188 Notable Peacemakers in the United Kingdom
1075-1115 - Magnus Erlendsson - First Earl of Orkney. Saint Magnus. Refused to fight in a Viking raid on Anglesey, stayed on board ship singing psalms. First CO?
1478-1535 - Saint Thomas More - Lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman & humanist. Coined "utopia."
1561-1626 - Francis Bacon - Philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist & author. Advocate & practitioner of scientific method.1600
1603-1683 - Roger Williams - Theologian. First American proponent of religious freedom & separation of church & state. "Arguably the first abolitionist in North America."
1624-1691 - George Fox - Religious dissenter. Founded Quakerism after climbing Hill of Vision.
1632-1704 - John Locke - Philosopher & physician. Regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers. Known as the "Father of Classical Liberalism."
1642-1726 - Isaac Newton - Physicist & mathematician ("natural philosopher"). Recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time. A key figure in the scientific revolution.
1644-1718 - William Penn - Quaker. Champion of democracy & religious freedom. Founded Pennsylvania. Signed peace with Indians.
1654-1725 - John Bellers - Education & peace theorist. Wrote "Some Reasons for an European State..." Bought land for Hugenots in America. Friend of William Penn.
1674-1748 - Isaac Watts - Theologian & logician. Rcognised as the "Father of English Hymnody." Credited with some 650 hymns, many still in use today.1700
1711-1776 - David Hume - Scottish philosopher, historian, economist & essayist. Empiricist. Wrote "A Treatise of Human Nature" in 1739.
1714-1770 - George Whitefield - Popular Anglican minister. Helped spread the Great Awakening in Britain & America. A founder of Methodism.
1720-1772 - John Woolman - Merchant, tailor, journalist, itinerant preacher & early abolitionist. Wrote "A Plea for the Poor" & "Some Considerations on the Keeping of Negroes"
1725-1807 - John Newton - Sailor & slave ship captain. Convert to evangelical Christianity. Clergyman. Renounced slavery. Wrote "Amazing Grace" in 1779.
1729-1797 - Edmund Burke. Statesman, author, orator, political theorist & philosopher. Statue in Washington, DC (USA).
1733-1804 - Joseph Priestley - Minister & scientist. Discovered oxygen.
1737-1809 - Thomas Paine - Political activist, philosopher, political theorist & revolutionary. Wrote "Common Sense" (1776) & "Rights of Man" (1791).
1741-1815 - John Murray - Founder of Universalism in America. Husband of Judith Sargent Murray (qv).
c1745-1797 - Olaudah Equiano - Slave who purchased his own freedom. Became author, merchant & explorer. Influenced enactment of Slave Trade Act of 1807.
1748-1832 - Jeremy Bentham - Theorist in Anglo-American philosophy of law. Influenced the development of welfarism. Body on display at Univ College London.1750
1759-1833 - William Wilberforce - MP & philanthropist. Evangelical Christian. Campaigned 26 years against slave trade until passage of Slave Trade Act of 1807.
1759-1797 - Mary Wollstonecraft - Wrote "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman" in 1792.
1760-1846 - Thomas Clarkson - Abolitionist. Helped found Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade in 1787.
1766-1844 - John Dalton - Scientist. Atomic theory & colour blindness pioneer. Where he taught is now part of Manchester Peace Garden.
1770-1843 - William Allen - Scientist & philanthropist. Opposed slavery. Engaged in schemes of social & penal improvement. Founded London Peace Society.
1771-1858 - Robert Owen - Reformer. Helped found New Lanark (Scotland) in 1786. Founded New Harmony, Indiana (USA) c.1824.
1780-1845 - Elizabeth Fry - Helped make treatment of prisoners more humane. Depicted on £5 note since 2002.
1793-1859 - Joseph Sturge - Abolitionist. Funded British & Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. Helped found Free Villages in Jamaica.
1795-1852 - Frances (Fanny) Wright - Freethinker & abolitionist. Lover of LaFayette. Founded interracial commune of Nashoba in Tennessee (USA) in 1825.
1795-1857 - Joanna Vassa - Only surviving child of former slave & anti-slavery campaigner Olaudah Equiano (qv). Her grave rediscovered, but little is known of her life.
1795-1879 - Rowland Hill - Teacher, inventor & social reformer. Campaigned for postal system reform including penny postage & the postage stamp.
