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Peace Trails, Walks & Marches
Around the World

N.B.: All of the "monuments" on this web page are outdoors, linear, and multiple, i.e. collections of individual monuments. Some are historic routes followed by groups or individual peacemakers. Some are the routes of events (e.g. peace "marches") which ended on a specific date (but could be retraced). Many are permanent trails, paths or self-guided "tours" intentionally designed to connect places or monuments related to each other by a particular peace theme or individual peacemaker. A list of designated "stops" is published as a book or pamphlet or on the web (often with an accompanying map). In a very few instances, the designers of such a trail have gone to the effort and expense of posting signs or markers at each stop. Some trails (especially in urban areas) are designed to be just a few hundred meters long. Others (especially in rural areas) are hundreds of kilometers long and are intended to be followed by motor vehicle or bicycle. All peace trails, walks and marches are closely related (or could be closely relatred) to "peace tourism" (qv).

Click here for list of cities worldwide rank ordered by number of peace monuments.

Right click image to enlarge.

August 6, 1906 - El Camino Real, Alta California (USA). "El Camino Real (Spanish for The Royal Road, also known as The King's Highway), sometimes associated with Calle Real, usually refers to the historic 600-mile (966-kilometer) road connecting the former Alta California's 21 missions (along with a number of sub-missions), four presidios & three pueblos, stretching from Mission San Diego de Alcalá in San Diego in the south to Mission San Francisco Solano in Sonoma north. /// Modern El Camino Real was one of the first state highways in California. Given the lack of standardized road signs at the time, it was decided to place distinctive bells along the route, hung on supports in the form of an 11-foot (3.4 m) high shepherd's crook, also described as a 'Franciscan walking stick.' The first of 450 bells were unveiled on August 15, 1906, at the Plaza Church in the Pueblo near Olvera Street in Los Angeles. A California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) restoration program resulted in the installation of 555 El Camino Real Bell Markers in 2005. The original 1906 bell molds were used to fabricate the replacement bells."


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July 4, 1928 - Madonna of the Trail, Springfield, Ohio (USA). "First of 12 monuments dedicated to the spirit of pioneer women in the USA. The series was commissioned by the National Society of Daughters of the American Revolution (NSDAR) and placed along the National Old Trails Highway, extending from Bethesda, Maryland, to Upland, California, in each of the 12 states the road passed through [sic]." Created by Geman-American sculptor August Leimbach [1882-1965].

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Date? - Friedensweg / Peace Trail, Kaltern, South Tryol (Italy). Leads from Kaltern to the Church of St. Vigil or Vigilius in Altenburg and the ruins of St. Peter. There are seven art objects designed by different artists from the Alps along the way, including the four cardinal virtues (moderation, wisdom, justice and courage) and the Triassic biblical (faith, hope and love)... The sixth station "courage" is a beautiful table at the entrance to the Rastenbachklamm, on narrow wooden bridges is the gorge and along a steep iron level down. The last station of "love" is formed by the ruins of St. Peter... The term "Friedensweg" in northern Italy has yet another meaning. It is a long mountain trail in the South Tyrolean and Italian Dolomites. It runs along the so-called Alpine southern front of the First World War length of 500km.

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1953-1981 "Peace Pilgrim" Mildred Lisette Norman [1908-1981].Starting on January 1, 1953, in Pasadena, California, she adopted the name "Peace Pilgrim" and walked across the USA for 28 years.
November 19, 2000 - Statue of "The Peace Pilgrim," UN University for Peace, Ciudad Colon, 30 kms SW of San Jose (Costa Rica). By Costa Rican sculptor Fernando Calvo.
July 12, 2005 - Peace Pilgrim Park, Egg Harbor City, New Jersey (USA). In the hometown of "Peace Pilgrim" Mildred Lisette Norman [1908-1981].

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Easter Weekends April 4-7, 1958, to Late 1960's - Aldermaston marches (England). Protest demonstrations organised by the British anti-war Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) between the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment at Aldermaston in Berkshire & London, over a distance of 52 miles. At their height in the early 1960's they attracted tens of thousands of people and were the highlight of the CND calendar. Image shows Michael Foot [1913-2010] leading the first march.


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April 8, 1975 - Route of the 61 mile/98 kilometer Bataan Death March in 1942, Bataan Peninsula, Central Luzon Region (Philippines). Images show Friendship Tower & Bell in Bagac, one starting point of the march (Mariveles is the other starting point). Built by Rissho Kosei-kai of Japan as a sign of friendship and peace between the Philippines and Japan. Dedication coincided with date on which Rissho Kosei-kai celebrates the birth of the Buddha Shakyamuni, founder of Buddhism.


