed Movement for the Abolition of War (MAW) after Joseph Rotblat (qv). Info courtesy of Peter van den Dungen.
1923-2016 - Shimon Peres. Israel PM 3x. Supported Oslo Accords. 1994 with Yasser Arafat & Yitzhak Rabin
1924-2016 - Hedy Wachenheimer Epstein - Holocaust survivor. Peace activist. Founding member of St. Louis Instead of War Coalition.
1928-2016 - Abdul Sattar Edhi - Ran ambulance service, nursing homes, orphanages & women's shelters. Called "Angel of Mercy" & Pakistan's Mother Teresa.
1928-2016 - Larry Egbert - Anesthesiologist. Physicians for Social Responsibility. Final Exit Network. Acquited in Arizona. Husband of activist Ellen Barfield.
1928-2016 - Elie Weisel - Known as "Messenger to mankind." Professor & Holocaust survivor. 1986 1995
1930-2016 - Bob Adelman - Photographer of African-American Civil Rights Movement including "March on Washington" in 1963.
1933-2016 - Edward Daly - Bishop of Derry 1974-93. Tirelessly advocacated peace & reconciliation during decades of sectarian tension in Northern Ireland.
1934-2016 - Carl Fredrik Reuterswärd - Sculptor of "Non-Violence" (aka Knotted Gun) at UN Headquarters & many other places.
1936-2016 - Concepcion Picciotto - Lived in a peace camp opposite the White House since 1981. Longest protest in US history.
1939-2016 - Tom Hayden - Activist in animal rights, anti-war & civil rights movements. Chicago Eight in 1968. Husband of actress Jane Fonda (qv).
1942-2016 - Mohamed Ali - Olympic & World Champion heavyweight professional boxer. Peace activist. Opposed Vietnam War. Museum in Louisville. CO
1949-2016 - Lawrence Colburn. US Army Specialist. Member of helicopter crew which reported the My Lai Massacre in 1968.
1949-2016 - Tengku Dato Abd Ghafar Tengku Mohamed [1949-2016]. Diplomat. Facilitated successful negotiations with Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) in the Philippines.
1974-2016 - Jo Leadbeater Cox - Oxfam worker & Labour Party MP from Yorkshire. Assassinated at age 42 by white supremicist.
28 Peacemakers Who Died in 2015:
1909-2015 - Nicholoas Winton - Rescued 669 children (Czech Kindertransport). Called "The British Schindler." Recd highest Czech honour in 2014. See "Nicky's Family."
1916-2015 - Ruth Sivard - Economist at Arms Control & Disarmament Agency (ACDA). Published annual data (starting in 1964) to show disparity between social & military spending around the globe.
1916-2015 - George Houser - Minister. Activist for civil rights & independence in Africa. Worked for Fellowship of Reconciliation. Co-founded Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) in 1942.
1920-2015 - Richard von Weizsäcker - President of West Germany 1984-90 & of reunited Germany 1990-94. First democratically elected president since 1934. On many international commissions.
1920-2015 - Jerome (Jerry) Berrigan - Roman Catholic priest & activist. Arrested frequently. Lesser known brother of priests Philip & Daniel Berrigan [qv].
1922-2015 - Shunsuke Tsurumi - Peace activist. Founded the Article 9 Association in 2004 (with Kenzaburo Oe, Makoto Oda & Hisashi Ihnoue). [Info fm Peter van den Dungen]
1927-2015 - Guy Carawan - Folk musician, Highlander Center. Popularized "We Shall Overcome." Wife is Candie Carawan. Honored at National Civil Rights Museum, Memphis.
1931-2015 - Dean Smith - Basketball coach at Univ of NC 1961-1997. Promoted desegregation. Opposed Vietnam & Iraq Wars, nuclear weapons & death penalty. Spokesperson for "Devout Democrats."
1932-2015 - Khaled al-Asaad - Archaeologist. Head of antiquities in ancient city of Palmyra for more than 40 years. Murdered by Islamic State of Iraq & the Levant (ISIL).
1932-2015 - Mario Cuomo - Governor of New York 1983-1994. Strongly liberal. Noted speechmaker. Opposed Ronald Reagan. Called "Hamlet on the Hudson."
