130 Notable Peacemakers of the Nobel PrizeClick here for peace monuments related to the Nobel Prize.
Click here for return to worldwide list of notable peacemakers (& for meaning of symbols).
1822-1912 - Frédéric Passy - Economist. Co-founded the Interparliamentary Union in 1889. 1901 with Henri Dunant
1828-1908 - Randal Cremer - MP & pacifist. Co-founded the Interparliamentary Union in 1889. 1903
1828-1910 - Henri Dunant - Businessman. Organized ICRC in 1863. Received first Nobel Peace Prize. 1901 with Frédéric Passy
1829-1912 - Auguste Beernaert - Attended Hague Peace Conferences in 1899 & 1907. Helped found Permanent Court of Arbitration. P 1909
1833-1896 - Alfred Nobel - Industrialist. Posthumously instituted the Nobel Prizes. Click here for monuments related to the Nobel Peace Prize.
1833-1906 - Elie Ducommun - First director of International Peace Bureau (IPB) in 1891. 1902 with Albert Gobat
1833-1918 - Ernesto Teodoro Moneta - Journalist & pacifist. See statue in Milan (Italy). 1907 with Louis Renault
1837-1922 - Fredrik Bajer - A founder & 1st president of International Peace Bureau. 1908 with Klas Pontus Arnoldson
1838-1913 - Tobias M. C. Asser - Jurist. Created Permanent Court of Arbitration at 1st Hague Peace Conference in 1899. 1911 with Alfred Fried
1841-1932 - Ferdinand Buisson - Academic, pacifist & Socialist. Directed Human Rights League 1914-1926. 1927 with Ludwig Quidde
1843-1914 - Baroness Bertha von Suttner - Radical pacifist. First woman to receive Nobel Peace Prize. Wrote "Lay Down Your Arms!" in 1889. P 1905
1843-1914 - Albert Gobat - First secretary general of Interparliamentary Union. 1902 with Élie Ducommun
1843-1918 - Louis Renault - Jurist & educator. Famous ionternational arbitrator. 1907 with Ernesto Teodoro Moneta.
1844-1916 - Klas Pontus Arnoldson - Author, politician & pacifist. First head of Swedish Peace & Arbitration Society in 1883. 1908 w/Fredric Bajer
1845-1937 - Elihu Root - Senator from New York. Prototype of the 20th century "wise man." President of Carnegie Endowment for Intl Peace 1910-1925. 19121850
1851-1925 - Léon Bourgeois - Statesman. President of the Council of the League of Nations after WW-I. 1920
1852-1924 - Paul Henri d'Estournelles de Constant - Diplomat & politician. Advocate of international arbitration. 1909
1854-1943 - Henri La Fontaine - International lawyer. President of International Peace Bureau 1907-1943. 1913
1856-1924 - Woodrow Wilson - 28th US President 1913-21. Helped found the League of Nations in 1919. 1919
1856-1937 - Frank Billings Kellogg - US Secretary of State 1925-29. Co-authored Kellogg-Briand Pact in 1928. 1929
1858-1919 - Theodore Roosevelt - 26th US president 1901-09. Received Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating end to Russo-Japanese War. 1906
1858-1941 - Ludwig Quidde - Pacifist. Opposed German militarism from Emperor Wilhelm II to Hitler. P 1927 with Ferdnand Buisson
1860-1925 - Hjalmar Branting - See Branting Monument in Stockholm (Sweden). 1921 with Christian Lange
1860-1935 - Jane Addams - Pioneer settlement worker. Founded Hull House & WILPF. 1931 with Nicholas Murray Butler
1861-1930 - Fridtjof Nansen - Explorer, scientist, diplomat & humanitarian. Monument in Norway. 1922
1862-1932 - Aristide Briand - Co-authored the Kellogg-Briand Pact in 1928. 1926 with Gustav Stresemann
1862-1947 - Nicholas Murray Butler - Diplomat & educator. President Carnegie Endowment for Intl Peace. 1931 with Jane Addams
1863-1935 - Arthur Henderson - Held many politcal offices. Chaired the Geneva Disarmament Conference in 1932-34. 1934
1863-1937 - Sir Austen Chamberlain - Architect of Locarno Treaties to preserve peace after WW-I. 1925 with Charles G. Dawes
1864-1921 - Alfred Hermann Fried - Pacifist, publicist & journalist. Co-founded German peace movement. P 1911 with Tobias Asser
1864-1958 - Robert Cecil - Lawyer, politician & diplomat. Architect of the League of Nations in 1919. 1937
1865-1951 - Charles G. Dawes. See Dawes house in Evanston, Illinois (USA). 1925 with Sir Austen Chamberlain
1865-1955 - John Raleigh Mott - Leader of YMCA & World Student Christian Federation. CPU in 1914. 1946 with Emily Greene Balch
1866-1931 - Nathan Soderblom - Archbishop of Uppsala. Hosted Universal Christian Conference on Life & Work in 1925. 1930