Since 1979 - Strasse des Friedens / Road to Peace, St. Wendel, Saarland (Germany). Conceived in 1920's by Otto Freundlich [1878-1943] - later killed at Majdanek concentration camp - as "Une voie de la Solidarité Humaine et fraternité" from Paris to Moscow. "In 1971, St. Wendel's sculptor Leo Kornbrust initiated the International Sculpture Symposium St. Wendel, now well-known throughout Europe, which brought forth numerous huge stone sculptures by different international artists. In 1979, the sculptures were arranged along 25 kilometers of the Saarland hiking trail from St. Wendel to Lake Bostal." Sculptures added in 1987 by Paul Schneider. Otto Freundlich Society established in St. Wendel in 2004 to promote the road. /// Click here for Wikipedia article in German. /// Upper right image shows "Wolkenstein" by Franz Xaver Ölzant at St. Wendel. /// "Canadian sculptor Shaukat Chaney proposed Peace Monuments from Canada to Chile (qv) after stumbling across "a series of sculptures spread across 25 kilometres, called the 'road to peace.' Some were on street curbs, some in farmer's fields, others in the middle of forests. Chaney learned that the project was meant to be just one bead in a string of monuments from Paris to Moscow, and was established in honour of Freundlich who had a vision of two streets, one north-south & one east-west, to promote brotherhood & solidarity. 'I just loved that idea,' said Chaney..."

1982 - Kinder Mass Trespass Plaque, near Hayfield (England). "The Kinder Mass Trespass was an act of civil disobedience by young men from Manchester & Sheffield intended to secure free access to England’s mountains & moorlands. The ramblers walked from Bowden Bridge Quarry to climb the hill called Kinder Scout in the Derbyshire Peak District on April 24, 1932. The protest led to improved access to the countryside in the shape of national parks (from 1949), long-distance footpaths starting with the Pennine Way (opened in 1965) & various forms of the desired 'right to roam.'" This is "Monday's Monument" #53.


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1986? - Beachy Head Peace Path, West Sussex (England). Commemorates the UN International Year of Peace (1986). "A 750 metre circular route starting opposite the main Beachy Head car park and leading to a viewpoint on the Head. One of several trails in the South Downs suitable for people with impaired mobility, wheelchairs, mobility scooters and push chairs." One of 13 sites on the MAW Peace Map of the British Isles as of January 2009.


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March 1-November 15, 1986 - Great Peace March for Global Nuclear Disarmament (GPM), Los Angeles, California, to Lafayette Square, Washington, DC (USA). Total distance 3,701.4 miles. Annual reunions ever since.


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1987 - Trail of Tears National Historic Trail. "Commemorates the removal of the Cherokee and the paths that 17 Cherokee detachments followed westward. Today the trail includes about 2,200 miles of land and water routes, and traverses portions of nine states (AL, AR, GA, KY, IL, MO, NC, OK & TN). Administered by tThe National Park Service (NPS) from an office in Santa Fe, New Mexico." Click here for "Places To Go" in each state." Click here for a number of historical markers along the eastern portion of the trail. Right image shows Pea Ridge, Arkansas.

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1991 - "Red Cross Historical Walk in the Footsteps of Henry Dunant / Itineraire Croix-Rouge dans la Vielle de Geneve sur les pas d'Henry Dunant, Geneva (Switzerland). 83-page book in English & French by Roger Durand published by the Société Henry Dunant. "Cette promenade dans la Vieille Ville vous montre les lieux liés au mouvement de la Croix-Rouge, fondée en 1863 à Genève. En cheminant, nous passons entre autres par la maison natale d'Henry Dunant [1828-1910], par l'ancien Casino de Genève, par le palais de l'Athénée et par la maison qui avait appartenu à Henry Dunant à la rue du Puits-Saint-Pierre où il écrivit « Un souvenir de Solferino ». En 1864, douze Etats adopteront à l'Hôtel de Ville la Première Convention de Genève pour l'amélioration du sort des militaires blessés dans les armées en campagne. La promenade peut se terminer en passant par la Fédération Internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge, le CICR et le Musée international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge."


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August 7-29, 1995 - WILPF Peace Train to Beijing from Helsinki (Finland) to Beijing (China). Carried delegates from WILPF's 26th International Congress in Helsinki (theme "Building a Secureand Sustainable World Society") to the 4th UN Conference on Women in China. Delegates discussed peace & justice issues with Eastern European & Central Asian women en route.


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1996 - Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail, Alabama (USA). Commemorates the events, people & 54-mile route of the 1965 Voting Rights Marchs in Alabama. A component of the National Trails System administered by the National Park Service (NPS). Also designated a National Scenic Byway/All-American Road by the US Department of Transportation (DOT). Right image shows some of the monuments erected along the trail by Evelyn Gibson Lowery.


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1996 - Nobel Peace Walk, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales (Australia). "Historical and educational project paying tribute to those people who's [sic] life's work was to promote peace. The project's theme is 'peace for all time.' The walk was conceived by master stonemasons J Shephard & Son and commenced in 1996. It was inspired by their involvement with the design and construction of the Rotary Peace Monument [qv]." Click here for monuments to other Peace Prize laureates.