1799-1872 - Joseph Pease - Railway manager. First Quaker MP. President of the Peace Society 1860-1872.1800
1801-1877 - Robert Dale Owen - Helped his father Robert Owen (qv) found New Harmony, Indiana. Editted the Free Enquirer (a socialistic & anti-Christian weekly) with Frances Wright (qv) 1828-32.
1804-1865 - Richard Cobden - Helped found Anti-Corn Law League. Click here for peace monuments in England.
1804-1865 - William Gaskell - Education reformer. Husband of novelist Elizabeth Gaskell.
1804-1878 - George Thompson - Abolitionist & civil rights advocate.
1806-1873 - John Stuart Mill - Philosopher & proponent of utilitarianism. Contributed to social theory & political theory.
1809-1882 - Charles Darwin - Naturalist. Famous for "theory" of evolution." Published "On the Origin of Species" in 1859.
1810-1865 - Elizabeth Gaskell - Novelist & short story writer. Wrote about the lives of many strata of society, including the very poor. Wife of William Gaskell (qv).
1811-1889 - John Bright - Helped found Anti-Corn Law League. Click here for monuments related to slavery.
1812-1888 - Henry Richard - Congregational minister & Welsh MP. Called "The Apostle of Peace." Advocated international arbitration. Secretary of Peace Society 1848–1884.
1813-1873 - David Livingstone - Scottish Congregationalist pioneer medical missionary & explorer in Africa. Met H.M. Stanley on 10 November 1871 ("Dr. Livingstone, I presume?").
1813-1887 - Johannes Ronge - Defrocked priest. Opposed antisemitism. Founded Freireligiöse / Freethinkers.
1815-1874 - Charles Gilpin - Orator, politician & railway director. Published proceedings of 1848 & 1850 peace conferences. Conf
1816-1895 - Thomas Longmore - Army surgeon. Main promoter of the Geneva Convention & the Red Cross in Britain.
1820-1910 - Florence Nightengale - Nurse. Dubbed "The Lady with the Lamp" during Crimean War.
1821-1910 - Elizabeth Blackwell - First woman to receive medical degree in USA. First woman on UK Medical Register. Social & moral reformer in both countries.
1822-1896 - Thomas Hughes - Lawyer & author. Wrote "Tom Brown's School Days" (1857). Founded Rugby, Tennessee, as a Utopian community in 1880.
1823-1871 - Charles Buxton - MP. Built Buxton Memorial Fountain in London to commemorate end of slavery & abolitionists such as his father Sir Thomas Foxwell Buxton.
1824-1907 - Hodgson Pratt - Pacifist. Founded the Intl Arbitration & Peace Association in 1880. Influenced Bertha von Suttner (qv). Painted by ter Kate. P Conf
1826-1894 - John Bedford Leno - Chartist, radical, poet & printer. Leader of Reform League. Called "Burns of Labour" & "poet of the poor."
1828-1902 - Julian Pauncefote - Baron. Perm Under-Sec of State for Foreign Affairs 1882-89. Head of British delegation to 1st Hague Peace Conf in 1899. Conf
1828-1908 - William Randal Cremer - MP & pacifist. Co-founded the Interparliamentary Union in 1889. 1903 Conf
1829-1901 - Jane Cunningham Croly - Born in England. Organized Sorosis, 1st professional women's club in USA, New York City, 1868.
1832-1907 - Moncure Daniel Conway - Abolitionist & author. Minister of South Place Ethical Society in London (England).
1833-1917 - Felix Stone Moscheles - Peace activist. Painted H.Pratt & H.Dunant (qv). Pres of London Esperanto Club & Intl Arbitration & Peace Assn. He & wife Grete known as "The Grelixs." P Conf
1833-1876 - Margarethe Meyer-Schurz - Opened the first German-language kindergarten in USA. Wife of Carl Schurz (qv).
1833-1931 - Priscilla Peckover - Peace campaigner. Founded & financed "Peace & Goodwill" in 1882 & edited it for 50 years.
1835-1919 - Andrew Carnegie - Peace philantrophist. Built Pan American Union, Washington, DC, 1910, & Peace Palace, The Hague, 1913.
1836-1926 - Joseph Rowntree - Chocolatier, businessman & philanthropist. Champion of social reform. Set up charitable trusts.
1839-1917 - Emma Miller - Trade unionist, suffragist, freethinker & founder of the Australian Labor Party. Statue in Brisbane.
1841-1907 - Edward VII - King of England. Called "Peacemaker" for fostering good relations w/France & other countries. Settled Argentina/Chile dispute in 1902.
1847-1929 - Dame Milicent Fawcett - Suffragist & early feminist. Worked with Emily Hobhouse (qv).