1934-2015 - Charles Chatfield - History prof at Wittenberg Univ, Springfield, OH, 1961-99. First recipient of Peace History Society Lifetime Achievement Award. [Added by Peter van den Dungen]
1934-2015 - Margaret (Maggie) Glover - Artist & peace activist. "Quaker radical." PhD thesis in 2002 = "Images of peace in Britain fm late 19th century to 2nd World War." [Info fm Peter van den Dungen]
c1935-2015 - George Farebrother - History teacher. UK Secretary of World Court Project. Got advisory opinion in July 1996 against nuclear weapons. [Added by Peter van den Dungen]
1936-2015 - Richard McBrien - Priest & Catholic theologian at Univ of Notre Dame. TV commentator. Argued for ordination of women, optional celibacy, birth control, etc.
c1936-2015 - Anthony Bing - English & peace studies prof at Earlham College 1970-2001. Expert on Israel/Palestine. Exec Director of Peace Studies Assn (PSA) 1994-2001.
1940-2015 - David Barr - Sculptor. Made "Sun Sweep" in 3 places on US/Canadian border & "Arctic Arc" on both sides of the Bering Strait.
1940-2015 - Julian Bond - Civil rights leader, professor & writer. Helped establish Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Served 20 years in Georgia legislature.
1940-2015 - Eduardo Galeano - Prolific writer. Concerned with poverty & political opression. Wrote "Open Veins of Latin America" in 1971.
c1945-2015 - Louise Diamond - Psychotherapist. Founded Institute for Multi-Track Diplomacy, The Peace Company & Global Systems Initiatives. End of life educator.
1949-2015 - Praful Bidwai - Journalist, political analyst & activist on issues of peace, global justice, human rights & environmental protection.
1959-2015 - Boris Nemtsov - Scientist & liberal politician. Outspoken critic of Vladimir Putin. Opposed "Putin's war" in Ukraine & Russian financial crisis. Shot to death near Kremlin.
1967-2015 - Stéphane (Charb) Charbonnier - Satirical caricaturist & journalist. Joined Charlie Hebdo in 1992 & became its editor in 2009. Murdered with 11 others by two Islamist terrorists.
1972-2015 - Avijit Roy - Atheist activist. Founded Mukto-Mona for freethinkers, rationalists, skeptics, atheists & humanists. Hacked to death in Dhaka by Muslim extremists.
1973-2015 - Clementa Carlos (Clem) Pinckney - Pastor & State Senator. Murdered with 8 others by 21-year old Dylann Roof at his AME church in Charleston, South Carolina.
1975-2015 - Sabeen Mahmud - Human rts activist. Founded The Second Floor (T2F) in Karachi. Sought to "change the world for the better through the Internet." Shot after program on Balochistan's "disappeared."
1988-2015 - Kayla Mueller - Humanitarian aid worker from Prescott, AZ. Captured Aug 2013 in Aleppo (Syria) at a Doctors Without Borders hospital. In Feb 2015 ISIS said she killed by Jordanian air strike.
1983-2015 - Ananta Bijoy Ras - Atheist blogger. Hacked to death in Sylhet, Bangladesh, by Muslim extremists.
1988-2015 - Washiqur Rahman - Atheist blogger. Assassinated in Dhaka.
31 Peacemakers Who Died in 2014:
1919-2014 - Pete Seeger - Iconic folk singer & social activist. Rang Japanese Peace Bell at United Nations headquarters in 2003 & 2009.
1920-2014 - Stormé DeLarverie - Drag "king." Scuffled with police during Stonewall riots in 1969. Called "the gay community’s Rosa Parks."
1921-2014 - Leonard Beerman - Rabbi at Leo Baeck Temple in Los Angeles. Liberal activist. Supported interfaith dialogue & two-state solution in the Middle East. [Added by Jerry Rubin]
1921-2014 - Yuri Kochiyama - Human rights advocate. Japanese origin. Interned in Jerome, Arkansas, during WW-II. Held Malcolm X in her arms when he died in 1965.
1921-2014 - Marjorie Swann Edwin - Nuclear resister. Co-founded Committee for Nonviolent Action in 1957. Wife of Robert Swann (qv).
1921-2014 - Otis Pike. Congressman & columnist. Promoted govt. economy & led first probe into privacy abuses of US intelligence agencies. Princeton 1943.
1922-2014 - Hitoshi Motoshima - Mayor of Nagasaki 1979-95. Said Emperor Hirohito bore some responsibility for WW-II & Japan deserved atomic bombings.