1997 - Sagan Planet Walk, Ithaca, New York (USA). "Scale model of the solar system on a 5,000,000,000:1 scale... Carl Sagan [1934-19xx], of course, taught at Cornell (located in Ithaca) for many years, which is his connection to the town; hence the location for the memorial...But my favorite thing about the planet walk I don't have a photograph of. It isn't on the map; it isn't in Ithaca -- it doesn't even exist yet, and it probably never will. But there has been talk apparently about building a matching, to-scale monolith for Alpha Centauri, the nearest star to the Sun. It would be in Hawaii."


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August 2002 - Itinéraire de la paix dans les rues de Genève / Itinerary for Peace in the Streets of Geneva, Geneva (Switzerland). Three separate routes to 43 peace places, e.g. Palais des Nations, ICRC/CICR headquarters, birthplace of Henry Dunant, the original homes of the High Commission for Refugees and the League of Nations, and the new Swiss-backed Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF). The "Itinerary" was created to celebrate the centennial of the Nobel Prize in 2001. Image is a map of Geneva with all 43 peace places marked in three colors. Click here for peace monuments in Geneva.


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After 1997 - Fridensglocken-Wanderweg / Peace Bell Hiking Trail, Mösern bei Seefeld, Upper Inntal Valley (Austria). Mösern calls itself "Friedens Dorf" / "Peace Village" because of the 1972 treaty and the 1997 Friedensglocke des Alpenraumes / Peace Bell of the Alpine Region. The trail is designed to cover scenic spots, takes about 90 minutes to hike, and ends at the Peace Bell.


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Date? - Sentier Albert Schweitzer / Albert Schweitzer Footpath, Gunsbach, Alsace (France). "A footpath for walking and meditating about the thought of Albert Schweitzer [1875-1965] . It starts at the old presbytery, 3 rue du docteur Albert Schweitzer, and leads us across the village of Gunsback to the Albert Schweitzer house [museum], 8 route de Munster, passing by the rock of Kanzrain. It is lined with 16 panels [in German & French], which recall important moments in the life of the doctor. The whole route is approximately 920 m, the walking time takes about one hour." 1952
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1969 - Monument d'Albert Schweitzer / Albert Schweitzer Monument, Le Kanzrain, Gunsbach, Alsace (France). "A cinq minutes à pied de la maison se trouve le Kanzrain, un rocher du haut duquel on jouit d'une magnifique vue sur la vallée de Munster. C'est là qu'a été érigé, en 1969 le monument que le disciple de Rodin, Fritz Behn a taillé dans la pierre rouge des Vosges. En 1958, Albert Schweitzer [1875-1965] écrit à ce sujet : "C'est la-haut que taillé dans la pierre, je voudrais pouvoir accueillir mes amis, c'est la qu'ils voudront bien avoir une pensée pour moi et écouter le murmure de la rivière qui a, si souvent, accompagné le vol de mes pensées. C'est la qu'est née ma philosophie culturelle, c'est la que j'ai compris Jésus en son temps. C'est la que je me sentais totalement chez moi." 1952


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1998 - A Peace Trail Through London, London (England). "Discover some of the people and visit [nine] places associated with national and international peacemaking." Leaflet 40p + SAE from 11 Venetia Road, London N4 1EJ. Compiled by Valerie Flessati. Revised & expanded in 2012 (qv). Click here for peace monuments in London.

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1999-2000 Doris "Granny D" Haddock [1910-2010] was an American politician and liberal political activist from New Hampshire. Haddock achieved national fame when, between the ages of 88 and 90, starting on January 1, 1999 and culminating on February 29, 2000, she walked over 3,200 miles across the continental USA to advocate for campaign finance reform.


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January-May 2002 - Hiroshima Flame Interfaith Peace Walk. From Seattle, Washington, via Oak Ridge, Tennessee, to the United Nations in New York, New York (USA). Click here for other peace flames.


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June 27, 2003 - Carter-King Peace Walk, Freedom Park (National Park Service), Atlanta, Georgia (USA). 1.5 mile trail with six outdoor exhibits. Honors two Nobel Peace Prize laureates: Martin Luther King, Jr. [1929-1968] and Jimmy Carter [born 1924]. Links the Carter Center & Library with the Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historical Site. Image shows former President Jimmy Carter & Coretta Scott King during the dedication of the Peace Walk. Click here for MLK monuments.