1849-1912 - William Thomas Stead - Journalist. Called "Apostle of Peace." Same peace monument in London (Victoria Embankment) & New York City (Central Park). Died on Titanic. Conf1850
1850-1924 - Samuel Gompers - Cigar maker. Founded American Federation of Labor (AFofL) & its president 1886-1894 & 1895-1924.
1851-1939 - Henry Stephens Salt - Writer & campaigner for prison, schools, economic, & animal treatment reform. Introduced Mahatma Gandhi to works of Henry David Thoreau. P
1853-1902 - Cecil John Rhodes - Businessman, mining magnate & politician. Set up the provisions of the Rhodes Scholarships which are funded by his estate.
1856-1915 - Keir Hardie - A primary founder of the Independent Labour Party as well as the Labour Party.
1856-1950 - George Bernard Shaw - Playwright, ardent socialist & co-founder of London School of Economics. Angered by exploitation of the working class. Wrote brochures for Fabian Society.
1857-1941 - Robert Baden-Powell - Army officer. Founded the Scout Movement in 1907. See Juliette Gordon Low.
1858-1928 - Emmeline Goulden Pankhurst - Suffragist. "One of 100 Most Important People of 20th Century." Mother of Christabel, Sylvia & Adele (qv).
1858-1943 - Beatrice Webb - Economist & social reformer. Co-founded London School of Economics. Coined "collective bargaining." Wife of Sidney Webb (qv).
1859-1940 - George Lansbury - Socialist politician, Christian pacifist & newspaper editor. Called "Public Pacifist Number One." P
1859-1947 - Sidney Webb - Socialist, economist & reformer. With George Bernard Shaw made the Fabian Society pre-eminent. Husband of Beatrice Webb (qv).
1860-1926 - Emily Hobhouse - See below. Sister of Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse. Worked with Dame Milicent Fawcett.
1863-1935 - Arthur Henderson - Held many politcal offices. Chaired the Geneva Disarmament Conference in 1932-34. 1934
1863-1937 - Sir Austen Chamberlain - Architect of Locarno Treaties to preserve peace after WW-I. 1925 with Charles G. Dawes
1864-1929 - Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse. Liberal politician. Brother of Emily Hobhouse (qv).
1864-1958 - Robert Cecil - Lawyer, politician & diplomat. Architect of the League of Nations in 1919. 1937
1865-1915 - Edith Cavell - Nurse. Executed in Belgium for allowing German prisoners to escape.
1865-1959 - Laurence Housman - "Grand Old Man of the pacifist movement." Opened Housmans Bookshop in 1945 in London. P
1866-1946 - H. G. Wells - Prolific writer & outspoken socialist. Wrote "In the Fourth Year" in 1918 proposing a United States of Europe.
1868-1903 - Enid Stacey - School teacher. Gave a full-time commitment to socialism & women's rights. In numerous strikes. Employed by ILP as a travelling speaker.
1869-1940 - Emma Goldman - Anarchist. Created "Mother Earth" magazaine in 1906.
1869-1956 - Louis Raemaekers - Artist. Drew the horrors of war. "The supreme cartoonist of WW-I." Widely published.
1872-1958 - Ralph Vaughan Williams - Composer. Well-known pacifist. Composed the cantata Dona Nobis Pacem (Grant us peace) in 1936. P
1872-1967 - Sir Norman Angell - Helped found Union of Democratic Control in 1914. 1933
1872-1970 - Bertrand Russell - Philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian & social critic. P 1950
1873-1945 - Alfred Salter - Doctor & Labour MP. Opposed RAF bombing. Wrote "The Religion of a CO." Statue on bench in Bermondsey. CO
1876-1928 - Eglantyne Jebb - Social reformer. Founded Save the Children in 1919.
1876-1956 - Maude Royden. Founded the Society for the Ministry of Women.
1876-1958 - Mary Ritter Beard - Historian & suffragist. Friend of Rosika Schwimmer (qv).
1877-1933 - Henry Hodgkin - Co-founded Fellowship of Reconciliation (England) in 1914. First director of Pendle Hill (USA) in 1930.
1878-1919 - Charles John Cobb - Conscientious objector. Imprisoned five times between 1916 & 1919. CO
1879-1958 - Lionel Charlton - Air Commodore in Royal Air Force (RAF). Objected to bombing of Iraqi villages in 1923. CO
1880-1937 - Richard (Dick) Shepard - Vicar of St Martin-in-the-Fields. Helped found Peace Pledge Union in 1934 & Euthanasia Society in 1935. P
1880-1958 - Christabel Pankhurst - Daughter of Emmeline Goulden Pankhurst (qv). Suffragist. Buried in California.