1923-2014 - Chung Eun-yong - Policeman & activist. Investigated the July 1950 massacre by the 7th Cavalry Regiment at No Gun Ri. (His 4-year old son & 2-year old daughter were among the victims.)
1923-2014 - Nadine Gordimer - Writer & political activist. Active in anti-apartheid & HIV/AIDS causes. Received 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature.
1923-2014 - Carlos Paez Vilaró - Muralist. Painted 200-foot "Raíces de la Paz"/"Roots of Peace" at Org of American States in Washington, DC. World's widest mural?
1924-2014 - Chadwick Fairfax Alger - Ohio State Univ prof & Intl Studies Assn pres. Wrote about UN System, peace building & conflict resolution.
1924-2014 - Irvin J. Borowsky - Publisher & philanthropist. Founded National Liberty Museum in Philadelphia in 2000.
1925-2014 - Howard Baker - US Senator 1967-85. Questioned Watergate in 1973-74. US Ambassador to Japan 2001-05.
1927-2014 - John Seigenthaler - Journalist & political figure. Editor & publisher of The Tennesseen. Founded USA Today (1982) & First Amendment Center (1991).
1928-2014 - Shirley Temple Black - Child movie star from 1932. US ambassador to Ghana 1974-1976 & Czechoslovakia 1989-1992.
1928-2014 - Maya Angelou - Poet. Wrote "I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings" (1969) & 6 other autobiographies.
1929-2014 - Luis Nieves Falcón - Sociologist, scholar, writer, lawyer & activist for human & civil rights. Campaigned to release Puerto Rican political prisoners in USA.
1930-2014 - Juan Gelman - Poet. Opposed Argentine military. Lost many family members.
1930-2014 - Samuel W. Lewis - Asst Sec of State for Intl Org Afs 75-77, US amb to Israel 77-85, head of US Inst of Peace 87-93, Dir of Policy Planning 93-94. Princeton 1964.
1931-2014 - Vincent Harding - Historian, professor of religion & social activist. Knew & wrote about Martin Luther King, Jr.
1932-2014 - Casey Kasem - Disc jockey & actor. Lebanese Druze origin. Supported animal rights, environmental & Arab-American causes. [Added by Jerry Rubin]
1935-2014 - Stephen Gaskin - Hippie icon in San Francisco. Drove 60 vehicles to Tennessee & founded The Farm commune near Summertown. Husband of midwife Ina May Gaskin.
1936-2014 - Marion Barry - Civil rights leader in Nashville & Knoxville. First chair of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Later disgraced when mayor of Washington, DC.
1940-2014 - James Brady - White House Press Secretary. An ardent supporter of gun control after being shot during attempted assassination of Ronald Reagan in 1981.
1960-2014 - Pierre Korkie - Teacher. Shot dead with Luke Somers (qv) in Libya during rescue attempt by US commandos. Husband of Yolande Korkie (also captured but released earlier).
1970-2014 - David Haines - Aid worker. Beheaded by Islamic State of Iraq & Syria (ISIS).
1972-2014 - Khaled Al-Junaidi - Separatist activist. Assassinated by Yemeni security agents after release from prison.
1973-2014 - James Foley - Journalist & video reporter. Abducted during Syrian Civil War. Beheaded by Islamic State of Iraq & Syria (ISIS). See Steven Sotloff.
1979-2014 - Tomas Young - Soldier. Enlisted right after 9/11. Paralyzed by bullet in Iraq. One of first vets to oppose the War in Iraq. Subject of documentary "Body of War."
1981-2014 - Luke Somers - Freelance photojournalist. Shot dead with Pierre Korkie (qv) in Yemen during rescue attempt by US commandos.
1983-2014 - Steven Sotloff - Journalist & video reporter. Abducted during Syrian Civil War. Beheaded by Islamic State of Iraq & Syria (ISIS). See James Foley.
1988-2014 - Peter Kassig - Humanitarian. Founded Special Emergency Response & Assistance (SERA). Converted to Islam. Beheaded by ISIS.
24 Peacemakers Who Died in 2013:
1916-2013 - Lindy Boggs - US Congressperson 1973-1991. Widow of Hale Boggs [1914-1972]. Mother of Cokie Roberts.
1917-2013 - Stephane Hessel - Diplomat. Holocaust survivor. Helped UN Declaration of Human Rights. Opposed Palestine occupation. Wrote "Time for Outrage!".