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Date? - 3 Trees Peace Trail, Coventry (England). "A 'Three Trees Peace Garden' can be found in all 18 wards of the city. The result is 18 magical places of peace linked together to create Coventry's first ever peace trail." Each garden has a triangular planting of Hazel, Maple and Holly representing Coventry's three spires and is dedicated to one of the 18 countries with whom Coventry shares a sister city:" Parkes (Australia), Dunaujvaros & Kecskemet (Hungary), Dresden & Kiel (Germany), three Coventrys in CT, MA & RI (USA), Kingston (Jamaica), Cornwall, Granby & Windsor (Canada), Volgograd (Russia), Belgrade (Serbia), Galati (Romania), etc.
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2004 - Coventry Peace Trail, Coventry (England). Guides visitors to more than 30 landmarks beginning at the ruins of Coventry Cathedral and concludes in the scenic Priory Gardens. Described in a 12-page booklet published by the city. Image shows logo of Coventry Peace Month 2004.

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May 1, 2005 - "Spirit of Geneva - of Dialogue and Peace," Geneva (Switzerland). "Estimated walking time 3 hours... The itinerary suggested for the 10th walk of the Plan Piétons. Includes most of the international organizations. Other international organizations such as the CERN, the International Air Transport Association (IATA), or the organizations housed in the “Maison Internationale de l'Environnement” (MIE) are not included in the circuit. Their websites will provide further information." /// "Ces guides sont gratuits et disponibles à l'Espace Ville de Genève, situé sur le pont de la Machine. Un ouvrage réunissant l'ensemble des parcours est disponible en librairie : «Genève à pied, 10 parcours à thèmes», éditions Slatkine, 2008."


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2005 - Bradford Peace Trail: A Walk Around Bradford, City of Peace, Bradford (England). Created by Bradford: City For Peace and the Bradford Peace Museum. "A total of 29 different locations all with a story to tell." Click here for a 7-minute video of the trail on YouTube.


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2005 - Freethought Trail, Council for Secular Humanism, Amherst, New York (USA). "A collection of locations in west-central New York State important to the history of freethought. In the 19th century, [this area] was a hotbed of social, political & religious innovation. Fayetteville suffragist Matilda Joslyn Gage [1826-1898] called religion the enemy of women. Writing from Elmira, Mark Twain [1835-1910] raised irreverence to an American art form. At Ithaca, Andrew Dickson White [1832-1918] co-founded Cornell University, the nation's first secular institution of higher learning. In 1848 reformers & freethinkers thronged Seneca Falls to demand new roles for women. Corning native Margaret Sanger [1879-1966] led the birth control movement. The birthplace museum of orator, political speechmaker & outspoken agnostic Robert G. Ingersoll [1833-1899] is in Dresden." The trail was wholly redesigned and expanded in 2009.

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Date? - Bristol Slavery Trail, Bristol (England). "This is a town trail with a difference. It aims to show you what the handsome squares and quaint buildings of a pleasant English city have to do with one of the ugliest and most destructive events in human history... the Transatlantic slave trade." Route available from Museum Shop, City Museum & Art Gallery, Queen's Road, Bristol. Click here for other slavery monuments.


2006 - "Underground Railroad Bicycle Route," Adventure Cycling Association. "Exploring the route to freedom" from Mobile, Alabama (USA) to Owen Sound, Ontario (Canada).

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2006? - Annual Peace Garden Tour, Fayetteville, Arkansas (USA). Sponsored by Omni Center for Peace, Justice & Ecology (OMNI). Click here for set of photos from the "OMNI Peace Garden Tour 2007." Click here for a list of privately owned peace gardens on the 2008 tour.

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2008 - Stadswandeling Erasmus in Rotterdam / Erasmus City Trail in Rotterdam, Rotterdam (Netherlands). Describes 24 points of interest related to Desiderius Erasmus [1466-1536]. Created by Stichting Erasmushuis Rotterdam.

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2008? - Christchurh Peace Walk, Christchurch (New Zealand). "Two kilometre corridor with reminders & commemorations to peace... Established by Christchurch City Council & Peace Foundation Disarmament & Security Centre... Includes: • Fire Fighters Memorial • Clock Tower • Elsie Locke Park • Site of Lantern Ceremonies • Queen Victoria Statue • Cenotaph at Cathedral Square & Cathedral Square • Memorial to Vivienne MountfortKate Sheppard National Memorial • Purple Plum Tree • Bridge of Remembrance • Peace Pole & Friendship Corner • Bandman’s Rotunda • Dalai Lama Stone • Camphor Tree • Rotary Plaque • [World] Peace Bell."


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October 2008 - Atlanta Peace Trails (APT), Atlanta, Georgia (USA). Developed by Tourism For Peace (TFP) & Partnerships In Peace (PIP). Click here to download the APT booklet. Click here for Atlanta: City of Peace. Click here for peace monuments in Atlanta. Click here for a chronological list of 24 peace monuments in and near Atlanta, Georgia (Word format).