1866-1944 - Romain Rolland - Dramatist, novelist, essayist & mystic. Received Nobel Prize for Literature. P 1915
1867-1961 - Emily Greene Balch - Academic, writer & pacifist. P 1946 with John Raleigh Mott
1869-1938 - Christian Lange - Historian & political scientist. Foremost exponent of internationalism. 1921 with Hjalmar Branting
1871-1955 - Cordell Hull - Longest serving US Secretary of State. "Father of the United Nations." 1945
1872-1967 - Sir Norman Angell - Helped found Union of Democratic Control in 1914. 1933
1872-1970 - Bertrand Russell - Philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian & social critic. P 1950
1875-1955 - Thomas Mann - Novelist, short story writer, social critic, philanthropist & essayist. 1929
1875-1965 - Albert Schweitzer - Theologian, organist & physician. Missionary in Africa. Promoted "Reverance for Life." 1952
1878-1929 - Gustav Stresemann - Liberal politician. Chancellor & Foreign Minister during Weimar Republic. 1926 with Aristide Briand
1878-1959 - Carlos Saavedra Lamas - Academic & politician. First Latin American to receive Nobel Peace Prize. 1936
1879-1954 - Leon Jouhaux - Trade union leader. Helped set up International Labour Organization (ILO). 1951
1879-1955 - Albert Einsten - Physicist. Opposed WW-I. Did peace work in 1930s. Issued Russell-Einstein Manifesto in 1955. P 1921
1879-1968 - Otto Hahn - Chemist & Nobel laureate. Pioneer in radioactivity & radiochemistry. "The father of nuclear chemistry." Campained against nuclear weapons.
1880-1971 - Lord Boyd Orr - Teacher, doctor, biologist & politician. 1st Director-General of UN Food & Agriculture Organization. 1949
1883-1979 - Cyrus S. Eaton. Investment banker. Founded the Pugwash Conferences which received Nobel Peace Prize. 1995
1884-1965 - Clarence E. Pickett - Directed American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) which received Nobel Peace Prize. 1947
1887-1976 - Rene Cassin - Jurist, law prof & judge. Formed pacifist veterans Union Fédérale. Memorial in Forbach (France). P 1968
1889-1938 - Carl von Ossietzky. Journalist. Exposed Germany's Treaty of Versailles violations. Opposed Hitler. P 1935
1889-1982 - Philip Noel-Baker - Politician, diplomat & academic. Athlete. "Fighter for Peace."Renowned campaigner for disarmament. P 1959
1890-1960 - Boris Pasternak - Poet & novelist. Wrote "Doctor Zhivago" (1958). Awarded Nobel Prize for Literature, but the USSR Communist Party forced him to decline. 1958
1890-1967 - Herman J. Muller - Geneticist & educator. Frequently warned about radioactive fallout. 1946 1963
1892-1973 - Pearl S. Buck - Writer. Lived in China until 1934. Her novel The Good Earth won Pulitzer Prize in 1932. 1938
1897-1972 - Lester Bowles Pearson - Organized UN Emergency Force to resolve Suez Canal Crisis. Only Canadian recipient of Nobel Peace Prize. 1957
1898-1967 - Chief Albert Lutuli - Anti-apartheid movement (South Africa). 1960
1899-1992 - Friedrich Hayek - Economist & philosopher. Defended classical liberalism & free-market capitalism. 1974 with Gunnar Myrdal1900
1901-1975 - Eisaku Sato. PM 1964-72. Persuaded US to return Okinawa. Only Japanese to receive Nobel Peace Prize. 1974 with Sean MacBride
1901-1994 - Linus Pauling - Chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author & educator. Recd 2 Nobel Prizes. 1954 1961 1962 1962
1902-1986 - Alva Myrdal - Supported disarmament. Wife of Gunner Myrdal. 1982 with Alfonso Garcia Robles 1988 Posthumous
1903-1971 - Ralph Bunche - Political scientist & diplomat. Mediated in Palestine. First person of color to receive Nobel Prize. 1950 1963
1904-1988 - Sean MacBride President of Intrnational Peace Bureau 1974-1985. 1974 with Eisaku Sato
1905-1961 - Dag Hammarskjöld - UN Secretary General 1953-1961. Click here for UN monuments. 1961
1906-2005 - Hans Bethe - Manhattan Project physicist. For Partial Test Ban Treaty & peaceful use of nuclear energy. 1967 1992
1908-2005 - Joseph Rotblat - Manhattan Project scientist. SecGen of Pugwash Confs 1957-1973. See video. 1992 P 1995
1910-1969 - Father Georges Pire - Helped Displaced Persons. Founded L'Université de Paix in 1960. 1958
1910-1997 - Mother Teresa - Albanian nun. Founded Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta. Click here for Wikipedia biography. 1979 1985 Year?