1917-2013 - Gordon Maham - Engineer & organic farmer in Ohio. Anti-nuclear activist. Quit Manhattan Project during WW-II. CO
1918-2013 - Nelson Mandela - Anti-apartheid activist. President of South Africa 1994-99. 1993 w/F.W.de Klerk 2000 2002
1919-2013 - Doris Lessing - Novelist, poet, playwright, librettist, biographer & short story writer. Awarded Nobel Prize in Literature. 2007
1921-2013 - Garry Davis - Peace activist. Gave up US citizenship in 1948 to become a "citizen of the world." Promoted human rights & world citizenship.
1921-2013 - Gene Glick. Real estate "mogul." With wife Marilyn built Glick Peace Walk in Indianapolis ("a homage to peace in a city whose icon is Soldiers’ & Sailors’ Monument").
1923-2013 - Eugene Patterson - Journalist & civil rights activist. Pulitzer Prize in 1967. Inducted International Civil Rights Walk of Fame in 2010.
1925-2013 - James O'Connell - Missionary in Nigeria 1957-75. Second head of peace studies at Univ of Bradford 1978-93. Pressured by Thatcher govt in 1980's.
1927-2013 - Evelyn Gibson Lowery - Civil rights activist. Wife of Joseph Lowery (qv). Erected many civil rights monuments.
1929-2013 - Alton T. Lemon - Civil rights activist whose objection to state aid to religious schools gave rise to a watershed 1971 Supreme Court decision (the "Lemon test").
1930-2013 - Chinua Achebe - Novelist. Best known for "Things Fall Apart" (1959). Supported Occupy Nigeria in 2012.
1931-2013 - Ronald Dworkin - Philosopher & scholar of constitutional law. His theory of "law as integrity" encourages judges to use consistent & communal moral principles.
1931-2013 - David Hartman - Rabbi & philosopher. Moved to Israel in 1971 & founded Shalom Hartman Institute. Tried make Israel more pluralistic & tolerant.
1931-2013 - Senji Yamaguchi - Injured by Nagasaki A-bomb. Co-founded Nihon Hidankyo (Confed. of A- & H-Bomb Survivors' Organizations). Addressed UNGA 1982.
1938-2013 - Aleksander Gudzowaty - Businessman. Gave $4 million for Tolerance Park & Monument on Haas Promenade, Jerusalem (Israel).
1940-2013 - Malcolm Harper - Peace activist. Worked 18 years for Oxfam. Directed United Nations Association-UK 1982-2004.
1944-2013 - Eyad al-Sarraj - Psychiatrist & HR activist. Founded Gaza Mental Health Program. Forced from Beersheba in 1948. Told about Palestinians under Israeli occupation.
1946-2013 - Narendra Dabholkar - Atheist doctor. Exposed religious charlatans, quacks, frauds & purveyors of "miracle cures." Killed by "right-wing Hindu organization" Sanatan Sanstha.
1950-2013 - Howard Clark - Co-editor of Peace News from 1971. Coordinator of War Resisters International (WRI) from 1985. P CO
c1963-2013 - Mohammad Idrees Kamal - Activist. A founder of Amn Tehreek (Peace Movement). Exec dir of Citizen Rights & Sustainable Development (CRSD).
1964-2013 - Chokri Belaïd - Lawyer & politician. Opposed Ben Ali regime before 2011 Tunisian revolution & subsequent Islamist govt. Assassinated. Million attended funeral.
1986-2013 - Anne Smedinghoff - US Foreign Service Officer. Killed at age 25 with 8 others by car bomb while delivering books to school in Afghanistan.
1986-2013 - Aaron Swartz - Computer programmer, writer, archivist, political organizer & Internet activist. Campaigned for freedom of information. Suicide at age 26.
24 Peacemakers Who Died in 2012:
1904-2012 - Atonio Dobrowolski - Teacher. Taught defiance of Nazi occupation. Oldest known survivor of Auschwitz death camp.
1915-2012 - John McConnell - Founded Earth Day, the Earth Day Proclamation, the Earth Day Flag & International Day of Peace (Sept. 21).
1915-2012 - Albert Otto Hirschman - Economist. Wrote "Exit, Voice, and Loyalty" & "The Rhetoric of Reaction: Perversity, Futility, Jeopardy."
1916-2012 - John R. Ewbank - World federalist & decentralist. Wrote "A History of the World Government Movement" about 2001.