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2009 - Robert G. Ingersoll Washington, D.C., Walking Tour, Washington Area Secular Humanists (WASH), Washington, DC (USA). Eleven tour stops related to famous orator, political speechmaker & outspoken agnostic Robert G. Ingersoll [1833-1899]. Original tour Gary C. Grassl, Silver Hill, Maryland. Second Edition updated & digitized in 2009 by Steven C. Lowe, Washington, DC.

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2009 - Memorials for Peace & War [in London, Britain & Europe]," Peace Pledge Union (PPU), Peace Passage, London (England). Website shows 23 memorials for peace & 6 murals. Click here for "memorials for peace in london," a 6-panel brochure showing these 13 memorials: (1) Objectors Memorial, (2) Shadows, (3) Cobden, (4) Garden of Peace, (5) CO Memorial, (also 5) Tavistock Square [Gandhi], (6) Edith Cavell, (7) Fenner Brockway, (8) Burghers of Calais, Anti-Aerial Bombing, Prisoners of war & concentration camp victims, Peace Carnival & Alfred Salter.


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July 19, 2009 - Amanda's Trail, Yachats, Oregon (USA). "A tribute to the Native Americans of the central Oregon coast & the tragedy that befell them as they were ripped from their native land to make room for white settlers... The story...began in 1864 when the US Cavalry rounded up the coastal Coos & Lower Umpqua tribes, forcibly & inhumanely driving them to walk the rugged route over sharp rocks & blackberry brambles to the designated reservation at the Alsea sub-agency, a dumping ground for coastal Indian tribes..." /// Site of the Amanda statue since 2003 (middle image) by local artist Sy Meadow & the "Yachats New Year's Day Peace Hike" since 2011. Information courtesy of Kathy French.

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September 21, 2009 - Leeds Peace Trail, Leeds (England). Nineteen peace sites, including 1. Carlton Hill Friends Meeting House (Woodhouse Lane), 2. Eric Gill War Memorial Sculpture (Leeds Univ), 3. Peace area (Leeds Metropolitan Univ), 4. Leeds Civic Hall, 5. Mandela Gardens (Millennium Square), 6. St George’s Church & Crypt (Great George Street), 7. Swarthmore Education Centre (Hanover Square), 8. Leeds Town Hall, 9. Victoria Gardens & Leeds War Memorial, 10. Mayors for Peace monument (Park Square), 11. Barrel Man statue (Dortmund Square), and 12. Nuclear test veterans memorial stone (Leeds Parish Church). /// Presented in a 32-panel fold-out brochure (of which one side is the map shown in the image). Supported by Leeds City Council, Together for Peace (T4P), and The Peace Museum (of Bradford, England).

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October 2, 2009 - Wellington Peace Walk, Wellington Botanic Garden, Wellington (New Zealand). Dedicated on Gandhi's birthday. "Wellington City has planted a number of trees, and installed a range of sculptures and monuments, commemorating peace and peacemakers. The ones in the Botanical Gardens and inner city can be viewed through a [50-minute] leisurely walk." Website identifies 15 peace monuments.


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June 30, 2010 - Glick Peace Walk, Walnut Street (between Meridian Street & Capitol Avenue), Indianapolis, Indiana (USA). Adjacent to Scottish Rite Cathedral and within sight of American Legion headquarters building. Has 12-foot illuminated steel-and-glass scuptures honoring Susan B. Anthony, Andrew Carnegie, Thomas Edison, Albert Einstein, Benjamin Franklin, Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King, Jr., Franklin D. & Eleanor Roosevelt, Jonas Salk, Mark Twain, Booker T. Washington, and the Wright Brothers. From article dated June 26, 2009: "Indianapolis real estate mogul Gene Glick always wanted to build an homage to peace in a city whose icon is the Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Monument." The Peace Walk will be a segment of the 8-mile, $55 million "Indianapolis Cultural Trail: A Legacy of Gene & Marilyn Glick" which is now under construction and toward which Glick donated $15 million. Visited by EWL 08Aug09.

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September 25, 2010 - "Path of peace," Mile Marker 99, Key Largo, Florida (USA). "[First of] a string of 22 outdoor sites throughout the Florida Keys where people can relax, gather their thoughts & re-energize their souls. 'They will be spaces for people to go who are in distress, or just so they can get away from computers, televisions and cell phones,' said Denise Downing, a member of the Keys to Peace leadership team. 'The sites will be a place to go & focus on gathering more inner peace.' The idea is to build peace parks from Key Largo to Key West, & Downing said Keys to Peace has had initial talks with the Key West Tropical Forest & Botanical Gardens. In fact, Downing said she envisions a 'peace trail' that links one peace park to another along the Keys. /// "Each park will feature a peace bell made from a recycled dive tank, an identification plaque ("Community Peace Park – We are ALL the Keys To Peace.") & seating. Keys To Peace will provide host sites with a bell primed & ready for custom artwork. Mounting of the bells & installation of additional enhancements (sculpture, wind chimes, peace poles, labyrinths, water features, etc.) will vary by location." April 9, 2011 - Southernmost Peace Park, West Martello Tower, Key West, Florida (USA).