1880-1971 - Lord Boyd Orr - Teacher, doctor, biologist & politician. 1st Director-General of UN Food & Agriculture Organization. 1949
1881-1953 - Lewis Fry Richardson - Scientist & pacifist. Used math to improve weather forecasting & to determine the causes of war. P
1882-1944 - Arthur Stanley Eddington - Astrophysicist. Conscientious objector during WW-I. Validated Einstein's Theory of Relativity. CO
1882-1960 - Sylvia Pankhurst - Daughter of Emmeline Goulden Pankhurst (qv). Suffragist. Communist, then devoted to anti-fascism. Buried in Ethiopia.
1883-1958 - Bishop George Bell - Theologian, ecumentalist & Member House of Lords. Condemned aerial bombing in WW-II.
1884-1951 - Sir Charles Arthur Mander - Public servant, philanthropist & manufacturer. Honorary chief Blackfoot tribe in Montana (USA). Dedicated Waterton-Glacier Intl Peace Park in June 1932.
1885-1961 - Adele Pankhurst - Daughter of Emmeline Goulden Pankhurst (qv). Suffragist. Communist. Buried in Australia.
1885-1968 - Muriel Lester - Operated "settlement house" (Kingsley Hall) in London (where Gandhi stayed in 1931). P
1885-1977 - Alice Paul - Suffragist & women's rights activist. Knew the Pankhursts in England (qv). Wrote the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA).
1886-1950 - Olaf Stapledon - Philosopher & SiFi author. Attended World Cong of Intellectuals for Peace in 1948 & Conf for World Peace in NY in 1949 (only Briton granted a US visa). CO
1886-1962 - Ethel Carnie Holdsworth - Poet, writer, feminist & socialist activist. First working-class woman in Britain to publish a novel. She published at least ten.
1886-1967 - Siegfried Sassoon - Author & soldier. A leading poet of WW-I. Described horrors of trenches. Satirised those responsible for a vainglorious war.
1887-1967 - Sir Julian Huxley - Evolutionary biologist. Sec Zoo. Society of London. 1st Director UNESCO. A World Wildlife Fund founder. 1962
1888-1988 - Fenner Brockway - Anti-war activist & politician. Statue in London. CO
1889-1952 - Stafford Cripps - Labour politician & ambassador. Opposed appeasement with Nazi Germany. Negotiated with Gandhi in India. P
1889-1977 - Gertrude Harding - Suffragette. Moved to London in 1912. Remained as one of the highest-ranking members of the Women's Social & Political Union.
1889-1982 - Philip Noel-Baker - Politician, diplomat & academic. Athlete. Renowned campaigner for disarmament. P 1959
1891-1916 - Harry Farr - British soldier. Executed for cowardice at age 25 during World War I. "Shot at Dawn" memorial unveiled by his daughter in 2001.
1891-1939 - Mark Gurtler - Artist. Became consciencious objector & painted anti-war "Merry Go Round" in 1916. CO
1892-1982 - Marabehn - Nee Madeleine Slade, daughter of Rear-Admiral Sir Edmond Slade. Spent much of her adult life in India as a devotee of Gandhi who named her Marabehn.
1893-1918 - Wilfred Owen - Soldier. Leading poet of WW-I. Wrote on horrors of trenches & gas warfare.
1893-1970 - Vera Brittain - Writer, feminist & pacifist. Wrote "Testament of Youth" in 1933. P
1894-1963 - Aldous Huxley - Writer & pre-eminent intellectual. Wrote "Brave New World" in 1932. P #9
1895-1985 - Robert Graves - Poet, soldier, novelist & scholar/translator/writer of antiquity. Wrote "Goodbye to All That," a memoire about his role in WW-I.
1897-1944 - Jane Haining - Missionary. Cared for Jewish children in Budapest. Killed at Auschwitz. One of only 10 Holocaust victims from Scotland.1900
1902-1998 - Bert Bissell - Mountain climber & peace campaigner. Created Peace Cairn on Ben Nevis in Scotland on VJ-Day 1945.
1905-1935 - Gareth Jones - Journalist. Revealed Ukrainian Famine of 1932-33 (Holodomor) to Western world. Killed in Japanese-occupied Manchukuo (by Russian agents?).
1905-1967 - Charles Coward - Soldier captured during WW-II. Rescued Jews. Smuggled himself into Auschwitz. Testified at Nuremberg trial.