1911-1990 - Le Duc Tho - Signed Paris Peace Accords in 1973. Declined Nobel Peace Prize. 1973 with Henry Kissinger
1911-1991 - Alfonso Garcia Robles - Diplomat. Caused Treaty of Tlatelolco (nuclear-free zone in Latin America). 1982 with Alva Myrdal
1911-2004 - Czeslaw Milosz - Writer & translator. Wrote The World. Wrote The Captive Mind in 1953. Nobel Prize in Literature in 1980.
1913-1992 - Willy Brandt - Chancellor 1969–1974. Espoused Ostpolitik to improve relations with East Germany, Poland etc. 1971
1913-1992 - Menachem Begin - Led Zionist underground. PM 1977-83. Signed peace treaty w/Egypt. 1978 w/Anwar al-Sadat
1914-2009 - Norman Borlaug - "Father of the Green Revolution." Video | Museum 1970 1977
1914-2010 - Irwin Abrams - History professor, Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio. Academic expert on Nobel Peace Prize. Click here for article.
1916-2002 - Stephen G. Cary - American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) administrator. Ran CO camps & European relief. P CO 1947
1918-1981 - Anwar al-Sadat - Visited Israel. Signed Camp David Accords in 1978. 1978 w/Menachem Begin 1984 Posthumous
1918-Alive - Nelson Mandela - Anti-apartheid activist. Pres of S.Africa 1994-99. 1993 w/F.W.de Klerk 2000 2002
1921-1989 - Andrei Sakharov - Nuclear physicist. Dissident & human rights advocate. Husband of Yelena Bonner (qv). 1975 1980
1921-Alive - Bernard Lown - Cardiologist. Founded Physicians for Social Responsibility & Intl Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War. 1985
1922-1995 - Yitzhak Rabin. - Israel PM 1974-77 & 1992-95. Signed Oslo Accords in 1993. 1994 with Yasser Arafat & Shimon Peres 1995
1923-Alive - Henry Kissinger - US Secretary of State. Signed Paris Peace Accords in 1973. 1973 with Le Duc Tho
1923-Alive - Shimon Peres. Israel PM 3x. Supported Oslo Accords. 1994 with Yasser Arafat & Yitzhak Rabin
1924-Alive - Jimmy Carter - Navy officer, peanut farmer & Georgia Governor. 39th US President. Founded Carter Center 1982. 1987 1994 1999 2002
1925-2009 - Kim Dae-jung - President of South Korea 1998-2003, Called "Nelson Mandela of Asia." 2000
1928-Alive - Elie Wiesel - "Messenger to mankind." Professor & holocaust survivor. 1986 1995
1929-1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr. - Iconic figure in the advancement of civil rights. 1964 1977 Posthumous
1929-2004 - Yassar Arafat. - Signed Oslo Accords in 1993. 1994 with Shimon Peres & Yitzha Rabin
1929-Alive - Evgueni Chazov - Cardiologist. Co-founded International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) in 1980. 1985
1929-Alive - Murray Gell-Mann - Physicist & linguist. Developed study of complexity. A founder of the Santa Fe Institute. 1969 2005
1931-Alive - Adolfo Perez Esquivel - Sculptor, architect & pacifist. Protested against FTAA & Argentine paramilitary squads. P 1980
1931-Alive - Mikhail Gorbachev - Last head of state of USSR 1988-91. 1990 Year? 1998
1931-Alive - Toni Morrison - Novelist, editor & professor at Princeton University. Wrote "Beloved" in 1987 about a slave. 1993
1931-Alive - Bishop Desmond Tutu - Anti-apartheid activist. First black Archbishop. 1984 1986 1992 2009
1933-Alive - Steven Weinberg - Theoretical physicist. 1979 2002
1935-Alive - 14th Dalai Lama - Spiritual leader. Exiled from Tibet in 1959. 1989 Year? 2009
1936-Alive - F.W. de Klerk - Last apartheid-era president of South Africa 1989-1994. 1993 with Nelson Mandela
1937-Alive - Martti Ahtisaari - President of Finland. Helped solve conflicts in Namibia, Indonesia, Kosovo, Iraq, etc. 2008
1937-Alive - John Hume - Enabled the the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement of 1998. 1998 with David Trimble
1938-Alive - Kofi Annan - Diplomat. UN Secretary General 1997-2007. Founded Global AIDS & Health Fund. 2001
1938-Alive - Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf - First woman freely elected as a head of state in Africa. 2011 with Leymah Gbowee & Tawakul Karman
1940-2011 - Wangari Maathai - Environmental & political activist. Founded the Green Belt Movement. 2004
1940-Alive - Óscar Rafael de Jesús Arias Sánchez - Pres of Costa Rica. Helped end civil wars in Central America. 1987 2001
1940-Alive - Muhammad Yunus - Banker & economist. Founder of Grameen Bank. "Banker to the Poor."2006
1941-Alive - Svetlana Gannushkina - Mathematician & human rights activist. Contender for Nobel Peace Prize.