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Date? - "Anne Frank Walk," Amsterdam (Netherlands). "Memories of World War II. What happened in Amsterdam during the war years, & what marks did the war leave in the streets of Amsterdam?" "This walk takes you from the house where Anne Frank lived before the war to the house she & her family were hiding during the war. This walk takes you also through some interesiting neighbourhoods as the Diamantwijk & De Pijp." "'Persecution & Resistance,' a pocket booklet published by the Dutch Resistance Museum makes you discover just that, with a walk from the Anne Frank House to the Dutch Resistance Museum. The full colour pocket booklet of 18 pages with a fold out map is very informative & richly illustrated. The English & Dutch editions (each 0.50 €) are available at the Anne Frank House, the Jewish Historical Museum & the Dutch Resistance Museum. The route can be followed in either direction or by tram."

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November 4, 2010 - Manchester City Centre Peace & Social Justice Trail, Manchester (England). Begins in a site close to Manchester Piccadilly Train Station & ends in the centre of Piccadilly Gardens. (A separate Children’s Trail is also available for schools to use.) Seventeen highlights: 1. Remembering the Depression (e.g. " Unemployed of the 1930's" Red plaque in London Road). 2. Campaign for tolerance & fairness for gay rights (e.g. Alan Turing memorial statue). 3. Education origins & founding of the Trade Union movement (e.g. Mechanics Institute). 4. An international city open to all (e.g. Friendship Arch). 5. Manchester – a true ‘City of Peace’ (e.g. Manchester Peace Gardens). 6. Learning for all – the Central Library. 7. We shall remember them – the city war memorial (Manchester Cenotaph). 8. The Free Trade Hall & Peterloo – a centre of dissent and discontent. 9. Citadel for peace – the Friends Meeting House. 10. Manchester Town Hall – the neo-Gothic masterpiece. 11. John Bright [1811-1889] – radical MP and peace campaigner (e.g. statue of John Bright). 12. A city of religious tolerance (e.g. St. Mary’s Church). 13. Campaigning for justice elsewhere – Manchester leads the way (e.g. Abraham Lincoln statue). 14. Votes for Women! (e.g. Elliot House & Pankhurst Centre). 15. Workers of the World Unite! (e.g. People’s History Museum [2010]). 16. Chronicler of the very poor – Elizabeth Gaskell [1810-1865] & Manchester (e.g. Cross Street Unitarian Chapel). 17. Slavery, Guernica and reconstruction – Medieval Manchester (e.g. Manchester Cathedral). 17. Home of the Co-op – a worldwide movement (e.g. Robert Owen [1771-1858]). 18. Peace Trees in Piccadilly. /// Trail apparently revised in March 2011 with a few more sites & a new website. Information courtesy of Peter van den Dungen.

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August 18, 2000-October 16, 2011 - Worldwide Walk, Montreal, Quebec (Canada). Jean Beliveau - who arrived home on Sunday to a hero's welcome in Montreal from loved ones, MP's & supporters - said his 'real mission' was to lobby Canada & other governments to create 'ministries of peace.' 'We are all different, & that is what is beautiful about life on Earth - our different colours, different beliefs, different political systems,' he said. 'Those are all musical notes... we must create harmony from them, create a common tune,' an emotional Mr Beliveau told the crowd assembled at city hall in the old part of the city. Mr Beliveau left Montreal on the day of his 45th birthday - August 18, 2000 - after his small sign business went bankrupt. He decided to run around the world to try to escape the pain. The Canadian ran all the way to Atlanta, Georgia, before slowing his stride for what would become the longest uninterrupted walk around the world: 75,000 km across 64 countries."


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November 11, 2011 - "Fridden entdecken in Wien / Discover Peace in Vienna." 200-page book by Elisabeth Hewson, Georg Hamann & Suzanne Jalka, published in Berlin. "Offers many details about the history of peace & contemporary peace activities in Vienna. There exists a rich literature about wars & violence, and one can find numerous references to our history of militarism. In contrary this books wants to be an impetus & to encourage readers to look into peace as a matter of personal engagement. It also invites readers to get inspired by all the different engagements of heroes of peace. Peace awareness needs information & may grow with given chances for active engagement. Peace is becoming located in this book – and thus offers ideas for active participation in democratic processes. It invites to strengthen one’s own engagement in peace. Since we have surely not listed all peace activists & as there will always be new developments for names & locations."