1905-1982 - Canon John Collins - Anglican clergyman. Helped found Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in 1957.
1905-1999 - Ashley Montagu - Anthropologist & humanist. Popularized topics such as race & gender & their relation to politics & development. 1995
1906-1984 - Hilda Murrell - Rose grower. Campaigned against nuclear energy & weapons. Murdered mysteriously.
1908-1998 - Martha Gellhorn - Novelist, travel writer & journalist. One of the greatest war correspondents of the 20th century. Third wife of Ernest Hemmingway.
1908-2005 - Joseph Rotblat - Manhattan Project scientist. SecGen of Pugwash Confs 1957-1973. See video. 1992 P 1995
1909-Alive - Nicholoas Winton - Rescued 669 children (Czech Kindertransport). Called "the British Schindler." Recd highest Czech honour in 2014. See "Nicky's Family."
1910-1994 - Dorothy Hodgkin - Chemist. Developed protein crystallography. Presdient 1976-88 of Pugwash which received 1995 Nobel Peace Prize.
1911-1977 - E. F. Schumacher - Economist. Wrote "Small is Beautiful" in 1973. His library at E. F. Schumacher Foundation in Great Barrington, Massachusetts.
1913-2010 - Michael Foot - Labour Party politician, journalist & author. Led first march by Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) in 1958.
1914-1985 - Gerald Holtom - Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. Designed the CND peace symbol in 1958.
1914-2006 - Harry Mister - Helped run Peace News 1936-71. Managed Housmans Bookshop in London 1945-76.
1916-2006 - Adam Curle - Peace activist. First professor of Peace Studies at the University of Bradford (England).
1917-2000 - Ion Ratiu - Outspoken critic of Nicolae Ceausescu [1918-1989]. Lived many years in London as elected leader of World Union of Free Romanians.
1919-2013 - Doris Lessing - Novelist, poet, playwright, librettist, biographer & short story writer. Awarded Nobel Prize in Literature. 2007
1920-2006 - Peter Brock - Peace historian at University of Toronto. Specialized in history of pacifism & Eastern Europe. CO P
1921-2005 - Peter Benenson - Lawyer. Founded Amnesty International in 1961.
1924-1993 - E.P.Thompson - Historian, socialist & peace campaigner. Wrote "The Making of the English Working Class" in 1963.
1925-2006 - Sidney Hinkes - Priest & peace campaigner. Became pacifist during 1956 Suez War in 1956. In first Aldermaston March (1958). Became chair of Christian CND in 1964. P
1925-2013 - James O'Connell - Missionary in Nigeria 1957-75. Second head of peace studies at Univ of Bradford 1978-93. Pressured by Thatcher govt in 1980's.
1929-Alive - Bruce Kent - Priest. Gen Sec of Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament 1980-85. Click here for recent article. Married Valerie Flessati (qv) in 1988. P
1930-Alive - Derek Humphry - Euthanasia advocate. Founded Hemlock Society in 1980 & ERGO in 1993. Advisor to Final Exit Network.
c1930-Alive - Paul Rogers - Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford (England).
1931-2011 - Clive Rosher - Political activist. A founder of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND).
1933-Alive - Colin Scott - Bishop of Hulme 1984-1998. Prominent member of Anglican Pacifist Fellowship. P
1934-Alive - Jane Goodall - Primatologist, ethologist, anthropologist & UN Messenger of Peace. World's foremost expert on chimpanzees. 1999
1935-Alive - Peter Watkins - Film & TV director. Pioneer of docudrama. Made Colloden, Edvard Munch, La Commune & "The Journey" (14.5 hrs about the arms race) in 1987.
1937-Alive - John Hume - Enabled the the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement of 1998. 1998 with David Trimble
1938-1998 - Paul Smoker - Scholar/activist. Analysed peace problems scientifically. Applied them in his own personal life & politics.
c1938-Alive - John Gittings - Author. Known for work on China & Cold War. Guardian corresondent. Wrote "The Glorious Art of Peace: From the Iliad to Iraq" in 2012.
1940-1980 - John Lennon - Singer-songwriter. Original Beatle 1960. Married Yoko Ono (qv) 1969. Wrote "Give Peace a Chance" & "Imagine." Posthumous
1940-Alive - Edmund Morris - Writer. Biographer of Beethoven, Ronald Reagan & Theodore Roosevelt. (qv).
