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At first, we thought that "peace monuments" would be easy to identify because "peace" (in one language or another) would be in their names. Gradually we discovered that many if not most "peace monuments" do not have "peace" in their names. So we also had to search for synonyms, peace events & peacemakers.
We soon learned that a number of individuals & institutions have created lists of peacemakers, notably the Nobel Peace Prize Committee in Oslo (Norway) & other organizations which bestow "peace prizes." Some lists are long & some short, and there is a lot of overlap, but our composite list soon became far longer than any previous list. (Many "peace prizes" & other pecemaker lists are shown at the bottom of Notable Peacemakers Thoughout History.)
Peacemakers' birth places, homes & associated places are often preserved as unintentional monuments, and their graves & tombs are intentional monuments by definition. The best known & most revered peacemakers inspire the construction of other intentional monuments at places which do not necessarily have any historical connection to the peacemakers' lives. Dozens of peace monuments celebrate Matatma Gandhi & Martin Luther King, Jr. The government of India even has a program to sponsor statues of Mahatma Gandhi in many countries around the world. (Unfortunately, no official list of officially sponsored Gandhi statues is available on-line, so far as we can tell.)
Our master list of "Notable Peacemakers" now contains about 1,500 names. We might have listed the names by nationality or in alphabetical order but decided to do so by birth year. This puts everyone on the list adjacent or very close to other peacemakers of the same age (i.e. in a continuous & ever evolving series of cohorts). The first name on our list is Moses, and the last is Spencer Turner [b.2004], a 10-year old English boy who made the winning design for a monument commemorating the spontaneous "truce" in Belgium on Christmas Day 1914.
I find it very interesting to scan the list & observe peacemakers who lived at approximately the same time. Peacemakers whose work was publicly known had to have known each other (or at least known of each other). If users find birth order unusual or off-putting, they can easily use their computers' search functions to find what they're looking for.
Thanks to modern communications, it is relatively easy to learn when peacemakers die. I have accordingly established a web page to report the names of Notable Peacemakers by Year of Death. This web page is useful for tracking the fate of contemporary peacemakers, e.g. at the end of each year when it is popular to take stock of what happened in the previous 12 months. We could use our basic list to extend the "death list" back to Moses, but that would require a lot of tedious work for diminishing returns (and interested users can search on their own). So our list is currently cut off at the beginning of 2006.
Artists are not necessarily "peacemakers," but certain artists are known for creating multiple peace monuments, so we maintain a similar birth order list of peace monument artists & designers.
When the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands) celebrated its centennial in 2013, Prof. Peter van den Dungan (Founder & Coordinator of the International Network of Museums for Peace) organized a symposium entitled "Celebrating Peace Philanthropy and Furthering Peace Education -- in the Footsteps of Andrew Carnegie." This brought another category of peacemaker to the fore -- peace philanthropists. Peter & the INMP created a traveling poster exhibition featuring 23 peace philanthropists. I created a web page (which currently names 117 philanthropists) & made a PowerPoint presentation at the symposium showing 14 peacemakers whose particular philanthropy was the construction of peace monuments -- Charles Buxton, Andrew Carnegie, Jan Bloch, Sam Hill, Frank A. Miller, Karl Bickel, Ghanshyam Das Birla, Abraham Speigel, Alvin Weinberg, Marilyn & Eugene Glick, Joan Kroc, Aleksander Gudzowaty & Richard Branson.
There are many ways to sub-divide our master list of peacemakers, and links to many on-line specialty lists are given below. The specialty lists were created on the fly, and unfortunately not all names they contain have been included it to the master list (thus resulting in under counting).