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December 1, 2011 - "Wiener Friedenspfade / Vienna peace paths," Vienna (Austria). Suggested by Peter van den Dungen & developed by Suzanne Jalka, the "head" of the Quakers in German-speaking Europe. Image shows Jalka & the trail guide, "Frieden entdecken in Wien / Discovering peace in Vienna," 200 pages (with separate map in pocket inside the back cover), written by Jalka & two co-authors, to be launched December 1 at the Austrian Parliament. "Jalka lives in Cak (Hungary) & works again in her native Vienna (Austria) as a conflict consultant & author." /// The trail undoubtedly includes the Congress of Vienna in 1814-15, Bertha von Suttner [1843-1914], Alfred Fried [1864-1921], and the inauguration of the Universal Peace Federation (UPF) in 2005. /// Information courtesy of Peter van den Dungen. Photo from Andreas Landl, the peace journalist from Vienna.


2012 - "Peace Trails through London," London (England). "Discover some of the people and visit [45] places associated with national and international peacemaking." Contains 3 sections: Peace Trail through Central London (pp. 2-10), Peace Trail through the City of London (pp. 11-15) & Peace sites beyond Central London (pp.16-21). 24-page brochure L2 plus 60p postage from "Peace Trail," 11 Venetia Road, London N4 1EJ. Cover illustration is 1870 Peace Memorial Fountain, West Smithfield (qv). Compiled by Valerie Flessati. Updates & expands 1998 leaflet (qv). NB: All monuments in this brochure are cross-referenced in green in the webpage for peace monuments in London.

2012 - War of 1812 Bicentennial Peace Garden Trail, Ontario (Canada) & New York State (USA). Inspired by the International Peace Garden Foundation (IPGF). Managed by Joyce Lorraine of Rochester, New York (USA).

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October 2012 - "Discover Peace in Europe." "This project aims to produce Peace Trails in seven European cities: Berlin, Budapest, Manchester, Paris, The Hague, Torino & Vienna. Peace Trails lead to addresses where people have lived or are active still in some kind of engagement for peace. Since the 19th century peace movements have emerged throughout Europe. Ever since then peace activities are taking place, but there is little knowledge about this in public. Numerous monuments display publicly 'heroes of wars.' But [ the civil society, pacifism, human rights, gender, ecology & other themes for peace making are] hardly ever a subject for memorials. For three years this project will put in action public reminders on peacemakers and will carry out peace trail activities & events in all partner cities, especially in summer 2014 to counterbalance the foreseeable abundance of 1914 First World War mementos." Funded by EU. Coordinated by Dr. Susanna Jalka (in image), konfliktkultur, breitenfeldergasse 2/14, A 1080 Vienna (Austria), +43.699.19441313, www.konfliktkultur.at. Information courtesy of Colin Archer 07Jan13.


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July 9, 2013 - Birmingham City Centre Peace Trail, Birmingham (England). Organized by Barbara Panvel. Information courtesy of Peter van den Dungen. Left image shows the St. Thomas' Peace Garden in Birmingham. Trail brochure (right image) shows 1862 statue of abolitionist Joseph Sturge [1793-1859] (qv).
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2013 - The Cambridge Peace Trail, Cambridge (England). Produced by Arn Dekker, who lives in Cambridge (originally from Holland). Described in book sold in Cambridge at £ 2.00 per copy. Website sections: Emmanuel, Clare, Guildhall, Lensfield Road, Peterhouse & St. Edwards, Trinity Hall, Corpus Christi & Queen's College. Information courtesy of Peter van den Dungen.


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September 21, 2013 - Vredesloop den Haag / Peace Run The Hague, The Hague (Netherlands). On International Day of Peace. "Inspired by Peace One Day." /// "It is known that the Vredesloop Den Haag is an unique event. Also the course is special occasion. Following the course you will see several historical monuments & locations what makes this course a unique one: Peace Palace, Van Karnebeek fountain, Peace proverb Hendrik Coenraad Dresselhuys, Constantyn Huygens, Yugoslavia Tribunal, Dutch East Indies Monument, Graveyard Sint Petrus Banden, St. Johan & St. Philip church, Catshuis (residence of the prime minister), UN Flag parade, Bankaplein roundabout & Maris monument." /// Will this become an annual event?

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Future - Peace Trail in "Attersee Region of Peace," Attersee Region (Austria). "Between St. Gilgen & Wolfsegg (Peace Abbey & Peace Museum). With many peace stations -- peace pole, peace labyrinth, peace stone, etc. [and] peace communities surrounding Lake Wolfgangsee (Mayors for Peace), a peace regatta, etc." Information courtesy of Gerard Lössbroek.

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Future - Peace Walk, The Hague (Netherlands). From Peter van den Dungen, General Coordinaator, Inernational Network of Museums for Peace (INMP), March 17, 2010: "The city has published several brochures which are relevant and of interest, but nothing which really compares with the guides for Atlanta, Bradford, Leeds. In 1999 (during the large Hague Appeal for Peace conference), I helped organise a peace history symposium, and as part of this conducted a peace history walk in the city. The group was about 25 strong, with many leading US and European peace historians, all dear friends. Of course, the focus was very much on the famous 1899 and 1907 peace conferences. Regrettably, many of the buildings and places included had no plaques or memorials. This also applied to the building which was the first home of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), the creation of which was the most significant and lasting outcome of the 1899 conference. The Peace Palace only dates from 1913, and of course needs no plaque... I should draft a proposal for the city, and perhaps submit it on behalf of INMP, suggesting a number of plaques. Then some might be there when the city celebrates the centenary of the Peace Palace in 2013 (or the unveiling of them could be part of the celebrations)." Click here for peace monuments in the Netherlands.