1917-2012 - Barry Commoner - Professor & environmentalist. Wrote "The Closing Circle" & "The Poverty of Power." Ran for president in 1980.
1920-2012 - Sun Myung Moon - Religious leader, businessperson, political activist & media mogul. Self-proclaimed messiah. Founder of the Unification Church.
1921-2012 - Young Seek Choue - Founding chancellor of Kyung Hee University (1949). Founded the university's Graduate Institute of Peace Studies (1984).
1922-2012 - James Gower - Catholic priest & peace activist. Active in Pax Christi. Co-founded College of the Atlantic (1969) which teaches"human ecology."
1922-2012 - George McGovern - Historian, US Senator & Democratic Party presidential nominee in 1972. "Exemplar of modern American liberalism." Opposed US involvement in Vietnam War.
1923-2012 - Jozef Goldblat - Diplomat. Preeminent authority on law of arms control & disarmament. On staff of Stockholm Intl Peace Research Inst (SIPRI).
1923-2012 - Amy Swerdlow - Historian & peace activist. Director of Women’s Studies at Sarah Lawrence College. A founder of Women Strike for Peace (WSP).
1924-2012 - Robert S. Yasui - Japanese-American physician. Interned during WW-II. Erected Peace Tower in Williamsport, PA. Subject of "The Stubborn Twig" by Lauren Kessler.
1924-2012 - Paul Fussell - Cultural & literary historian, author & professor. Wrote "The Great War & Modern Memory" (1975) & other books about World Wars I & II.
1925-2012 - Paul Kurtz - Philosophy professor & skeptic. "Father of secular humanism." Founded Council for Secular Humanism. Edited Free Inquiry magazine. See Tom Flynn.
1926-2012 - Jerine Newhouse Bird - Activist for Arab-Israeli reconciliation. Wife of FSO Eugene H. Bird. Mother of Kai Bird, author of "Crossing Mandlebaum Gate" & other books.
1926-2012 - Sr. Anne Montgomery, RSCJ - Christian Peacemaker Teams (CPT), original Plowshares 8 at King of Prussia 1980 & Disarm Now Plowshares at Trident sub base 2009.
1926-2012 - Jesse Hill, Jr. - Cvil rights leader, business executive & actuary. Confidant of Martin Luther King, Jr. Helped desegregate Georgia University System.
1927-2012 - Larry Ross - Founded NZ Nuclear Weapon Free Zone Cte in 1981, achieving 105 nuclear free zones & leading to the Nuclear Free Zone Act of 1987.
1929-2012 - Sr. Rosalie Bertell - Nun. "Raised public awareness about destruction of biosphere & human gene pool, especially by low-level radiation." 1986
1929-2012 - Thomas Wechs, Jr. - Founded Peace Museum-Lindau 1980, Peace History Museum-Bad Hindelang 1999 & on-line Friedenshistorisches Museum-Augsburg 2009.
1929-2012 - Adrienne Rich - Poet, essayist & feminist. Credited with bringing "the oppression of women & lesbians to the forefront of poetic discourse."
1931-2012 - Marv Davidov - Activst & professor of nonviolence. Founded the Honeywell Project c.1968.
1935-2012 - Walter Wink - Theologian. Coined "Myth of redemptive violence." Contributed to discourse on homosexuality & religion, pacifism, psychology & Biblical studies.
1938-2012 - Juan Valdez - Land grant activist in New Mexico. Helped spark the Chicano Civil Rights Movement in the 1960's.
1939-2012 - Russell Means - Oglala Sioux activist. Leader of American Indian Movement (AIM). Helped lead uprising at Wounded Knee in 1973.
1947-2012 - Richard Adams - Gay rights activist. With partner Anthony Sullivan, one of the first gay couples to receive a marriage license (Boulder, CO, 1975).
1949-2012 - Gerd Greune - Teacher & peace activist. Key figure in Inst for Intl Assistance & Solidarity (IFIAS) & European Bureau for Conscientious Objection (EBCO). CO
1950-2012 - Carlos Vargas - Professor. VP of Intl Assn of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms. Helped draft "Model Nuclear Weapons Convention" for UN Gen Asby in 1997.
1965-2012 - Rodney King - Beaten March 3, 1991, by Los Angeles police officers. A videotape of the beating aroused public anger, & he famously asked "Can we all get along?"