Some Peacemakers Who Worked With Each Other:
Peacemakers With Many Monuments:
Abolitionists | Africans & African descent | Artists | Assassinated Peacemakers | Atheists & Agnostics | Children & Young Adults | COM Communitarians | Community of Christ | CO Conscientious Objectors (CO's) | Disarmament | Esperantists | Euthanasia Movement | Famous Firsts | Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR) | Freethinkers | LAB Labor Movement | Lesbian, Gay, Bisuxual & Transgender (LGBT) | Musicians for Social Justice | Museums for Peace | Muslims | Native Americans | Nazi Resisters & Victims | Nobel Peace Prize | Nobel Peace Prize Women 2005 | Oak Ridge International Friendship Bell | P Pacifists | Peace Monuments | Peace Philanthropists | Peace Studies | Peace & Justice Studies Association (PJSA) | Peace Poets | Quakers | Red Cross | Right Livelihood Award | Suffragists | TED Lectures | TITLES Peacemakers With Titles | Unitarians and/or Universalists | United Nations | UN Messengers of Peace | US Presidents & Vice Presidents | Women's International League of Peace & Freedom (WILPF) | World Federalists | War Resisters League (WRL) | Recent Deaths of Notable Peacemakers
44 Thematic Sub-Sets
26 National Sub-SetsAustralia | Austria | Belgium | Brazil | Canada | China | France | Germany | Greece | India | Ireland | Israel | Italy | Japan | Korea | Mexico | Netherlands | Norway | Palestine | Poland | Russia | South Africa | Spain | Sweden | Switzerland | United Kingdom | USA (Tennessee only)
Many Selected Individual PeacemakersJane Addams | Susan B. Anthony | Zonia Baber | Clara Barton | Daniel Berrigan | Philip Berrigan | Anthony Bing | Jan Bloch | James R. Bowsher | Ralph Bunche | Andrew Carnegie | Edith Cavell | Sri Chinmoy | Rachel Corrie | Frederick Douglass | Henri Dunant | Cyrus Eaton | Albert Einstein | Dwight D. Eisenhower | Desiderius Erasmus | George Fox | Anne Frank | Alfred Hermann Fried | Nichidatsu Fujii | J. William Fulbright | Gandhi (Monuments in India) | Gandhi (Monuments outside India) | Henry George | Masahisa Goi | Samuel Gompers | Alex Haley | Paul Harris | Cordell Hull | Robert Ingersoll | Daisaku Ikeda | Franz Jägerstätter | Jenkin Lloyd Jones | John F. Kennedy | Robert F. Kennedy | Martin Luther King, Jr. | Käthe Kollwitz | Heinrich Lammasch | John Lennon | Abraham Lincoln | Lola Maverick Lloyd | Elizabeth McAlister | Arthur E. Morgan | A.J. Muste | Florence Nightengale | Yoko Ono | Emmeline/Christabel/Silvia/Adela Pankhurst | Linus Pauling | Peace Pilgrim | William Penn | Barbara Reynolds | Nicholas Roerich | Joseph Rotblat | Eleanor Roosevelt | Franklin Delano Roosevelt | Franklin Delano Roosevelt ("Four Freedoms") | Bertrand Russell | Sadako Sasaki | Oskar Schindler | E. F. Schumacher | Albert Schweitzer | Rosika Schwimmer | Samantha Reed Smith | Elizabeth Cady Stanton | Chiune Sugihara | Robert Swann | Leó Szilárd | Mother Teresa | Sojourner Truth | Harriet Tubman | Mark Twain | Bertha von Suttner | Raoul Wallenberg | Alvin Weinberg | Woodrow Wilson | Frances Wright | Sayadaw U Thila Wunta | Ludwik Zamenhof | ( where no flag shown)
15 Selected Monument Artists, Designers & BenefactorsMany Artists & Designers | David Barr | Benny Bufano | Marc Chagall | Josefina de Vasconcellos | Marshall Fredericks | Dani Karavan | Käthe Kollwitz | Alan LeQuire | Maya Lin | Carl Milles | Pablo Picasso | Carl Fredrik Reuterswärd | Nicholas Roerich | Sri Chinmoy | Tomijiro Yoshida | Peter Wolf Toth | ( where no flag shown)
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