From INMP website, November 13, 2013: First moving pictures Jacobs and Addams discovered - "INMP's freelance advisor Marten van Harten discovered the first moving pictures of Aletta Jacobs [1854-1929] and Jane Addams [1860-1935]. This discovery made it to prime time news on Dutch TV and radio yesterday. Watch the film fragment via this link. While doing research for The Hague Peace Trail, Marten made the discovery in an archive about the Hague Womens' Peace Congress of 1915. The film fragment shows the peace movement leaders Aletta Jacobs (NL) and Jane Addams (US) [and Alice Hamilton [1869-1970] and Gertrud Baumer [1873-1954] in front of the Brandenburger Tor in Berlin, 21 May 1915, on their way to visit the Geman Foreign Minister and the Reichskanzler with a mediation proposal, and discuss political womens' rights. The Hague Peace Trail is part of a European project INMP is currently involved in and of which we have recently launched a website: www.discoverpeace.eu. One of its stations, Villa Hejmo Nia, tells about the history of Jacobs and Addams in The Hague. The women's mission also visited other Peace Trail cities involved in this European project: Vienna, Budapest and Paris (where they were arrested by the police). At the same time it connects the story with two more Peace Trail cities, Torino and Manchester, which were represented in the Hague Womens' Peace Congress of 1915."


March 21, 2014 - "Discover Peace in Europe" (Peace Trails), Konfliktkultur - Discoverpeace, Breitenfeldergasse 2/14, Vienna 1080 (Austria). Seven trails in Berlin (Germany), Budapest (Hungary), Manchester (England), Paris (France), The Hague (Netherlands), Torino (Italy) & Vienna (Austria). Image shows map of Vienna (Austria), just one of the seven trails. Information courtesy of Gerard Lössbroek & Peter van den Dungen 11March2014.

January 12, 2017 - Freedom Riders National Monument, Anniston, Alabama (USA). "Includes the Greyhound Bus station where a bus carrying an interracial group of activists was attacked in 1961." /// One of 5 new national monuments decreed at the same time by outgoing President Barak Obama under the Antiquities Act of 1906.

n/a - Peace Monuments in Washington, DC (USA). No officially designated trail, but the city contains many peace monuments in a relatively small area, e.g. the Naval Peace Monument (1878). Entries #1074-1178 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001). /// N.B.: In May 2014, David J. Smith expressed interest in develoing a "peace tour" of monuments in Washington, DC.
n/a - Peace Monuments in New York City, New York (USA). No officially designated trail, but the city contains many peace monuments in a relatively small area (particularly due to UN headquarters, e.g. the 1954 Japanese Peace Bell). Entries #676-760 in the "Peace Movement Directory" by James Richard Bennett (2001). Click here for UN peace monuments.

Future - "100miles4peace is a new monument, unlike any the world has ever known & is building support from celebrities, activists, architects & urban planners, in order to be fully realized world wide. Inquiries from all over the world from Kumara, New Zealand, to Peacetown, UK (yes) are seeking to install a one mile long peace walkway. When all the Peace walkway installations are completed it will measure 100 miles long in a 100 locations [sic] spanning the globe." Promoted by artist & sculptor Paul-Felix Montez, Big Art Design, Glendale, California (USA).

Future - Peace Monuments, Lamoureux Park, Cornwall, Ontario (Canada). On St. Lawrence River. "Twenty sculptures erected in Lamoureux Park could become the first stop in 'the largest monument in the world' stretching from Canada to Chile. It's a big ambition, but Ottawa sculptor Shaukat Chaney is moving full-speed ahead on the project, which would see 11 sites in 12 countries pay homage to those who have died for peace. He presented his idea to Cornwall council [in 2010], offering to donate 15 to 20 sculptures — each six feet high & weighing a couple tons — if the city would contribute $30,000 for bases & signage. Though each sculptor will donate their time, Chaney said he needs to raise $100,000 to pay for accommodations, food, equipment & supplies. He hopes to collect another $50,000 to get started on the second site, which will be on the Mexican border in Arizona or Texas, with artisans from both sides contributing their talent. After the States, monuments will be erected in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Brazil, Argentina & Chile — if all goes according to plan. If one site is completed each year, Chaney expects to wrap up by 2023. 'Peace is the theme,' he said." /// Visit to Cornwall in 2012 failed to find any evidence of this project.

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