1968-2012 - Spencer Cox - AIDS activist. Co-founded Treatment Action Group (TAG). Helped push innovative antiretroviral drugs to market.
1973-2012 - Rebecca Tarbotton - Environmental, human rights & food activist. Executive Director of Rainforest Action Network (RAN).
26 Peacemakers Who Died in 2011:
1909-2011 - Milton Rogovin - "Social documentary photographer." Father of Mark Rogovin (qv). Click here for Rogovin website.
1912-2011 - Sayadaw U Thila Wunta - Buddhist monk. Constructed Peace Pagodas on all continents. Also click here.
1915-2011 - Sargent Shriver - Statesman & activist. Founded Peace Corps, Job Corps & Head Start. Architect of War on Poverty. US Amb to France.
1921-2011 - Matthew J. Perry - First Black from Deep South to be Federal judge. (Born in Columbia, SC. Appointed by Jimmy Carter.)
1922-2011 - Fred L. Shuttlesworth - Minister & civil rights leader. Co-founded Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
1923-2011 - Yelena Bonner - Nurse. Human rights advocate. Exiled to Gorky. Wife of Andrei Sakharov (qv).
1924-2011 - Samuel Ruiz - Catholic liberation theologian. Bishop & peacemaker in Chiapas (Mexico).
1925-2011 - Frank Kameny - Led "Herculean struggle" after being fired in 1957 for being gay. Filed first civil rights claim based on sexual orientation.
1925-2011 - Jean Ridoux - Jailed during Nazi occupation. Member of Mouvement pour la Paix. Founded a world peace education organization.
1929-2011 - Vang Pao - General. Ended forced repatriation of Laotian refugees. Opposed human rights abuses in Laos.
1931-2011 - Jean-Claude Bajeux - Professor of Caribbean literature. Political activist. Director of Ecumenical Center for Human Rights.
1931-2011 - Clive Rosher - Political activist. A founder of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND).
1935-2011 - Jackie Hudson - Dominican Sister. Missioned to Ground Zero Center for Nonviolent Action near Bangor Trident Naval Base. Arrested at Y-12 in 2010.
1936-2011 - Václav Havel - Playwright, essayist, poet, dissident & politician. Czech president 1989-2003. Chair Human Rights Foundation. Pres Medal of Freedom 2003.
1937-2011 - Facundo Cabral - Argentine folksinger & peace activist. UN Messenger of Peace. Assassinated in Guatemala City.
1940-2011 - Wangari Maathai - Environmental & political activist. Founded the Green Belt Movement. 2004
1940-2011 - Paul Prebys - Speech Therapist. A founder of Alaskans for Peace & Justice (AKPJ) in Anchorage, Alaska (USA).
1940-2011 - Burhanuddin Rabbani - Pres of Afghanistan 1992-1996. Assassinated at home by suicide bomber. Pres Hamid Karzai gave him title of "Martyr of Peace".
1942-2011 - Carolyna Marks - Artist, teacher & peace activist. Founded World Wall for Peace 1983 - walls in 6 states, Russia, Israel, Japan & S.Africa. See obit.
1948-2011 - R. Scott Kennedy - Co-founder of Witness for Peace (WFP), the Resource Center for Nonviolence & Interfaith Peacebuilders.
1948-2011 - Laura Inés Pollán Toledo - Teacher & opposition leader. Founded the dissident group Damas de Blanco.
1949-2011 - Brian Haw - Peace campaigner & "Symbol of anti-war movement." Lived almost 10 years in peace camp in Parliament Square protesting UK & US foreign policy.
1949-2011 - Christopher Hitchens - Author, columnist & literary critic. World's 5th top public intellectual. One of "Four Horsemen of New Atheism."
1958-2011 - Juliano Mer-Khamis - Actor & political activist. Murdered in Janin (Palestine) at Freedom Theatre which he founded in 2006.
1963-2011 - Sonia Perez - Activist for the rights of people of Haitian descent in the Dominican Republic.
1975-2011 - Vitorrio Arrigoni - Reporter, pacifist & activist. Worked with Intl Solidarity Movement (ISM) in Gaza Strip from 2008. P
21 Peacemakers Who Died in 2010:
1910-2010 - Doris "Granny D" Haddock - Politician & liberal political activist. Walked over 3,200 miles to advocate for campaign finance reform.
1911-2010 - Lucile Longview - "Liberation feminist, futurist & change agent." UU Women & Religion Resolution in 1977.