1941-Alive - Richard Dawkins - Ethologist, evolutionary biologist & author. One of the "Four Horsemen of New Atheism." 1996
1943-Alive - Scilla Elworthy - Political scientist. Founded the Oxford Research Group in 1982.
1943-Alive - Betty Williams - Cofounded "The Peace People" to help end "The Troubles" in Ireland. 1976 with Mairead Corrigan
1944-Alive - Karen Armstrong - Author on comparative religion. Wrote "A History of God" in 1993. Received TED Prize in 2008.
1944-Alive - Mairead Corrigan - Cofounded "The Peace People" to help end "The Troubles" in Ireland. 1976 with Betty Williams
1944-Alive - Lindis Percy - Nurse, midwife, health visitor & peace activist. Founding member of Campaign for the Accountability of American Bases.
1944-Alive - David Trimble - Enabled the the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement of 1998. 1998 with John Hume
1944-Alive - Jakob von Uexkull - Lecturer, activist & politician. Established Right Livelihood Award (aka "Alternative Nobel Prize") 1980 & World Future Council 2006.
1948-2010 - Tony Judt - Historian. Public Intellectual. Founded Erich Maria Remarque Institute in 1995.
1948-Alive - Cat Stevens - Singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, humanitarian, education philanthropist & prominent convert to Islam.
1948-Alive - Peter van den Dungen - Born in Best. Peace historian. Founded Intl Network of Museums for Peace 1992. See bibliography.
1949-2011 - Brian Haw - Peace campaigner & "Symbol of anti-war movement." Lived almost 10 years in peace camp in Parliament Square protesting UK & US foreign policy.
1949-2011 - Christopher Hitchens - Author, columnist & literary critic. World's 5th top public intellectual. One of the "Four Horsemen of New Atheism."1950
1950-Alive - Richard Branson - Controls Virgin Group of >400 companies. Sent "Reconciliation" by Josefina de Vasconcellos to Belfast, Berlin, Coventry & Hiroshima.
1950-Alive - Rowan Williams - Poet & theologian. Archbishop of Canterbury since 2003. P
1951-Alive - Vallerie Flessati - Secretary of Pax Christi in the UK. Created "Peace Trails Through London." Married Bruce Kent (qv) in 1988.
1951-Alive - Martin Indyk - Foreign policy expert. Twice US ambassador to Israel. Conducted Israel-Palestine peace talks in 2013.
1955-Alive - Bob Raeside - Teacher at Acadia University, Wolfville, Nova Scotia. Director of Flags of the World (FOTW) database.
1957-Alive - Chris Anderson - Born in Pakistan. Attended Woodstock School. Host of TED Conferences (owned by his Sapling Foundation).
1957-Alive - Billy Bragg - Singer-songwriter & left-wing activist. His lyrics mostly deal with political or romantic themes.
c1960-Alive - Colin Archer - Secretary-General of the International Peace Bureau in Geneva since 1990.
1963-Alive - Julian Lennon - Musician. Son of John Lennon. Promotes co-existence thru White Feather Found & Whaledreamers Org. Unveiled Lennon monument in 2010.
1966-Alive - Libby Lane - Suffragan Bishop of Stockport. First female bishop in Church of England. "Passion for social action."
1968-Alive - Malcolm Kendall-Smith - Royal Air Force officer. First British officer to face criminal charges for challenging legality of war against Iraq. CO
1969-Alive - Jeremy Gilley - Actor & filmmaker. Founded charity Peace One Day in September 1999. Recd Wateler Peace Prize in 2010. TED lecture.
1970-2014 - David Haines - Aid worker. Beheaded by Islamic State of Iraq & Syria (ISIS).
1971-Alive - Julian Assange - Journalist. Co-founded WikiLeaks in 2006. Published US military & diplomatic documents leaked by Chelsea Manning (qv). Now living at Ecuador Embassy in London.
1974-Alive - Banksy - Graffiti artist, political activist, film director & painter. Known for satirical murals in slums, Palestine, etc. Click here for his website.
1975-Alive - Tim Minchin - Musician & comedian.
1981-2014 - Luke Somers - Freelance photojournalist. Shot dead with Pierre Korkie (qv) in Yemen during rescue attempt by US commandos.
1997-Alive - Malala Yousafzai - Student. Blogged to BBC in 2009. Shot by Taliban in 2012. To UK for treatment. 2014 with Kailash Satyarthi.2000
2004-Alive - Spencer Turner - Student artist at Fame Primary School in Newcastle. Won UK-wide competition to design monument for centennial of the Christmas Truce during WW-I.