1942-Alive - Mohamed ElBaradei - Law scholar & diplomat. IAEA Director General 1997-2009. 2005
1943-Alive - Lech Walesa - Trade-union & HR activist. Co-founded Solidarity. Pres of Poland 1990–95. 1983 1989 1999
1943-Alive - Betty Williams - Cofounded "The Peace People" to help end "The Troubles" in Ireland. 1976 with Mairead Corrigan
1944-Alive - Mairead Corrigan - Cofounded "The Peace People" to help end "The Troubles" in Ireland. 1976 with Betty Williams
1944-Alive - David Trimble - Enabled the the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement of 1998. 1998 with John Hume
1945-Alive - Paul Rivero - Poet, journalist & dissident. Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize by Václav Havel.
1945-Alive - Aung San Suu Kyi - General Secretary of Burmese National League for Democracy. Released in November 2010. 1991
1947-Alive - Hawa Abdi - Gynaecologist & lawyer. Helps internally displaced persons (IDP's). Nominated for 2012 Nobel Peace Prize by AFSC.
1947-Alive - Shirin Ebadi - Lawyer & human rights activist. Founded Centre for the Defence of Human Rights in Iran. 2003
1948-Alive - Al Gore - 45th US vice president 1993-2001. Made the film An Inconvenient Truth in 2006. 2007
1948-Alive - Peter van den Dungen - Peace historian. Expert on peace prizes. Founded Intl Network of Museums for Peace 1992. See bibliography.
1948-Alive - Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo - Made "efforts to hinder oppression." 1996 with Jose Ramos-Horta
1949-Alive - Jose Ramos-Horta - Pres of East Timor. Made "efforts to hinder oppression." 1996 with Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo1950
1950-Alive - Jody Williams - Teacher & aid worker. 1997 with International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL)
1952-Alive - Oswaldo Paya - Political activist. Considered Cuba's most prominent political dissident. Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize by Václav Havel.
1954-Alive - Kailash Satyarthi - Children's rights & anti-slavery activist. Founded Save the Childhood Movement (BBA) in 1980. 2014 with Malala Yousafzai.
1959-Alive - Rigoberta Menchu Tum - Promotes rights of Guatemala's indigenous peoples. 1992
1960-Alive - Yulia Tymoshenko - Economist. Twice prime minister of Ukraine. Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize.
c1960-Alive - Jay Nordlinger - Journalist. Wrote "Peace, They Say: A History of the Nobel Peace Prize, the Most Famous & Controversial Prize in the World." in 2012.
1961-Alive - Óscar Elías Bicet - Medical professional. Advocate for human rights & democracy. Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize by Václav Havel.
1961-Alive - Barak Hussein Obama II - 44th US president. First African-American US president. 2009
1972-Alive - Leymah Gbowee - Social worker. Organized Liberian Mass Action for Peace. 2011 with Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf & Tawakel Karman
1979-Alive - Tawakul Karman - Journalist. Called her Nobel "a victory for the Arab Spring." 2011 with Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf & Leymah Gbowee
1997-Alive - Malala Yousafzai - Student. Blogged to BBC in 2009. Shot by Taliban in 2012. To UK for treatment. 2014 with Kailash Satyarthi.
Please email your comments & questions to geovisual @ comcast.net. Thank you.
Click here to return to Peace Monuments main page.