1912-2010 - Dorothy I. Height - African-American civil rights activist. Received Congressional Gold Medal.
1913-2010 - Michael Foot - Labour Party politician, journalist & author. Led first march by Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) in 1958.
1913-2010 - Theodore (Ted) Herman - Geography professor. Founded Peace & Conflict Studies Program (P-Con) at Colgate Univ.
1914-2010 - George Willoughby. Advocate for world peace. Click here for peace monuments related to boats. CO
1914-2010 - Theodore W. Kheel - Lawyer in New York City. Labor negotiator & arbitrator. See video
1914-2010 - Irwin Abrams. Academic expert on Nobel Peace Prize; click here for article.
1917-2010 - Lloyd Morain - Businessman, philanthropist, writer, environmentalist & film producer. Pres of Am Humanist Assn. 1994 w/Mary Morain
1919-2010 - Gene Knudsen Hoffman - Counselor, poet, actress, writer & international peacemaker. Founded Compassionate Listening.
1919-2010 - Walter Isard - Principal founder of Regional Science & a main founder of Peace Science.
1919-2010 - Bill Sutherland - Pacifist & liberation advocate. "Unofficial ambassador between Africa & the Americas for over 50 years." P
1920-2010 - Elise M. Boulding - Important scholar & activist in multiple fields. Wife of Kenneth Boulding (qv). Year?
1922-2010 - Howard Zinn - History professor & activist. Wrote "A People's History of the US" in 1980. Worked two days before he died. Year?
1924-2010 - Paul Conrad - LA Times political cartoonist. Syndicated worldwide. See video. Designed "Chain Reaction" (anti-nuclear mushroom cloud).
1930-2010 - Lucius Walker - Baptist minister. ExecDir of Interreligious Foundation for Community Organization in 1960's. Persistent advocate for ending the US embargo against Cuba.
1939-2010 - Arthur Gish - Peace activist, writer & preacher. Opposed Vietnam & Iraq Wars. Served on Christian Peacemaker Teams in Hebron & At-tuwani (West Bank). CO
1941-2010 - Richard Holbrooke - Diplomat. Negotiated Dayton Peace Accords ending war in Bosnia. Helped Dayton Intl Peace Museum.
1946-2010 - Chief Jack Swamp - Mohawk. Founded Tree of Peace Society "to promote universal peace through the planting of trees throughout the world."
1948-2010 - Tony Judt - Historian. Public Intellectual. Founded Erich Maria Remarque Institute in 1995.
1971-2010 - Chidi Nwosu - Anti-corruption activist. Founded Human Rights, Justice & Peace Foundation. Assassinated at age 39. P
10 Peacemakers Who Died in 2009:
1914-2009 - Norman Borlaug - "Father of the Green Revolution." Video | Museum 1970 1977
1920-2009 - Janet Rosenburg Jagen - American from Chicago. Wife of Cheddi Jagen (qv). President of Guyana 1997-1999.
c1920-2009 - Kimani Maruge - Mau Mau freedom fighter. Holds Guinness World Record as oldest person to start primary school (at age 84). Spoke to United Nations.
1923-2009 - Ed Grothus - Machinist. Protested US atomic bombs. See monuments in Los Alamos, New Mexico (USA).
1925-2009 - Kim Dae-jung - President of South Korea 1998-2003. First to meet with North Korean leaders. Called "Nelson Mandela of Asia." 2000
1929-2009 - Franz Deutsch - Founded the First Austrian Peace Museum, Wolfsegg (Austria), in 1993.
1935-2009 - Millard Fuller - Disciples of Christ missionary in Zaire in 1973. Founded Habitat for Humanity, Americus, Georgia (USA), in 1976. 1996
1935-2009 - Marilyn Clement - Executive Director of Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) 1976-1989. Founder of Healthcare NOW!
1958-2009 - Natalia Estemirova - Human rights activist. On board of Russian human rights organisation Memorial. Abducted from her home in Grozny, Chechnya.
1984-2009 - Catherine (Kate) Puzey - Peace Corps Volunteer in Benin. Murdered after exposing sexual abuse of young girls.
4 Peacemakers Who Died in 2008:
1910-2008 - Irena Sendler - Smuggled 2,500 Jewish children out of the Warsaw Ghetto.
1914-2008 - Ralph DiGia - Lifelong pacifist & social justice activist. Staffer at War Resisters League for 52 years. P
1924-2008 - Pierre Weil - Psychologist, author & educator. Founded City of Peace Foundation in Brazil in 1986.
1927-2008 - Abie Nathan - Humanitarian & peace activist. Operated Voice of Peace radio station offshore Tel Aviv 1973-1993.
7 Peacemakers Who Died in 2007:
1907-2007 - Ralph K.White Wrote "Fearful Warriors: A Psychological Profile of U.S.-Soviet Relations" in 1984.
1911-2007 - Anatol Rapoport - Mathematical psychologist. Contributed to general systems theory & social modeling.
1913-2007 - Albert Ellis - Psychologist. Developed Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) in 1955. 1971
1922-2007 - Kurt Vonnegut - Writer. Wrote "Slaughterhouse-Five" in 1969. Honorary president of American Humanist Association. 1992
1928-2007 - Sherwin T. Wine - Rabbi. Founded first congregation of Humanistic Judaism in 1963 & Society for Humanistic Judaism in 1969. 2003
1931-2007 - Sri Chinmoy Kumar Ghose - Spiritual teacher, philosopher, poet, artist & athlete. Many monuments.
1978-2007 - Andrea Parhamovich - Employee of National Democratic Institute (NDI). Killed in Baghdad (Iraq) after teaching a class on democracy.
17 Peacemakers Who Died in 2006:
1908-2006 - John Kenneth Galbraith - Keynesian economist. public intellectural. Author & bureaucrat. US ambassador to India 1961-63. 1985
1912-2006 - Vashti McCollum - Atheist or Humanist. Sued to end religious instruction in public schools. Son is John Terry McCollum.
1914-2006 - Harry Mister - Helped run Peace News 1936-71. Managed Housmans Bookshop in London 1945-76.
1914-2006 - Louis B. Sohn - Law Professor. Wrote "World PeaceThrough World Law" in 1958 with Greenville Clark.
1915-2006 - Alvin Weinberg - Physicist & administrator. Manhattan Project scientist. Proposed "Sanctification of Hiroshima" in 1985. Click here for Wikipedia bio.
1916-2006 - Adam Curle - Peace activist. Traveled widely in US, Africa, etc. First head of peace studies at Univ of Bradford 1973-78. See James O'Connell [1925-2013].
1916-2006 - Anton Rupert - Billionaire entrepreneur. Founded Peace Parks Foundation (PPF) to promote transfrontier conservation areas (peace parks) in Southern Africa.
1919-2006 - Desmond Doss - Seventh Day Adventist. First US conscientious objector to receive Medal of Honor & one of only three so honored. CO
1920-2006 - Peter Brock - Peace historian at University of Toronto. Specialized in history of pacifism & Eastern Europe. CO P
1921-2006 - Betty Friedan - Feminist activist. Wrote "The Feminine Mystique." Founded NOW & Women's Strike for Equality. 1975 w/Henry Morgentaler
1924-2006 - Anne Braden - Civil rights advocate in Kentucky. Worked to desegregate hospitals & housing.
1924-2006 - Wiliam Sloane Coffin - Chaplain at Yale University. President of SANE/FREEZE (now Peace Action). 2004
1925-2006 - Sidney Hinkes - Priest & peace campaigner. Became pacifist during 1956 Suez War in 1956. In first Aldermaston March (1958). Became chair of Christian CND in 1964. P
1927-2006 - Coretta Scott King - Wife of Martin Luther King, Jr. (qv). 1991
1930-2006 - Norma Becker - Chaired War Resisters League 1977-83. Founded 5th Avenue Vietnam Peace Parade Cte & Mobilization for Survival coalition. Click for photos.
1951-2006 - Tom Fox - Member of Christian Peacemaker Teams (CPT). Killed in Iraq in 2006.
1958-2006 - Anna Politkovskaya - Journalist, writer & human rights activist. Known for opposition to the Chechen conflict. (Born in NYC while father was Ukranian diplomat)
___ Peacemakers Who Died in 2005:
1919-2005 - Fred Korematsu - Civil rights activist. Objected to internment of Japanese Americans during World War II. January 30 is Fred Korematsu Day in California.
___Peacemakers Who Died in 2004:
___ Peacemakers Who Died in 2003:
1918-2003 - Robert Swann - Anti-nuclear communitarian. Created EF Schumacher Society & Voluntown Peace Trust. See autobiography & wife Marjorie Swann Edwin. CO
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